§ 400.1-101 Short titles
§ 400.1-102 Scope of article
§ 400.1-103 Construction of code to promote its purpose and policies — applicability of …
§ 400.1-104 Construction against implicit repeal
§ 400.1-105 Severability
§ 400.1-106 Use of singular and plural — gender.
§ 400.1-107 Section captions
§ 400.1-108 Relation to Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act
§ 400.1-201 General definitions
§ 400.1-202 Notice — knowledge.
§ 400.1-203 Lease distinguished from security interest
§ 400.1-204 Value
§ 400.1-205 Reasonable time — seasonableness.
§ 400.1-206 Presumptions
§ 400.1-301 Territorial applicability — parties’ power to choose applicable law.
§ 400.1-302 Variation by agreement
§ 400.1-303 Course of performance, course of dealing, and usage of trade
§ 400.1-304 Obligation of good faith
§ 400.1-305 Remedies to be liberally administered
§ 400.1-306 Waiver of renunciation of claim of right after breach
§ 400.1-307 Prima facie evidence of third-party documents
§ 400.1-308 Performance or acceptance under reservation of rights
§ 400.1-309 Option to accelerate at will
§ 400.1-310 Subordinated obligations
§ 400.2-101 Short title
§ 400.2-102 Scope — certain security and other transactions excluded from this article.
§ 400.2-103 Definitions and index of definitions
§ 400.2-104 Definitions — “merchant” — “between merchants” — “financing agency”.
§ 400.2-105 Definitions — transferability — “goods” — “future” goods — “lot” — …
§ 400.2-106 Definitions — “contract” — “agreement” — “contract for sale” — “sale” — …
§ 400.2-107 Goods to be severed from realty — recording.
§ 400.2-201 Formal requirements — statute of frauds.
§ 400.2-202 Final written expression — parol or extrinsic evidence.
§ 400.2-203 Seals inoperative
§ 400.2-204 Formation in general
§ 400.2-205 Firm offers
§ 400.2-206 Offer and acceptance in formation of contract
§ 400.2-207 Additional terms in acceptance or confirmation
§ 400.2-208 Course of performance or practical construction
§ 400.2-209 Modification, rescission and waiver
§ 400.2-210 Delegation of performance — assignment of rights.
§ 400.2-301 General obligations of parties
§ 400.2-302 Unconscionable contract or clause
§ 400.2-303 Allocation or division of risks
§ 400.2-304 Price payable in money, goods, realty, or otherwise
§ 400.2-305 Open price term
§ 400.2-306 Output, requirements and exclusive dealings
§ 400.2-307 Delivery in single lot or several lots
§ 400.2-308 Absence of specified place for delivery
§ 400.2-309 Absence of specific time provisions — notice of termination.
§ 400.2-310 Open time for payment or running of credit — authority to ship under …
§ 400.2-311 Options and cooperation respecting performance
§ 400.2-312 Warranty of title and against infringement — buyer’s obligation against …
§ 400.2-313 Express warranties by affirmation, promise, description, sample
§ 400.2-314 Implied warranty — merchantability — usage of trade.
§ 400.2-315 Implied warranty — fitness for particular purpose.
§ 400.2-316 Exclusion or modification of warranties — livestock warranties of fitness …
§ 400.2-317 Cumulation and conflict of warranties express or implied
§ 400.2-318 Third party beneficiaries of warranties express or implied
§ 400.2-319 F.O.B. and F.A.S. terms
§ 400.2-320 C.I.F. and C.&F. terms
§ 400.2-321 C.I.F. or C.&F. — “net landed weights” — payment on arrival — warranty of …
§ 400.2-322 Delivery “ex-ship”
§ 400.2-323 Form of bill of lading required in overseas shipment — “overseas”.
§ 400.2-324 “No arrival, no sale” term
§ 400.2-325 “Letter of credit” term — “confirmed credit”.
§ 400.2-326 Sale on approval and sale or return — rights of creditors.
§ 400.2-327 Special incidents of sale on approval and sale or return
§ 400.2-328 Sale by auction
§ 400.2-401 Passing of title — reservation for security — limited application of this …
§ 400.2-402 Rights of seller’s creditors against sold goods
§ 400.2-403 Power to transfer — good faith purchase of goods — “entrusting”.
§ 400.2-501 Insurable interest in goods — manner of identification of goods.
§ 400.2-502 Buyer’s right to goods on seller’s repudiation, failure to deliver, or ..
§ 400.2-503 Manner of seller’s tender of delivery
§ 400.2-504 Shipment by seller
§ 400.2-505 Seller’s shipment under reservation
§ 400.2-506 Rights of financing agency
§ 400.2-507 Effect of seller’s tender — delivery on condition.
§ 400.2-508 Cure by seller of improper tender or delivery — replacement.
