§ 430 Purpose of Article
§ 431 Definitions
§ 432 Practice of Barbering; License Required; Apprentices
§ 433 Powers of the Secretary of State
§ 434 License After Examination; Application to Take
§ 435 License Without Examination; Temporary Licenses
§ 436 Sanitary Rules
§ 437 Apprentices
§ 438 Barber Shop Owners’ License; Requirements
§ 439 Licenses; Display; Renewal; Duplicates
§ 440 Fees
§ 441 Suspension and Revocation of Licenses and Certificates
§ 442 Hearing On Charges; Decision
§ 443 Judicial Review
§ 444 Violations and Penalties
§ 444-A Official Acts Used as Evidence
§ 445 Disposition of Moneys Derived From Operation of Article
§ 446 Application of Article
§ 447 Separability Clause

Terms Used In New York Laws > General Business > Article 28

  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Apprentice: means a person pursuing in good faith a course of study in the practice of barbering under the tutelage, supervision and direction of a licensee and who assists such licensee in such practice. See N.Y. General Business Law 431
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Barber: means a person who engages in the practice of barbering. See N.Y. General Business Law 431
  • Barber shop: means any store, establishment, place or premises or part thereof where the practice of barbering is engaged in. See N.Y. General Business Law 431
  • Barber shop owner: is a person who operates or conducts a barber shop as defined by subdivision eight of this section. See N.Y. General Business Law 431
  • barbering: means and includes the performance of the following practices upon the head of a human being for any purpose whatsoever except for the treatment of disease or of physical or mental ailments:

    (a) Shaving or trimming the beard or cutting the hair of humans;

    (b) Giving facial or scalp massage with oils, creams, lotions or other preparations, either by hand or mechanical appliances;

    (c) Singeing, shampooing, arranging, dressing or dyeing the hair or applying hair tonic;

    (d) Applying cosmetic preparations, antiseptics, powders, oils, clays or lotions to scalp, face or neck. See N.Y. General Business Law 431

  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Department: means the department of state. See N.Y. General Business Law 431
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Licensee: means a person permitted to engage in the practice of barbering pursuant to this article. See N.Y. General Business Law 431
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: means an individual, firm, company, partnership or corporation. See N.Y. General Business Law 431
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Satisfactory: means satisfactory to the secretary of state. See N.Y. General Business Law 431
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.