§ 1-101 In this title the…
§ 1-102 Any official letterhead stationery of the…
§ 1-201 The power of the…
§ 1-202 A court may…
§ 1-203 Except as…
§ 1-204 A judge of the Court of Appeals or the Court…
§ 1-205
§ 1-301 The Court of Appeals of Maryland,…
§ 1-302 In this section,…
§ 1-401 The Court of Special Appeals is established….
§ 1-402 The Court of…
§ 1-403
§ 1-501 The circuit courts are the highest…
§ 1-502 Notwithstanding § 4-301(b)(1) or §…
§ 1-503 In each county in…
§ 1-504 The Chief Judge…
§ 1-601 The District Court of Maryland is…
§ 1-602 For the purposes of operation and…
§ 1-603 The court is…
§ 1-603.1 The District Courthouse, located at 8552…
§ 1-603.2 The plaza located on the south side of the…
§ 1-605 The Chief Judge…
§ 1-606 The State shall provide at a central…
§ 1-607 The Chief Judge of the District Court,…
§ 1-608 The cost of…
§ 1-609 When and in the…
§ 1-701 A judge’s salary may not be diminished…
§ 1-702 Subject to the…
§ 1-703 Title 8, Subtitle…
§ 1-704 Any increase in judicial salary shall be…
§ 1-705 In this subtitle,…
§ 1-706 A judge is…
§ 1-707 A judge of the District Court who has…
§ 1-708 The salaries and…
§ 2-101 In this title the…
§ 2-102 If advisable in a…
§ 2-103 When an officer leaves office for any…
§ 2-104 Every auditor,…
§ 2-105 Each of the…
§ 2-106 A person who is…
§ 2-107 In a circuit…
§ 2-201 The clerk of a…
§ 2-202 Subject to the…
§ 2-203 Unless otherwise provided by law or order of…
§ 2-204 The office of every clerk of court shall be…
§ 2-205 The clerk of a…
§ 2-206 In cooperation…
§ 2-207 For purposes of…
§ 2-208 This section…
§ 2-209 This section…
§ 2-210 This section…
§ 2-211 When the Governor issues a civil commission…
§ 2-212 At least once a…
§ 2-213 Except as…
§ 2-214 A clerk of a circuit court shall make…
§ 2-215 The clerk of the court shall prominently…
§ 2-301 Except as…
§ 2-302 A writ of…
§ 2-303 When a sheriff serves or attempts to serve a…
§ 2-304 If a sheriff…
§ 2-305 Any officer who…
§ 2-306 If a sheriff pays the plaintiff an amount…
§ 2-307 A sheriff shall keep an official record of…
§ 2-308 A sheriff shall…
§ 2-309 The sheriff of…
§ 2-310 The sheriff of a…
§ 2-313 The sheriff and…
§ 2-314 This section…
§ 2-315 This section…
§ 2-316 This section…
§ 2-317 This section…
§ 2-318 This section…
§ 2-319 This section…
§ 2-320 This section…
§ 2-321 This section…
§ 2-322 This section…
§ 2-323 This section…
§ 2-324 This section…
§ 2-325 This section…
§ 2-326 This section…
§ 2-327 This section…
§ 2-328 This section…
§ 2-329 This section…
§ 2-330 This section…
§ 2-331 This section…
§ 2-332 This section…
§ 2-333 This section…
§ 2-334 This section…
§ 2-335 This section…
§ 2-336 This section…
§ 2-337 This section…
§ 2-401 An appellate…
§ 2-402 An appellate court may appoint the law…
§ 2-403 The clerk, his deputies, and other employees…
§ 2-404 An appellate court may direct a sheriff to…
§ 2-501 Except as…
§ 2-502 Each clerk of a circuit court shall keep…
§ 2-503 The jury judge for a county may order a…
§ 2-504 The clerk of each…
§ 2-504.1 The clerk of each…
§ 2-505 The number of…
§ 2-506 The minimum hours of work in each week for…
§ 2-507 A bailiff shall…
§ 2-508 In Prince…
§ 2-509 In Anne Arundel…
§ 2-510 This section…
§ 2-511 There shall be included in the State budget…
§ 2-512 Each circuit…
§ 2-5A-01 In this subtitle…
§ 2-5A-02 The personnel merit system for the office of…
§ 2-5A-03 There shall be a…
§ 2-5A-04 The personnel…
§ 2-5A-05 All employees of the office of the clerk of…
§ 2-5A-06 The following…
§ 2-5A-07 The Supreme Bench…
§ 2-601 There shall be a…
§ 2-602 The chief clerk,…
§ 2-603 Subject to the…
§ 2-604 The Chief Judge…
§ 2-605 All civil process…
§ 2-606 A constable shall obey and execute all…
§ 2-607
§ 2-608
§ 3-101 In this subtitle…
§ 3-102 If the death of a person or the date of his…
§ 3-103 A provision in…
§ 3-104 Proceedings for the protection of property…
§ 3-105 Upon application,…
§ 3-106 If the court…
§ 3-108 An absentee who appears after the…
§ 3-109 If the…
§ 3-110 After termination…
§ 3-201 In this subtitle…
§ 3-202 An agreement providing for arbitration under…
§ 3-203 An initial…
§ 3-204 The court shall make any determination…
§ 3-205 Except as…
§ 3-206 Except as…
§ 3-206.1 In this section,…
§ 3-207 If a party to an…
§ 3-208 If a party denies…