§ 400.2-509 Risk of loss in the absence of breach
§ 400.2-510 Effect of breach on risk of loss
§ 400.2-511 Tender of payment by buyer — payment by check.
§ 400.2-512 Payment by buyer before inspection
§ 400.2-513 Buyer’s right to inspection of goods
§ 400.2-514 When documents deliverable on acceptance — when on payment.
§ 400.2-515 Preserving evidence of goods in dispute
§ 400.2-601 Buyer’s rights on improper delivery
§ 400.2-602 Manner and effect of rightful rejection
§ 400.2-603 Merchant buyer’s duties as to rightfully rejected goods
§ 400.2-604 Buyer’s options as to salvage of rightfully rejected goods
§ 400.2-605 Waiver of buyer’s objections by failure to particularize
§ 400.2-606 What constitutes acceptance of goods
§ 400.2-607 Effect of acceptance — notice of breach — burden of establishing breach …
§ 400.2-608 Revocation of acceptance in whole or in part
§ 400.2-609 Right to adequate assurance of performance
§ 400.2-610 Anticipatory repudiation
§ 400.2-611 Retraction of anticipatory repudiation
§ 400.2-612 “Installment contract” — breach.
§ 400.2-613 Casualty to identified goods
§ 400.2-614 Substituted performance
§ 400.2-615 Excuse by failure of presupposed conditions
§ 400.2-616 Procedure on notice claiming excuse
§ 400.2-701 Remedies for breach of collateral contracts not impaired
§ 400.2-702 Seller’s remedies on discovery of buyer’s insolvency
§ 400.2-703 Seller’s remedies in general
§ 400.2-704 Seller’s right to identify goods to the contract not withstanding breach or ..
§ 400.2-705 Seller’s stoppage of delivery in transit or otherwise
§ 400.2-706 Seller’s resale including contract for resale
§ 400.2-707 “Person in the position of a seller”
§ 400.2-708 Seller’s damages for nonacceptance or repudiation
§ 400.2-709 Action for the price
§ 400.2-710 Seller’s incidental damages
§ 400.2-711 Buyer’s remedies in general — buyer’s security interest in rejected goods.
§ 400.2-712 “Cover” — buyer’s procurement of substitute goods.
§ 400.2-713 Buyer’s damages for nondelivery or repudiation
§ 400.2-714 Buyer’s damages for breach in regard to accepted goods
§ 400.2-715 Buyer’s incidental and consequential damages
§ 400.2-716 Buyer’s right to specific performance or replevin
§ 400.2-717 Deduction of damages from the price
§ 400.2-718 Liquidation or limitation of damages — deposits.
§ 400.2-719 Contractual modification or limitation of remedy
§ 400.2-720 Effect of “cancellation” or “rescission” on claims for antecedent breach
§ 400.2-721 Remedies for fraud
§ 400.2-722 Who can sue third parties for injury to goods
§ 400.2-723 Proof of market price — time and place.
§ 400.2-724 Admissibility of market quotations
§ 400.2-725 Statute of limitations in contracts for sale
§ 400.2A-101 Short title
§ 400.2A-102 Scope
§ 400.2A-103 Definitions and index of definitions
§ 400.2A-104 Leases subject to other law
§ 400.2A-105 Territorial application of article to goods covered by certificate of title
§ 400.2A-106 Limitation on power of parties to consumer lease to choose applicable law ..
§ 400.2A-107 Waiver or renunciation of claim or right after death
§ 400.2A-108 Unconscionability
§ 400.2A-109 Option to accelerate at will
§ 400.2A-201 Statute of frauds
§ 400.2A-202 Final written expression — parol or extrinsic evidence.
§ 400.2A-203 Seals inoperative
§ 400.2A-204 Formation in general
§ 400.2A-205 Firm offers
§ 400.2A-206 Offer and acceptance in formation of lease contract
§ 400.2A-207 Course of performance or practical construction
§ 400.2A-208 Modification, rescission and waiver
§ 400.2A-209 Lessee under finance lease as beneficiary of supply contract
§ 400.2A-210 Express warranties
§ 400.2A-211 Warranties against interference and against infringement — lessee’s …
§ 400.2A-212 Implied warranty of merchantability
§ 400.2A-213 Implied warranty of fitness for particular purpose
§ 400.2A-214 Exclusion or modification of warranties
§ 400.2A-215 Cumulation and conflict of warranties express or implied
§ 400.2A-216 Third-party beneficiaries of express and implied warranties
§ 400.2A-217 Identification
§ 400.2A-218 Insurance and proceeds
§ 400.2A-219 Risk of loss
§ 400.2A-220 Effect of default on risk of loss
§ 400.2A-221 Casualty to identified goods
§ 400.2A-301 Enforceability of lease contract
§ 400.2A-302 Title to and possession of goods
§ 400.2A-303 Alienability of party’s interest under lease contract or of lessor’s ..
