Terms Used In Illinois Compiled Statutes > Chapter 110 > University Of Illinois
Access: means that the cable or video provider is capable of providing cable services or video services at the household address using any technology, other than direct-to-home satellite service, that provides 2-way broadband Internet capability and video programming, content, and functionality, regardless of whether any customer has ordered service or whether the owner or landlord or other responsible person has granted access to the household. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 220 ILCS 5/21-201
Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
Administrator: means any person, partnership or corporation, other than an insurer or health maintenance organization holding a certificate of authority under the "Health Maintenance Organization Act" as now or hereafter amended, that arranges, contracts with, or administers contracts with a provider whereby beneficiaries are provided an incentive to use the services of such provider. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/370g
Adult with a mental disability: means a person over the age of 18 years who lives in his or her own home; who needs home-based services, but does not require 24-hour-a-day supervision; and who has one of the following conditions: severe autism, severe mental illness, a severe or profound intellectual disability, or severe and multiple impairments. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 405 ILCS 80/2-3
Adverse underwriting decision: means : (1) any of the following actions with respect to
insurance transactions involving insurance coverage which is individually underwritten:
(a) a declination of insurance coverage, (b) a termination of insurance coverage, (c) failure of an agent to apply for insurance
coverage with a specific insurance institution which the agent represents and which is requested by an applicant,
(d) in the case of a property or casualty
(i) placement by an insurance institution or
agent of a risk with a residual market mechanism, an unauthorized insurer or an insurance institution which specializes in substandard risks, or
(ii) the charging of a higher rate on the
basis of information which differs from that which the applicant or policyholder furnished, or
Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
Agent: means an individual, firm, partnership, association or corporation who is involved in the solicitation, negotiation or binding of coverages for or on applications or policies of insurance, covering property or risks located in this State. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/1003
Allegation: something that someone says happened.
Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
Appeal: means any of the procedures that deal with the review of adverse organization determinations on the health care services the enrollee believes he or she is entitled to receive, including delay in providing, arranging for, or approving the health care services, such that a delay would adversely affect the health of the enrollee or on any amounts the enrollee must pay for a service, as defined under 42 CFR 422. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5F-15
Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
Banking association: means any Illinois corporation, whether for-profit or not-for-profit, which functions as a professional or trade association of dues-paying member commercial banks. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/1102
Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
Beneficiary: means an individual entitled to reimbursement for expenses of or the discount of provider fees for health care services under a program where the beneficiary has an incentive to utilize the services of a provider which has entered into an agreement or arrangement with an administrator. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/370g
Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
Bridge: means any bridge over or across a river, including any bridges on the approaches thereto to eliminate intersection at grade with any street, tunnel, public road, thoroughfare, highway, railroad or street railroad, where the complete project is located entirely within the State; (2) "Net Revenue" means the gross revenue of a bridge less the reasonable cost of operating, maintaining, and repairing the bridge; (3) "United States" means the United States of America and any agent or agency thereof; (4) "Holder" means the holder or holders of any of the bonds issued under this Division of this Article. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 605 ILCS 5/10-701
Broadband service: means a high speed service connection to the public Internet capable of supporting, in at least one direction, a speed in excess of 200 kilobits per second (kbps) to the network demarcation point at the subscriber's premises. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 220 ILCS 5/21-201
Care facility for persons with a developmental disability: means an intermediate care facility for the intellectually disabled within the meaning of Title XIX of the Social Security Act, whether public or private and whether organized for profit or not-for-profit, but shall not include any facility operated by the State. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5C-1
Care provider for persons with a developmental disability: means a person conducting, operating, or maintaining a facility for persons with a developmental disability. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5C-1
Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