§ 3-209 A court shall…
§ 3-210 An order for arbitration shall not be…
§ 3-211 If the…
§ 3-212 The powers of the arbitrators may be…
§ 3-213
§ 3-214 At an arbitration…
§ 3-215 The majority of…
§ 3-216 A party has the…
§ 3-217 The arbitrators…
§ 3-218 On application of a party and for use as…
§ 3-219 The arbitration…
§ 3-220 The arbitrators…
§ 3-221 Unless the…
§ 3-222 A party may apply…
§ 3-223 A petition to…
§ 3-224
§ 3-225 If any award is…
§ 3-226 If an application to vacate is denied and no…
§ 3-227 A party may…
§ 3-228
§ 3-229 Notwithstanding…
§ 3-230 If a party dies…
§ 3-231 This subtitle applies only to agreements…
§ 3-232 This subtitle shall be so interpreted and…
§ 3-234 This subtitle may be cited as the Maryland…
§ 3-2A-01 In this subtitle…
§ 3-2A-02
§ 3-2A-03 The Health Care…
§ 3-2A-03A There is a Health…
§ 3-2A-04
§ 3-2A-05
§ 3-2A-06 A party may…
§ 3-2A-06A At any time…
§ 3-2A-06B Arbitration of a…
§ 3-2A-06C
§ 3-2A-06D
§ 3-2A-07 If the…
§ 3-2A-08 Evidence of…
§ 3-2A-08A In this section,…
§ 3-2A-09 This section…
§ 3-2A-10 Except as otherwise provided in §§…
§ 3-2B-01 In this subtitle…
§ 3-2B-02 The purpose of this subtitle is to: …
§ 3-2B-03 In all matters…
§ 3-2B-04 The circuit courts of this State shall have…
§ 3-2B-05 Any complaint…
§ 3-2B-06 Unless the…
§ 3-2B-07 In an…
§ 3-2B-08 A party to an…
§ 3-2B-09 This subtitle may be cited as the Maryland…
§ 3-2C-01 In this subtitle…
§ 3-2C-02
§ 3-301 A court of equity…
§ 3-302 A court of law including the District Court,…
§ 3-303 An attachment…
§ 3-304 An attachment…
§ 3-305 An attachment may be issued against any…
§ 3-401 In this subtitle, “person”…
§ 3-402 This subtitle is remedial. Its purpose is to…
§ 3-403 Except for the…
§ 3-404 The fact that a proceeding is brought under…
§ 3-405
§ 3-406 Any person interested under a deed, will,…
§ 3-407 A contract may be construed before or after…
§ 3-408 Any person interested as or through a…
§ 3-408.1 In this section,…
§ 3-409 Except as…
§ 3-410 In any proceeding under this subtitle the…
§ 3-411 The declaration may be affirmative or…
§ 3-412 Further relief…
§ 3-413 The provisions of this subtitle, except the…
§ 3-414 This subtitle shall be interpreted and…
§ 3-415 This subtitle may be cited as the Maryland…
§ 3-501 Any word spoken falsely and maliciously and…
§ 3-502 A single or…
§ 3-503 An owner, licensee, or operator of a…
§ 3-504
§ 3-601 A court may not refuse to specifically…
§ 3-701 A judge of the circuit court for a county,…
§ 3-702 A person…
§ 3-703 If it appears to…
§ 3-704 On return of a…
§ 3-705 Except as…
§ 3-706 If a person is…
§ 3-707 If a judge…
§ 3-801 In this subtitle…
§ 3-802 The purposes of…
§ 3-803 In addition to…
§ 3-804
§ 3-805
§ 3-806
§ 3-807
§ 3-808 The court shall try cases under this…
§ 3-809 On receipt of a…
§ 3-810
§ 3-811
§ 3-812
§ 3-813 Except as…
§ 3-814 A child may be…
§ 3-815 In accordance…
§ 3-816 After a petition…
§ 3-816.1 The provisions of…
§ 3-816.2
§ 3-816.3 In this section,…
§ 3-816.4 In this section,…
§ 3-817 After a CINA…
§ 3-818 Within 1 year after a child’s birth,…
§ 3-819
§ 3-819.1 Within 30 days…
§ 3-819.2
§ 3-820 After a CINA…
§ 3-821 The court, on its…
§ 3-822
§ 3-823 In this section,…
§ 3-824 The court shall…
§ 3-825 A court may not…
§ 3-826
§ 3-827
§ 3-828 An adult may not…
§ 3-829 A governing body of a county may create a…
§ 3-830
§ 3-8A-01 In this subtitle…
§ 3-8A-02 The purposes of…
§ 3-8A-03 In addition to…
§ 3-8A-04 The provisions of §§ 3dash;806,…
§ 3-8A-05 If a person is…
§ 3-8A-06 The court may…
§ 3-8A-07 If the court…
§ 3-8A-08 If a petition…
§ 3-8A-09
§ 3-8A-10 This section does…
§ 3-8A-12 A statement made…
§ 3-8A-13 A petition shall…
§ 3-8A-14 A child may be…
§ 3-8A-14.1 After an inquiry…
§ 3-8A-15 Only the court or…
§ 3-8A-16 The official in…
§ 3-8A-16.1 After a petition…
§ 3-8A-17 After a petition…
§ 3-8A-17.1
§ 3-8A-17.2 The court shall…
§ 3-8A-17.3
§ 3-8A-17.4
§ 3-8A-17.5 At a competency hearing, if the court…
§ 3-8A-17.6 At a competency…
§ 3-8A-17.7 At a competency…
§ 3-8A-17.8 If the court…
§ 3-8A-17.9 The court shall dismiss the delinquency…
§ 3-8A-17.10 At any time…
§ 3-8A-17.11 In any competency hearing under this…
§ 3-8A-17.12 The secretaries of Health, Human Services,…
§ 3-8A-18 The provisions of…
§ 3-8A-19 The provisions of…
§ 3-8A-19.1 In this section…
§ 3-8A-19.2 In this section,…
§ 3-8A-19.3 A copy of the…
§ 3-8A-19.4 The court may modify or rescind the peace…
§ 3-8A-19.5 A violation of…
§ 3-8A-20 Except as…
§ 3-8A-20.1
§ 3-8A-21 The court may order emergency medical,…
§ 3-8A-22 A child may not…
§ 3-8A-23
§ 3-8A-24 Except as…
§ 3-8A-25 If a child is committed under this subtitle…
§ 3-8A-26 Pursuant to the procedure provided in the…
§ 3-8A-27
§ 3-8A-27 v2
§ 3-8A-27 v3
§ 3-8A-27.1
§ 3-8A-28 The court may enter a judgment of…
§ 3-8A-29 A court may not order a parent, guardian,…
§ 3-8A-30 It is unlawful…
§ 3-8A-32 In addition to…
§ 3-8A-33 A law enforcement…
§ 3-8A-34 The guidelines provided under § 11-1003…
§ 3-8B-01 A court of law has jurisdiction in an action…
§ 3-8B-02 An action for a writ of mandamus shall be…
§ 3-8C-01 This subtitle applies only: …
§ 3-8C-02
§ 3-8C-03 A child who is…
§ 3-8C-04 An authorized school official may file with…
§ 3-8C-05 A petition under…
§ 3-8C-06 Unless a petition…
§ 3-8C-07 A criminal defendant under this subtitle is…
§ 3-8C-08
§ 3-8C-09 Except as otherwise provided in this…
§ 3-8C-10 The court shall retain jurisdiction under…
§ 3-8C-11 A party may appeal a final judgment entered…
§ 3-8C-12 On or before November 1 of each year, the…
§ 3-901 In this subtitle…
§ 3-902 An action may be…
§ 3-903 If the wrongful…
§ 3-904
§ 3-1001 There shall be…
§ 3-1101 In this subtitle…
§ 3-1102 A motor carrier is responsible for the…
§ 3-1102.1 A person in control who is at fault is…
§ 3-1103
§ 3-1104 If a county or…
§ 3-1105 This subtitle does not affect any liability…
§ 3-1106 In this section,…
§ 3-1107 This subtitle does not abrogate any…
§ 3-1108 If a volunteer…
§ 3-1201 In this subtitle…
§ 3-1202 A motor carrier is responsible for the…
§ 3-1202.1 A person in control who is at fault is…
§ 3-1203
§ 3-1204 This subtitle does not affect any liability…
§ 3-1205 In this section,…
§ 3-1206 This subtitle does not abrogate any…
§ 3-1207 If a paid fire…
§ 3-1301 In this subtitle…
§ 3-1302 A responsible person is civilly liable to…
§ 3-1303
§ 3-1304 A responsible person who complies fully with…
§ 3-1305 If the second…
§ 3-1306 Criminal…
§ 3-1306.1 In recovering or…
§ 3-1307 The procedures required by §…
§ 3-1308 The District Court has exclusive original…
§ 3-1401 In this subtitle…
§ 3-1402 The right of…
§ 3-1403 The recovery of a judgment by the injured…
§ 3-1404 A release by the injured person of one joint…
§ 3-1405 A release by the injured person of one joint…
§ 3-1406 This subtitle does not impair any right of…
§ 3-1407 This subtitle shall be so interpreted and…
§ 3-1408 This subtitle may be cited as the Maryland…
§ 3-1409 If any provision of this subtitle or the…
§ 3-1501 In this subtitle…
§ 3-1502 By proceeding…
§ 3-1503
§ 3-1503.1 A petition under…
§ 3-1504
§ 3-1505 A respondent…
§ 3-1506
§ 3-1507 An interim peace…
§ 3-1508 An individual who…
§ 3-1509 The Court of…
§ 3-1510
§ 3-1601 In this subtitle, “controlled…
§ 3-1602 A person who is convicted, under…
§ 3-1603 Instead of bringing a wrongful death action…
§ 3-1604 A person entitled to bring a civil action…
§ 3-1605 A law enforcement officer who acts in…
§ 3-1606 A person entitled to bring a civil action…
§ 3-1607 A defendant in an action under this subtitle…
§ 3-1701
§ 3-1801 In this subtitle…
§ 3-1802 Except as…
§ 3-1803 Except as…
§ 3-1804 A document signed…
§ 3-1805 Mediation communications that are…
§ 3-1806 This subtitle may be cited as the Maryland…
§ 3-1901
§ 3-2001 In this subtitle…
§ 3-2002 A collaborative…
§ 3-2003 A collaborative…
§ 3-2004 During a collaborative law process, a…
§ 3-2005 A tribunal may approve an agreement…
§ 3-2006 Except as…
§ 3-2007 This subtitle does not affect: …
§ 3-2008 A collaborative law communication is…
§ 3-2009 Subject to…
§ 3-2010 A privilege under…
§ 3-2011 There is no…
§ 3-2012 Notwithstanding…
§ 3-2013 In applying and construing this uniform act,…
§ 3-2014 This subtitle modifies, limits, and…
§ 3-2015 This subtitle may be cited as the Maryland…
§ 3-2101 In this subtitle…
§ 3-2102 An offshore…
§ 3-2103 A provision in any contract or agreement…
§ 3-2104 This subtitle may be cited as the Offshore…
§ 4-101 In this title the…
§ 4-201 The jurisdiction of the District Court…
§ 4-202 A District Court…
§ 4-301 Except as…
§ 4-302 Except as…