§ 400.2A-304 Subsequent lease of goods by lessor
§ 400.2A-305 Sale or sublease of goods by lessee
§ 400.2A-306 Priority of certain liens arising by operation of law
§ 400.2A-307 Priority of liens arising by attachment or levy on — security interest in — …
§ 400.2A-308 Special rights of creditors
§ 400.2A-309 Lessor’s and lessee’s rights when goods become fixtures
§ 400.2A-310 Lessor’s and lessee’s rights when goods become accessions
§ 400.2A-311 Priority subject to subordination
§ 400.2A-401 Insecurity — adequate assurance of performance.
§ 400.2A-402 Anticipatory repudiation
§ 400.2A-403 Retraction of anticipatory repudiation
§ 400.2A-404 Substituted performance
§ 400.2A-405 Excused performance
§ 400.2A-406 Procedure on excused performance
§ 400.2A-407 Irrevocable promises — finance leases.
§ 400.2A-501 Default — procedure.
§ 400.2A-502 Notice after default
§ 400.2A-503 Modification or impairment of rights and remedies
§ 400.2A-504 Liquidation of damages
§ 400.2A-505 Cancellation and termination and effect of cancellation, termination, ..
§ 400.2A-506 Statute of limitations
§ 400.2A-507 Proof of market rent — time and place.
§ 400.2A-508 Lessee’s remedies
§ 400.2A-509 Lessee’s rights on improper delivery — rightful rejection.
§ 400.2A-510 Installment lease contracts — rejection and default.
§ 400.2A-511 Merchant lessee’s duties as to rightfully rejected goods
§ 400.2A-512 Lessee’s duties as to rightfully rejected goods
§ 400.2A-513 Cure by lessor of improper tender or delivery — replacement.
§ 400.2A-514 Waiver of lessee’s objections
§ 400.2A-515 Acceptance of goods
§ 400.2A-516 Effect of acceptance of goods — notice of default — burden of establishing …
§ 400.2A-517 Revocation of acceptance of goods
§ 400.2A-518 Cover — substitute goods.
§ 400.2A-519 Lessee’s damages for nondelivery, repudiation, default, and breach of ..
§ 400.2A-520 Lessee’s incidental and consequential damages
§ 400.2A-521 Lessee’s right to specific performance or replevin
§ 400.2A-522 Lessee’s right to goods on lessor’s insolvency
§ 400.2A-523 Lessor’s remedies
§ 400.2A-524 Lessor’s right to identify goods to lease contract
§ 400.2A-525 Lessor’s right to possession of goods
§ 400.2A-526 Lessor’s stoppage of delivery in transit or otherwise
§ 400.2A-527 Lessor’s rights to dispose of goods
§ 400.2A-528 Lessor’s damages for nonacceptance or repudiation
§ 400.2A-529 Lessor’s action for the rent
§ 400.2A-530 Lessor’s incidental damages
§ 400.2A-531 Standing to sue third parties for injury to goods
§ 400.2A-532 Lessor’s rights to residual interest
§ 400.3-101 Short title
§ 400.3-102 Subject matter
§ 400.3-103 Definitions
§ 400.3-104 Negotiable instruments
§ 400.3-105 Issue of instrument
§ 400.3-106 Unconditional promise or order
§ 400.3-107 Instrument payable in foreign money
§ 400.3-108 Payable on demand or at definite time
§ 400.3-109 Payable to bearer or to order
§ 400.3-110 Identification of person to whom instrument is payable
§ 400.3-111 Place of payment
§ 400.3-112 Interest
§ 400.3-113 Date of instrument
§ 400.3-114 Contradictory terms of instrument
§ 400.3-115 Incomplete instrument
§ 400.3-116 Joint and several liability — contribution.
§ 400.3-117 Other agreements affecting instrument
§ 400.3-118 Statute of limitations
§ 400.3-119 Notice of right to defend action
§ 400.3-201 Negotiation
§ 400.3-202 Negotiation subject to rescission
§ 400.3-203 Transfer of instrument — right acquired by transfer.
§ 400.3-204 Endorsement
§ 400.3-205 Special endorsement — blank endorsement — anomalous endorsement.
§ 400.3-206 Restrictive endorsement
§ 400.3-207 Reacquisition
§ 400.3-301 Person entitled to enforce instrument
§ 400.3-302 Holder in due course
§ 400.3-303 Value and consideration
§ 400.3-304 Overdue instrument
§ 400.3-305 Defenses and claims in recoupment
§ 400.3-306 Claims to an instrument
§ 400.3-307 Notice of breach of fiduciary duty
§ 400.3-308 Proof of signature and status as holder in due course
§ 400.3-309 Enforcement of lost, destroyed, or stolen instrument
§ 400.3-310 Effect of instrument on obligation for which taken
§ 400.3-311 Accord and satisfaction by use of instrument
§ 400.3-312 Lost, destroyed or stolen cashier’s check, teller’s check or certified check
§ 400.3-401 Signature
§ 400.3-402 Signature by representative
§ 400.3-403 Unauthorized signature
§ 400.3-404 Impostors — fictitious payees.