Commercial Building: means any building, other than a residence, permanently affixed to realty located in Illinois, including basements, footings, foundations, septic systems and underground pipes directly servicing the building, but does not include sidewalks, driveways, parking lots, living units, land, trees, plants, crops or agricultural field drainage tile. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/802.1
Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
comprehensive unified local transportation system: as used in this Article means a transportation system comprising all of the street railways and also all of the local railroads the major portions of which are within the city (provided there are such local railroads in such city) and may also comprise public utility motor vehicle lines and/or any other local public utility transportation facilities, the major portions of which are within the city. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 220 ILCS 5/14-101
Consumer lease: means a lease that a lessor
regularly engaged in the business of leasing or selling makes to a lessee who is an individual and who takes under the lease primarily for a personal, family, or household purpose, if the total payments to be made under the lease contract, excluding payments for options to renew or buy, do not exceed $40,000. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
Consumer report: means any written, oral or other communication of information bearing on a natural person's credit worthiness, credit standing, credit capacity, character, general reputation, personal characteristics or mode of living which is used or expected to be used in connection with an insurance transaction. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/1003
Consumer reporting agency: means any person who: (1) regularly engages, in whole or in part, in the
practice of assembling or preparing consumer reports for a monetary fee,
(2) obtains information primarily from sources other
Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
Designated market area: means a designated market area, as determined by Nielsen Media Research and published in the 1999-2000 Nielsen Station Index Directory and Nielsen Station Index United States Television Household Estimates or any successor publication. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 220 ILCS 5/21-201
Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
Donor: The person who makes a gift.
Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
En banc: In the bench or "full bench." Refers to court sessions with the entire membership of a court participating rather than the usual quorum. U.S. courts of appeals usually sit in panels of three judges, but may expand to a larger number in certain cases. They are then said to be sitting en banc.
Enrollee: means an individual who resides in a nursing home or is qualified to be admitted to a nursing home and is enrolled with a managed care organization participating in the Demonstration Project. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5F-15
Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
Fair Debt Collection Practices Act: The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act is a set of United States statutes added as Title VIII of the Consumer Credit Protection Act. Its purpose is to ensure ethical practices in the collection of consumer debts and to provide consumers with an avenue for disputing and obtaining validation of debt information in order to ensure the information's accuracy. It is often used in conjunction with the Fair Credit Reporting Act. Source: OCC
Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
Finance lease: means a lease with respect to
(i) the lessor does not select, manufacture, or
supply the goods;
(ii) the lessor acquires the goods or the right
to possession and use of the goods in connection with the lease; and
(iii) one of the following occurs: (A) the lessee receives a copy of the
contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods before signing the lease contract;
(B) the lessee's approval of the contract by
which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods is a condition to effectiveness of the lease contract;
(C) the lessee, before signing the lease
contract, receives an accurate and complete statement designating the promises and warranties, and any disclaimers of warranties, limitations or modifications of remedies, or liquidated damages, including those of a third party, such as the manufacturer of the goods, provided to the lessor by the person supplying the goods in connection with or as part of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods; or
(D) if the lease is not a consumer lease, the
lessor, before the lessee signs the lease contract, informs the lessee in writing (a) of the identity of the person supplying the goods to the lessor, unless the lessee has selected that person and directed the lessor to acquire the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods from that person, (b) that the lessee is entitled under this Article to the promises and warranties, including those of any third party, provided to the lessor by the person supplying the goods in connection with or as part of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods, and (c) that the lessee may communicate with the person supplying the goods to the lessor and receive an accurate and complete statement of those promises and warranties, including any disclaimers and limitations of them or of remedies. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
Footprint: means the geographic area designated by the cable service or video service provider as the geographic area in which it will offer cable services or video services during the period of its State-issued authorization. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 220 ILCS 5/21-201
Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
Goods: means all things that are movable at the
time of identification to the lease contract, or are fixtures (Section 2A-309), but the term does not include money, documents, instruments, accounts, chattel paper, general intangibles, or minerals or the like, including oil and gas, before extraction. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
Health care services: means the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease and includes medication, primary care, nursing or medical care, mental health treatment, psychiatric rehabilitation, memory loss services, physical, occupational, and speech rehabilitation, enhanced care, medical supplies and equipment and the repair of such equipment, and assistance with activities of daily living. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5F-15
Holder: means a person or entity that has received authorization to offer or provide cable or video service from the Commission pursuant to Section 21-401 of this Article. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 220 ILCS 5/21-201
Hospital: means an institution, place, building, or agency located in this State that is subject to licensure by the Illinois Department of Public Health under the Hospital Licensing Act, whether public or private and whether organized for profit or not-for-profit. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5A-1
Hospital: means any institution, place, building, or agency, public or private, whether organized for profit or not-for-profit, which is located in the State and is subject to licensure by the Illinois Department of Public Health under the Hospital Licensing Act or any institution, place, building, or agency, public or private, whether organized for profit or not-for-profit, which meets all comparable conditions and requirements of the Hospital Licensing Act in effect for the state in which it is located, and is required to submit cost reports to the Illinois Department under Title 89, Part 148, of the Illinois Administrative Code, but shall not include the University of Illinois Hospital as defined in the University of Illinois Hospital Act or a county hospital in a county of over 3 million population. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/14-1
Hospital provider: means a person licensed by the Department of Public Health to conduct, operate, or maintain a hospital, regardless of whether the person is a Medicaid provider. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5A-1
In forma pauperis: In the manner of a pauper. Permission given to a person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty.
Incumbent cable operator: means a person or entity that provided cable services or video services in a particular area under a franchise agreement with a local unit of government pursuant to Section 11-42-11 of the Illinois Municipal Code (65 ILCS 5/11-42-11) or Section 5-1095 of the Counties Code (55 ILCS 5/5-1095) on January 1, 2007. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 220 ILCS 5/21-201
Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
Individual: means any natural person who: (1) in the case of property or casualty insurance, is
a past, present or proposed named insured or certificateholder;
(2) in the case of life, health or disability
insurance, is a past, present or proposed principal insured or certificateholder;
(3) is a past, present or proposed policyowner; (4) is a past or present applicant; (5) is a past or present claimant; or (6) derived, derives or is proposed to derive
Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
Installment lease contract: means a lease
contract that authorizes or requires the delivery of goods in separate lots to be separately accepted, even though the lease contract contains a clause "each delivery is a separate lease" or its equivalent. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
Institutional source: means any person or governmental entity that provides information about an individual to an agent, insurance institution or insurance-support organization, other than: (1) an agent, (2) the individual who is the subject of the
(3) a natural person acting in a personal capacity
Insurance institution: means any corporation, association, partnership, reciprocal exchange, inter-insurer, Lloyd's insurer, fraternal benefit society or other person engaged in the business of insurance, health maintenance organizations as defined in Section 2 of the Health Maintenance Organization Act, voluntary health services plans as defined in Section 2 of the Voluntary Health Services Plans Act, and dental service plans as defined in Section 4 of the Dental Service Plan Act. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/1003
Insurance transaction: means any transaction involving insurance primarily for personal, family or household needs rather than business or professional needs which entails: (1) the determination of an individual's eligibility
Insurance-support organization: means : (1) any person who regularly engages, in whole or in
part, in the practice of assembling or collecting information about natural persons for the primary purpose of providing the information to an insurance institution or agent for insurance transactions, including:
(a) the furnishing of consumer reports or
investigative consumer reports to an insurance institution or agent for use in connection with an insurance transaction, or
(b) the collection of personal information from
