Terms Used In Michigan Laws 780.983

  • Adult: means either of the following:
  (i) An individual 17 years of age or older. See Michigan Laws 780.983
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • commission: means the Michigan indigent defense commission created under section 5. See Michigan Laws 780.983
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Consumer Price Index: means the annual United States Consumer Price Index for all urban consumers as defined and reported by the United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. See Michigan Laws 780.983
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the department of licensing and regulatory affairs. See Michigan Laws 780.983
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Indigent: means meeting 1 or more of the conditions described in section 11(3). See Michigan Laws 780.983
  • Indigent criminal defense services: means local legal defense services provided to a defendant and to which both of the following conditions apply:
  •   (i) The defendant is being prosecuted or sentenced for a crime for which an individual may be imprisoned upon conviction, beginning with the defendant's initial appearance in court to answer to the criminal charge. See Michigan Laws 780.983
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Partially indigent: means a criminal defendant who is unable to afford the complete cost of legal representation, but is able to contribute a monetary amount toward his or her representation. See Michigan Laws 780.983
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • share: means an indigent criminal defense system's average annual expenditure for indigent criminal defense services in the 3 fiscal years immediately preceding the creation of the MIDC under this act, excluding money reimbursed to the system by individuals determined to be partially indigent. See Michigan Laws 780.983
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, shall be construed to extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories belonging to the United States; and the words "United States" shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • system: means either of the following:
  •   (i) The local unit of government that funds a trial court. See Michigan Laws 780.983
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • United States: shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  •   As used in this act:
      (a) “Adult” means either of the following:
      (i) An individual 17 years of age or older.
      (ii) An individual less than 17 years of age at the time of the commission of a felony if any of the following conditions apply:
      (A) During consideration of a petition filed under section 4 of chapter XIIA of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 712A.4, to waive jurisdiction to try the individual as an adult and upon granting a waiver of jurisdiction.
      (B) The prosecuting attorney designates the case under section 2d(1) of chapter XIIA of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 712A.2d, as a case in which the juvenile is to be tried in the same manner as an adult.
      (C) During consideration of a request by the prosecuting attorney under section 2d(2) of chapter XIIA of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 712A.2d, that the court designate the case as a case in which the juvenile is to be tried in the same manner as an adult.
      (D) The prosecuting attorney authorizes the filing of a complaint and warrant for a specified juvenile violation under section 1f of chapter IV of the code of criminal procedure, 1927 PA 175, MCL 764.1f.
      (b) “Consumer Price Index” means the annual United States Consumer Price Index for all urban consumers as defined and reported by the United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
      (c) “Department” means the department of licensing and regulatory affairs.
      (d) “Effective assistance of counsel” or “effective representation” means legal representation that is compliant with standards established by the appellate courts of this state and the United States Supreme Court.
      (e) “Indigent” means meeting 1 or more of the conditions described in section 11(3).
      (f) “Indigent criminal defense services” means local legal defense services provided to a defendant and to which both of the following conditions apply:
      (i) The defendant is being prosecuted or sentenced for a crime for which an individual may be imprisoned upon conviction, beginning with the defendant’s initial appearance in court to answer to the criminal charge.
      (ii) The defendant is determined to be indigent under section 11(3).
      (g) Indigent criminal defense services do not include services authorized to be provided under the appellate defender act, 1978 PA 620, MCL 780.711 to 780.719.
      (h) “Indigent criminal defense system” or “system” means either of the following:
      (i) The local unit of government that funds a trial court.
      (ii) If a trial court is funded by more than 1 local unit of government, those local units of government, collectively.
      (i) “Local share” or “share” means an indigent criminal defense system‘s average annual expenditure for indigent criminal defense services in the 3 fiscal years immediately preceding the creation of the MIDC under this act, excluding money reimbursed to the system by individuals determined to be partially indigent. Beginning on November 1, 2018, if the Consumer Price Index has increased since November 1 of the prior state fiscal year, the local share must be adjusted by that number or by 3%, whichever is less.
      (j) “MIDC” or “commission” means the Michigan indigent defense commission created under section 5.
      (k) “Partially indigent” means a criminal defendant who is unable to afford the complete cost of legal representation, but is able to contribute a monetary amount toward his or her representation.