§ 400.3-405 Employer’s responsibility for fraudulent endorsement by employee
§ 400.3-406 Negligence contributing to forged signature or alteration of instrument
§ 400.3-407 Alteration
§ 400.3-408 Drawee not liable on unaccepted draft
§ 400.3-409 Acceptance of draft — certified check.
§ 400.3-410 Acceptance varying draft
§ 400.3-411 Refusal to pay cashier’s checks, teller’s checks, and certified checks
§ 400.3-412 Obligation of issuer of note or cashier’s check
§ 400.3-413 Obligation of acceptor
§ 400.3-414 Obligation of drawer
§ 400.3-415 Obligation of endorser
§ 400.3-416 Transfer warranties
§ 400.3-417 Presentment warranties
§ 400.3-418 Payment or acceptance by mistake
§ 400.3-419 Instrument signed for accommodation
§ 400.3-420 Conversion of instrument
§ 400.3-501 Presentment
§ 400.3-502 Dishonor
§ 400.3-503 Notice of dishonor
§ 400.3-504 Excused presentment and notice of dishonor
§ 400.3-505 Evidence of dishonor
§ 400.3-601 Discharge and effect of discharge
§ 400.3-602 Payment
§ 400.3-603 Tender of payment
§ 400.3-604 Discharge by cancellation or renunciation
§ 400.3-605 Discharge of endorsers and accommodation parties
§ 400.4-101 Short title
§ 400.4-102 Applicability
§ 400.4-103 Variation by agreement — measure of damages — action constituting ordinary care.
§ 400.4-104 Definitions and index of definitions
§ 400.4-105 Bank — depositary bank — payor bank — intermediary bank — collecting bank — …
§ 400.4-106 Payable through or payable at bank — collecting bank.
§ 400.4-107 Separate office of bank
§ 400.4-108 Time of receipt of items
§ 400.4-109 Delays
§ 400.4-110 Electronic presentment
§ 400.4-111 Statute of limitations
§ 400.4-201 Status of collecting bank as agent and provisional status of credits — …
§ 400.4-202 Responsibility for collection or return — when action timely.
§ 400.4-203 Effect of instructions
§ 400.4-204 Methods of sending and presenting — sending directly to payor bank.
§ 400.4-205 Depositary bank holder of unendorsed item
§ 400.4-206 Transfer between banks
§ 400.4-207 Transfer warranties
§ 400.4-208 Presentment warranties
§ 400.4-209 Encoding and retention warranties
§ 400.4-210 Security interest of collecting bank in items, accompanying documents and ..
§ 400.4-211 When bank gives value for purposes of holder in due course
§ 400.4-212 Presentment by notice of item not payable by, through, or at bank — …
§ 400.4-213 Medium and time of settlement by bank
§ 400.4-214 Right of charge-back or refund — liability of collecting bank — return of item.
§ 400.4-215 Final payment of item by payor bank — when provisional debits and credits …
§ 400.4-216 Insolvency and preference
§ 400.4-301 Deferred posting — recovery of payment by return of items — time of …
§ 400.4-302 Payor bank’s responsibility for late return of item
§ 400.4-303 When item subject to notice, stop-payment order — legal process or setoff — …
§ 400.4-401 When bank may charge customer’s account
§ 400.4-402 Bank’s liability to customer for wrongful dishonor — time of determining …
§ 400.4-403 Customer’s right to stop payment — burden of proof of loss.
§ 400.4-404 Bank not obligated to pay check more than six months old
§ 400.4-405 Death or incompetence of customer
§ 400.4-406 Customer’s duty to discover and report unauthorized signature or alteration
§ 400.4-407 Payor bank’s right to subrogation or improper payment
§ 400.4-501 Handling of documentary drafts — duty to send for presentment and to notify …
§ 400.4-502 Presentment of “on arrival” drafts
§ 400.4-503 Responsibility of presenting bank for documents and goods — report of …
§ 400.4-504 Privilege of presenting bank to deal with goods — security interest for …
§ 400.4A-101 Short title
§ 400.4A-102 Subject matter
§ 400.4A-103 Payment order — definitions.
§ 400.4A-104 Funds transfer — definitions.
§ 400.4A-105 Other definitions
§ 400.4A-106 Time payment order is received
§ 400.4A-107 Federal Reserve regulations and operating circulars
§ 400.4A-108 Exclusion of consumer transactions governed by federal law
§ 400.4A-201 Security procedure
§ 400.4A-202 Authorized and verified payment orders
§ 400.4A-203 Unenforceability of certain verified payment orders
§ 400.4A-204 Refund of payment and duty of customer to report with respect to ..