insurance institutions, agents or other insurance-support organizations for the purpose of detecting or preventing fraud, material misrepresentation or material nondisclosure in connection with insurance underwriting or insurance claim activity. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/1003
insured: as used in this article , shall not be construed as preventing a person other than the insured with a proper insurable interest from making application for and owning a policy covering the insured or from being entitled under such a policy to any indemnities, benefits and rights provided therein. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/357.28
Insured: means an individual entitled to reimbursement for expenses of health care services under a policy or subscriber contract issued or administered by an insurer. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/370g
Insurer: means an insurance company or a health service corporation authorized in this State to issue policies or subscriber contracts which reimburse for expenses of health care services. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/370g
Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
Intergovernmental cooperative: means an intergovernmental cooperative organized pursuant to Article VII, Section 10 of the Illinois Constitution and Section 6 of the Intergovernmental Cooperation Act. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/802.1
Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
Investigative consumer report: means a consumer report or portion thereof in which information about a natural person's character, general reputation, personal characteristics or mode of living is obtained through personal interviews with the person's neighbors, friends, associates, acquaintances or others who may have knowledge concerning such items of information. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/1003
Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
Lease: means a transfer of the right to
possession and use of goods for a term in return for consideration, but a sale, including a sale on approval or a sale or return, or retention or creation of a security interest is not a lease. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
Lease agreement: means the bargain, with respect
to the lease, of the lessor and the lessee in fact as found in their language or by implication from other circumstances including course of dealing or usage of trade or course of performance as provided in this Article. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
Licensed establishment: means the premises specified in a retailer's license pursuant to paragraph (d) of Section 5-1 and whose primary business is the sale of alcoholic beverages on the premises, which premises are located in any municipality having more than 2,000,000 inhabitants. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 235 ILCS 5/9-1
Licensed service company: means an entity licensed under Section 464a of the Illinois Insurance Code to perform claims adjusting, loss control and data processing. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/1102
Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
Living Unit: shall mean that physical portion designated for separate ownership or occupancy for residential purposes, of a building or group of buildings, permanently affixed to realty located in Illinois, having elements which are owned or used in common, including a condominium unit, a cooperative unit or any other similar unit. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/802.1
Local franchising authority: means the local unit of government that has or requires a franchise with a cable operator, a provider of cable services, or a provider of video services to construct or operate a cable or video system or to offer cable services or video services under Section 11-42-11 of the Illinois Municipal Code (65 ILCS 5/11-42-11) or Section 5-1095 of the Counties Code (55 ILCS 5/5-1095). See Illinois Compiled Statutes 220 ILCS 5/21-201
Long-term care facility: means (i) a nursing facility, whether public or private and whether organized for profit or not-for-profit, that is subject to licensure by the Illinois Department of Public Health under the Nursing Home Care Act, the ID/DD Community Care Act, or the MC/DD Act, including a county nursing home directed and maintained under Section 5-1005 of the Counties Code, and (ii) a part of a hospital in which skilled or intermediate long-term care services within the meaning of Title XVIII or XIX of the Social Security Act are provided; except that the term "long-term care facility" does not include a facility operated by a State agency or operated solely as an intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded within the meaning of Title XIX of the Social Security Act. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5B-1
Long-term care provider: means (i) a person licensed by the Department of Public Health to operate and maintain a skilled nursing or intermediate long-term care facility or (ii) a hospital provider that provides skilled or intermediate long-term care services within the meaning of Title XVIII or XIX of the Social Security Act. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5B-1
Low-income household: means those residential households located within the holder's existing telephone service area where the average annual household income is less than $35,000, based on the United States Census Bureau estimates adjusted annually to reflect rates of change and distribution. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 220 ILCS 5/21-201
Managed care organization: means an entity operating under a certificate of authority issued pursuant to the Health Maintenance Organization Act or as a Managed Care Community Network pursuant to Section 5-11 of the Public Aid Code. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5H-1
