(1) The bureau of forensic services shall perform or contract for DNA analysis for law enforcement purposes.
Terms Used In Idaho Code 19-5505
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
- State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories; and the words "United States" may include the District of Columbia and territories. See Idaho Code 73-114
- Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
(2) The bureau of forensic services shall serve as a repository for DNA samples collected and shall analyze samples, or contract for analysis, and shall store, compile, correlate, maintain and use DNA profiles and records related to:
(a) Forensic casework;
(b) Offenders required to provide samples under this chapter;
(c) The identification and location of missing persons; and
(d) Anonymous DNA records used for research or quality control.
(3) A match between evidence DNA samples from a criminal investigation and DNA samples from a state or federal database may be used to sustain probable cause for the arrest of a suspect upon application for a warrant.
(4) The DNA profile may also be used at trial as evidence, provided that the evidence is otherwise admissible at trial. The DNA profile may also be used in developing statistical calculations of populations frequencies.