Terms Used In Illinois Compiled Statutes > 735 ILCS 30 - Eminent Domain Act
- Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
- Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
- Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Appraisal: A determination of property value.
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
- Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
- Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
- Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
- Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
- Community service: means uncompensated labor for
a community service agency as hereinafter defined. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.County board: means the board of county commissioners in counties not under township organization, and the board of supervisors in counties under township organization, and the board of commissioners of Cook County. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.07Court: means the circuit court in a session or
Services unless specifically referenced as another department. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.detention: includes the court ordered care of an alleged or adjudicated delinquent minor who requires secure custody pursuant to Section 5-125 of this Act. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. CourtsEx officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.Heretofore: means any time previous to the day on which the statute takes effect; and the word "hereafter" at any time after such day. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.17Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCCJudgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.Juvenile detention home: means a public facility
with specially trained staff that conforms to the county juvenile detention standards adopted by the Department of Juvenile Justice. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105Laws now in force: and words of similar import, mean the laws in force at the time the Act containing the words shall take effect. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.18Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.Minor: means a person under the age of 21 years
subject to this Act. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105Minority leader: See Floor LeadersMonth: means a calendar month, and the word "year" a calendar year unless otherwise expressed; and the word "year" alone, is equivalent to the expression "year of our Lord. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.10Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.Municipalities: has the meaning established in Section 1 of Article VII of the Constitution of the State of Illinois of 1970. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.27oath: shall be deemed to include an affirmation, and the word "sworn" shall be construed to include the word "affirmed. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.12Oath: A promise to tell the truth.Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source: Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCCProbation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.Sentencing hearing: means a hearing to
determine whether a minor should be adjudged a ward of the court, and to determine what sentence should be imposed on the minor. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105Statute: A law passed by a legislature.Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.Supplemental appropriation: Budget authority provided in an appropriations act in addition to regular or continuing appropriations already provided. Supplemental appropriations generally are made to cover emergencies, such as disaster relief, or other needs deemed too urgent to be postponed until the enactment of next year's regular appropriations act.Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.Trial: means a hearing to determine whether the
allegations of a petition under Section 5-520 that a minor is delinquent are proved beyond a reasonable doubt. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.