MCO: means an entity that meets the definition of health maintenance organization as defined in the Health Maintenance Organization Act, is licensed, regulated and in good standing with the Department of Insurance, and is authorized to participate in the nursing home component of the Medicare-Medicaid Alignment Initiative Demonstration Project by a 3-way contract with the Department of Healthcare and Family Services and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5F-15
Medicaid managed care organization: means a managed care organization under contract with the Department to provide services to recipients of benefits in the medical assistance program pursuant to Article V of the Public Aid Code, the Children's Health Insurance Program Act, or the Covering ALL KIDS Health Insurance Act. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5H-1
Medical professional: means any person licensed or certified to provide health care services to natural persons, including but not limited to, a physician, dentist, nurse, optometrist, chiropractor, naprapath, pharmacist, physical or occupational therapist, psychiatric social worker, speech therapist, clinical dietitian or clinical psychologist. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/1003
Medical-care institution: means any facility or institution that is licensed to provide health care services to natural persons, including but not limited to: hospitals, skilled nursing facilities, home-health agencies, medical clinics, rehabilitation agencies and public-health agencies and health-maintenance organizations. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/1003
Medical-record information: means personal information which: (1) relates to an individual's physical or mental
condition, medical history or medical treatment, and
Medically necessary: means health care services that a medical professional, exercising prudent clinical judgment, would provide to a patient for the purpose of preventing, evaluating, diagnosing, or treating an illness, injury, or disease or its symptoms, and that are: (i) in accordance with the generally accepted standards of medical practice; (ii) clinically appropriate, in terms of type, frequency, extent, site, and duration, and considered effective for the patient's illness, injury, or disease; and (iii) not primarily for the convenience of the patient, a medical professional, other health care provider, caregiver, family member, or other interested party. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5F-15
Medicare bed days: means , for each hospital, the sum of the number of days that each bed was occupied by a patient who was covered by Title XVIII of the Social Security Act, excluding days attributable to the routine services provided to persons receiving skilled or intermediate long term care services. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5A-1
Metropolitan Area: means all that territory in the State of Illinois lying within the corporate boundaries of the municipality or municipalities establishing an authority as provided in this Division. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-48.3-2
Mine Subsidence: means lateral or vertical ground movement caused by a failure initiated at the mine level, of man-made underground mines, including, but not limited to coal mines, clay mines, limestone mines, and fluorspar mines that directly damages residences or commercial buildings. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/802.1
National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
Nursing home: means (i) a skilled nursing or intermediate long-term care facility, whether public or private and whether organized for profit or not-for-profit, that is subject to licensure by the Illinois Department of Public Health under the Nursing Home Care Act, the ID/DD Community Care Act, or the MC/DD Act, including a county nursing home directed and maintained under Section 5-1005 of the Counties Code, and (ii) a part of a hospital in which skilled or intermediate long-term care services within the meaning of Title XVIII or XIX of the Social Security Act are provided; except that the term "nursing home" does not include a facility operated solely as an intermediate care facility for the intellectually disabled within the meaning of Title XIX of the Social Security Act or a specialized mental health rehabilitation facility. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5E-5
Nursing home provider: means (i) a person licensed by the Department of Public Health to operate and maintain a skilled nursing or intermediate long-term care facility which charges its residents, a third party payor, Medicaid, or Medicare for skilled nursing or intermediate long-term care services, or (ii) a hospital provider that provides skilled or intermediate long-term care services within the meaning of Title XVIII or XIX of the Social Security Act. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5E-5
Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
Occupied bed days: means the sum of the number of days that each bed was occupied by a patient for all beds, excluding days attributable to the routine services provided to persons receiving skilled or intermediate long term care services. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5A-1
Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
Outlays: Outlays are payments made (generally through the issuance of checks or disbursement of cash) to liquidate obligations. Outlays during a fiscal year may be for payment of obligations incurred in prior years or in the same year.