§ 400.4A-205 Erroneous payment orders
§ 400.4A-206 Transmission of payment order through funds — transfer or other …
§ 400.4A-207 Misdescription of beneficiary
§ 400.4A-208 Misdescription of intermediary bank or beneficiary’s bank
§ 400.4A-209 Acceptance of payment order
§ 400.4A-210 Rejection of payment order
§ 400.4A-211 Cancellation and amendment of payment order
§ 400.4A-212 Liability and duty of receiving bank regarding unaccepted payment order
§ 400.4A-301 Execution and execution date
§ 400.4A-302 Obligations of receiving bank in execution of payment order
§ 400.4A-303 Erroneous execution of payment order
§ 400.4A-304 Duty of sender to report erroneously executed payment order
§ 400.4A-305 Liability for late or improper execution or failure to execute payment order
§ 400.4A-401 Payment date
§ 400.4A-402 Obligation of sender to pay receiving bank
§ 400.4A-403 Payment by sender to receiving bank
§ 400.4A-404 Obligation of beneficiary’s bank to pay and give notice to beneficiary
§ 400.4A-405 Payment by beneficiary’s bank to beneficiary
§ 400.4A-406 Payment by originator to beneficiary — discharge of underlying obligation.
§ 400.4A-501 Variation by agreement and effect of funds — transfer system rule.
§ 400.4A-502 Creditor process served on receiving bank — setoff by beneficiary’s bank.
§ 400.4A-503 Injunction or restraining order with respect to funds transfer
§ 400.4A-504 Order in which items and payment orders may be charged to account — order …
§ 400.4A-505 Preclusion of objection to debt of customer’s account
§ 400.4A-506 Rate of interest
§ 400.4A-507 Choice of law
§ 400.5-101 Short title
§ 400.5-102 Definitions
§ 400.5-103 Scope
§ 400.5-104 Formal requirements
§ 400.5-105 Consideration
§ 400.5-106 Issuance, amendment, cancellation and duration
§ 400.5-107 Confirmer, nominated person and adviser
§ 400.5-108 Issuer’s rights and obligations
§ 400.5-109 Fraud and forgery
§ 400.5-110 Warranties
§ 400.5-111 Remedies and damages for wrongful dishonor or breach of obligation
§ 400.5-112 Transfer of letter of credit
§ 400.5-113 Successor of beneficiary, rights
§ 400.5-114 Proceeds of letter of credit, definition, assignment
§ 400.5-115 Statute of limitations
§ 400.5-116 Choice of law and forum
§ 400.5-117 Subrogation of issuer, applicant and nominated person
§ 400.5-118 Security interest in a document
§ 400.7-101 Short title
§ 400.7-102 Definitions and index of definitions
§ 400.7-103 Relation of article to treaty, statute, tariff, classification or regulation
§ 400.7-104 Negotiable and nonnegotiable warehouse receipt, bill of lading or other ..
§ 400.7-105 Requests for issuance of tangible or electronic documents of title, effect
§ 400.7-106 Control of electronic document of title
§ 400.7-201 Who may issue a warehouse receipt — storage under government bond.
§ 400.7-202 Form of warehouse receipt — essential terms — optional terms.
§ 400.7-203 Liability for nonreceipt or misdescription
§ 400.7-204 Duty of care — contractual limitation of warehouseman’s liability.
§ 400.7-205 Title under warehouse receipt defeated in certain cases
§ 400.7-206 Termination of storage at warehouseman’s option
§ 400.7-207 Goods must be kept separate — fungible goods.
§ 400.7-208 Altered warehouse receipts
§ 400.7-209 Lien of warehouse
§ 400.7-210 Enforcement of warehouse’s lien
§ 400.7-301 Liability for nonreceipt or misdescription — “said to contain” — “shipper’s …
§ 400.7-302 Through bills of lading and similar documents
§ 400.7-303 Diversion — reconsignment — change of instructions.
§ 400.7-304 Bills of lading in a set
§ 400.7-305 Destination bills
§ 400.7-306 Altered bills of lading
§ 400.7-307 Lien of carrier
§ 400.7-308 Enforcement of carrier’s lien
§ 400.7-309 Duty of care — contractual limitation of carrier’s liability.
§ 400.7-401 Irregularities in issue of receipt or bill or conduct of issuer
§ 400.7-402 Duplicate receipt or bill — overissue.
§ 400.7-403 Obligation of warehouse or carrier to deliver — excuse.
§ 400.7-404 No liability for good faith delivery pursuant to receipt or bill
§ 400.7-501 Form of negotiation and requirements of “due negotiation”
§ 400.7-502 Rights acquired by due negotiation
§ 400.7-503 Document of title to goods defeated in certain cases
§ 400.7-504 Rights acquired in the absence of due negotiation — effect of diversion — …
§ 400.7-505 Indorser not a guarantor for other parties
§ 400.7-506 Delivery without indorsement — right to compel indorsement.
