475.523.  Jurisdiction. — A court of this state has jurisdiction to appoint a guardian or issue a protective order for a respondent if:

Terms Used In Missouri Laws 475.523

  • Guardian: one appointed by a court to have the care and custody of the person of a minor or of an incapacitated person. See Missouri Laws 475.010
  • person: may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate, and to partnerships and other unincorporated associations. See Missouri Laws 1.020
  • State: when applied to any of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories, and the words "United States" includes such district and territories. See Missouri Laws 1.020
  • United States: includes such district and territories. See Missouri Laws 1.020

 (1)  This state is the respondent’s home state;

 (2)  On the date a petition is filed, this state is a significant-connection state and:

 (a)  The respondent does not have a home state or a court of the respondent’s home state has declined to exercise jurisdiction because this state is a more appropriate forum; or

 (b)  The respondent has a home state, a petition for an appointment or order is not pending in a court of that state or another significant-connection state, and, before the court makes the appointment or issues the order:

 a.  A petition for an appointment or order is not filed in the respondent’s home state;

 b.  An objection to the court’s jurisdiction is not filed by a person required to be notified of the proceeding; and

 c.  The court in this state concludes that it is an appropriate forum under the factors set forth in section 475.526;

 (3)  This state does not have jurisdiction under either subdivisions (1) or (2) of this section, the respondent’s home state and all significant-connection states have declined to exercise jurisdiction because this state is the more appropriate forum, and jurisdiction in this state is consistent with the constitutions of this state and the United States; or

 (4)  The requirements for special jurisdiction under section 475.524 are met.