Outpatient gross revenue: means , for each hospital, its total gross charges attributed to outpatient services as reported on the Medicare cost report at Worksheet C, Part I, Column 7, line 101, less the sum of lines 45, 60, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, and 68 (and any subsets of those lines). See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5A-1
Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
own home: means that an adult with a mental disability lives alone; or that an adult with a mental disability is in full-time residence with his or her parents, legal guardian, or other relatives; or that an adult with a mental disability is in full-time residence in a setting not subject to licensure under the Nursing Home Care Act, the Specialized Mental Health Rehabilitation Act of 2013, the ID/DD Community Care Act, the MC/DD Act, or the Child Care Act of 1969, as now or hereafter amended, with 3 or fewer other adults unrelated to the adult with a mental disability who do not provide home-based services to the adult with a mental disability. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 405 ILCS 80/2-3
Parent: means the biological or adoptive parent of an adult with a mental disability, or a person licensed as a foster parent under the laws of this State who acts as a foster parent to an adult with a mental disability. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 405 ILCS 80/2-3
Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
Per stirpes: The legal means by which the children of a decedent, upon the death of an ancestor at a level above that of the decedent, receive by right of representation the share of the ancestor
Person: shall mean any individual, partnership, association, corporation, society, order, firm, company, aggregation of individuals, reciprocal exchange, inter-insurer, Lloyds insurer, fraternal benefit society, and any other legal entity to which any article of this Code is applicable, or which is subject to examination, visitation or supervision by the Director under any provision of this Code or under any law of this State, or which is engaged or engaging in or proposing or attempting to engage in or is representing that it is doing an insurance or surety business in this State, or which is in process of organization for the purpose of doing such business, including agents, brokers, adjusters and solicitors. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/422
person: means any political subdivision of the State, municipal corporation, individual, firm, partnership, corporation, company, limited liability company, association, joint stock association, or trust, or a receiver, executor, trustee, guardian, or other representative appointed by order of any court. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5A-1
person: means any political subdivision of the State, municipal corporation, individual, firm, partnership, corporation, company, limited liability company, association, joint stock association, or trust, or a receiver, executor, trustee, guardian, or other representative appointed by order of any court. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5B-1
person: means any political subdivision of the State, municipal corporation, individual, firm, partnership, corporation, company, limited liability company, association, joint stock association, or trust, or a receiver, executor, trustee, guardian or other representative appointed by order of any court. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5C-1
Person: means any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, both domestic and foreign, company, association or joint stock association; and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee or personal representative thereof. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-48.3-2
Person under legal disability: means a person 18 years or older who (a) because of mental deterioration or physical incapacity is not fully able to manage his or her person or estate, or (b) is a person with mental illness or is a person with developmental disabilities and who because of his or her mental illness or developmental disability is not fully able to manage his or her person or estate, or (c) because of gambling, idleness, debauchery or excessive use of intoxicants or drugs, so spends or wastes his or her estate as to expose himself or herself or his or her family to want or suffering. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.06
Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
policies: means any contract or contracts of insurance providing the coverage of the Standard Fire Policy and Extended Coverage Endorsement on any residence, living unit or commercial building. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/802.1
Policyholder: means any person who: (1) in the case of individual property or casualty
insurance, is a present named insured;
(2) in the case of individual life, health or
disability insurance, is a present policyowner; or
Pool retention fund: means a separate fund maintained for payment of first dollar claims, up to a specific amount per claim ("specific retention") and up to an aggregate amount for a 12-month period ("aggregate retention"). See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/1102
Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
Precinct: means any part of a city, village or incorporated town of over 200,000 population which was a "voting precinct" or an "election precinct" for voting at the last general election. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 235 ILCS 5/9-1
Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
Pretext interview: means an interview whereby a person, in an attempt to obtain information about a natural person, performs one or more of the following acts: (1) pretends to be someone he or she is not, (2) pretends to represent a person he or she is not
in fact representing,
(3) misrepresents the true purpose of the interview,
Pretrial conference: A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review evidence and witnesses, to set a timetable, and to discuss the settlement of the case.
Privileged information: means any individually identifiable information that: (1) relates to a claim for insurance benefits or a civil or criminal proceeding involving an individual, and (2) is collected in connection with or in reasonable anticipation of a claim for insurance benefits or civil or criminal proceeding involving an individual; provided, however, information otherwise meeting the requirements of this subsection shall nevertheless be considered "personal information" under this Article if it is disclosed in violation of Section 1014 of this Article. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/1003
Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
Probate: Proving a will
Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
Public rights-of-way: means the areas on, below, or above a public roadway, highway, street, public sidewalk, alley, waterway, or utility easements dedicated for compatible uses. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 220 ILCS 5/21-201
Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
Redlining: The alleged practice of certain lending institutions of not making mortgage, home improvement, and small business loans in certain neighborhoods-usually areas that are deteriorating or considered by the lender to be poor investments. Source: OCC
Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
Residence: means a building used principally for residential purposes up to and including a four family dwelling, permanently affixed to realty located in Illinois, including appurtenant structures, driveways, sidewalks, basements, footings, foundations, septic systems and underground pipes directly servicing the dwelling or building, but does not include living units, land, trees, plants, crops or agricultural field drainage tile. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/802.1
Resident: means an enrollee who is receiving personal or medical care, including, but not limited to, mental health treatment, psychiatric rehabilitation, physical rehabilitation, and assistance with activities of daily living, from a nursing home. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 305 ILCS 5/5F-15
Residual market mechanism: means an association, organization or other entity described in Article XXXIII of this Act, or Section 7-501 of The Illinois Vehicle Code. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 215 ILCS 5/1003
Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
Revolving credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or open-end credit.) Source: OCC
Right of rescission: Right to cancel, within three business days, a contract that uses the home of a person as collateral, except in the case of a first mortgage loan. There is no fee to the borrower, who receives a full refund of all fees paid. The right of rescission is guaranteed by the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). Source: OCC
Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
Sequester: To separate. Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations.
Service: means the provision of cable service or video service to subscribers and the interaction of subscribers with the person or entity that has received authorization to offer or provide cable or video service from the Commission pursuant to Section 21-401 of this Act. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 220 ILCS 5/21-201
Service provider fee: means the amount paid under Section 21-801 of this Act by the holder to a municipality, or in the case of an unincorporated service area to a county, for service areas within its territorial jurisdiction, but under no circumstances shall the service provider fee be paid to more than one local unit of government for the same portion of the holder's service area. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 220 ILCS 5/21-201
Severe and multiple impairments: means the manifestation of all of the following characteristics: (1) The evaluation determines the presence of a
developmental disability which is expected to continue indefinitely, constitutes a substantial disability and is attributable to any of the following:
(A) Intellectual disability, which is defined as
general intellectual functioning that is 2 or more standard deviations below the mean concurrent with impairment of adaptive behavior which is 2 or more standard deviations below the mean. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 405 ILCS 80/2-3
Severe autism: means a lifelong developmental disability which is typically manifested before 30 months of age and is characterized by severe disturbances in reciprocal social interactions; verbal and nonverbal communication and imaginative activity; and repertoire of activities and interests. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 405 ILCS 80/2-3
Severe mental illness: means the manifestation of all of the following characteristics: (1) A primary diagnosis of one of the major mental
disorders in the current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders listed below:
Severe or profound intellectual disability: means a manifestation of all of the following characteristics: (1) A diagnosis which meets Classification in Mental
Retardation or criteria in the current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders for severe or profound mental retardation (an IQ of 40 or below). See Illinois Compiled Statutes 405 ILCS 80/2-3
Sole ownership: The type of property ownership in which one individual holds legal title to the property and has full control of it.
Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
Supplemental appropriation: Budget authority provided in an appropriations act in addition to regular or continuing appropriations already provided. Supplemental appropriations generally are made to cover emergencies, such as disaster relief, or other needs deemed too urgent to be postponed until the enactment of next year's regular appropriations act.
Telecommunications service area: means the area designated by the Commission as the area in which a telecommunications company was obligated to provide non-competitive local telephone service as of February 8, 1996 as incorporated into Section 13-202. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 220 ILCS 5/21-201
Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
Tenancy by the entirety: A type of joint tenancy between husband and wife that is recognized in some States. Neither party can sever the joint tenancy relationship; when a spouse dies, the survivor acquires full title to the property.
Testate: To die leaving a will.
Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
Testify: Answer questions in court.
Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
Video service: means video programming and subscriber interaction, if any, that is required for the selection or use of such video programming services, and that is provided through wireline facilities located at least in part in the public rights-of-way without regard to delivery technology, including Internet protocol technology. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 220 ILCS 5/21-201