§ 400.7-507 Warranties on negotiation or transfer of receipt or bill
§ 400.7-508 Warranties of collecting bank as to documents
§ 400.7-509 Receipt or bill — when adequate compliance with commercial contract.
§ 400.7-601 Lost and missing documents
§ 400.7-602 Attachment of goods covered by a negotiable document
§ 400.7-603 Conflicting claims — interpleader.
§ 400.7-703 Applicability
§ 400.7-704 Savings clause
§ 400.8-101 Short title
§ 400.8-102 Definitions
§ 400.8-103 Rules for determining whether certain obligations and interests are ..
§ 400.8-104 Acquisition of security or financial asset or interest therein
§ 400.8-105 Notice of adverse claim
§ 400.8-106 Control
§ 400.8-107 Indorsement, instruction or entitlement order — effective, when.
§ 400.8-108 Warranties in direct holding
§ 400.8-109 Warranties in indirect holding
§ 400.8-110 Applicability; choice of law
§ 400.8-111 Clearing corporation rules
§ 400.8-112 Creditor’s legal process
§ 400.8-113 Statute of frauds inapplicable
§ 400.8-114 Evidentiary rules concerning certificated securities
§ 400.8-115 Securities intermediary and others not liable to adverse claimant
§ 400.8-116 Securities intermediary as purchaser for value
§ 400.8-117 Deposit of securities
§ 400.8-201 Issuer
§ 400.8-202 Issuer’s responsibility and defenses — notice of defect or defense.
§ 400.8-203 Staleness as notice of defects or defenses
§ 400.8-204 Effect of issuer’s restriction on transfer
§ 400.8-205 Effect of unauthorized signature on security certificate
§ 400.8-206 Completion or alteration of security certificate
§ 400.8-207 Rights and duties of issuer with respect to registered owners
§ 400.8-208 Effect of signature of authenticating trustee, registrar or transfer agent
§ 400.8-209 Issuer’s lien
§ 400.8-210 Overissue, definition
§ 400.8-301 Delivery
§ 400.8-302 Rights of purchaser
§ 400.8-303 Protected purchaser
§ 400.8-304 Indorsement
§ 400.8-305 Instruction
§ 400.8-306 Effect of guaranteeing signature, indorsement or instruction
§ 400.8-307 Purchaser’s right to requisites for registration of transfer
§ 400.8-401 Duty of issuer to register transfer
§ 400.8-402 Assurance that endorsement and instructions are effective
§ 400.8-403 Demand that issuer not register transfer
§ 400.8-404 Wrongful registration
§ 400.8-405 Replacement of lost, destroyed or wrongfully taken security certificates
§ 400.8-406 Obligation to notify issuer of lost, destroyed or wrongfully taken security ..
§ 400.8-407 Authenticating trustee, transfer agent and registrar
§ 400.8-501 Securities account — acquisition of security entitlement from securities …
§ 400.8-502 Assertion of adverse claim against entitlement holder
§ 400.8-503 Property interest of entitlement holder in financial asset held by ..
§ 400.8-504 Duty of securities intermediary to maintain financial asset
§ 400.8-505 Duty of securities intermediary with respect to payments and distributions
§ 400.8-506 Duty of securities intermediary to exercise rights as directed by ..
§ 400.8-507 Duty of securities intermediary to comply with entitlement order
§ 400.8-508 Duty of securities intermediary to change entitlement holder’s position to ..
§ 400.8-509 Specification of duties of securities intermediary by other statute or ..
§ 400.8-510 Rights of purchaser of security entitlement from entitlement holder
§ 400.8-511 Priority among security interests and entitlement holders
§ 400.8-601 Effect of amendments to article 8
§ 400.9-101 Short title
§ 400.9-102 Definitions and index of definitions
§ 400.9-103 Purchase-money security interest — application of payments — burden of …
§ 400.9-104 Control of deposit account
§ 400.9-105 Control of electronic chattel paper
§ 400.9-106 Control of investment property
§ 400.9-107 Control of letter-of-credit right
§ 400.9-108 Sufficiency of description
§ 400.9-109 Scope
§ 400.9-110 Security interests arising under Article 2 or 2A
§ 400.9-201 General effectiveness of security agreement
§ 400.9-202 Title to collateral immaterial
§ 400.9-203 Attachment and enforceability of security interest — proceeds — supporting …
§ 400.9-204 After-acquired property — future advances.
