(1) The MIDC has the following authority and duties:

(a) Developing and overseeing the implementation, enforcement, and modification of minimum standards, rules, and procedures to ensure that indigent criminal defense services providing effective assistance of counsel are consistently delivered to all indigent adults in this state consistent with the safeguards of the United States constitution, the state constitution of 1963, and this act.

Terms Used In Michigan Laws 780.989

  • Adult: means either of the following:

    (i) An individual 17 years of age or older. See Michigan Laws 780.983

  • commission: means the Michigan indigent defense commission created under section 5. See Michigan Laws 780.983
  • Indigent: means meeting 1 or more of the conditions described in section 11(3). See Michigan Laws 780.983
  • Indigent criminal defense services: means local legal defense services provided to a defendant and to which both of the following conditions apply:

    (i) The defendant is being prosecuted or sentenced for a crime for which an individual may be imprisoned upon conviction, beginning with the defendant's initial appearance in court to answer to the criminal charge. See Michigan Laws 780.983

  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, shall be construed to extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories belonging to the United States; and the words "United States" shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 324.51501
  • system: means either of the following:

    (i) The local unit of government that funds a trial court. See Michigan Laws 780.983

  • United States: shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 324.51501

(b) Investigating, auditing, and reviewing the operation of indigent criminal defense services to assure compliance with the commission‘s minimum standards, rules, and procedures. However, an indigent criminal defense service that is in compliance with the commission’s minimum standards, rules, and procedures shall not be required to provide indigent criminal defense services in excess of those standards, rules, and procedures.

(c) Hiring an executive director and determining the appropriate number of staff needed to accomplish the purpose of the MIDC consistent with annual appropriations.

(d) Assigning the executive director the following duties:

(i) Establishing an organizational chart, preparing an annual budget, and hiring, disciplining, and firing staff.

(ii) Assisting the MIDC in developing, implementing, and regularly reviewing the MIDC’s standards, rules, and procedures, including, but not limited to, recommending to the MIDC suggested changes to the criteria for an indigent adult‘s eligibility for receiving criminal trial defense services under this act.

(e) Establishing procedures for the receipt and resolution of complaints, and the implementation of recommendations from the courts, other participants in the criminal justice system, clients, and members of the public.

(f) Establishing procedures for the mandatory collection of data concerning the operation of the MIDC, each indigent criminal defense system, and the operation of indigent criminal defense services.

(g) Establishing rules and procedures for indigent criminal defense systems to apply to the MIDC for grants to bring the system’s delivery of indigent criminal defense services into compliance with the minimum standards established by the MIDC.

(h) Establishing procedures for annually reporting to the governor, legislature, and supreme court. The report required under this subdivision shall include, but not be limited to, recommendations for improvements and further legislative action.

(2) Upon the appropriation of sufficient funds, the MIDC shall establish minimum standards to carry out the purpose of this act, and collect data from all indigent criminal defense systems. The MIDC shall propose goals for compliance with the minimum standards established under this act consistent with the metrics established under this section and appropriations by this state.

(3) In establishing and overseeing the minimum standards, rules, and procedures described in subsection (1), the MIDC shall emphasize the importance of indigent criminal defense services provided to juveniles under the age of 17 who are tried in the same manner as adults or who may be sentenced in the same manner as adults and to adults with mental impairments.

(4) The MIDC shall be mindful that defense attorneys who provide indigent criminal defense services are partners with the prosecution, law enforcement, and the judiciary in the criminal justice system.

(5) The commission shall establish procedures for the conduct of its affairs and promulgate policies necessary to carry out its powers and duties under this act.

(6) Commission policies shall be placed in an appropriate manual, made publicly available on a website, and made available to all attorneys and professionals providing indigent criminal defense services, the supreme court, the governor, the senate majority leader, the speaker of the house of representatives, the senate and house appropriations committees, and the senate and house fiscal agencies.