§ 4-303 The District Court has jurisdiction over a…
§ 4-304 The District Court has jurisdiction to…
§ 4-401 Except as provided in § 4dash;402 of…
§ 4-402 Except as…
§ 4-404 The District Court has concurrent…
§ 4-405 The District Court has exclusive…
§ 5-101 A civil action at law shall be filed within…
§ 5-102 An action on one…
§ 5-103 Within 20 years…
§ 5-104 An action on a…
§ 5-105 An action for assault, libel, or slander…
§ 5-106 Except as…
§ 5-107 Except as provided in § 5dash;106 of…
§ 5-108 Except as…
§ 5-109 An action for…
§ 5-110 An action to enforce any criminal or civil…
§ 5-111 A proceeding to hold a person in contempt of…
§ 5-112 No cause of action for damages accrues and a…
§ 5-113 In this section,…
§ 5-114
§ 5-115
§ 5-116 An action for…
§ 5-117
§ 5-118 For the purposes of this subtitle, the…
§ 5-119
§ 5-120 This section…
§ 5-121
§ 5-201 When a cause of…
§ 5-202 If a debtor files a petition in insolvency…
§ 5-203 If the knowledge of a cause of action is…
§ 5-203.1 This section…
§ 5-204 A foreign corporation or foreign limited…
§ 5-205 A person who…
§ 5-301 In this subtitle…
§ 5-301 v2 In this subtitle…
§ 5-302 Each local…
§ 5-303
§ 5-304 This section does…
§ 5-401
§ 5-401.1
§ 5-402 A merchant or an…
§ 5-403
§ 5-403.1 In this section,…
§ 5-404
§ 5-405
§ 5-406
§ 5-407
§ 5-408
§ 5-409 In the absence of fraud no insurance company…
§ 5-410 Except as…
§ 5-411 There may not be…
§ 5-412 There shall be no liability on the part of…
§ 5-413 Except for the…
§ 5-414 An association or organization participating…
§ 5-415 A transportation company or common carrier…
§ 5-416 A member of a lawyer counseling committee,…
§ 5-417 In this section,…
§ 5-418 The charter, as…
§ 5-419 Subject to the…
§ 5-420 In this section,…
§ 5-421
§ 5-422 In this section,…
§ 5-423 An employer…
§ 5-424 A licensed veterinary practitioner is immune…
§ 5-425
§ 5-426
§ 5-501 A civil or criminal action may not be…
§ 5-502 In addition to the provisions contained in…
§ 5-503 In Montgomery County, the following…
§ 5-504 The Alcohol Beverage Services for Montgomery…
§ 5-507
§ 5-508 An officer or director of a public drainage…
§ 5-509 In this section,…
§ 5-512 The…
§ 5-513 An action or proceeding may not be…
§ 5-514 Any member of the Financial Review Committee…
§ 5-515 Any member of the Guardianship Advisory…
§ 5-516 A county that merely purchases insurance for…
§ 5-517 A member or…
§ 5-518
§ 5-519 Section 16-107 of the Education Article does…
§ 5-520 Notwithstanding…
§ 5-521
§ 5-522 Immunity of the…
§ 5-523 In this section,…
§ 5-524 An owner or lessee of any motor vehicle…
§ 5-525
§ 5-526 A member of a…
§ 5-5A-01 Except as…
§ 5-5A-02 Except as…
§ 5-601 In this section,…
§ 5-602 In this section,…
§ 5-603 A person…
§ 5-604 Notwithstanding…
§ 5-605 A law enforcement…
§ 5-606
§ 5-607
§ 5-608 An individual is not civilly liable for any…
§ 5-609
§ 5-610 A law enforcement officer who responds to a…
§ 5-610.1 A law enforcement officer enforcing an…
§ 5-611 A federal law enforcement officer who…
§ 5-612 The police officers and other officers,…
§ 5-613 Unless a subdivision or municipality…
§ 5-614 This section…
§ 5-615 In the absence of an affirmative showing of…
§ 5-617 In this section,…
§ 5-618 Any person who…
§ 5-619 The following…
§ 5-620 Any person who in good faith makes or…
§ 5-621 A physician who…
§ 5-622 Any person who in good faith makes or…
§ 5-623
§ 5-624
§ 5-625 A person who acts…
§ 5-626 A person who acts…
§ 5-627 A member of a clinical review panel under…
§ 5-628 A member of an…
§ 5-629 In this section,…
§ 5-630 A legally authorized person who obtains,…
§ 5-631 A person who acts…
§ 5-632
§ 5-633 For purposes of…
§ 5-634 In this section,…
§ 5-635 In this section,…
§ 5-636
§ 5-637 In this section,…
§ 5-637.1 In this section,…
§ 5-637.2 In this section,…
§ 5-638
§ 5-639
§ 5-640
§ 5-641
§ 5-642 A licensed…
§ 5-643 Except in cases of willful or wanton…
§ 5-701 There shall be no liability on the part of…
§ 5-702 In this section,…
§ 5-703 In this section,…
§ 5-704 In this section,…
§ 5-705 In this section,…
§ 5-706 In this section,…
§ 5-707 In this section,…
§ 5-708 In this section,…
§ 5-709
§ 5-710 In this section,…
§ 5-711 In this section,…
§ 5-712 In this section,…
§ 5-713 In this section,…
§ 5-714 In this section,…
§ 5-715 In this section,…
§ 5-716 In this section,…
§ 5-717 In this section,…
§ 5-718 In this section,…
§ 5-719 In this section,…
§ 5-720 A person who acts in good faith and within…
§ 5-721 In this section,…
§ 5-722 In this section,…
§ 5-723 In this section,…
§ 5-724 In this section,…
§ 5-725 In this section,…
§ 5-801 The provisions governing actions for breach…
§ 5-802
§ 5-803
§ 5-804
§ 5-805
§ 5-806 This section…
§ 5-807 In this section,…
§ 5-808 In this section,…
§ 5-901 Unless a contract or agreement upon which an…
§ 5-1001 In this subtitle…
§ 5-1002
§ 5-1003
§ 5-1004 Prior to service…
§ 5-1005 A court may…
§ 5-1006
§ 5-1007 Notwithstanding any other provision of law,…
§ 5-1101 In this subtitle…
§ 5-1101.1 The General Assembly finds and declares that…
§ 5-1102 A direct or…
§ 5-1103 A petition for a…
§ 5-1104 If, in any…
§ 5-1105 If a transfer of structure settlement…
§ 5-1106 The provisions of…
§ 5-1107 A person may not file a petition for a…
§ 5-1108
§ 5-1109 On acceptance by…
§ 5-1110 The Attorney…
§ 5-1111 If, in connection with a transfer of…
§ 5-1112 The Attorney General may adopt regulations…
§ 5-1201 In this subtitle…
§ 5-1202 A creditor or a…
§ 5-1203 A debt buyer or a…
§ 5-1204 This subtitle may not be construed to alter…
§ 6-101
§ 6-102 A court may…
§ 6-102.1 This section…
§ 6-103 If jurisdiction…
§ 6-103.1 A court may exercise personal jurisdiction…
§ 6-103.2 A court may exercise personal jurisdiction…
§ 6-103.3 In this section,…
§ 6-104 If a court finds…
§ 6-201 Subject to the…
§ 6-202 In addition to the venue provided in §…
§ 6-203 The general rule…
§ 6-301 In addition to any method allowed by law,…
§ 6-302 The process of a…
§ 6-303 If a person…
§ 6-304 If the exercise of personal jurisdiction is…
§ 6-305 A nonresident…
§ 6-306 Process may be served on an insurance,…
§ 6-307 When process is served on the Department of…
§ 6-308 In a suit against the Police Department of…
§ 6-309 Designated…
§ 6-310 In this section,…
§ 6-311 In this section,…
§ 6-312 In this section,…
§ 6-313
§ 6-401 Except as…
§ 6-402
§ 6-403 In a civil action…
§ 6-404 Except as…
§ 6-405 Any action,…
§ 6-406 An unincorporated…
§ 6-406.1 A creditor of a…
§ 6-407 Except as…
§ 6-408 For a period of 30 days after the entry of a…
§ 6-409 In any court proceeding, an attorney…
§ 6-410
§ 6-411 An individual…
§ 7-101 In this subtitle, “costs” means…
§ 7-102 The State Court…
§ 7-104
§ 7-201 Except for an…
§ 7-202
§ 7-203 In this section,…
§ 7-204
§ 7-205 The county from…
§ 7-206 If a criminal or…
§ 7-207 All fines paid to the clerk of the court for…
§ 7-208 If any person gives a check to the clerk to…
§ 7-301
§ 7-302 // EFFECTIVE UNTIL SEPTEMBER 30, 2023 PER…
§ 7-302 v2 // EFFECTIVE UNTIL SEPTEMBER 30, 2023 PER…
§ 7-401 For examination…
§ 7-402 Except as…
§ 7-403 A court may not require the Commissioner of…
§ 7-404 If the service of process by a private…
§ 7-405 The District Court or a circuit court in a…
§ 7-406 In this section,…
§ 7-409
§ 7-501 In this subtitle…
§ 7-502 A person who is found guilty of a crime…
§ 7-503 When a court…
§ 7-504 A defendant who…
§ 7-504.1 This section…
§ 7-505 Unpaid and…
§ 7-506 Except as…
§ 7-507
§ 7-508 A municipal corporation of this State may…
§ 8-101 In this title the…
§ 8-102 Each adult…
§ 8-103 Notwithstanding…
§ 8-104 Each jury for a county shall be selected at…
§ 8-105 A custodian, as…
§ 8-106 Nothing in this…
§ 8-201 Each circuit court shall have a written plan…
§ 8-202 The Court of Appeals may adopt rules to…
§ 8-203
§ 8-204 Each jury plan…
§ 8-205 Each jury plan…
§ 8-206 Each jury plan…
§ 8-207 Each jury plan…
§ 8-208 Each jury plan shall set the method by which…
§ 8-209 Each jury plan shall set the method by which…
§ 8-210 Each jury plan shall detail changes of…
§ 8-211 Each jury plan shall set the method by which…
§ 8-212 The jury plan for a county may state any…
§ 8-213 The jury plan of a circuit court may provide…
§ 8-214 A jury plan may set a single procedure for…
§ 8-215 The jury plan for a county may enable its…
§ 8-216 A jury plan may provide that,…
§ 8-217 A jury plan may create a program for…
§ 8-301 At each interval…
§ 8-302 In accordance…
§ 8-303 Whenever it seems to a jury commissioner…
§ 8-304 Whenever a person…
§ 8-305 Whenever a person appears for jury service,…
§ 8-306 An individual is exempt from jury service…
