§ 199-A Definitions
§ 199-B Disclosures to Prospective Dealers
§ 199-C Termination or Refusal to Renew a Franchise Without Good Cause Prohibited; Notice Requirement; Right of Action
§ 199-D Repurchase of Merchandise
§ 199-E Waiver Provisions
§ 199-F Application
§ 199-G Arbitration
§ 199-H Relationship to Other Laws
§ 199-I Dealers’ Rights to Transfer, Assign or Dispose of the Franchise Upon Notice to Distributor
§ 199-J Dealer’S Right to Deal With Suppliers Other Than His Distributor
§ 199-K Separability
§ 199-L Removal of Certain Actions and Proceedings
§ 199-M Dealers’ Rights of Association
§ 199-N Enforcement of Dealers’ Rights of Association; Injunction; Damages; Limitation of Actions

Terms Used In New York Laws > General Business > Article 11-B

  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Dealer: means any person engaged in the retail sale of motor fuels for use in motor vehicles under a franchise entered into with a distributor. See N.Y. General Business Law 199-A
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Distributor: means any person engaged in the sale, consignment, or distribution of motor fuels to dealers. See N.Y. General Business Law 199-A
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Franchise: means any agreement between a distributor and a dealer under which the dealer is granted the right to use a trademark, trade name, service mark, or other identifying symbol or name owned by the distributor, or to which the distributor has the right to authorize the use thereof, and is furnished by the distributor with products to be sold at retail under such trademark, trade name, service mark, or other identifying symbol or name or any agreement between a distributor and a dealer under which the dealer is granted the right to occupy or use premises or facilities owned, leased, or controlled by the distributor, for the purpose of engaging in the retail sale of motor fuels of the distributor, provided that an agreement by one distributor to lease premises or facilities to another distributor shall not constitute a franchise. See N.Y. General Business Law 199-A
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Retail: means the sale of motor fuels to the consuming public for the purposes other than resale. See N.Y. General Business Law 199-A
  • Service Station: means any premises whereon the retail sale of motor fuels is conducted as the principal business. See N.Y. General Business Law 199-A
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC