Terms Used In Missouri Laws 448.3-111

  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.

Neither the association nor any unit owner except the declarant is liable for that declarant’s torts in connection with any part of the condominium which that declarant has the responsibility to maintain.  Otherwise, an action alleging a wrong done by the association shall be brought against the association and not against any unit owner.  If the wrong occurred during any period of declarant control, and if the association gives the declarant reasonable notice of and an opportunity to defend against the action, the declarant who then controlled the association is liable to the association or to any unit owner: (1) for all tort losses not covered by insurance suffered by the association or that unit owner, and (2) for all costs which the association would not have incurred but for the breach of contract or other wrongful act or omission.  In any case where the declarant is liable to the association under this section, the declarant is also liable for all litigation expenses, including reasonable attorney’s fees, incurred by the association.  Any statute of limitation affecting the association’s right of action under this section is tolled until the period of declarant control terminates.  A unit owner is not precluded from bringing an action contemplated by this section because he is a unit owner or a member or officer of the association.  Liens resulting from judgments against the association are governed by section 448.3-117.