§ 8-309 An individual who is not disqualified,…
§ 8-310
§ 8-311 At the request of a trial judge, a jury…
§ 8-314 A jury…
§ 8-401 Whenever a grand…
§ 8-402 Subject to the…
§ 8-403 An individual may not be required to serve…
§ 8-404 Notwithstanding…
§ 8-405 A trial judge may: …
§ 8-408 This section sets…
§ 8-409 This section sets…
§ 8-412 When sworn, a…
§ 8-413 In addition to any grand jury that a jury…
§ 8-414 A court reporter…
§ 8-416 A court reporter…
§ 8-417 This section…
§ 8-420
§ 8-421 In a civil case…
§ 8-422 At any time before or after submission of a…
§ 8-425 In this Part V of this subtitle, “per…
§ 8-426 Subject to…
§ 8-427
§ 8-428 The State budget for the Judicial Branch for…
§ 8-429 The jury commissioner of a circuit court…
§ 8-430 Prospective, qualified, or sworn jurors may…
§ 8-501 An employer may…
§ 8-502 An employer may…
§ 8-503 A person who is…
§ 8-504 A person may not…
§ 8-505 A person who is…
§ 8-506 A person may not…
§ 8-507 A person may not…
§ 9-101 Unless otherwise provided in this subtitle: …
§ 9-103 In a criminal trial, the age of a child may…
§ 9-105 One spouse is not competent to disclose any…
§ 9-106 The spouse of a…
§ 9-107 A person may not be compelled to testify in…
§ 9-108 A person may not be compelled to testify in…
§ 9-109
§ 9-109.1
§ 9-110
§ 9-111 A minister of the gospel, clergyman, or…
§ 9-112 In this section,…
§ 9-113 In a civil case, a party or an officer,…
§ 9-114
§ 9-115 Where character evidence is otherwise…
§ 9-116 A party to a proceeding by or against a…
§ 9-117 It is not competent, in any case, for any…
§ 9-118 The oath for a…
§ 9-119 A person…
§ 9-120 Notwithstanding any other provision of law,…
§ 9-121
§ 9-122 A member of the…
§ 9-123
§ 9-124
§ 9-201 A judge may issue…
§ 9-203 In any criminal…
§ 9-204 The court that issued an execution on a…
§ 9-205 An employer may…
§ 9-301 In this title the…
§ 9-302 If a judge of a…
§ 9-303 If a person in…
§ 9-304 If a person comes…
§ 9-305 This subtitle shall be so interpreted and…
§ 9-306 This subtitle may be cited as the Maryland…
§ 9-401 In this subtitle…
§ 9-402
§ 9-403 A subpoena issued by a clerk of court under…
§ 9-404 Title 2, Chapter 400 of the Maryland Rules…
§ 9-405 An application to the court for a protective…
§ 9-406 In applying and construing this uniform act,…
§ 9-407 This subtitle may be cited as the Maryland…
§ 9-501
§ 10-101
§ 10-102 If a business,…
§ 10-103 In this section…
§ 10-104
§ 10-105 The provisions of…
§ 10-201
§ 10-201.1 The Public Local…
§ 10-202 Printed books or…
§ 10-203
§ 10-204 A copy of a…
§ 10-205 In this section,…
§ 10-206 When a clerk of any court has replaced worn…
§ 10-207 Printed copies of schedules,…
§ 10-208 A written finding of presumed death made by…
§ 10-209 An official written report or record or duly…
§ 10-210 For the purpose…
§ 10-301 The speed of a motor vehicle may be proved…
§ 10-301.1 In §§…
§ 10-302 In a prosecution for a violation of a law…
§ 10-303
§ 10-304
§ 10-305 The type of test…
§ 10-306
§ 10-307
§ 10-308 The evidence of…
§ 10-309
§ 10-310 A photograph, microphotograph, videotape, or…
§ 10-311 A recorded image…
§ 10-312 Subject to…
§ 10-401 As used in this subtitle the following terms…
§ 10-402 Except as…
§ 10-403 Except as…
§ 10-404 Any electronic, mechanical, or other device…
§ 10-405 Except as…
§ 10-406 The Attorney…
§ 10-407 Any investigative…
§ 10-408
§ 10-409 Within 30 days…
§ 10-410 Any person whose…
§ 10-411 Law enforcement…
§ 10-412 Any person who breaks and enters, enters…
§ 10-413 The Secretary of…
§ 10-414 A person who has…
§ 10-4A-01 In this subtitle…
§ 10-4A-02 Except as…
§ 10-4A-03
§ 10-4A-04 An investigative…
§ 10-4A-05
§ 10-4A-06
§ 10-4A-07 Except as…
§ 10-4A-08 Except as…
§ 10-4B-01 In this subtitle…
§ 10-4B-02 Except as…
§ 10-4B-03 An investigative…
§ 10-4B-04
§ 10-4B-05 Upon the request…
§ 10-501 Every court of this State shall take…
§ 10-502 The court may inform itself of those laws in…
§ 10-503 The determination of the laws shall be made…
§ 10-504 A party may also present to the trial court…
§ 10-505 The law of a jurisdiction other than those…
§ 10-506 This subtitle shall be interpreted and…
§ 10-507 This subtitle may be cited as the Maryland…
§ 10-601 A debt of record entered in a court located…
§ 10-701 In this subtitle…
§ 10-702 This subtitle applies to a foreign judgment…
§ 10-703 Except as provided in § 10dash;704 of…
§ 10-704 A foreign…
§ 10-705 The foreign…
§ 10-706 If the defendant satisfies the court either…
§ 10-707 This subtitle does not prevent the…
§ 10-708 This subtitle shall be so interpreted and…
§ 10-709 This subtitle may be cited as the Maryland…
§ 10-801 Where title to property or its devolution…
§ 10-802 Where two or more beneficiaries are…
§ 10-803 Where there is no sufficient evidence that…
§ 10-804 Where the insured and the beneficiary in a…
§ 10-805 This subtitle shall not apply in the case of…
§ 10-806 This subtitle shall be construed and…
§ 10-807 This subtitle may be cited as the Maryland…
§ 10-901 During the trial…
§ 10-902 There is no presumption that an offense…
§ 10-903 Evidence is not admissible in a civil…
§ 10-904 In a civil or criminal case in which a…
§ 10-905
§ 10-906 Except as…
§ 10-907 If an action is brought to charge a person…
§ 10-908 If a plat is…
§ 10-909 Patented land is…
§ 10-910 In an action on behalf of an infant to…
§ 10-911 In any legal proceeding of any nature, the…
§ 10-912 A confession may…
§ 10-913 In any action for…
§ 10-914 A laboratory…
§ 10-915
§ 10-916
§ 10-917 A written statement of expenses or a bill…
§ 10-918 Subject to…
§ 10-919 After all right…
§ 10-920 In this section,…
§ 10-921 In an action…
§ 10-922 A statement made during the course of an…
§ 10-923 In this section,…
§ 10-924
§ 10-1001 For the purpose of establishing that…
§ 10-1002 In this part: …
§ 10-1003
§ 10-1004
§ 10-1101 In this subtitle…
§ 10-1102 After a claimant files a written tort claim…
§ 10-1103 This section does…
§ 10-1104 This section…
§ 10-1105 An insurer shall…
§ 11-101 Except as otherwise provided by law, a money…
§ 11-102 A judgment…
§ 11-103 In a contract action brought against alleged…
§ 11-104 In an action of…
§ 11-105 In any cause of action affecting the common…
§ 11-106 A money judgment…
§ 11-107 Except as…
§ 11-108
§ 11-109
§ 11-110
§ 11-111 If a court orders…
§ 11-112 In this section,…
§ 11-201 If an action is brought for the penalty of…
§ 11-202 In the absence of…
§ 11-203 In an action on…
§ 11-301 In an action for…
§ 11-401 In this subtitle…
§ 11-402 In this section,…
§ 11-403 A writ of execution on a money judgment does…
§ 11-404 This section…
§ 11-501 A sheriff or constable to whom any writ of…
§ 11-502 A sheriff shall…
§ 11-503 Except in Harford…
§ 11-504 In this section,…
§ 11-505 In addition to any other requirement under…
§ 11-506 If the defendant…
§ 11-507 The provisions of this subtitle relative to…
§ 11-508 If the appraiser…
§ 11-509 If a sheriff sells any interest of the…
§ 11-510 If a sheriff…
§ 11-511 If a dispute…
§ 11-512 If a sheriff is prevented by an injunction…
§ 11-513 If a recognizance…
§ 11-601 Except as…
§ 11-602 A sheriff may not levy by way of execution…
§ 11-603
§ 11-701 The District Court has the same power to…
§ 11-702 A judge of the District Court may not issue…
§ 11-703 A judgment of the District Court shall be…
§ 11-801 In this subtitle, “foreign…
§ 11-802
§ 11-803 At the time a…
§ 11-804 The court shall…
§ 11-805
§ 11-806 This subtitle shall be interpreted and…
§ 11-807 This subtitle may be cited as the…
§ 12-101 In this title the…
§ 12-201 Except as provided in § 12-202 of this…
§ 12-202 A review by way of certiorari may not be…
§ 12-203 If the Court of Appeals finds that review of…
§ 12-301 Except as provided in § 12-302 of this…
§ 12-301.1
§ 12-302 Unless a right to…
§ 12-303 A party may appeal from any of the following…
§ 12-304 Any person may…
§ 12-305 The Court of Appeals shall require by writ…
§ 12-306 The purpose of §§ 12-307 and…
§ 12-307 The Court of Appeals has: …
§ 12-308 Except as provided in § 12-307 of this…
§ 12-309 A petition for…
§ 12-401 A party in a…
§ 12-402 Any person may appeal from any order or…
§ 12-403 An appeal from…
§ 12-404 If a judgment of the District Court imposing…
§ 12-501 A party may…
§ 12-502
§ 12-601 In this subtitle…
§ 12-602 The Court of Appeals or the Court of Special…
§ 12-603 The Court of Appeals of this State may…
§ 12-604 The Court of Appeals of this State may…
§ 12-605 The court…
§ 12-606 A certification…
§ 12-607 The Court of Appeals of this State, acting…
§ 12-608 After the Court…
§ 12-609 The Court of Appeals of this State shall…
