§ 17.451 Borrowing money and issuing notes in anticipation of undedicated revenues; purpose
§ 17.452 Aggregate principal amount of outstanding notes; limitation; repayment of indebtedness; pledge and deposit of undedicated revenues; validity of pledge; transactions to provide security; costs and fees
§ 17.453 Payment of notes; interest; discount; execution and sale of notes and coupons; authentication; commercial paper dealer agreements; signature of former state treasurer
§ 17.454 Use of proceeds of loan restricted; revised municipal finance act inapplicable; issuance of bonds and notes subject to agency financing reporting act
§ 17.455 Notes and interest exempt from taxation

Terms Used In Michigan Laws > Chapter 17 > Act 266 of 1967

  • Abandoned scrap tires: means an accumulation of scrap tires on property where the property owner is not responsible in whole or in part for the accumulation of the scrap tires. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Accessible and available market: means that opportunities exist to sell wastepaper products that are collected pursuant to this part at rates and at locations that make it fiscally reasonable to collect that paper. See Michigan Laws 324.16501
  • Account: means any depositor credit account with a bank, including a demand, time, savings, passbook, share draft, or like account, other than an account evidenced by a certificate of deposit. See Michigan Laws 440.4104
  • Ad valorem general property tax: means taxes levied under the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Administrative act: includes an action, omission, decision, recommendation, practice, or other procedure of the department. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Adulterated: means adulterated as determined under the Michigan food law of 1968, Act No. See Michigan Laws 10.121
  • Adverse resource impact: means any of the following:

    (i) Until February 1, 2009, decreasing the flow of a river or stream by part of the index flow such that the river's or stream's ability to support characteristic fish populations is functionally impaired. See Michigan Laws 324.32701

  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Advisory council: means the Michigan trails advisory council created in section 72110. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Agricultural biomass: means residue and waste generated on a farm or by farm co-operative members from the production and processing of agricultural products, animal wastes, food processing wastes, or other materials as approved by the director. See Michigan Laws 324.14501
  • agricultural drain: means a human-made conveyance of water that meets all of the following requirements:

    (a) Does not have continuous flow. See Michigan Laws 324.30103

  • agricultural drain: means a human-made conveyance of water that meets all of the following requirements:

    (a) Does not have continuous flow. See Michigan Laws 324.30305

  • Agricultural purpose: means the agricultural production of plants and animals useful to human beings and includes, but is not limited to, forages and sod crops, grains and feed crops, field crops, dairy animals and dairy products, poultry and poultry products, cervidae, livestock, including breeding and grazing, equine, fish and other aquacultural products, bees and bee products, berries, herbs, fruits, vegetables, flowers, seeds, grasses, nursery stock, trees and tree products, mushrooms, and other similar products, or any other product, as determined by the commission of agriculture, that incorporates the use of food, feed, fiber, or fur. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Agricultural well: means a high-capacity well that is located on a farm and is used for an agricultural purpose as that term is defined in section 32701. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Alcoholic liquor: means that term as defined in section 105 of the Michigan liquor control code of 1998, 1998 PA 58, MCL 436. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • Alkaline manganese battery: means a dry cell battery containing manganese dioxide and zinc electrodes and an alkaline electrolyte. See Michigan Laws 324.17101
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Ancillary facility: means any revolving credit agreement, agreement establishing a line of credit, or letter of credit; reimbursement agreement; interest rate exchange or similar agreement; currency exchange agreement; commodity exchange agreement; interest rate floor or cap; option, put, call, or similar agreement to hedge payment, currency, commodity, rate, spread, or similar exposure; investment agreement; float agreement; forward agreement or other investment arrangement; insurance contract; surety bond; commitment to purchase or sell securities; purchase or sale agreement or commitment; or other contract or agreement or other security agreement approved by the authority under this act, including without limitation any arrangement referred to in this act. See Michigan Laws 12.272
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appliance: means a refrigerator, dehumidifier, freezer, oven, range, microwave oven, washer, dryer, dishwasher, trash compactor, window room air conditioner, television, or computer. See Michigan Laws 324.17201
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Aquifer performance test: means a controlled field test in which all of the following are done:

    (i) At least 1 monitoring well is installed. See Michigan Laws 324.32706c

  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assessment tool: means the water withdrawal assessment tool provided for in section 32706a. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Asset: means infrastructure related to drinking water, wastewater, stormwater, transportation, energy, or communications, including, but not limited to, drinking water supply systems, wastewater systems, stormwater systems, drains, roads, bridges, broadband and communication systems, and electricity and natural gas networks. See Michigan Laws 21.602
  • Asset class: means a single type of asset including its network and all associated appurtenances critical to its performance. See Michigan Laws 21.602
  • Asset management: means an ongoing process of maintaining, preserving, upgrading, and operating physical assets cost-effectively, based on a continuous physical inventory and condition assessment and investment to achieve performance goals. See Michigan Laws 21.602
  • Asset management plan: means a set of procedures to manage assets through their life cycles, based on principles of life cycle costing. See Michigan Laws 21.602
  • Asset owner: means a person that owns or operates an asset. See Michigan Laws 21.602
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Associated facilities: means restrooms, shelters, campgrounds, and parking lots directly related to trails or waterways projects. See Michigan Laws 324.71101
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Authority: means the Michigan forest finance authority created in section 50503. See Michigan Laws 324.50502
  • Authority: means the Michigan finance authority created by Executive Reorganization Order No. See Michigan Laws 12.272
  • Authorized account: means a deposit account of a customer in a bank designated by the customer as a source of payment of payment orders issued by the customer to the bank. See Michigan Laws 440.4605
  • Automotive recycler: means that term as defined in section 2a of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailee: means a person that by a warehouse receipt, bill of lading, or other document of title acknowledges possession of goods and contracts to deliver them. See Michigan Laws 440.7102
  • Ballot container: means a container that is used for transporting and storing voted ballots, as described and approved under section 24j. See Michigan Laws 168.14a
  • Bank: means a person engaged in the business of banking and includes a savings bank, savings and loan association, credit union, and trust company. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Bank: means a person engaged in the business of banking, including a saving bank, saving and loan association, credit union, or trust company. See Michigan Laws 440.4105
  • Bank: means a person engaged in the business of banking and includes a savings bank, savings and loan association, credit union, and trust company. See Michigan Laws 440.4605
  • Banking day: means the part of a day on which a bank is open to the public for carrying on substantially all of its banking functions. See Michigan Laws 440.4104
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Bearer: means a person in control of a negotiable electronic document of title or a person in possession of an instrument, a negotiable tangible document of title, or a certificated security payable to bearer or indorsed in blank. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Beneficiary: means the person to be paid by the beneficiary's bank. See Michigan Laws 440.4603
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Bill of lading: means a document of title evidencing the receipt of goods for shipment issued by a person engaged in the business of directly or indirectly transporting or forwarding goods. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Board: means the board of directors of the Michigan forest finance authority, except where the context clearly requires a different definition. See Michigan Laws 324.50502
  • Board: means the board of directors of the authority. See Michigan Laws 12.272
  • Bond: means a performance bond from a surety company authorized to transact business in this state, a certificate of deposit, a cash bond, or an irrevocable letter of credit, in favor of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Bond: means a bond, note, financial instrument, or other evidence of indebtedness or obligation issued by the authority under this act. See Michigan Laws 12.272
  • Bonds: means the bonds issued under part 713 or former Act No. See Michigan Laws 324.71501
  • Bonds: means bonds of the authority issued as provided in this part. See Michigan Laws 324.50502
  • Bonds: means private activity bonds subject to the unified volume limitation and any other bonds, notes, and evidences of indebtedness, including certain lease and installment purchase obligations, that would be treated by the internal revenue service as private activity bonds unless issued with an allocation from the unified volume limitation. See Michigan Laws 12.112
  • Borrower: means either of the following:

    (i) The city, village, township, or county operating under this act. See Michigan Laws 125.651