§ 400.9-205 Use or disposition of collateral permissible
§ 400.9-206 Security interest arising in purchase or delivery of financial asset
§ 400.9-207 Rights and duties of secured party having possession or control of collateral
§ 400.9-208 Additional duties of secured party having control of collateral
§ 400.9-209 Duties of secured party if account of debtor has been notified of assignment
§ 400.9-210 Request for accounting — request regarding list of collateral or statement …
§ 400.9-301 Law governing perfection and priority of security interests
§ 400.9-302 Law governing perfection and priority of agricultural liens
§ 400.9-303 Law governing perfection and priority of security interests in goods ..
§ 400.9-304 Law governing perfection and priority of security interests in deposit ..
§ 400.9-305 Law governing perfection and priority of security interests in investment ..
§ 400.9-306 Law governing perfection and priority of security interests in ..
§ 400.9-307 Location of debtor
§ 400.9-308 When security interests or agricultural lien is perfected — continuity of …
§ 400.9-309 Security interest perfected upon attachment
§ 400.9-310 When filing required to perfect security interest or agricultural lien — …
§ 400.9-311 Perfection of security interests in property subject to certain statutes, ..
§ 400.9-312 Perfection of security interests in chattel paper, deposit accounts, ..
§ 400.9-313 When possession by or delivery to secured party perfects security interest ..
§ 400.9-314 Perfection by control
§ 400.9-315 Secured party’s rights on disposition of collateral and in proceeds
§ 400.9-316 Effect of change in governing law
§ 400.9-317 Interests that take priority over or take free of security interest or ..
§ 400.9-318 No interest retained in right to payment that is sold — rights and title of …
§ 400.9-319 Rights and title of consignee with respect to creditors and purchasers
§ 400.9-320 Buyer of goods
§ 400.9-321 Licensee of general intangible and lessee of goods in ordinary course of ..
§ 400.9-322 Priorities among conflicting security interests in and agricultural liens ..
§ 400.9-323 Future advances
§ 400.9-324 Priority of purchase-money security interests
§ 400.9-325 Priority in security interests in transferred collateral
§ 400.9-326 Priority of security interests created by new debtor
§ 400.9-327 Priority of secured interests in deposit account
§ 400.9-328 Priority in security interests in investment property
§ 400.9-329 Priority of security interests in letter-of-credit right
§ 400.9-330 Priority of purchaser of chattel paper or instrument
§ 400.9-331 Priority of rights of purchasers of instruments, documents, and securities ..
§ 400.9-332 Transfer of money — transfer of funds from deposit account.
§ 400.9-333 Priority of certain liens arising by operation of law
§ 400.9-334 Priority of security interests in fixtures and crops
§ 400.9-335 Accessions
§ 400.9-336 Commingled goods
§ 400.9-337 Priority of security interests in goods covered by certificate of title
§ 400.9-338 Priority of security interest or agricultural lien perfected by filed ..
§ 400.9-339 Priority subject to subordination
§ 400.9-340 Effectiveness of right of recoupment or set-off against deposit account
§ 400.9-341 Bank’s rights and duties with respect to deposit account
§ 400.9-342 Bank’s right to refuse to enter into or disclose existence of control ..
§ 400.9-401 Alienability of debtor’s rights
§ 400.9-402 Secured party not obligated on contract of debtor or in tort
§ 400.9-403 Agreement not to assert defenses against assignee
§ 400.9-404 Rights acquired by assignee — claims and defenses against assignee.
§ 400.9-405 Modification of assigned contract
§ 400.9-406 Discharge of account debtor — notification of assignment — identification …
§ 400.9-407 Restrictions on creation or enforcement of security interest in leasehold ..
§ 400.9-408 Restrictions on assignment of promissory notes, health care insurance ..
§ 400.9-409 Restrictions on assignment of letter-of-credit rights ineffective
§ 400.9-501 Filing office
§ 400.9-502 Contents of financing statement — record of mortgage as financing statement …
§ 400.9-503 Name of debtor and secured party
§ 400.9-504 Indication of collateral
§ 400.9-505 Filing and compliance with other statutes and treaties for consignments, ..
§ 400.9-506 Effect of errors or omissions
§ 400.9-507 Effect of certain events on effectiveness of financing statement
§ 400.9-508 Effectiveness of financing statement if new debtor becomes bound by ..
§ 400.9-509 Persons entitled to file a record
§ 400.9-510 Effectiveness of filed record
§ 400.9-511 Secured party of record
§ 400.9-512 Amendment of financing statement
§ 400.9-513 Termination statement
§ 400.9-514 Assignment of powers of secured party of record
§ 400.9-515 Duration and effectiveness of financing statement — effect of lapsed …
§ 400.9-516 What constitutes filing — effectiveness of filing.
§ 400.9-517 Effect of indexing errors
§ 400.9-518 Claim concerning inaccurate or wrongfully filed record
§ 400.9-519 Numbering, maintaining, and indexing records — communicating information …
§ 400.9-520 Acceptance and refusal to accept record
§ 400.9-521 Uniform form of written financing statement and amendment
§ 400.9-522 Maintenance and destruction of records
§ 400.9-523 Information from filing office — sale or license of records.