§ 12-610 Fees and costs are the same as in civil…
§ 12-611 If any provision of this subtitle or its…
§ 12-612 This subtitle shall be applied and construed…
§ 12-613 This subtitle may be cited as the Maryland…
§ 12-701
§ 12-702 If an appellate…
§ 13-101 There is an…
§ 13-101.1 The State Court…
§ 13-102 In each county of…
§ 13-201 There is a position of State Reporter. The…
§ 13-202 The State Reporter shall have the salary…
§ 13-203 The State Reporter, under the supervision of…
§ 13-204 The State…
§ 13-301 To aid in the exercise of its rulemaking…
§ 13-302 The Court of Appeals may employ necessary…
§ 13-303 The State Court Administrator shall pay the…
§ 13-401 The Commission on Judicial Disabilities…
§ 13-402 In case of contumacy by any person, or…
§ 13-403 The Commission may grant to any person…
§ 13-501 The Thurgood Marshall State Law Library…
§ 13-502 The library…
§ 13-503 The library committee may: …
§ 13-504 The Director of the Thurgood Marshall State…
§ 13-601 In this subtitle…
§ 13-602
§ 13-603 The Fund consists…
§ 13-604
§ 13-605 The State Treasurer shall report to the…
§ 13-606 The Administrator shall adopt rules…
§ 3-8A-11 An intake officer…

Terms Used In Maryland Code > Courts and Judicial Proceedings

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Administrator: includes an executor and a personal representative. See
  • Adult: means an individual at least 18 years old. See
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • assault: means assault in any degree unless a specific degree of assault is specified. See
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • certified mail: includes "registered mail"; and

    (3) "registered mail" includes "certified mail". See
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • Circuit court: means the circuit court for a county. See
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County: means a county of the State or Baltimore City. See
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Cross examine: Questioning of a witness by the attorney for the other side.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • de novo: means judicial review based on an administrative record and any additional evidence that would be authorized by § 10–222(f) and (g) of the State Government Article. See
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • including: means includes or including by way of illustration and not by way of limitation. See
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • Judge: means a judge of a court. See
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Law clerk: Assist judges with research and drafting of opinions.
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local department of social services: includes the Montgomery County government. See
  • minor: means an individual under the age of 18 years. See
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Original bill: A bill which is drafted by a committee. It is introduced by the committee or subcommittee chairman after the committee votes to report it.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: includes an individual, receiver, trustee, guardian, personal representative, fiduciary, representative of any kind, corporation, partnership, business trust, statutory trust, limited liability company, firm, association, or other nongovernmental entity. See
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Personal representative: includes an administrator and an executor. See
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • state: means :

    (1) a state, possession, territory, or commonwealth of the United States; or

    (2) the District of Columbia. See
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trial jury: A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. Federal civil juries consist of six persons.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • veteran: includes , if the individual is eligible under 38 U. See
  • Victim Impact Statement: A written or spoken statement by the victim or his or her representative about the physical, emotional, and financial impact of a crime on the victim. The statement is given to the court before sentencing.
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.