  • Bottomland: means the land area of an inland lake or stream that lies below the ordinary high-water mark and that may or may not be covered by water. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Bottomlands: means land in the Great Lakes, and bays and harbors of the Great Lakes, lying below and lakeward of the ordinary high-water mark as described in section 32502. See Michigan Laws 324.32601
  • Branch: includes a separately incorporated foreign branch of a bank. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Bulkhead line: means a line that is established pursuant to this part beyond which dredging, filling, or construction of any kind is not allowed without a permit. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Bureau: means the legislative service bureau. See Michigan Laws 4.1102
  • Business activity: means that term as defined in section 3(2) of the former single business tax act, 1975 PA 228, or in section 105 of the Michigan business tax act, 2007 PA 36, MCL 208. See Michigan Laws 125.651
  • Buyer in ordinary course of business: means a person that buys goods in good faith, without knowledge that the sale violates the rights of another person in the goods, and in the ordinary course from a person, other than a pawnbroker, in the business of selling goods of that kind. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • by-product: means any material that is produced by, is incident to, or results from industrial, commercial, or governmental activity or any other activity or enterprise, that is determined to be liquid by method 9095 (paint filter liquids test) as described in "Test methods for evaluating solid wastes, physical/chemical methods" United States Environmental Protection Agency publication no. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Carrier: means a person that issues a bill of lading. See Michigan Laws 440.7102
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • Characteristic fish curve: means a fish functional response curve that describes the abundance of characteristic fish populations in response to reductions in index flow as published in the document entitled "Report to the Michigan Legislature in response to 2006 Public Act 34" by the former groundwater conservation advisory council dated July 2007, which is incorporated by reference. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • citation: means a complaint or notice upon which a police officer shall record an occurrence involving 1 or more vehicle law violations by the person cited. See Michigan Laws 257.727c
  • city: whenever used in this act , shall be construed to mean a city incorporated under this act, or made subject to its provisions. See Michigan Laws 113.10
  • Clearing-house: means an association of banks or other payors regularly clearing items. See Michigan Laws 440.4104
  • Cold river system: means a stream or small river that has the appropriate summer water temperature that, based on statewide averages, sustains a fish community composed predominantly of cold-water fish species, and where small increases in water temperature will not cause a decline in these populations, as determined by a scientific methodology adopted by order of the commission. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Cold-transitional river system: means a stream or river that has the appropriate summer water temperature that, based on statewide averages, sustains a fish community composed predominantly of cold-water fish species, and where small increases in water temperature will cause a decline in the proportion of cold-water species, as determined by a scientific methodology adopted by order of the commission. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Collecting bank: means a bank handling the item for collection except the payor bank. See Michigan Laws 440.4105
  • Collection site: means , subject to subdivision (e), a site consisting of a parcel or adjacent parcels of real property where any of the following are accumulated:

    (i) 500 or more scrap tires. See Michigan Laws 324.16901

  • Collector: means a person who receives covered electronic devices from consumers and arranges for the delivery of the covered electronic devices to a recycler. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • commercial forestland: means forestland that is determined to be a commercial forest under section 51103. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Commercial forestland: means commercial forestland that is enrolled under part 511. See Michigan Laws 324.51201
  • Commercial motor vehicle: means a commercial vehicle as defined in section 7 of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 324.74101
  • Commercial waste: means all types of solid waste generated by stores, offices, restaurants, warehouses, and other nonmanufacturing activities, but does not include household waste from single residences, hazardous waste, or industrial waste. See Michigan Laws 324.17501
  • Commission: means the Michigan law revision commission. See Michigan Laws 4.1102
  • Commission: means the civil rights commission established by section 29 of article V of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • Commission: means the housing commission created under this act. See Michigan Laws 125.651
  • Commission: means the commission of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Commodity: means crumb rubber, tire chips, a ring or slab cut from a tire for use as a weight, or a product die-cut or punched from a tire, or any other product that, as determined by the department based on the product's production cost and value, is not likely to result in an accumulation, at the site of production or use, that poses a threat to public health or the environment. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Commodity storage area: means 1 or more locations within a collection site where a commodity is stored. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community cleanup site: means a site owned by a local unit of government or nonprofit organization that has received a scrap tire cleanup grant under section 16908(2)(c) and uses this site for the purpose of collecting scrap tires from residents as part of a community cleanup day or resident drop off. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Community district education trust fund: means the community district education trust fund created in section 12. See Michigan Laws 12.252
  • Community recreation plan: means a 5-year, comprehensive recreation plan for a given local unit of government, approval of which is required by the department for participation in the land and water conservation fund program pursuant to the land and water conservation fund act of 1965, public law 88-578, 78 Stat. See Michigan Laws 324.71601
  • Community supply: means that term as it is defined in section 2 of the safe drinking water act, 1976 PA 399, MCL 325. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Compact: means the Great Lakes-St. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Complainant: means a prisoner or legislator who files a complaint under section 4. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Complaint: means a complaint submitted under section 31702 alleging a potential groundwater dispute. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Computer: means a desktop personal computer or laptop computer, a computer monitor, or beginning April 1, 2011, a printer. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Computer takeback program: means a program required under section 17305(c). See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Conference committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of conferees from both chamber of a legislature which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.
  • Conference report: The compromise product negotiated by the conference committee. The "conference report" is submitted to each chamber for its consideration, such as approval or disapproval.
  • Connecting waterway: means the St. See Michigan Laws 324.32301
  • Consignee: means a person named in a bill of lading to which or to whose order the bill promises delivery. See Michigan Laws 440.7102
  • Consignor: means a person named in a bill of lading as the person from which the goods have been received for shipment. See Michigan Laws 440.7102
  • Construction: means the process of building a building, road, utility, or another structure, including all of the following:

    (i) Assembling materials. See Michigan Laws 324.31701

  • Consumer: means a person who used a covered electronic device primarily for personal or small business purposes in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Consumer product: means any food or beverage that is consumed by humans and any medicine including a prescription drug that is consumed or used by humans. See Michigan Laws 10.121
  • Consumptive use: means that portion of water withdrawn or withheld from the Great Lakes basin and assumed to be lost or otherwise not returned to the Great Lakes basin due to evaporation, incorporation into products or agricultural products, use as part of the packaging of products or agricultural products, or other processes. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Containers: means glass, metal, or plastic bottles, cans, jars, or other receptacles that contain any substance. See Michigan Laws 324.16301
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Cool river system: means a stream or river that has the appropriate summer water temperature that, based on statewide averages, sustains a fish community composed mostly of warm-water fish species, but also contains some cool-water species or cold-water species, or both, as determined by a scientific methodology adopted by order of the commission. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Council: means a trail management council established pursuant to section 72106. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Council: means the Great Lakes-St. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Council: means the legislative council. See Michigan Laws 4.1102
  • Council: means the legislative council established under section 15 of article IV of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Council administrator: means the chief executive officer of all legislative council agencies. See Michigan Laws 4.1102
  • Covered computer: means a computer that was or will be used primarily for personal or small business purposes in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Covered electronic device: means a covered computer or covered video display device. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Covered video display device: means a video display device that was or will be used primarily for personal or small business purposes in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Creditor: includes a general creditor, a secured creditor, a lien creditor, and any representative of creditors, including an assignee for the benefit of creditors, a trustee in bankruptcy, a receiver in equity, and an executor or administrator of an insolvent debtor's or assignor's estate. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Crumb rubber: means rubber material derived from tires that is less than 1/8 inch by 1/8 inch in size and is free of steel and fiber. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • CSC offense: means a violation or attempted violation of section 520b, 520c, 520d, 520e, or 520g of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750. See Michigan Laws 12.202
  • Customer: means any person having an account with a bank or for whom a bank has agreed to collect items, including a bank that maintains an account at another bank. See Michigan Laws 440.4104
  • Customer: means a person, including a bank, having an account with a bank or from whom a bank has agreed to receive payment orders. See Michigan Laws 440.4605
  • Dam: means an artificial barrier, including dikes, embankments, and appurtenant works, that impounds, diverts, or is designed to impound or divert water. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Dark sky preserve: means an area designated in section 75102. See Michigan Laws 324.75101
  • declassification: means the removal of the commercial forest designation pursuant to section 51116. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Degradable: means capable of being broken down by biodegradation, photodegradation, or chemical degradation into component parts within 360 days under exposure to the elements. See Michigan Laws 324.16101
  • Degradable: means capable of being broken down by biodegradation, photodegradation, or chemical degradation into component parts within 360 days under exposure to the elements. See Michigan Laws 324.16301
  • Delivery: means either of the following:

    (i) With respect to an electronic document of title, a voluntary transfer of control. See Michigan Laws 440.1201

