§ 995 Definitions
§ 995-A Commission On Forensic Science
§ 995-B Powers and Duties of the Commission
§ 995-C State DNA Identification Index
§ 995-D Confidentiality
§ 995-E Applicability
§ 995-F Penalties

Terms Used In New York Laws > Executive > Article 49-B

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • Commission: shall mean the commission on forensic science established pursuant to section nine hundred ninety-five-a of this article. See N.Y. Executive Law 995
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Designated offender: means a person convicted of any felony defined in any chapter of the laws of the state or any misdemeanor defined in the penal law except that where the person is convicted under section 221. See N.Y. Executive Law 995
  • DNA: means deoxyribonucleic acid. See N.Y. Executive Law 995
  • DNA record: means DNA identification information prepared by a forensic DNA laboratory and stored in the state DNA identification index for purposes of establishing identification in connection with law enforcement investigations or supporting statistical interpretation of the results of DNA analysis. See N.Y. Executive Law 995
  • DNA subcommittee: shall mean the subcommittee on forensic DNA laboratories and forensic DNA testing established pursuant to subdivision thirteen of section nine hundred ninety-five-b of this article. See N.Y. Executive Law 995
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • forensic DNA laboratory: shall mean any forensic laboratory operated by the state or unit of local government, that performs forensic DNA testing on crime scenes or materials derived from the human body for use as evidence in a criminal proceeding or for purposes of identification and the term "forensic DNA testing" shall mean any test that employs techniques to examine deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) derived from the human body for the purpose of providing information to resolve issues of identification. See N.Y. Executive Law 995
  • forensic laboratory: shall mean any laboratory operated by the state or unit of local government that performs forensic testing on evidence in a criminal investigation or proceeding or for purposes of identification provided, however, that the examination of latent fingerprints by a police agency shall not be subject to the provisions of this article. See N.Y. Executive Law 995
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.