Sections
Part I General Provisions 657D-1 – 657D-7
Part II General Relief 657D-11 – 657D-18
Part III Rent, Installment Contracts, Mortgages, Liens, Assignments, Leases 657D-21 – 657D-27
Part IV Insurance 657D-31 – 657D-38
Part V Taxes and Public Lands 657D-41 – 657D-43
Part VI Administrative Remedies 657D-51 – 657D-53
Part VII Further Relief 657D-61 – 657D-63

Terms Used In Hawaii Revised Statutes > Chapter 657D

  • active duty: includes but is not limited to the period during which the persons in military service are absent from duty on account of sickness, wounds, leave, or other lawful cause. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 657D-1
  • Administrator: means the person in charge of a public or private hospital. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • county: includes the city and county of Honolulu. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-22
  • Court: means any duly constituted court and includes proceedings, hearings of per diem judges as authorized by law. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
  • Court: includes any court of competent jurisdiction of the State of Hawaii, whether or not a court of record. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 657D-1
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the department of health. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Director: means the director of health. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Insured: includes any person in the state military forces, whose life is insured under and who is the owner and holder and has an interest in a policy. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 657D-31
  • Insurer: includes any firm, corporation, partnership, or association chartered or authorized to engage in the insurance business to issue a policy as defined by the laws of a state or of the United States. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 657D-31
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Mental health: means a state of social, psychological, and physical well-being, with capacity to function effectively in a variety of social roles. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
  • Military service: means service on state active duty in any of the state military forces or full time National Guard duty. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 657D-1
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • month: means a calendar month; and the word "year" a calendar year. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-20
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Patient: means a person under observation, care, or treatment at a psychiatric facility. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
  • Period of military service: means the period beginning on the date on which the person enters state active duty or full time National Guard duty and ending on the date of the person's release from state active duty or full time National Guard duty or the person's death while on state active duty or full time National Guard duty. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 657D-1
  • Person: when used with reference to the holder of any right alleged to exist against a person in military service or against a person secondarily liable under such right, includes individuals, partnerships, corporations, and any other forms of business association. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 657D-1
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Policy: includes any contract of life insurance or policy on a life, endowment, or term plan, including any benefit in the nature of life insurance arising out of membership in any fraternal or beneficial association, that does not provide for the payments of any sum less than the face value thereof or for the payment of an additional amount as premiums if the insured engages in the military service of the United States or which does not contain any limitations or restrictions upon coverage relating to engagement in or pursuit of certain types of activities which a person might be required to engage in by virtue of the person's being in that military service, and:

         (1)  Which is in force on a premium-paying basis at the time of application for benefits hereunder; and

         (2)  Which was made and a premium paid thereon not less than one hundred eighty days before the date insured entered into the military service. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 657D-31

  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Premium: includes the amount specified in the policy as the stipend to be paid by the insured at regular intervals during the period therein stated. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 657D-31
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • State active duty: includes any period during which a person in the military service of the State is ordered to state active duty by the adjutant general or the governor. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 657D-1
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Treatment: means the broad range of emergency, out-patient, intermediate, domiciliary, and inpatient services and care, including diagnostic evaluation, medical, psychiatric, psychological, and social service care, vocational rehabilitation, career counseling, and other special services which may be extended to handicapped persons. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 334-1
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.