§ 2-101 Short Title
§ 2-102 Scope; Certain Security and Other Transactions Excluded From This Article
§ 2-103 Definitions and Index of Definitions
§ 2-104 Definitions: “merchant”; “between Merchants”; “financing Agency”
§ 2-105 Definitions: Transferability; “goods”; “future” Goods; “lot”; “commercial Unit”
§ 2-106 Definitions. “contract”, “agreement”; “contract for Sale”; “sale”; “present Sale”; “conforming” to Contract; “termination”; “cancellation”
§ 2-107 Goods to Be Severed From Realty: Recording

Terms Used In New York Laws > Uniform Commercial Code > Article 2 > Part 1 - Short Title, General Construction and Subject Matter

  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Buyer: means a person who buys or contracts to buy goods. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-103
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Contract for sale: includes both a present sale of goods and a contract to sell goods at a future time. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-106
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Employee: includes any individual employed or permitted to work by an employer on a farm but shall not include: (a) domestic service in the home of the employer; (b) the parent, spouse, child or other member of the employer's immediate family; (c) a minor under seventeen years of age employed as a hand harvest worker on the same farm as his parent or guardian and who is paid on a piece-rate basis at the same piece rate as employees seventeen years of age or over; or (d) an individual employed or permitted to work for a federal, state, or a municipal government or political subdivision thereof. See N.Y. Labor Law 671
  • Employer: includes any individual, partnership, association, corporation, cooperative, business trust, legal representative, or any organized group of persons acting as an employer of an individual employed or permitted to work on a farm. See N.Y. Labor Law 671
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Farm: includes stock, dairy, poultry, furbearing animal, fruit and truck farms, plantations, orchards, nurseries, greenhouses, or other similar structures, used primarily for the raising of agricultural or horticultural commodities. See N.Y. Labor Law 671
  • Hours worked: means the time that a farm worker is permitted to work in the fields or at his assigned place of work, and shall include time spent on a single farm in going from one field to another, or in waiting for baskets, pick-up, or for similar purposes; provided, however, that time not worked because of weather conditions shall not be considered as hours worked. See N.Y. Labor Law 671
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • present sale: means a sale which is accomplished by the making of the contract. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-106
  • Seller: means a person who sells or contracts to sell goods. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 2-103
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Wage: includes allowances in the amount determined in accordance with the provisions of this article for meals, lodging, and other items, service and facilities when furnished by the employer to his employees. See N.Y. Labor Law 671