  • Delivery order: means a record that contains an order to deliver goods directed to a warehouseman, carrier, or other person that in the ordinary course of business issues warehouse receipts or bills of lading. See Michigan Laws 440.7102
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.17501
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.32501
  • Department: means the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.71601
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.32601
  • Department: means the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.14721
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.14301
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.14501
  • Department: means the department of treasury. See Michigan Laws 21.602
  • Department: means the department of corrections. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • Department: means the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.51201
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Department: means the department of treasury. See Michigan Laws 12.131
  • Department: means the director of the department of natural resources or his or her designee to whom the director delegates a power or duty by written instrument. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Department of natural resources: means the principal state department created in section 501. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Designated facility: means a treatment facility, storage facility, disposal facility, or reclamation facility that receives liquid industrial by-product from off-site. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Dewatering well: means a well or pump that is used to remove water from a mining operation or that is used for a limited time period as part of a construction project to remove or pump water from a surface or subsurface area and ceases to be used upon completion of the construction project or shortly after completion of the construction project. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.32501
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.71601
  • Director: means the director of the department or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Director: means the director of the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.14501
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • Director: means the director of the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Director: means the director of the department or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Director: means director of the department of licensing and regulatory affairs, or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 12.272
  • disability: means 1 or more of the following:
  (i) A determinable physical or mental characteristic of an individual, which may result from disease, injury, congenital condition of birth, or functional disorder, if the characteristic:
  (A) For purposes of article 2, substantially limits 1 or more of the major life activities of that individual and is unrelated to the individual's ability to perform the duties of a particular job or position or substantially limits 1 or more of the major life activities of that individual and is unrelated to the individual's qualifications for employment or promotion. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • Discharge: means the accidental or intentional spilling, leaking, pumping, releasing, pouring, emitting, emptying, or dumping of liquid industrial by-product into the land, air, or water. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Distributor: means a person who sells batteries to retailers in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.17101
  • Diversion: means a transfer of water from the Great Lakes basin into another watershed, or from the watershed of 1 of the Great Lakes into that of another by any means of transfer, including, but not limited to, a pipeline, canal, tunnel, aqueduct, channel, modification of the direction of a water course, tanker ship, tanker truck, or rail tanker but does not apply to water that is used in the Great Lakes basin or a Great Lake watershed to manufacture or produce a product that is then transferred out of the Great Lakes basin or watershed. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Document of title: means a record that in the regular course of business or financing is treated as adequately evidencing that the person in possession or control of the record is entitled to receive, control, hold, and dispose of the record and the goods the record covers and that purports to be issued by or addressed to a bailee and to cover goods in the bailee's possession which are either identified or are fungible portions of an identified mass. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Documentary draft: means a draft to be presented for acceptance or payment if specified documents, certificated securities as defined in section 8102 or instructions for uncertificated securities as defined in section 8102, or other certificates, statements, or the like are to be received by the drawee or other payor before acceptance or payment of the draft. See Michigan Laws 440.4104
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Draft: means a draft as defined in section 3104 or an item, other than an instrument, that is an order. See Michigan Laws 440.4104
  • Drawee: means a person ordered in a draft to make payment. See Michigan Laws 440.4104
  • educational institution: means a public or private institution or a separate school or department of a public or private institution, includes an academy, college, elementary or secondary school, extension course, kindergarten, nursery, school system, school district, or university, and a business, nursing, professional, secretarial, technical, or vocational school, and includes an agent of an educational institution. See Michigan Laws 37.1401
  • Election: means an election or primary election at which the electors of this state or of a subdivision of this state choose or nominate by ballot an individual for public office or decide a ballot question lawfully submitted to them. See Michigan Laws 168.2
  • election precinct: as used in this act shall mean a political subdivision, the area of which is embraced in its entirety within the confines of a city, ward, township or village, and for which not more than 1 polling place is provided for all qualified and registered electors residing therein. See Michigan Laws 168.654
  • Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Michigan Laws 4.1121
  • Electronic document of title: means a document of title evidenced by a record consisting of information stored in an electronic medium. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Eligible farmer or agricultural processor: means a person who processes agricultural products or a person who is engaged as an owner-operator of a farm in the production of agricultural goods as defined by section 35(1)(h) of the former single business tax act, 1975 PA 228, or by section 207(1)(d) of the Michigan business tax act, 2007 PA 36, MCL 208. See Michigan Laws 324.14501
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Employer: means a person who has 1 or more employees or a person who as contractor or subcontractor is furnishing material or performing work for the state or a governmental entity or agency of the state and includes an agent of such a person. See Michigan Laws 37.1201
  • Employment agency: means a person regularly undertaking with or without compensation to procure employees for an employer or to procure for employees opportunities to work for an employer and includes an agent of such a person. See Michigan Laws 37.1201
  • End-user: means any of the following:

    (i) A person who possesses a permit to burn tires under part 55. See Michigan Laws 324.16901

  • Endowment fund: means the Michigan state parks endowment fund established in section 35a of article IX of the state constitution of 1963 and provided for in section 74119. See Michigan Laws 324.74101.amended
  • Energy advisory committee: means the committee created under section 2. See Michigan Laws 10.81
  • Energy emergency: means a condition of danger to the health, safety, or welfare of the citizens of this state due to an impending or present energy shortage. See Michigan Laws 10.81
  • Energy resource: means electricity, natural gas, synthetic gas, a petroleum product including a liquefied petroleum gas, coal, wood fuel, geothermal source, hydropower, nuclear material, or other source producing power or heat. See Michigan Laws 10.81
  • Energy shortage: means lack of adequate available energy resources in the state, or any part of the state, as determined by the energy advisory committee or the governor. See Michigan Laws 10.81
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Environmental area: means an area of the shoreland determined by the department on the basis of studies and surveys to be necessary for the preservation and maintenance of fish and wildlife. See Michigan Laws 324.32301
  • Environmental audit: means a voluntary and internal evaluation conducted on or after the effective date of this part of 1 or more facilities or an activity at 1 or more facilities regulated under state, federal, regional, or local laws or ordinances, or of environmental management systems or processes related to the facilities or activity, or of a previously corrected specific instance of noncompliance, that is designed to identify historical or current noncompliance and prevent noncompliance or improve compliance with 1 or more of those laws, or to identify an environmental hazard, contamination, or other adverse environmental condition, or to improve an environmental management system or process. See Michigan Laws 324.14801
  • Environmental audit report: means a document or a set of documents, each labeled at the time it is created "environmental audit report: privileged document" and created as a result of an environmental audit. See Michigan Laws 324.14801
  • Environmental wastes: means all environmental pollutants, wastes, discharges, and emissions, regardless of how they are regulated and regardless of whether they are released to the general environment or the workplace environment. See Michigan Laws 324.14301
  • Environmentally sound and economically feasible water conservation measures: means those measures, methods, technologies, or practices for efficient water use and for reduction of water loss and waste or for reducing a withdrawal, consumptive use, or diversion that meet all of the following:

    (i) Are environmentally sound. See Michigan Laws 324.32701

  • Equine access locations: means open access roads, management roads, forestry access roads, 2-track and single-track trails that are not wildlife paths, staging areas for pack and saddle animals to be dropped off or picked up, and associated wilderness campsites. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Expand: means to occupy a larger area of an inland lake or stream than authorized by a permit issued under this part for marina mooring structures and watercraft moored at the marina. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Facility: means all contiguous land and structures, other appurtenances, and improvements on land for treating, storing, disposing of, or reclamation of liquid industrial by-product. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Farm: means that term as it is defined in section 2 of the Michigan right to farm act, 1981 PA 93, MCL 286. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Farm: means that term as defined in section 2 of the Michigan right to farm act, 1981 PA 93, MCL 286. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Farm: means that term as it is defined in section 2 of the Michigan right to farm act, 1981 PA 93, MCL 286. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Farm operation: means that term as defined in section 2 of the Michigan right to farm act, 1981 PA 93, MCL 286. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Farm product: means that term as defined in section 2 of the Michigan right to farm act, 1981 PA 93, MCL 286. See Michigan Laws 324.73101
  • Farm property: means land used in the production of a farm product and all lands contained within the farm. See Michigan Laws 324.73101
  • Fault: means a default, breach, or wrongful act or omission. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Feed storage location: means a location on a parcel or adjacent parcels of real property containing a farm operation where not more than 3,000 scrap tires are used to secure stored feed. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fill material: means soil, rocks, sand, waste of any kind, or any other material that displaces soil or water or reduces water retention potential. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • Financing costs: means all capitalized interest; operating and debt service reserves; costs of issuance; fees for credit and liquidity enhancements; any item of expense directly or indirectly payable or reimbursable by the authority and related to the authorization, sale, or issuance of bonds, including without limitation underwriting fees, counsel fees, fees of the attorney general, and fees and expenses of consultants, advisors, fiduciaries, and rating agencies; and other costs as the authority determines to be desirable in issuing, securing, and marketing and remarketing the bonds. See Michigan Laws 12.272
  • firearm: except as otherwise specifically defined in statute, includes any weapon which will, is designed to, or may readily be converted to expel a projectile by action of an explosive. See Michigan Laws 8.3t
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fish: means game fish or nongame fish as those terms are defined in section 48701. See Michigan Laws 324.73101
  • Flood risk area: means the area of the shoreland that is determined by the department on the basis of studies and surveys to be subject to flooding from effects of levels of the Great Lakes and is not limited to 1,000 feet. See Michigan Laws 324.32301
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forensic laboratory: means a laboratory maintained by the department of state police or a municipality that meets all of the following criteria:

    (i) Has at least 1 regularly employed forensic scientist who conducts analyses of controlled substances or androgenic anabolic steroids for criminal justice agencies in criminal matters, and provides testimony with respect to those analyses. See Michigan Laws 12.202

  • Forensic test: means a drug analysis, toxicology analysis, or other forensic analysis or examination in areas including, but not limited to, latent prints, microchemistry, serology, firearms, toolmarks, or questioned documents. See Michigan Laws 12.202
  • Forest management plan: means a written plan prepared and signed by a registered forester or a natural resources professional that prescribes measures to optimize production, utilization, and regeneration of forest resources. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Forest road: means that term as defined in section 81101. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Forestland: means a tract of land that may include nonproductive land that is intermixed with productive land that is an integral part of a managed forest and that meets all the following:

    (i) Does not have material natural resources other than those resources suitable for forest growth or the potential for forest growth. See Michigan Laws 324.51101

  • Forestland: means that term as defined in part 511. See Michigan Laws 324.51201
  • Foundation: means the Michigan state parks foundation created in section 74302. See Michigan Laws 324.74301
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Fully shielded: means outdoor light fixtures shielded or constructed so that no light rays are emitted by the installed fixture at angles above 15 degrees below the horizontal plane and also constructed so that the filament or light source is not visible to the naked eye when viewed from a point higher than 15 degrees below the horizontal plane. See Michigan Laws 324.75101
  • Fund: means the recreation bond fund created in section 71506. See Michigan Laws 324.71501
  • Fund: means the submerged log recovery fund created in section 32610. See Michigan Laws 324.32601
  • Fund: means the Pure Michigan Trails fund created in section 72109. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Fund: means the landfill maintenance trust fund created in section 11302 . See Michigan Laws 324.11301
  • Fund: means the land and water management permit fee fund created in section 30113. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Fund: means the commercial forest fund created under section 51112. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Fund: means the scrap tire regulatory fund created in section 16908. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Fund: means the aquifer protection revolving fund created in section 31710. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Funding unit: means 1 of the following, as applicable:

    (i) For a circuit other than the third circuit of the circuit court, each county in the circuit. See Michigan Laws 12.131

  • Funds transfer: means the series of transactions, beginning with the originator's payment order, made for the purpose of making payment to the beneficiary of the order. See Michigan Laws 440.4604
  • Funds-transfer system: means a wire transfer network, automated clearinghouse, or other communication system of a clearinghouse or other association of banks through which a payment order by a bank may be transmitted to the bank to which the order is addressed. See Michigan Laws 440.4605
  • Fungible goods: means either of the following:

    (i) Goods of which any unit, by nature or usage of trade, is the equivalent of any other like unit. See Michigan Laws 440.1201

  • Fur-bearing animal: means that term as defined in section 43503. See Michigan Laws 324.73101
  • Game: means that term as defined in section 40103. See Michigan Laws 324.73101
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Generator: means a person whose act or process produces liquid industrial by-product. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Genetic information: means information about a gene, gene product, or inherited characteristic of an individual derived from the individual's family history or a genetic test. See Michigan Laws 37.1201
  • Genetic test: means the analysis of human DNA, RNA, chromosomes, and those proteins and metabolites used to detect heritable or somatic disease-related genotypes or karyotypes for clinical purposes. See Michigan Laws 37.1201
  • Genuine: means free of forgery or counterfeiting. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Good faith: except as otherwise provided in article 5, means honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Good faith: means honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing. See Michigan Laws 440.7102
  • Goods: means all things that are treated as movable for the purposes of a contract for storage or transportation. See Michigan Laws 440.7102
  • Governing body: means the county board of commissioners of a county; the township board of a township; the council, common council, or commission of a city; the council, commission, or board of trustees of a village; the board of education or district board of a school district; the board of an intermediate school district; the board of trustees of a community college district; the county drain commissioner or drainage board of a drainage district; the board of the district library; the legislative body of a metropolitan district; the port commission of a port district; and, in the case of another governmental authority or agency, that official or official body having general governing powers over the authority or agency. See Michigan Laws 141.2103
  • Governing body: means in the case of a city, the council or commission of the city; in the case of a village, the council, commission, or board of trustees of the village; in the case of a township, the township board; and in the case of a county, the board of supervisors or county commissioners. See Michigan Laws 125.651
  • Governmental agency: means the federal government, a county, city, village, or township, or a combination of any of these entities. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Grant: means a local recreation grant under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.71601
  • Great Lakes: means Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, and Lake Erie, and includes Lake St. See Michigan Laws 324.32601
  • Great Lakes: means Lakes Superior, Michigan and Huron, Erie, and Ontario and their connecting waterways including the St. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Great Lakes basin: means the watershed of the Great Lakes and the St. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Great Lakes charter: means the document establishing the principles for the cooperative management of the Great Lakes water resources, signed by the governors and premiers of the Great Lakes region on February 11, 1985. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Great Lakes region: means the geographic region composed of the states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, and Wisconsin, the commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the provinces of Ontario and Quebec, Canada. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Groundwater: means the water in the zone of saturation that fills all of the pore spaces of the subsurface geologic material. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Groundwater dispute: means a groundwater dispute declared by order of the director or the director of the department of agriculture and rural development under section 31703. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • HDPE: means high density polyethylene. See Michigan Laws 324.16101
  • Height of the dam: means the difference in elevation measured vertically between the natural bed of an inland lake or stream at the downstream toe of the dam, or, if it is not across a stream channel or watercourse, from the lowest elevation of the downstream toe of the dam, to the design flood elevation or to the lowest point of the top of the dam, whichever is less. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • High-capacity well: means 1 or more water wells associated with an industrial or processing facility, an irrigation facility, or a farm that, in the aggregate from all sources and by all methods, have the capability of withdrawing 100,000 or more gallons of groundwater in 1 day. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • High-risk area: means an area of the shoreland that is determined by the department on the basis of studies and surveys to be subject to erosion. See Michigan Laws 324.32301
  • Holder: means any of the following:

    (i) A person in possession of a negotiable instrument that is payable either to bearer or to an identified person that is the person in possession. See Michigan Laws 440.1201

  • Household waste: means any solid waste that is derived from single residences, but does not include any of the following:

    (i) Commercial waste. See Michigan Laws 324.17501

  • Housing accommodation: includes improved or unimproved real property, or a part thereof, which is used or occupied, or is intended, arranged, or designed to be used or occupied, as the home or residence of 1 or more persons. See Michigan Laws 37.1501
  • Hunting dog: means a dog allowed to range freely to engage in or aid in hunting on the day the dog enters the property of another person. See Michigan Laws 324.73101
  • Identification for election purposes: means , if issued to the individual presenting the card or document and if presented for voting purposes the name on the card or document sufficiently matches the individual's name in his or her voter registration record so as to accurately identify the individual as the registered elector, or if issued to the individual presenting the card or document and if presented for voter registration purposes, any of the following:

    (i) An operator's or chauffeur's license issued under the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 168.2

  • Immediate family: means a spouse, parent, child, or sibling. See Michigan Laws 37.1501
  • Immediate family: means an individual's father, mother, son, daughter, brother, sister, and spouse and a relative of any degree residing in the same household as that individual. See Michigan Laws 168.2
  • Impoundment: means water held back by a dam, dike, floodgate, or other barrier. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Improvement program: means the construction, reconstruction, development, improvement, bettering, operating, maintaining, and extending a facility at a state park, including a site improvement, impoundment, road and parking lot, toilet building, concession building, shelter building, bathhouse, utility, outdoor center, visitor service facility, ski area, ski tow, ski shelter, and administration unit. See Michigan Laws 324.74101
  • in writing: shall be construed to include printing, engraving, and lithographing; except that if the written signature of a person is required by law, the signature shall be the proper handwriting of the person or, if the person is unable to write, the person's proper mark, which may be, unless otherwise expressly prohibited by law, a clear and classifiable fingerprint of the person made with ink or another substance. See Michigan Laws 8.3q
  • Incorporating unit: means the city, village, township, or county that creates a commission. See Michigan Laws 125.651
  • Index flow: means the 50% exceedance flow for the lowest summer flow month of the flow regime, for the applicable stream reach, as determined over the period of record or extrapolated from analyses of the United States geological survey flow gauges in Michigan. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Infrastructure improvement: means restoration of the natural environment or the renovation, repair, replacement, upgrading, or structural improvement of an existing facility that is not less than 15 years old, including any of the following:

    (i) Recreation centers. See Michigan Laws 324.71601

  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Inland lake or stream: means a natural or artificial lake, pond, or impoundment; a river, stream, or creek which may or may not be serving as a drain as defined by the drain code of 1956, 1956 PA 40, MCL 280. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Intermediary bank: means a receiving bank other than the originator's bank or the beneficiary's bank. See Michigan Laws 440.4604
  • Intrabasin transfer: means a diversion of water from the source watershed of a Great Lake prior to its use to the watershed of another Great Lake. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Issuer: means a bailee that issues a document of title or, in the case of an unaccepted delivery order, the person that orders the possessor of goods to deliver. See Michigan Laws 440.7102
  • Issuer: means a municipal issuer or a state issuer. See Michigan Laws 12.112
  • Item: means an instrument or a promise or order to pay money handled by a bank for collection or pay. See Michigan Laws 440.4104
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Label: means a molded, imprinted, or raised symbol on or near the bottom of a plastic product. See Michigan Laws 324.16101
  • Labor organization: includes :
  •   (i) An organization of any kind, an agency or employee representation committee, group, association, or plan in which employees participate and which exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of dealing with employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, rates of pay, hours, or other terms or conditions of employment. See Michigan Laws 37.1201
  • Lake augmentation well: means a water well used to withdraw groundwater for the purpose of maintaining or raising water levels of an inland lake or stream as defined in section 30101. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • land to be zoned: means the land in this state that borders or is adjacent to a Great Lake or a connecting waterway and that except for flood risk areas is situated within 1,000 feet landward from the ordinary high-water mark as defined in section 32501, land bordering or adjacent to waters affected by levels of the Great Lakes landward of the ordinary high-water mark as defined by section 30101(f), and land between the ordinary high-water mark and the water's edge. See Michigan Laws 324.32301
  • Landfill: means a landfill as defined in section 11504 that is licensed under part 115. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • lands: as used in this part refers to the aforesaid described unpatented lake bottomlands and unpatented made lands and patented lands in the Great Lakes and the bays and harbors of the Great Lakes lying below and lakeward of the natural ordinary high-water mark, but this part does not affect property rights secured by virtue of a swamp land grant or rights acquired by accretions occurring through natural means or reliction. See Michigan Laws 324.32502
  • Large quantity withdrawal: means 1 or more cumulative total withdrawals of over 100,000 gallons of water per day average in any consecutive 30-day period that supply a common distribution system. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Large river: means a river with a drainage area of 300 or more square miles. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Law enforcement officer: means any law enforcement officer who is trained and licensed or certified under the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • LDPE: means low density polyethylene. See Michigan Laws 324.16101
  • Lead acid battery: means a storage battery, that is used to start an internal combustion engine or as the principal electrical power source for a vehicle, in which the electrodes are grids of lead containing lead oxides that change in composition during charging and discharging, and the electrolyte is dilute sulfuric acid. See Michigan Laws 324.17101
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legal material: means any of the following:
  •   (i) The state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 4.1121
  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • Legislative council agencies: means the bureau, commission, and any other legislative council agency designated by the council. See Michigan Laws 4.1102
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Legislator: means a member of the senate or the house of representatives of this state. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: means a hunting, fishing, or fur harvester's license or, in the discretion of the court, any combination of such licenses. See Michigan Laws 324.73101
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Line of duty: as used in this act means an act performed by a member of the state military establishment in obedience to or in conformity with a law, rule, regulation, order, command or custom of the military service or an act performed which is not in violation of a law, rule, regulation, order, command or custom of the military service, or that will not bring discredit to the military service. See Michigan Laws 32.521
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local public recreation project: means capital improvement projects including, but not limited to, the construction, expansion, development, or rehabilitation of recreational facilities, and the restoration of the natural environment. See Michigan Laws 324.71501
  • Local recreation project: means capital improvement projects including, but not limited to, the construction, expansion, development, or rehabilitation of recreational facilities. See Michigan Laws 324.71601
  • Local unit of government: means a county, city, township, village, school district, the Huron-Clinton metropolitan authority, or any authority composed of counties, cities, townships, villages, or school districts, or any combination of those entities, which authority is legally constituted to provide public recreation. See Michigan Laws 324.71501
  • Local unit of government: means a county, city, township, village, the Huron-Clinton metropolitan authority, or any authority composed of counties, cities, townships, villages, or any combination of those entities, which authority is legally constituted to provide public recreation. See Michigan Laws 324.71601
  • Local unit of government: means a municipality or county. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • major political party: means each of the 2 political parties whose candidate for the office of secretary of state received the highest and second highest number of votes at the immediately preceding general election in which a secretary of state was elected. See Michigan Laws 168.16
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Manufacturer: means a person who produces batteries for sale in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.17101
  • Manufacturer: means a person that produces, imports, or distributes mercury thermometers in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.17201
  • Marina: means a facility that is owned or operated by a person, extends into or over an inland lake or stream, and offers service to the public or members of the marina for docking, loading, or other servicing of recreational watercraft. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Marina purposes: means an operation making use of submerged bottomlands or filled-in bottomlands of the Great Lakes for the purpose of service to boat owners or operators, which operation may restrict or prevent the free public use of the affected bottomlands or filled-in lands. See Michigan Laws 324.32501
  • Medicaid benefits trust fund: means the Michigan Medicaid benefits trust fund established in section 5. See Michigan Laws 12.252
  • Medicaid program: means a program for medical assistance established under title XIX of the social security act, 42 USC 1396 to 1396w-5. See Michigan Laws 12.252
  • Mercuric oxide battery: means a dry cell battery that delivers an essentially constant output voltage throughout its useful life by means of a chemical reaction between zinc and mercuric oxide. See Michigan Laws 324.17101
  • Mercury fever thermometer: means a mercury thermometer used for measuring body temperature. See Michigan Laws 324.17201
  • Mercury thermometer: means a product or component, other than a dry cell battery, of a product used for measuring temperature that contains mercury or a mercury compound intentionally added to the product or component. See Michigan Laws 324.17201
  • Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund: means the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund established in section 40 of article IX of the state constitution of 1963 and provided for in section 2002. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Michigan merit award trust fund: means the Michigan merit award trust fund established in section 9. See Michigan Laws 12.252
  • Military: means a reference to all components of the state military establishment. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Military establishment: means the organized militia of this state, including the employees and equipment assigned or necessary to carry out the provisions of this act. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Minor drainage: includes ditching and tiling for the removal of excess soil moisture incidental to the planting, cultivating, protecting, or harvesting of crops or improving the productivity of land in established use for agriculture, horticulture, silviculture, or lumbering. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • Minor offense: means either of the following violations of this part if the project involved in the offense is a minor project or the department determines that restoration of the affected property is not required:

    (i) The failure to obtain a permit under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.30101

  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Money: means a medium of exchange authorized or adopted by a domestic or foreign government. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • month: means a calendar month; the word "year" a calendar year; and the word "year" alone shall be equivalent to the words "year of our Lord". See Michigan Laws 8.3j
  • Mooring structures: means structures used to moor watercraft, including, but not limited to, docks, piers, pilings, mooring anchors, lines and buoys, and boat hoists. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Motor oil: means oil used as a lubricant in a motor vehicle. See Michigan Laws 324.16701
  • Motor vehicle: means a vehicle that is self-propelled. See Michigan Laws 324.74101
  • Municipal issuer: means a city, village, township, county, school district, or community college district, or an agency, instrumentality, authority, or district created by 1 or more of the foregoing that is authorized by law to issue bonds. See Michigan Laws 12.112
  • Municipal security: means a security that when issued was not exempt from this act or former 1943 PA 202 by the provisions of this act or by former 1943 PA 202 or by the provisions of the law authorizing its issuance and that is payable from or secured by any of the following:

    (i) Ad valorem real and personal property taxes. See Michigan Laws 141.2103

  • Municipality: means a county, township, city, village, school district, intermediate school district, community college district, metropolitan district, port district, drainage district, district library, or another governmental authority or agency in this state that has the power to issue a security. See Michigan Laws 141.2103
  • Municipality: means a county, township, city, or village. See Michigan Laws 12.202
  • Municipality: means a city, village, or township. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Nationwide permit: means a nationwide permit issued by the United States army corps of engineers under 72 FR 11091 to 11198 (March 12, 2007), including all general conditions, regional conditions, and conditions imposed by this state pursuant to a water quality certification under section 401 of title IV of the federal water pollution control act, 33 USC 1341, or a coastal zone management consistency determination under section 307 of the coastal zone management act of 1972, 16 USC 1456. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • Natural resources professional: means a person who is acknowledged by the department as having the education, knowledge, experience, and skills to identify, schedule, and implement appropriate forest management practices needed to achieve the purposes of this part on land subject to or to be subject to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • New or increased large quantity withdrawal: means a new water withdrawal of over 100,000 gallons of water per day average in any consecutive 30-day period or an increase of over 100,000 gallons of water per day average in any consecutive 30-day period beyond the baseline capacity of a withdrawal. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • New or increased withdrawal capacity: means new or additional water withdrawal capacity to supply a common distribution system that is an increase from the person's baseline capacity. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Nonresident motor vehicle: means a motor vehicle other than a commercial motor vehicle that is not registered as a motor vehicle in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.74101
  • Notes: means notes of the authority issued as provided in this part, including commercial paper. See Michigan Laws 324.50502
  • oath: shall be construed to include the word "affirmation" in all cases where by law an affirmation may be substituted for an oath; and in like cases the word "sworn" shall be construed to include the word "affirmed". See Michigan Laws 8.3k
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Off-road vehicle: means ORV as it is defined in part 811, which is required to be registered under part 811. See Michigan Laws 324.71101
  • Office: means the office of the legislative corrections ombudsman created under this act. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Officer: means a commissioned officer and a warrant officer, unless a distinction between commissioned officer and warrant officer is clearly evident. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Official: means an official or employee of the department of corrections. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Official publisher: means :
  •   (i) For the state constitution of 1963, the legislative service bureau. See Michigan Laws 4.1121
  • Oil: means petroleum based oil. See Michigan Laws 324.16701
  • Ombudsman: means the office of legislative corrections ombudsman. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Online registration process: means the online registration process provided for in section 32706. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Operating expenses: means the reasonable operating expenses of the authority under this act, including without limitation the cost of preparation of accounting and other reports; costs of maintaining the ratings on the bonds; bond insurance premiums; costs of authority meetings or other required activities of the authority under this act; counsel fees, including the fees of the attorney general; fees and expenses incurred for consultants, advisors, and fiduciaries relating to bonds or activities of the authority authorized by this act; and any other costs arising from activities authorized in section 8(2). See Michigan Laws 12.272
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Ordinance: means either of the following:

    (i) An ordinance of a city, village, township, or county. See Michigan Laws 125.651

  • Ordinary high-water mark: means the elevations described in section 32502. See Michigan Laws 324.32601
  • Ordinary high-water mark: means the line between upland and bottomland that persists through successive changes in water levels, below which the presence and action of the water is so common or recurrent that the character of the land is marked distinctly from the upland and is apparent in the soil itself, the configuration of the surface of the soil, and the vegetation. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Ordinary high-water mark: means the ordinary high-water mark as specified in section 32502. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • Originator: means the sender of the first payment order in a funds transfer. See Michigan Laws 440.4604
  • OTHER: means multilayer. See Michigan Laws 324.16101
  • outdoors: means in a place other than a building or covered vehicle. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Outstanding: means with respect to bonds, all bonds except those that have been paid in full at maturity or that are not outstanding under the terms of the applicable authority resolution, trust indenture, or trust agreement authorizing the issuance of the bonds. See Michigan Laws 12.272
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means a person who holds title to the surface estate of forestland subject to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Owner of a high-capacity well: means the person that owns or controls the parcel of property where a high-capacity well is located. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Owner of a small-quantity well: means the person that owns or controls the parcel of property where a small-capacity well is located. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Pack and saddle trails: means trails and equine access locations that may be used by pack and saddle animals. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Patented lands: means any bottomlands lying within a specific government grant area, including a private claim patent or federal patent. See Michigan Laws 324.32601
  • Payment order: means an instruction of a sender to a receiving bank, transmitted orally, electronically, or in writing, to pay, or to cause another bank to pay, a fixed or determinable amount of money to a beneficiary if the following apply:

    (i) The instruction does not state a condition to payment to the beneficiary other than time of payment. See Michigan Laws 440.4603

  • Payor bank: means a bank that is the drawee of a draft. See Michigan Laws 440.4105
  • PBDE: means polybrominated diphenyl ether. See Michigan Laws 324.14721
  • Peace officer: means any law enforcement officer who is trained and licensed or certified under the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • peat: means a deposit of unconsolidated, naturally occurring soil material consisting of decomposed and partially decomposed mosses, sedges, trees, and other wetland plants, having 12% or greater organic carbon content on a dry weight basis. See Michigan Laws 324.64101
  • Performance goals: means standards of system performance that reflect asset management principles for asset preservation and sustainability, operations, capacity consistent with local needs, and identified levels of service. See Michigan Laws 21.602
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, limited or general partnership, association, joint venture, limited liability company, or a governmental entity, including this state. See Michigan Laws 12.272
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Person: includes an individual, agent, association, corporation, joint apprenticeship committee, joint-stock company, labor union, legal representative, mutual company, partnership, receiver, trust, trustee in bankruptcy, unincorporated organization, this state, or any other legal, commercial, or governmental entity or agency. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 21.602
  • Person: means an individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, association, municipality, this state, an instrumentality or agency of this state, the federal government, an instrumentality or agency of the federal government, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • person: may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate, as well as to individuals. See Michigan Laws 8.3l
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, organization, or association of any kind. See Michigan Laws 10.81
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Personal use: means use for any noncommercial purpose. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • PETE: means polyethylene terephthalate. See Michigan Laws 324.16101
  • physical disability: means that term as defined in section 6 of the adult foster care facility licensing act, 1979 PA 218, MCL 400. See Michigan Laws 168.19
  • Place of public accommodation: means a business, educational institution, refreshment, entertainment, recreation, health, or transportation facility of any kind, whether licensed or not, whose goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, or accommodations are extended, offered, sold, or otherwise made available to the public. See Michigan Laws 37.1301
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plastic: means any material made of polymeric organic compounds and additives that can be shaped by flow. See Michigan Laws 324.16101
  • Plastic bottle: means a rigid plastic container with a capacity of 16 ounces or more that has a neck that is smaller than the body of the container. See Michigan Laws 324.16101
  • Plastic product: means a plastic bottle and any other rigid plastic container. See Michigan Laws 324.16101
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Political subdivision: means a county, city, village, township, school district, or special district or authority of this state. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • Pollution prevention: means all of the following:

    (i) "Source reduction" as defined in the pollution prevention act of 1990, subtitle G of title VI of the omnibus budget reconciliation act of 1990, Public Law 101-508, 42 U. See Michigan Laws 324.14301

  • Pollution prevention: means all of the following:

    (i) "Source reduction" as defined in 42 USC 13102. See Michigan Laws 324.14501

  • Portable shredding operation: means a person who operates scrap tire shredding equipment that produces a commodity or tire shreds and that can be moved from site to site. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Potable water: means water that at the point of use is acceptable for human consumption. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Presenting bank: means a bank presenting an item except a payor bank. See Michigan Laws 440.4105
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Preventative measure: means an action affecting a stream or river that prevents an adverse resource impact by diminishing the effect of a withdrawal on stream or river flow or the temperature regime of the stream or river. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • primary election: as used in this act , shall mean a primary election held for the purpose of deciding by ballot who shall be the nominees for the offices named in this act, or for the election by ballot of delegates to political conventions. See Michigan Laws 168.7
  • Printer: means a printer or a multifunction or "all-in-one" device that in addition to printing performs 1 or more other operations such as copying, scanning, or faxing, that is designed to be placed on a desk or other work surface, and that may use any of various print technologies, such as laser and LED (electrographic), ink jet, dot matrix, thermal, or digital sublimation. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Prisoner: means a person committed to or under the jurisdiction of the department. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Private activity bonds: means bonds, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness issued as private activity bonds as authorized by law and as defined in section 141 of the internal revenue code. See Michigan Laws 12.112
  • Privilege: means the privilege provided to an environmental audit report as provided in this part. See Michigan Laws 324.14801
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Professional hydrologist or hydrogeologist: means an individual holding a license or registration from any state as a professional hydrologist, hydrogeologist, or geologist, or a current certification as a professional geologist by the American Institute of Professional Geology. See Michigan Laws 324.32706c
  • Project: means an activity that requires a permit pursuant to section 30102. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Protected animal: means that term as defined in section 40103. See Michigan Laws 324.73101
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public service: means a public facility, department, agency, board, or commission owned, operated, or managed by or on behalf of this state or a subdivision of this state, a county, city, village, township, or independent or regional district in this state or a tax exempt private agency established to provide service to the public, except that public service does not include a state or county correctional facility with respect to actions or decisions regarding an individual serving a sentence of imprisonment. See Michigan Laws 37.1301
  • Publicly owned treatment works: means any entity that treats municipal sewage or industrial waste or liquid industrial by-product that is owned by the state or a municipality, as that term is defined in 33 USC 1362. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Purchaser: means a person that takes by purchase. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Pure Michigan Trail: means a trail designated as a "Pure Michigan Trail" under section 72103. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Pure Michigan Trail Town: means a "Pure Michigan Trail Town" designated under section 72104. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Pure Michigan Water Trail: means a water trail designated as a "Pure Michigan Water Trail" under section 72103. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Qualified agricultural energy production system: means the structures, equipment, and apparatus to be used to produce a gaseous fuel from the noncombustive decomposition of agricultural biomass and the apparatus and equipment used to generate electricity or heat from the gaseous fuel or store the gaseous fuel for future generation of electricity or heat. See Michigan Laws 324.14501
  • qualified elector: as used in this act , means a person who possesses the qualifications of an elector as prescribed in section 1 of article II of the state constitution of 1963 and who has resided in the city or township 30 days. See Michigan Laws 168.10
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Racecourse: means a commercially operated track for go-carts, off-road recreational vehicles, motorcycles, or other vehicles that uses scrap tires as bumpers along the track for safety purposes and that meets 1 or more of the following requirements:

    (i) Uses not more than 3,000 scrap tires for bumpers. See Michigan Laws 324.16901

  • Rail-trail: means a former railroad bed that is in public ownership and used as a trail. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Rare and imperiled wetland: means any of the following:

    (i) Great Lakes marsh. See Michigan Laws 324.30301

  • Real estate broker or salesman: means a person, whether licensed or not, who, for or with the expectation of receiving a consideration, lists, sells, purchases, exchanges, rents, or leases real property, or who negotiates or attempts to negotiate any of these activities, or who holds himself out as engaged in these activities, or who negotiates or attempts to negotiate a loan secured or to be secured by a mortgage or other encumbrance upon real property, or who is engaged in the business of listing real property in a publication; or a person employed by or acting on behalf of any of these persons. See Michigan Laws 37.1501
  • Real estate transaction: means the sale, exchange, rental, or lease of real property, or an interest therein. See Michigan Laws 37.1501
  • Real property: includes a building, structure, mobile home, real estate, land, mobile home park, trailer park, tenement, leasehold, or an interest in a real estate cooperative or condominium. See Michigan Laws 37.1501
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Receiving bank: means the bank to which the sender's instruction is addressed. See Michigan Laws 440.4603
  • Reclamation: means either processing to recover a usable product or regeneration. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Reconfigure: means to, without expanding the marina, do either of the following:

    (i) Change the location of the dock or docks and other mooring structures at the marina to occupy an area of the inland lake or stream that was not previously authorized by a permit issued under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.30101

  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 4.1121
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 440.7102
  • Recreation improvement account: means the recreation improvement account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2020. See Michigan Laws 324.71101
  • Recreation passport fee: means that term as defined in section 2001. See Michigan Laws 324.74101
  • Recreational projects: means , in addition to the activities provided for in this part, the construction, maintenance, and operation of trails and associated facilities that may be used by off-road vehicles, cross-country skiers, horseback riders, and hikers, and inland lake cleanup grants as provided by part 309. See Michigan Laws 324.71101
  • Recyclable materials: means that term as it is defined in section 11505. See Michigan Laws 324.17501
  • Recycle: means to prepare used oil for reuse as a petroleum product by refining, rerefining, reclaiming, reprocessing, or other means to utilize used oil in a manner that substitutes for a petroleum product made from new oil, if the preparation or use is operationally safe, environmentally sound, and complies with the law, rules, and regulations of this state and the United States. See Michigan Laws 324.16701
  • Recycled paper: means a paper product that contains not less than 50% wastepaper. See Michigan Laws 324.16501
  • Recycler: means a person who as a principal component of business operations acquires covered electronic devices and sorts and processes the covered electronic devices to facilitate recycling or resource recovery techniques. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Recycling: means an action or process, such as separation, sorting, baling, or shipping, applied to reportable recyclable materials for the purposes of reuse or conversion into raw materials or new products. See Michigan Laws 324.17501
  • Recycling establishment: means an establishment engaged in recycling of, or brokering of, reportable recyclable materials. See Michigan Laws 324.17501
  • Registered forester: means a person registered under article 21 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Registrant: means a person who has registered a water withdrawal under section 32705. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Regular election: means an election held on a regular election date to elect an individual to, or nominate an individual for, elective office in the regular course of the terms of that elective office. See Michigan Laws 168.3
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Residence: as used in this act , for registration and voting purposes means that place at which a person habitually sleeps, keeps his or her personal effects, and has a regular place of lodging. See Michigan Laws 168.11
  • Resident motor vehicle: means a motor vehicle other than a commercial motor vehicle that is registered as a motor vehicle in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.74101
  • Response activity: means response activity as defined in part 201. See Michigan Laws 324.11301
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Retailer: means a person that sells a covered electronic device to a consumer by any means, including transactions conducted through sales outlets, catalogs, mail order, or the internet, whether or not the person has a physical presence in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Retailer: means a person who sells or offers for sale new, retreaded, or remanufactured tires to consumers in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Retailer: means a place of business that offers consumer products for sale to the general public. See Michigan Laws 10.121
  • Retailer: means a person who sells or offers to sell batteries to consumers within this state. See Michigan Laws 324.17101
  • RETAP: means the retired engineers technical assistance program created in section 14511. See Michigan Laws 324.14501
  • Retreader: means a person who retreads, recases, or recaps tire casings for reuse. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Revolving credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or open-end credit.) Source: OCC
  • Right: includes remedy. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Rigid plastic container: means any container composed predominantly of plastic resin and having a relatively inflexible finite shape or form that directly holds a substance or material and has a capacity of 8 ounces or more. See Michigan Laws 324.16101
  • Riparian interest area: means that portion of an inland lake or stream over which a riparian owner has an ownership interest. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Riparian owner: means a person who owns frontage bordering bottomlands. See Michigan Laws 324.32601
  • Riparian owner: means a person who has riparian rights. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Riparian rights: means those rights that are associated with the ownership of frontage bordering bottomlands, subject to the public trust. See Michigan Laws 324.32601
  • Riparian rights: means those rights which are associated with the ownership of the bank or shore of an inland lake or stream. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • River: means a flowing body of water with a drainage area of 80 or more square miles. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Rule: means a rule promulgated pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • School district: means a school district, a local act school district, or an intermediate school district, as those terms are defined in the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380. See Michigan Laws 168.4
  • Scrap tire: means a tire that is no longer being used for its original intended purpose including, but not limited to, a used tire, a reusable tire casing, or portions of a tire. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Scrap tire hauler: means a person who transports more than 10 scrap tires at once in a vehicle on a public road or street. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Scrap tire processor: means either of the following:

    (i) A person who is authorized by this part to accumulate scrap tires and is engaged in the business of buying or otherwise acquiring scrap tires and reducing their volume by shredding or otherwise facilitating recycling or resource recovery techniques for scrap tires. See Michigan Laws 324.16901

  • seal: means a seal of high tensile strength that is approved by the secretary of state under section 36. See Michigan Laws 168.14a
  • seal: shall be construed to include any of the following:

    (a) The impression of the seal on the paper alone. See Michigan Laws 8.3n

  • Seasonal structure: includes any type of dock, boat hoist, ramp, raft, or other recreational structure that is placed into an inland lake or stream and removed at the end of the boating season. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Seawall: means a vertically sloped wall constructed to break the force of waves and retain soil for the purpose of shore protection. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Security: means an evidence of debt such as a bond, note, contract, obligation, refunding obligation, certificate of indebtedness, or other similar instrument issued by a municipality, which pledges payment of the debt by the municipality from an identified source of revenue. See Michigan Laws 141.2103
  • Security interest: means an interest in personal property or fixtures which secures payment or performance of an obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Sender: means the person giving the instruction to the receiving bank. See Michigan Laws 440.4603
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • shall not apply: means that the pertinent provision is not operative as to certain persons or things or in conjunction with a particular date or dates. See Michigan Laws 8.4c
  • Shipper: means a person that enters into a contract of transportation with a carrier. See Michigan Laws 440.7102
  • Shipping document: means a log, an invoice, a bill of lading, or other record, in either written or electronic form, that includes all of the following information:

    (i) The name and address of the generator. See Michigan Laws 324.12102

  • Shoreland: means the land, water, and land beneath the water that is in close proximity to the shoreline of a Great Lake or a connecting waterway. See Michigan Laws 324.32301
  • Shoreline: means that area of the shorelands where land and water meet. See Michigan Laws 324.32301
  • Signed: includes any symbol executed or adopted by a party with present intention to adopt or accept a writing. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Silvicultural practices: means the management and manipulation of forest vegetation for the protection, growth, and enhancement of forest products. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Site identification number: means a number that is assigned by the United States Environmental Protection Agency or the department to a transporter or facility. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Site-specific review: means the department's independent review under section 32706c to determine whether the withdrawal is a zone A, zone B, zone C, or zone D withdrawal and whether a withdrawal is likely to cause an adverse resource impact. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Small business: means a business with 10 or fewer employees. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Small business: means a business that is not dominant in its field as described in 13 CFR part 121 and meets both of the following requirements:

    (i) Is independently owned or operated, by a person that employs 500 or fewer individuals. See Michigan Laws 324.14501

  • Small river: means a river with a drainage area of less than 300 square miles. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Small-quantity well: means 1 or more water wells of a person at the same location that, in the aggregate from all sources and by all methods, do not have the capability of withdrawing 100,000 or more gallons of groundwater in 1 day. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Snowmobile account: means the snowmobile account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2025. See Michigan Laws 324.71101
  • Solid waste hauler: means a solid waste hauler as defined in section 11506 who transports less than 25% by weight or volume of scrap tires along with other solid waste in any truckload to a disposal area licensed under part 115. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Source watershed: means the watershed from which a withdrawal originates. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Special duty: means military service in support of the full-time operation of the state military establishment for a period of not less than 1 day if ordered by competent authority. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Special election: means an election to elect an individual to, or nominate an individual for, a partial term in office or to submit a ballot question to the electors. See Michigan Laws 168.4
  • Special primary: means a primary called by competent authority for the nomination of candidates to be voted for at a special election. See Michigan Laws 168.4
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Michigan Laws 4.1121
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, shall be construed to extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories belonging to the United States; and the words "United States" shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • State average weekly wage: means the state average weekly wage as determined by the Michigan employment security commission under section 27 of the Michigan employment security act, 1936 (Ex Sess) PA 1, MCL 421. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • State forester: means an employee of the department who has a 4-year degree in forest management from an accredited college or university and experience in forest management and who is designated as the state forester by the director. See Michigan Laws 324.50502
  • State issuer: means the state of Michigan, an agency, authority, or other instrumentality created by the laws of this state, the governing body of which is composed of members elected by the people or appointed in whole or in part by a state officer, or a state college or university listed or described in section 4 of article VIII of the state constitution of 1963, which entity is authorized to issue bonds. See Michigan Laws 12.112
  • State park: means a state park or state recreation area designated by the director. See Michigan Laws 324.74101
  • State park: means a state park or state recreation area designated by the director. See Michigan Laws 324.74301
  • State park improvement account: means the state park improvement account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2030. See Michigan Laws 324.74101
  • State park revenues: means all revenues collected for state parks, including but not limited to, revenue from recreation passport fees, motor vehicle permits, concession fees, nonmotorized trail permits, fees, leases, camping fees, sale of farm animals from Maybury state park, donations, and gifts. See Michigan Laws 324.74101
  • State treasurer: means the state treasurer of this state or his or her designee, if the designee is authorized to exercise delegated signatory power for purposes of this act in a written instrument signed by the state treasurer and maintained in a permanent file. See Michigan Laws 12.272
  • Statewide trail network: means the statewide trail network established in section 72114. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Storage: means the containment of liquid industrial by-product, on a temporary basis, in a manner that does not constitute disposal of the by-product. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Storage requirements: means the requirements of section 16903(1) and, if applicable, (2). See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Stream: means a flowing body of water with a drainage area of less than 80 square miles. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Stream reach: means a segment of a stream or river. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Streamflow depletion calculation: means an evaluation of the potential streamflow depletion in which all of the following are done:

    (i) The streambed conductance of the potentially impacted streams shall be measured in-situ using slug testing, seepage meter testing, or both. See Michigan Laws 324.32706c

  • Structure: includes a wharf, dock, pier, seawall, dam, weir, stream deflector, breakwater, groin, jetty, sewer, pipeline, cable, and bridge. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Submerged log: means a portion of the trunk of a felled tree that has not been further processed for any end use and is located on, in, over, or under bottomlands. See Michigan Laws 324.32601
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Surface impoundment: means a treatment facility, storage facility, or disposal facility or part of a treatment, storage, or disposal facility that is either a natural topographic depression, a human-made excavation, or a diked area formed primarily of earthen materials. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Sustainable forest conservation easement: means a conservation easement described in section 2140 on commercial forestland that is approved by the department and meets all of the following:

    (i) Is an easement granted in perpetuity to this state, a political subdivision of this state, or a charitable organization described in section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code, 26 USC 501, that also meets the requirements of section 170(h)(3) of the internal revenue code, 26 USC 170. See Michigan Laws 324.51201

  • Sustainable forestry: means that term as it is defined in section 52501. See Michigan Laws 324.50502
  • takeback program: means a computer takeback program or a video display device takeback program. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Tangible document of title: means a document of title evidenced by a record consisting of information that is inscribed on a tangible medium. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Temporary employee: means an employee hired for a position that will not exceed 90 days in duration. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • Term: means a portion of an agreement that relates to a particular matter. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Thermostat: means a consumer product that uses a switch that contains mercury or a mercury compound to sense and control room temperature, including room temperature in residential, commercial, industrial, and other buildings, by communicating with heating, ventilating, or air-conditioning equipment. See Michigan Laws 324.17201
  • Thriving fish curve: means a fish functional response curve that describes the initial decline in density of thriving fish populations in response to reductions in index flow as published in the document entitled "Report to the Michigan Legislature in response to 2006 Public Act 34" by the former groundwater conservation advisory council dated July 2007, which is incorporated by reference. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Tire: means a continuous solid or pneumatic rubber covering encircling the wheel of a tractor or other farm machinery or of a vehicle. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Tire storage area: means a location within a collection site where tires are accumulated. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Tobacco settlement revenue: means money received by this state that is attributable to the master settlement agreement incorporated into a consent decree and final judgment entered into on December 7, 1998 in Kelly Ex Rel. See Michigan Laws 12.252
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Township: means a township having a population over 100. See Michigan Laws 125.651
  • Trail: means a right-of-way adapted to foot, horseback, motorized, or other nonmotorized travel. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • trail: means a right-of-way adapted to foot or horseback travel. See Michigan Laws 324.72301
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transportation: means the movement of liquid industrial by-product by air, rail, public or private roadway, or water. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Transportation asset management council: means the transportation asset management council created in section 9a of 1951 PA 51, MCL 247. See Michigan Laws 21.602
  • Transporter: means a person engaged in the off-site transportation of liquid industrial by-product by air, rail, public roadway, or water. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Treasurer: means the state treasurer or a deputy or employee of the department of treasury that the state treasurer authorizes to act under this act. See Michigan Laws 12.112
  • Treatment: means any method, technique, or process, including neutralization, designed to change the physical, chemical, or biological character or composition of any liquid industrial by-product, to neutralize the by-product, or to render the by-product safer to transport, store, or dispose of, amenable to recovery, amenable to storage, or reduced in volume. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Unauthorized signature: means a signature made without actual, implied, or apparent authority. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Unified volume limitation: means the ceiling for this state on the aggregate amount of bonds that may be issued by all issuers in the state as prescribed by section 146 of the internal revenue code for a particular year. See Michigan Laws 12.112
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Uniformed and overseas citizens absentee voting act: means the uniformed and overseas citizens absentee voting act, 42 USC 1973ff to 1973ff-6. See Michigan Laws 168.18
  • United States: shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • Unpatented lands: means all bottomlands except patented lands. See Michigan Laws 324.32601
  • Upland: means the land area that lies above the ordinary high-water mark. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Used oil: means oil which through use, storage, or handling has become unsuitable for its original purpose due to the presence of impurities or loss of original properties. See Michigan Laws 324.16701
  • utility line: means any pipe or pipeline used for the transportation of any gaseous, liquid, liquescent, or slurry substance, for any purpose, and any cable, line, or wire for the transmission for any purpose of electrical energy, telephone or telegraph messages, or radio or television communication. See Michigan Laws 324.30305
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Vehicle: means a transport vehicle as defined by 49 CFR 171. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Vehicle: means a device in, upon, or by which a person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Vehicle support stand: means equipment used to support a stationary vehicle consisting of an inflated tire and wheel that is attached to another wheel. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Vessel: means all watercraft except the following:

    (i) Watercraft used for commercial fishing. See Michigan Laws 324.71101

  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Video display device: means an electronic device with a viewable screen of 4 inches or larger that contains a tuner that locks on to a selected carrier frequency and is capable of receiving and displaying television or video programming via broadcast, cable, or satellite. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • village: as used in this act , shall mean an incorporated village. See Michigan Laws 168.9
  • Warehouse: means a person engaged in the business of storing goods for hire. See Michigan Laws 440.7102
  • Warehouse receipt: means a document of title issued by a person engaged in the business of storing goods for hire. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Warm river system: means a stream or river that has the appropriate summer water temperature that, based on statewide averages, sustains a fish community composed predominantly of warm-water fish species, as determined by a scientific methodology adopted by order of the commission. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Wastepaper: means any discarded paper or corrugated paper board that is generated after the completion of the paper manufacturing process, and includes, but is not limited to, trimmings, printed paper, cutting and converting paper, newsprint, telephone books, catalogs, or other mixed postconsumer paper. See Michigan Laws 324.16501
  • Water asset management council: means the water asset management council created in section 5002 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324. See Michigan Laws 21.602
  • Water dependent: means requiring access or proximity to or siting within an aquatic site to fulfill its basic purpose. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • Water trail: means a designated route on a body of water. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Water well: means an opening in the surface of the earth, however constructed, that is used for the purpose of withdrawing groundwater. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • water withdrawal: means the removal of water from its source for any purpose. See Michigan Laws 324.30103
  • Watercraft: means any contrivance that is used or designed for navigation on water, including, but not limited to, any vessel, ship, boat, motor vessel, steam vessel, vessel operated by machinery, motorboat, sailboat, barge, scow, tugboat, and rowboat, but does not include watercraft used or owned by the United States. See Michigan Laws 324.71101
  • Waters of the state: means groundwater, lakes, rivers, and streams and all other watercourses and waters, including the Great Lakes, within the territorial boundaries of the state. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Waterways account: means the waterways account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2035. See Michigan Laws 324.71101
  • Well drilling contractor: means a well drilling contractor registered under part 127 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Wetland: means land characterized by the presence of water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances does support, wetland vegetation or aquatic life, and is commonly referred to as a bog, swamp, or marsh, and which is any of the following:

    (i) Contiguous to the Great Lakes or Lake St. See Michigan Laws 324.30301

  • Withdrawal: means the removal of water from surface water or groundwater. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • writing: includes printing, typewriting, or any other intentional reduction to tangible form. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Zinc carbon battery: means a dry cell battery containing manganese dioxide and zinc electrodes and an electrolyte consisting of ammonium chloride or a zinc chloride solution, or both. See Michigan Laws 324.17101
  • Zone D withdrawal: means , beginning February 1, 2009, a withdrawal that is likely to cause an adverse resource impact. See Michigan Laws 324.32701