§ 445.1501 Short title; construction
§ 445.1502 Definitions
§ 445.1503 Additional definitions; burden of proof
§ 445.1504 Arrangements between franchisor and franchisee to which act applicable; making offer or sale of franchise in state; accepting offer to sell in state; communication of acceptance
§ 445.1504a Applicability of act
§ 445.1504b Franchisee as sole employer
§ 445.1505 Prohibited conduct in connection with offer, sale, or purchase of franchise
§ 445.1505a Franchise opportunities handbook
§ 445.1506 Exemption of offer and sale of franchise from MCL 445.1507a and 445.1508; circumstances; compliance with MCL 445.1508
§ 445.1507a Notice required prior to offering for sale or selling franchise; fee; form and contents of notice; indorsement, return, and duration of notice; effect of compliance; penalty for failure to file notice
§ 445.1508 Prospective franchisee to be provided copy of disclosure statement, notice, and proposed agreements; form and contents of disclosure statement; location and contents of notice
§ 445.1512 Escrow of initial investment and other funds; time; surety bond; financial institution as escrow agent; release of escrowed funds; affidavit
§ 445.1513 Conditions prohibiting offering for sale or selling franchise
§ 445.1519 Filing change in information contained in notice
§ 445.1520 Accounts of franchise sales; reports; examination of records
§ 445.1521 Certain facts not to constitute finding or approval; representation inconsistent with section prohibited
§ 445.1522 Service of process
§ 445.1523 Untrue statement, omission, or failure to give notice of change
§ 445.1524 Filing of advertisement or sales literature; exemption from liability
§ 445.1525 Publication of false or misleading advertisement prohibited
§ 445.1527 Void and unenforceable provisions
§ 445.1528 Pyramid
§ 445.1531 Liability for damages or rescission; basis of damages
§ 445.1532 Joint and several liability
§ 445.1533 Statute of limitations
§ 445.1534 Civil liability; liability under other statute or common law
§ 445.1535 Action by department for injunction, restitution, or compliance; restraining order; writ of mandamus; appointment of receiver or conservator; bond not required; costs; notice of action; opportunity to
§ 445.1536 Investigations; statements under oath; administration of oaths and affirmations; subpoena; evidence; order requiring appearance; self-incrimination; perjury; contempt
§ 445.1538 Violation; penalty; punishing crime under other statute
§ 445.1539 Prohibited conduct equivalent to appointment of corporations and securities bureau as attorney for service of process; procedure for service of process
§ 445.1540 Collection and disposition of fees and fines; detailed statement; fee for filing notice under MCL 445.1507a
§ 445.1541 Rules
§ 445.1542 Documents subject to MCL 15.231 to 15.246; publication of information; disclosure of information withheld from public inspection; evidence sought under subpoena
§ 445.1546 Prior acts, offenses, rights, liabilities, penalties, forfeiture, or punishments not impaired or affected; transfer of records, personnel, and funds

Terms Used In Michigan Laws > Chapter 445 > Act 269 of 1974

  • Added fat: means the addition of fat tissue originating from portions consisting of less than 12% muscle tissue in each portion. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Added water: means greater moisture content than normally found in meat and, except for poultry, is determined by total moisture minus 4 times the percentage of protein. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Adulterated: means food to which any of the following apply:

    (i) It bears or contains any poisonous or deleterious substance that may render it injurious to health unless the substance is not an added substance and the quantity of that substance in the food does not ordinarily render it injurious to health. See Michigan Laws 289.1105

  • Advertisement: means a representation disseminated in any manner or by any means, other than by labeling, for the purpose of inducing, or which is likely to induce, directly or indirectly, the purchase of food. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Agent: means an agent or attorney in fact acting under a written power of attorney and within the scope of his, her, or its authority. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Agent: includes , but is not limited to, an attorney-in-fact under a durable or nondurable power of attorney and an individual authorized to make decisions as a patient advocate concerning another's health care. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Agricultural use operation: means a maple syrup production facility or similar food establishment that finishes a raw commodity and is integral to the agricultural production of, and is located at, a farm. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Alternative devise: means a devise that is expressly created by the will and, under the terms of the will, can take effect instead of another devise on the happening of 1 or more events, including survival of the testator or failure to survive the testator, whether an event is expressed in condition-precedent, condition-subsequent, or another form. See Michigan Laws 700.2601
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Application: means a written request to the probate register for an order of informal probate or informal appointment under part 3 of article III. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney: means , if appointed to represent a child under the provisions referenced in section 5213, an attorney serving as the child's legal advocate in the manner defined and described in section 13a of chapter XIIA of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 712A. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Bed and breakfast: means a private residence that offers sleeping accommodations to transient tenants in 14 or fewer rooms for rent, is the innkeeper's residence in which the innkeeper resides while renting the rooms to transient tenants, and serves breakfasts, or other meals in the case of a bed and breakfast described in section 1107(t)(ii), at no extra cost to its transient tenants. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Beneficiary: includes , but is not limited to, the following:

    (i) In relation to a trust, a person that is a trust beneficiary as defined in section 7103. See Michigan Laws 700.1103

  • Beneficiary designation: means the naming in a governing instrument of a beneficiary of an insurance or annuity policy, of an account with POD designation, of a security registered in beneficiary form (TOD), of a pension, profit-sharing, retirement, or similar benefit plan, or of another nonprobate transfer at death. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Binders: means food and nonfood substances used as an ingredient in comminuted meats for binding, stabilizing, thickening, or maintaining viscosity of the product. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • By-products or variety meats: means hearts, livers, brains, tongues, tripe, stomach, lungs, melts, eyes, weasand meats, head meat, cheek meat, salivary glands, udder, lips, ears, snouts, skin, feet, spleens, slaughterhouse by-products, spinal cords, cracklings or crackling meal, packinghouse by-products, food processor by-products, partially defatted fatty tissues, and partially defatted chopped meat. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Candling: means the examination, in a partially darkened room or place, of the interior of an egg by twirling the egg before a bright light passing through an aperture in an opaque shield or by another approved method. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Certified health department: means a county, district, or city health department that meets the criteria for certification of health departments established by this act and that is authorized by the director to enforce this act for retail groceries, food processors, or fair concessions. See Michigan Laws 289.3103
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • Child: includes , but is not limited to, an individual entitled to take as a child under this act by intestate succession from the parent whose relationship is involved. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Circumstantial evidence: All evidence except eyewitness testimony.
  • Claim: includes , but is not limited to, in respect to a decedent's or protected individual's estate, a liability of the decedent or protected individual, whether arising in contract, tort, or otherwise, and a liability of the estate that arises at or after the decedent's death or after a conservator's appointment, including funeral and burial expenses and costs and expenses of administration. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Class member: includes , but is not limited to, an individual who fails to survive the testator but who would have taken under a devise in the form of a class gift had he or she survived the testator. See Michigan Laws 700.2601
  • Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
  • Color additive: means a dye, pigment, or other substance that is made by a process of synthesis or similar artifice or is extracted, isolated, or otherwise derived, with or without intermediate or final change of identity from a vegetable, animal, mineral, or other source, or when added or applied to a food or any part of a food is capable alone or through reaction with other substances of imparting color to the food. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Comminuted: means chopped, diced, flaked, ground, or otherwise reduced to minute particles. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Common disaster: A sudden and extraordinary misfortune that brings about the simultaneous or near-simultaneous deaths of two or more associated persons, such as husband and wife.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community foundation: means an organization that meets all of the following requirements:

    (i) Has been in existence for at least 10 years. See Michigan Laws 128.3

  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Conservator: means a person appointed by a court to manage a protected individual's estate. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Consumer: means an individual who is a member of the public, takes possession of food, is not functioning in the capacity of an operator of a food establishment or food processor, and does not offer the food for resale. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Contaminated with filth: means contaminated as a result of not being securely protected from dust, dirt, and, as far as may be necessary by all reasonable means, from all foreign or injurious contaminations. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Core item: means a provision in the food code that is not designated as a priority item or a priority foundation item. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Cost-of-living adjustment factor: means a fraction, the numerator of which is the United States consumer price index for the prior calendar year and the denominator of which is the United States consumer price index for 1997. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Cottage food operation: means a person who produces or packages cottage food products only in a kitchen of that person's primary domestic residence within this state. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Cottage food product: means a food that is not potentially hazardous food as that term is defined in the food code. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Court: means the probate court or, when applicable, the family division of circuit court. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Credit card: means a card or device issued by a person licensed under 1984 PA 379, MCL 493. See Michigan Laws 129.221
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the department of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • deposit: includes the purchase of, or investment in, shares of a credit union. See Michigan Laws 129.44
  • Depository: means that department of the financial institution which is responsible for managing, investing, and reinvesting funds placed in an investment pool. See Michigan Laws 129.112
  • Descendant: means , in relation to an individual, all of his or her descendants of all generations, with the relationship of parent and child at each generation being determined by the definitions of child and parent contained in this act. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Devise: includes , but is not limited to, an alternative devise, a devise in the form of a class gift, and an exercise of a power of appointment. See Michigan Laws 700.2601
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Devise: means , when used as a noun, a testamentary disposition of real or personal property and, when used as a verb, to dispose of real or personal property by will. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Devisee: includes , but is not limited to, the following:

    (i) A class member if the devise is in the form of a class gift. See Michigan Laws 700.2601

  • Devisee: means a person designated in a will to receive a devise. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Director: means the director of the department or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Disability: means cause for a protective order as described in section 5401. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Disclaimable interest: includes , but is not limited to, property, the right to receive or control property, and a power of appointment. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Distributee: means a person that receives a decedent's property from the decedent's personal representative or trust property from the trustee other than as a creditor or purchaser. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Domestic residence: means a single-family dwelling or an area within a rental unit where a single person or family actually resides. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Environmental law: means a federal, state, or local law, rule, regulation, or ordinance that relates to the protection of the environment or human health. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Estate: includes the property of the decedent, trust, or other person whose affairs are subject to this act as the property is originally constituted and as it exists throughout administration. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Evaluation: means a food safety audit, inspection, or food safety and sanitation assessment, whether announced or unannounced, that identifies violations or verifies compliance with this act and determines the degree of active control by food establishment operators over foodborne illness risk factors. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Exempt property: means property of a decedent's estate that is described in section 2404. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Extended retail food establishment: means a retail grocery that does both of the following:

    (i) Serves or provides an unpackaged food for immediate consumption. See Michigan Laws 289.1107

  • Extenders: means food substances used as an ingredient in comminuted meats primarily for replacement of meat ingredients. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Fair: means a fair or exhibition operated and managed under 1929 PA 11, MCL 46. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Family allowance: means the allowance prescribed in section 2403. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Fat: means the quantity of adipose tissue determined by chemical analysis. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Federal act: means the federal food, drug, and cosmetic act, chapter 675, 52 Stat. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Festival: means an event, staged by a local community or local organization, that centers on and celebrates a certain aspect of that community or organization. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiduciary: includes , but is not limited to, an agent, a conservator, a guardian if no conservator has been appointed, a guardian ad litem, a personal representative, a trustee, a probate court acting through a protective order under this act, and a temporary, successor, or foreign fiduciary. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Fiduciary: includes , but is not limited to, a personal representative, funeral representative, guardian, conservator, trustee, plenary guardian, partial guardian, and successor fiduciary. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Fiduciary power: means a management power relating to the administration or management of assets similar to those powers granted to a personal representative in section 3715 and a trustee in sections 7816 and 7817, and granted by law to a fiduciary or conferred upon a fiduciary in a governing instrument. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • financial institution: means a state or nationally chartered bank or a state or federally chartered savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union whose deposits are insured by an agency of the United States government and, except as provided in subsection (2), maintains a principal office or branch office located in this state under the laws of this state or the United States. See Michigan Laws 129.16
  • financial institution: means a state or nationally chartered bank or a state or federally chartered savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union whose deposits are insured by an agency of the United States government and which maintains a principal office or branch office located in this state under the laws of this state or the United States. See Michigan Laws 129.45
  • financial institution: means a state or nationally chartered bank or a state or federally chartered savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union whose deposits are insured by an agency of the United States government and that maintains a principal office or branch office located in this state under the laws of this state or the United States. See Michigan Laws 129.91
  • Financial institution: means a state or nationally chartered bank or a state or federally chartered savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union whose deposits are insured by an agency of the United States government and which maintains a principal office or branch office located in this state under the laws of this state or the United States and which is eligible to be a depository of surplus funds belonging to the state under section 6 of 1855 PA 105, MCL 21. See Michigan Laws 129.112
  • Financial institution: means an organization authorized to do business under state or federal laws relating to a financial institution and includes, but is not limited to, a bank, trust company, savings bank, building and loan association, savings and loan company or association, credit union, insurance company, and entity that offers mutual fund, securities brokerage, money market, or retail investment accounts. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Financial transaction device: means any of the following:

    (i) An electronic funds transfer card. See Michigan Laws 129.221

  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Food: means articles used for food or drink for humans or other animals, chewing gum, and articles used for components of any such article. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Food additive: means any substance, the intended use of which, directly or indirectly, results in or may be reasonably expected to result in its becoming a component or otherwise affecting the characteristics of any food if that substance is not generally recognized among experts as having been adequately shown through scientific procedures to be safe under the conditions of its intended use. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Food code: means "Food Code, 2009 Recommendations of the United States Public Health Service Food and Drug Administration" which regulates the design, construction, management, and operation of certain food establishments. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Food establishment: means an operation where food is processed, packed, canned, preserved, frozen, fabricated, stored, prepared, served, vended, sold, or offered for sale. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Food processor: means a food establishment that processes, manufactures, wholesales, packages, labels, or stores food. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Food safety and sanitation assessment: means judging or assessing specific food handling activities, events, conditions, or management systems to determine their potential effectiveness in controlling risks for foodborne illness and their compliance with this act, accompanied by a report of findings. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Food safety audit: means the methodical examination and review of records, food sources, food handling procedures, and facility cleaning and sanitation practices for compliance with this act, accompanied by a report of findings. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Food service establishment: means a fixed or mobile restaurant, coffee shop, cafeteria, short order cafe, luncheonette, grill, tearoom, sandwich shop, soda fountain, tavern, bar, cocktail lounge, nightclub, drive-in, industrial feeding establishment, private organization serving the public, rental hall, catering kitchen, delicatessen, theater, commissary, food concession, or similar place in which food or drink is prepared for direct consumption through service on the premises or elsewhere, and any other eating or drinking establishment or operation where food is served or provided for the public. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Food service program: means the systematic activity of the department and a local health department for effective administration and enforcement of the food code and this act, including all of the following:

    (i) Periodic evaluations of food service establishments, temporary food service establishments, vending machines, and vending machine locations for compliance with law. See Michigan Laws 289.3103

  • Food warehouse: means a food establishment that stores or distributes food for wholesale. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Foodborne illness outbreak: means an incident where any of the following occur:

    (i) Two or more persons, not of the same household, have ingested a common food and have a similar disease or similar symptoms or excrete the same pathogens, and there is a time, place, or person association between these persons. See Michigan Laws 289.3103