§ 400.9-524 Delay by filing office
§ 400.9-525 Fees
§ 400.9-526 Filing office rules
§ 400.9-527 Duty to report
§ 400.9-528 Additional fee — expiration date.
§ 400.9-601 Rights after default — judicial enforcement — consignor or buyer of …
§ 400.9-602 Waiver of variance of rights and duties
§ 400.9-603 Agreement on standards concerning rights and duties
§ 400.9-604 Procedure if security agreement covers real property or fixtures
§ 400.9-605 Unknown debtor or secondary obligor
§ 400.9-606 Time of default for agricultural lien
§ 400.9-607 Collection and enforcement by secured party
§ 400.9-608 Application of proceeds of collection or enforcement — liability for …
§ 400.9-609 Secured party’s right to take possession after default
§ 400.9-610 Disposition of collateral after default
§ 400.9-611 Notification before disposition of collateral
§ 400.9-612 Timeliness of notification before disposition of collateral
§ 400.9-613 Contents and form of notification before disposition of collateral: general
§ 400.9-614 Contents and form of notification before disposition of collateral: ..
§ 400.9-615 Application of proceeds of disposition — liability for deficiency and right …
§ 400.9-616 Explanation of calculation of surplus or deficiency
§ 400.9-617 Rights of transferee of collateral
§ 400.9-618 Rights and duties of certain secondary obligors
§ 400.9-619 Transfer of record or legal title
§ 400.9-620 Acceptance of collateral in full or partial satisfaction of obligation — …
§ 400.9-621 Notification of proposal to accept collateral
§ 400.9-622 Effect of acceptance of collateral
§ 400.9-623 Right to redeem collateral
§ 400.9-624 Waiver
§ 400.9-625 Remedies for secured party’s failure to comply with article
§ 400.9-626 Action in which deficiency or surplus is in issue
§ 400.9-627 Determination of whether conduct was commercially reasonable
§ 400.9-628 Nonliability and limitation on liability of secured party — liability of …
§ 400.9-701 Definition of this act
§ 400.9-702 Savings clause
§ 400.9-703 Security interest perfected before effective date
§ 400.9-704 Security interest unperfected before effective date
§ 400.9-705 Effectiveness of action taken before effective date
§ 400.9-706 When initial financing statement suffices to continue effectiveness of ..
§ 400.9-707 Amendment of pre-effective-date financing statement
§ 400.9-708 Persons entitled to file initial financing statement or continuation statement
§ 400.9-709 Priority
§ 400.9-710 Local filing office to maintain former article 9 records
§ 400.9-801 This act reference
§ 400.9-802 Savings clause
§ 400.9-803 Security interest perfected before effective date
§ 400.9-804 Security interest unperfected before effective date
§ 400.9-805 Effectiveness of action taken before effective date
§ 400.9-806 When initial financing statement suffices to continue effectiveness of ..
§ 400.9-807 Amendment of pre-effective-date financing statement
§ 400.9-808 Person entitled to file initial financing statement or continuation statement
§ 400.9-809 Priority
§ 400.10-101 Provision for transition
§ 400.10-102 Laws not repealed
§ 400.11-103 General rule, transactions before and after code changes
§ 400.11-104 Requirement of filing, transitional provision
§ 400.11-105 Place of filing, transitional provision
§ 400.11-106 Required refilings
§ 400.11-107 Priorities, transitional provision
§ 400.11-108 Interpretation of chapter

Terms Used In Missouri Laws > Chapter 400 - Uniform Commercial Code

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executor: includes administrator where the subject matter applies to an administrator. See Missouri Laws 1.020
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • following: when used by way of reference to any section of the statutes, mean the section next preceding or next following that in which the reference is made, unless some other section is expressly designated in the reference. See Missouri Laws 1.020
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: if used in a section in a context relating to property rights or obligations, means conservator of the estate as defined in Missouri Laws 1.020
  • hereafter: means the time after the statute containing it takes effect. See Missouri Laws 1.020
  • Incompetent: if used in a section in a context relating to actual occupational ability without reference to a court adjudication of incompetency, means the actual ability of a person to perform in that occupation. See Missouri Laws 1.020
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Month: means a calendar month, and "year" means a calendar year unless otherwise expressed, and is equivalent to the words year of our Lord. See Missouri Laws 1.020
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • person: may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate, and to partnerships and other unincorporated associations. See Missouri Laws 1.020
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidences of debt. See Missouri Laws 1.020
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Property: includes real and personal property. See Missouri Laws 1.020
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • State: when applied to any of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories, and the words "United States" includes such district and territories. See Missouri Laws 1.020
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • United States: includes such district and territories. See Missouri Laws 1.020
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.