Terms Used In New Hampshire Revised Statutes > Chapter 356-A
- Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
- Agent: means any person who represents, or acts for or on behalf of, a subdivider in selling or leasing, or offering to sell or lease, any lot, parcel, unit or interest in a subdivision, but shall not include an attorney-at-law whose representation of another person consists solely of rendering legal services;
X. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 356-A:1
- Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
- Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
- Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
- Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
- Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
- Blanket encumbrance: means a trust, deed, mortgage, judgment, or any other lien or encumbrance, including but not limited to an option or contract to sell or a trust agreement, affecting a subdivision or affecting more than one lot, parcel, unit or interest offered within a subdivision, except that such term shall not include any lien or other encumbrance arising as the result:
(a) Of the imposition of any tax assessment by any public authority;
(b) Of easements; or
(c) Of conditions, covenants, and restrictions which affect the subdivisions;
XI. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 356-A:1
- Broker: means a real estate broker duly licensed in this state pursuant to RSA 331-A;
VIII. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 356-A:1
- Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- Days: means calendar days, unless modified by the word "business" in which case said term shall include all days except Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays in the state of New Hampshire. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 356-A:1
- Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
- Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
- Dispose: or "disposition" refers to any sale, contract, assignment, or any other voluntary transfer of a legal or equitable interest in a lot, parcel, unit or interest in subdivided lands, except as security for a debt. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 356-A:1
- disposition: refers to any sale, contract, assignment, or any other voluntary transfer of a legal or equitable interest in a lot, parcel, unit or interest in subdivided lands, except as security for a debt;
II. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 356-A:1
- Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
- Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
- Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
- Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
- Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
- following: when used by way of reference to any section of these laws, shall mean the section next preceding or following that in which such reference is made, unless some other is expressly designated. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:13
- Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
- governing body: shall mean the board of selectmen in a town, the board of aldermen or council in a city or town with a town council, the school board in a school district or the village district commissioners in a village district, or when used to refer to unincorporated towns or unorganized places, or both, the county commissioners. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:48
- Hearing: means a hearing open to the public;
XV. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 356-A:1
- Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
- Interest: includes , without limitation, any fee simple interest, leasehold interest for a term of more than 5 years, life estate and time sharing interest;
XVI. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 356-A:1
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- justice: when applied to a magistrate, shall mean a justice of a municipal court, or a justice of the peace having jurisdiction over the subject-matter. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:12
- Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
- Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
- Life estate: A property interest limited in duration to the life of the individual holding the interest (life tenant).
- Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
- Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
- oath: shall include "affirmation" in all cases where by law an affirmation may be substituted for an oath; and, in like cases, the word "sworn" shall include the word "affirmed. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:24
- Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
- Offer: means any inducement, solicitation, or attempt to encourage any person or persons to acquire any legal or equitable interest in a lot, parcel, unit or interest in subdivided lands, except as security for a debt;
III. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 356-A:1
- Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
- Person: means a natural person, corporation, partnership, association, trust, or other entity capable of holding title to real property, or any combination thereof;
IV. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 356-A:1
- Personal property: All property that is not real property.
- petition: when used in connection with the equity jurisdiction of the superior court, and referring to a document filed with the court, shall mean complaint, and "petitioner" shall mean plaintiff. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:51
- Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
- Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
- Publicly held corporation: means a corporation
(a) Having more than 50 stockholders of record; or
(b) Which is actively traded on one of the major stock exchanges;
XII. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 356-A:1
- Purchaser: means any person or persons who acquire by means of a voluntary transfer a legal or equitable interest in a lot, parcel, unit or interest in subdivided lands, except as security for a debt;
V. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 356-A:1
- real estate: shall include lands, tenements, and hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:21
- Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
- registered mail: when used in connection with the requirement for notice by mail shall mean either registered mail or certified mail. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:32-a
- Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
- Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
- Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
- state: when applied to different parts of the United States, may extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories, so called; and the words "United States" shall include said district and territories. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:4
- Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
- Subdivider: means a person who is an owner of subdivided land or one who offers it for disposition. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 356-A:1
- Subdivision: and "subdivided lands" mean any land in this or another state which is, or has been, or is proposed to be, divided for the purpose of disposition into lots, parcels, units or interests and also include any land whether contiguous or not if said lots, parcels, units or interests are offered as a part of a common promotional plan of advertising and sale. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 356-A:1
- Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
- Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
- Subsidiary corporation: means any corporation, the stock of which is more than 50 percent owned by another corporation or corporations;
XIII. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 356-A:1
- Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
- Time sharing interest: means the exclusive right to occupy one or more lots, parcels, or units, including campground sites, for less than 60 days each year for a period of more than 5 years from the date of execution of an instrument for the disposition of such right, regardless of whether such right is accompanied by a fee simple interest or a leasehold, or neither of them, in said lots, parcels or units. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 356-A:1
- Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
- United States: shall include said district and territories. See New Hampshire Revised Statutes 21:4