  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Fresh meat: means meat that has undergone no cooking, heating, or other processing except boning, cutting, comminuting, or freezing. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Funds: means the money of a public corporation, the investment of which is not otherwise subject to a public act of this state or bond authorizing ordinance or resolution of a public corporation that permits investment in fewer than all of the investment options listed in subsection (1) or imposes 1 or more conditions upon an investment in an option listed in subsection (1). See Michigan Laws 129.91
  • Funeral establishment: means that term as defined in section 1801 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Funeral representative: means an individual designated to have the right and power to make decisions about funeral arrangements and the handling, disposition, or disinterment of a decedent's body, including, but not limited to, decisions about cremation, and the right to possess cremated remains of the decedent as provided in section 3206. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Funeral representative designation: means a written document executed and with the effect as described in sections 3206 to 3206b. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Governing body: means the legislative body, council, commission, board, or other body having legislative powers of a public corporation. See Michigan Laws 129.91
  • Governing body: means the board of supervisors of a county, the township board of a township, the council, common council, or commission of a city, the council, commission or board of trustees of a village, the board of education or district board of a school district, the county drain commissioner or drainage board of a drainage district, the legislative body of a metropolitan district, the port commission of a port district and, in the case of any other public corporation, the official or official body to whom is designated general governing or legislative powers by law. See Michigan Laws 129.122
  • Governing body: means the legislative body or the official or official body that exercises the general governing powers of a public corporation, or in the case of this state or an agency of this state, the official body designated by law to issue the obligation to be replaced. See Michigan Laws 129.131
  • Governing body: means the board, council, or other official body that has general governing powers over a local unit. See Michigan Laws 129.142
  • Governing instrument: includes , but is not limited to, a court order. See Michigan Laws 700.1501
  • Governing instrument: means a deed, assignment, bill of sale, will, trust, beneficiary designation, contract, instrument creating or exercising a power of appointment or a power of attorney, or another instrument under which property devolves, a property right is created, or a contract right is created. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Governing instrument: means a deed; will; trust; funeral representative designation; insurance or annuity policy; account with POD designation; security registered in beneficiary form (TOD); pension, profit-sharing, retirement, or similar benefit plan; instrument creating or exercising a power of appointment or a power of attorney; or dispositive, appointive, or nominative instrument of any similar type. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • grantee: may be construed as including every person to whom any such interest or estate passes in like manner. See Michigan Laws 8.3e
  • grantor: may be construed as including every person from or by whom any estate in lands passes in or by any deed. See Michigan Laws 8.3e
  • Gross estate: The total fair market value of all property and property interests, real and personal, tangible and intangible, of which a decedent had beneficial ownership at the time of death before subtractions for deductions, debts, administrative expenses, and casualty losses suffered during estate administration.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Guardian: means a person who has qualified as a guardian of a minor or a legally incapacitated individual under a parental or spousal nomination or a court appointment and includes a limited guardian as described in sections 5205, 5206, and 5306. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Guide for the control of molluscan shellfish: means section II, model ordinance, national shellfish sanitation program guide for the control of molluscan shellfish, 2009, recommendations of the U. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Heir: means , except as controlled by section 2720, a person, including the surviving spouse or the state, that is entitled under the statutes of intestate succession to a decedent's property. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Homestead allowance: means the allowance prescribed in section 2402. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Imminent or substantial hazard: means a condition at a food establishment that the director determines requires immediate action to prevent endangering the health of people. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • in writing: shall be construed to include printing, engraving, and lithographing; except that if the written signature of a person is required by law, the signature shall be the proper handwriting of the person or, if the person is unable to write, the person's proper mark, which may be, unless otherwise expressly prohibited by law, a clear and classifiable fingerprint of the person made with ink or another substance. See Michigan Laws 8.3q
  • Incapacitated individual: means an individual who is impaired by reason of mental illness, mental deficiency, physical illness or disability, chronic use of drugs, chronic intoxication, or other cause, not including minority, to the extent of lacking sufficient understanding or capacity to make or communicate informed decisions. See Michigan Laws 700.1105
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Inspection: means the checking or testing of observable practices against standards established in or adopted by this act, accompanied by a report of findings. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Investment officer: means the treasurer or other person designated by statute or charter of a public corporation to act as the investment officer. See Michigan Laws 129.91
  • Investment pool: means a local government investment pool authorized in section 3. See Michigan Laws 129.142
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Issue: means an individual's descendant. See Michigan Laws 700.1105
  • Joint property: means property that is owned by 2 or more persons with rights of survivorship, and includes a tenancy by the entireties in real property, a tenancy in personal property as provided in section 1 of 1927 PA 212, MCL 557. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Juice: means the aqueous liquid expressed or extracted from 1 or more fruits or vegetables, purees of the edible portions of 1 or more fruits or vegetables, or any concentrates of such liquid or puree. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Label: means a display of written, printed, or graphic matter on the immediate container of any article and includes a requirement imposed under this act that any word, statement, or other information appearing on the display also appear on the outside container or wrapper of the retail package of the article or be easily legible through the outside container or wrapper. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Labeling: means all labels and other written, printed, or graphic matter upon an article, any of its containers or wrappers, or accompanying the article. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Lease: includes , but is not limited to, an oil, gas, or other mineral lease. See Michigan Laws 700.1105
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • Letters: includes , but is not limited to, letters testamentary, letters of guardianship, letters of administration, and letters of conservatorship. See Michigan Laws 700.1105
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License holder: means the person who is legally responsible for the operation of a food establishment including the owner, the owner's agent, or other person operating under apparent authority of the owner and who possesses a valid license to operate a food establishment. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • License limitation: means an action by which the director imposes restrictions or conditions, or both, on a license of a food establishment. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Life estate: A property interest limited in duration to the life of the individual holding the interest (life tenant).
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local health department: means that term as defined in section 1105 of the public health code, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Local school district: means a school district organized under the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380. See Michigan Laws 129.221
  • Local unit: means a county, city, village, township, school district, authority, or any other political subdivision organized under the laws of this state. See Michigan Laws 129.112
  • Local unit: means a county, city, village, township, authority created pursuant to state law or municipal charter, special assessment district, municipal board or commission established under state law or municipal charter, or intergovernmental board, commission, or council established pursuant to the urban cooperation act of 1967, Act No. See Michigan Laws 129.142
  • Local unit: means any of the following:

    (i) A village. See Michigan Laws 129.221

  • Low-risk food: means any of the following:

    (i) Raw or prepackaged food that is not potentially hazardous food (time/temperature control for safety food). See Michigan Laws 289.1109

  • Marital deduction: The deduction(s) that can be taken in the determination of gift and estate tax liabilities because of the existence of a marriage or marital relationship.
  • Meat: means the edible part of clean, sound striated muscle of cattle, swine, sheep, deer and other cervids, goat, turkey, duck, ratite, or chicken slaughtered in compliance with all applicable laws, with or without the accompanying and overlying fat, and sinew, nerve, gland, and blood vessels which normally accompany the muscle tissues and which are not separated from it in the process of dressing. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Michigan bridge card: means the card used for the electronic benefit transfer system for food stamp distribution required under section 14h of the social welfare act, 1939 PA 280, MCL 400. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Michigan prudent investor rule: means the fiduciary investment and management rule prescribed by part 5 of this article. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Micro market: means an operation that does all of the following:

    (i) Offers for sale commercially prepackaged foods properly labeled for individual sale as required under section 3-201. See Michigan Laws 289.1109

  • Milk product: means cream, light cream, light whipping cream, heavy cream, heavy whipping cream, whipped cream, whipped light cream, sour cream, acidified sour cream, cultured sour cream, half-and-half, sour half-and-half, acidified sour half-and-half, cultured sour half-and-half, reconstituted or recombined milk and milk products, concentrated milk, concentrated milk products, skim milk, lowfat milk, frozen milk concentrate, eggnog, buttermilk, cultured milk, cultured lowfat milk, cultured skim milk, yogurt, lowfat yogurt, nonfat yogurt, acidified milk, acidified lowfat milk, acidified skim milk, low-sodium milk, low-sodium lowfat milk, low-sodium skim milk, lactose-reduced milk, lactose-reduced lowfat milk, lactose-reduced skim milk, aseptically processed and packaged milk, milk products with added safe and suitable microbial organisms, and any other milk product made by the addition or subtraction of milkfat or addition of safe and suitable optional ingredients for protein, vitamin, or mineral fortification. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Minor: means an individual who is less than 18 years of age. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Misbranded: means food to which any of the following apply:

    (i) Its labeling is false or misleading in any particular. See Michigan Laws 289.1109

  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mix: means ice cream mix, yogurt mix, sherbet mix, and any other unfrozen pasteurized liquid mixture which is to be manufactured into a frozen dessert including a liquid mixture intended for processing into quiescently frozen confections. See Michigan Laws 288.575
  • Mobile food establishment: means a food establishment operating from a vehicle, including a watercraft, that returns to a mobile food establishment commissary for servicing and maintenance at least once every 24 hours. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Money: means legal tender or a note, draft, certificate of deposit, stock, bond, check, or credit card. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • month: means a calendar month; the word "year" a calendar year; and the word "year" alone shall be equivalent to the words "year of our Lord". See Michigan Laws 8.3j
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage: means a conveyance, agreement, or arrangement in which property is encumbered or used as security. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Municipality: means a city, village, township, or county. See Michigan Laws 128.3
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nonperishable food: means food that is not perishable food. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • oath: shall be construed to include the word "affirmation" in all cases where by law an affirmation may be substituted for an oath; and in like cases the word "sworn" shall be construed to include the word "affirmed". See Michigan Laws 8.3k
  • Obligation: means evidence of indebtedness including, but not limited to, a bond, refunding bond, revenue bond, note, certificate of indebtedness and other like instrument issued by a public corporation, and any coupon representing interest on the obligation. See Michigan Laws 129.131
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Obligations: means any evidence of indebtedness, such as bonds, bills, notes, orders, certificates of indebtedness or other like instruments, issued by a public corporation. See Michigan Laws 129.122
  • Obligor: means either of the following:

    (i) A person or entity that has borrowed the proceeds of an obligation from a public corporation and is contractually obligated to make loan repayments sufficient to pay principal of and interest on the obligation. See Michigan Laws 129.131

  • Organization: means a corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, or joint venture; governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality; public corporation; or another legal or commercial entity. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Parent: includes , but is not limited to, an individual entitled to take, or who would be entitled to take, as a parent under this act by intestate succession from a child who dies without a will and whose relationship is in question. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Partial guardian: means that term as defined in section 600 of the mental health code, 1974 PA 258, MCL 330. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Participant: means a local unit which has entered into a contract with a financial institution and has placed funds in an investment pool managed by that financial institution. See Michigan Laws 129.112
  • Participant: means a local unit participating in the investment pool. See Michigan Laws 129.142
  • Participating county: means a county that has been authorized by the county governing body to enter into a contract with another local unit pursuant to section 4. See Michigan Laws 129.142
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Patient advocate: means an individual designated to exercise powers concerning another individual's care, custody, and medical or mental health treatment or authorized to make an anatomical gift on behalf of another individual, or both, as provided in section 5506. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Paying agent: means any one of the banks or trust companies or other financial institutions where the obligations or interest coupons are made payable. See Michigan Laws 129.122
  • Paying agent: means either of the following:

    (i) For an obligation that is not registered as to payment of principal by or on behalf of the public corporation that issued the obligation, any bank or trust company designated by the public corporation to make payment of principal of or interest on the obligation. See Michigan Laws 129.131

  • Payor: means a trustee, insurer, business entity, employer, government, governmental subdivision or agency, or other person authorized or obligated by law or a governing instrument to make payments. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Perishable food: means any food that the manufacturer, packer, or retailer, in conjunction with the department, determines to have a significant risk of spoilage, loss of value, or loss of palatability within 90 days of the date of packaging. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, company, limited liability company, cooperative, association, firm, trustee, educational institution, state or local government unit, or corporation. See Michigan Laws 288.576
  • Person: includes an entity and an individual, but does not include a fiduciary, an estate, or a trust. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Person: means an individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • person: may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate, as well as to individuals. See Michigan Laws 8.3l
  • Person: means an individual or an organization. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Personal representative: includes , but is not limited to, an executor, administrator, successor personal representative, and special personal representative, and any other person, other than a trustee of a trust subject to article VII, who performs substantially the same function under the law governing that person's status. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Pesticide chemical: means any substance that, alone, in chemical combination, or in formulation with 1 or more other substances, is a pesticide within the meaning of the federal insecticide, fungicide, and rodenticide act, 7 USC 136 to 136y, and is used in the production, storage, or transportation of raw agricultural commodities. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Petition: means a written request to the court for an order after notice. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Plenary guardian: means that term as defined in section 600 of the mental health code, 1974 PA 258, MCL 330. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Portfolio: means all property of every kind and character held by a fiduciary on behalf of a fiduciary estate. See Michigan Laws 700.1501
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Priority foundation item: means a provision in the food code whose application supports, facilitates, or enables 1 or more priority items. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Priority item: means a provision in the food code whose application contributes directly to the elimination, prevention, or reduction to an acceptable level of hazards associated with foodborne illness or injury if there is no other provision that more directly controls the hazard. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • probate register: means the official of the court designated to perform the functions of register as provided in section 1304. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Proceeding: includes an application and a petition, and may be an action at law or a suit in equity. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Professional guardian: means a person that provides guardianship services for a fee. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Property: means anything that may be the subject of ownership. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Property: means anything that may be the subject of ownership, and includes both real and personal property or an interest in real or personal property. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Protected individual: means a minor or other individual for whom a conservator has been appointed or other protective order has been made as provided in part 4 of article V. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Protective proceeding: means a proceeding under the provisions of part 4 of article V. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Public corporation: means a county, city, village, township, port district, drainage district, special assessment district, or metropolitan district of this state, or a board, commission, or another authority or agency created by or under an act of the legislature of this state. See Michigan Laws 129.91
  • Public corporation: means any county, city, village, township, charter township, school district, community college district, port district, metropolitan district, drainage district, the state or any officer, agency, commission or department thereof, or any other public or governmental authority or agency within the state with the power to issue obligations. See Michigan Laws 129.122
  • Public corporation: means a body corporate organized pursuant to the laws of this state to carry out a public governmental or proprietary function, including, but not limited to, this state, an agency of this state, or a school district, intermediate school district, city, village, township, county, district, commission, authority, university, college, or any combination of these, which is a corporate entity. See Michigan Laws 129.131
  • Public health code: means 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Raw agricultural commodity: means any food in its raw or natural state including fruits that are washed, colored, or otherwise treated in their unpeeled natural form before marketing. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Regulatory authority: means the department, the local health department, or the authorized representative having jurisdiction over the food establishment. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Replacement obligation: means an obligation and any coupon representing interest in connection with the obligation issued under this act. See Michigan Laws 129.131
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Retail food establishment: means an operation that sells or offers to sell food directly to a consumer. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Retail grocery: means an operation that sells or offers to sell food to consumers for off-premises consumption. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • Rules: means administrative rules promulgated under this act pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • seal: shall be construed to include any of the following:

    (a) The impression of the seal on the paper alone. See Michigan Laws 8.3n

  • Security: includes , but is not limited to, a note, stock, treasury stock, bond, debenture, evidence of indebtedness, certificate of interest or participation in an oil, gas, or mining title or lease or in payments out of production under such a title or lease, collateral trust certificate, transferable share, voting trust certificate, or interest in a regulated investment company or other entity generally referred to as a mutual fund or, in general, an interest or instrument commonly known as a security, or a certificate of interest or participation for, a temporary or interim certificate, receipt, or certificate of deposit for, or any warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase any of the items listed in this subdivision. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Settlement: means , in reference to a decedent's estate, the full process of administration, distribution, and closing. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • shall not apply: means that the pertinent provision is not operative as to certain persons or things or in conjunction with a particular date or dates. See Michigan Laws 8.4c
  • Shellfish: means all species of any of the following:

    (i) Oyster, clams, or mussels whether shucked or in the shell, raw, including postharvest processed, frozen or unfrozen, or whole or in parts. See Michigan Laws 289.7113

  • Shellfish dealer: means an interstate wholesaler handling shellfish. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Special personal representative: means a personal representative as described by sections 3614 to 3618. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Special transitory food unit: means a temporary food establishment that is licensed to operate throughout the state without the 14-day limits or a mobile food establishment that is not required to return to a commissary. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Specified risk materials: means items, associated with the nervous system of beef cattle, that are prohibited from human food as defined in 9 CFR 310. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, shall be construed to extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories belonging to the United States; and the words "United States" shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Stepchild: means a child of the surviving, deceased, or former spouse of the testator or of the donor of a power of appointment, who is not the testator's or donor's child. See Michigan Laws 700.2601
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Successor: means a person, other than a creditor, who is entitled to property of a decedent under the decedent's will or this act. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Sulfiting agents: means any of the following:

    (i) Sulfur dioxide. See Michigan Laws 289.1111

  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Surplus funds: means money which belongs to or is under the control of the local unit and is available for investment, not being required by law or agreement with bondholders to be segregated and invested in a specified manner. See Michigan Laws 129.112
  • Survive: means that an individual neither predeceases an event, including the death of another individual, nor is considered to predecease an event under section 2104 or 2702. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • surviving descendant: means a devisee or a descendant who neither predeceased the testator nor is considered to have predeceased the testator under section 2702. See Michigan Laws 700.2601
  • Temporary food establishment: means a food establishment that operates at a fixed location for a temporary period not to exceed 14 consecutive days. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • terms of the trust: means the manifestation of the settlor's intent regarding a trust's provisions as expressed in the trust instrument or as may be established by other evidence that would be admissible in a judicial proceeding. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testator: includes the donee of a power of appointment if the power is exercised in the testator's will. See Michigan Laws 700.2601
  • Testator: includes an individual of either gender. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trimming: means removing leaves, roots, and other extraneous materials in preparation for grading, sorting, and sale as a whole fruit or vegetable. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Trust: means a fiduciary relationship with respect to property that subjects the person who holds title to the property to equitable duties to deal with the property for the benefit of another person, which fiduciary relationship arises as a result of a manifestation of an intention to create it. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Trust: includes , but is not limited to, an express trust, private or charitable, with additions to the trust, wherever and however created. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Trustee: includes an original, additional, or successor trustee, whether or not appointed or confirmed by the court. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • trustee of a trust created by will: includes a trustee to whom property is transferred by will to the extent of the devised property. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • United States: shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • United States consumer price index: means the annual average of the United States consumer price index for all urban consumers as defined and reported by the United States department of labor, bureau of labor statistics, or its successor agency, and as certified by the state treasurer. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Vending company base location: means a vending machine location or other food establishment required to be separately licensed under section 4105(5). See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Vending machine: means a self-service device that, upon insertion of a coin, paper currency, token, card, or key, or by manual operation, dispenses unit servings of food in bulk or in packages without the necessity of replenishing the device between each vending operation. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Vending machine location: means the room, enclosure, space, or area in which 1 or more vending machines are installed and operated, or a micro market. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Ward: means an individual for whom a guardian is appointed. See Michigan Laws 700.1108
  • Wholesale: means selling other than directly to consumers. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Wild game: means animals from their natural state and not cultivated, domesticated, or tamed. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.