Collateral costs: means expenses incurred by a consumer in connection with the repair of a nonconformity, including the cost of sales tax and of obtaining alternative assistive technology. See Utah Code 70A-2-802
Consumer: means any person including a public agency or other private organization, who acquires assistive technology on behalf of or for the benefit of an individual who:
purchases assistive technology from a manufacturer, its agent, or authorized dealer for purposes other than resale;
obtains or otherwise receives assistive technology for purposes other than resale, but only if the transfer occurs before the expiration of any applicable express warranties;
possesses the right to enforce the warranty; or
leases assistive technology from an authorized lessor under a written lease. See Utah Code 70A-2-802
Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
Contract for sale: includes both a present sale of goods and a contract to sell goods at a future time. See Utah Code 70A-2-106
Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
Dealer: means a person who is in the business of selling assistive technology. See Utah Code 70A-2-802
Demonstrator: means assistive technology used primarily for the purpose of demonstration to the public. See Utah Code 70A-2-802
Disbursements: means the amount of money consumers may receive as part of a damage award based upon the pro rata share of investment by the consumers. See Utah Code 70A-2-802
Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
Early termination cost: means any expense or obligation that a lessor incurs as a result of both the termination of a written lease before the termination date set forth in that lease and the return of the assistive technology to the manufacturer. See Utah Code 70A-2-802
Early termination savings: means any expense or obligation that a lessor avoids as a result of both the termination of a written lease before the termination date set forth in that lease and the return of assistive technology to a manufacturer which shall include an interest charge that the lessor would have paid to finance the assistive technology or, if the lessor does not finance the assistive technology, the difference between the total period of the lease term remaining after the early termination and the present value of that amount at the date of the early termination. See Utah Code 70A-2-802
Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
Highway: means the entire width between property lines of every way or place of any nature when any part of it is open to the use of the public as a matter of right for vehicular travel. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
Lessee: means a person who leases assistive technology as a consumer under a written lease. See Utah Code 70A-2-802
Lessor: means a person who leases assistive technology to consumers or who holds the lessor's rights under a written lease. See Utah Code 70A-2-802
Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
Manufacturer: means a person who manufactures or assembles assistive technology including agents of that person, an importer, a distributor, a factory branch, distributor branch, and any warrantors of the manufacturer's assistive technology, but does not include a dealer or lessor of assistive technology. See Utah Code 70A-2-802
Motor vehicle: means a vehicle that is self-propelled and a vehicle that is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Motorcycle: means :
a motor vehicle, other than a tractor, having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel with not more than three wheels in contact with the ground; or
Nonconformity: means any defect, condition, or malfunction which substantially impairs the use, value, or safety of assistive technology, but does not include a condition, defect, or malfunction that is the result of abuse, neglect, or unauthorized modification or alternation of the assistive technology by the consumer. See Utah Code 70A-2-802
Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
Person: means a natural person, firm, copartnership, association, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, governmental agency, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
present sale: means a sale which is accomplished by the making of the contract. See Utah Code 70A-2-106
Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
Semitrailer: means a vehicle with or without motive power:
designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle; and
constructed so that some part of its weight and that of its load rests on or is carried by another vehicle. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes a state, district, or territory of the United States. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
Trailer: means a vehicle with or without motive power designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and constructed so that no part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
Truck: means a motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of property. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Truck tractor: means a motor vehicle:
designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles; and
constructed to carry a part of the weight of the vehicle and load drawn by the truck tractor. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
Vehicle: means a device in, on, or by which a person or property is or may be transported or drawn on a highway, except a mobile carrier, as defined in Section 41-6a-1120, or a device used exclusively on stationary rails or tracks. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Vessel: when used with reference to shipping, includes a steamboat, canal boat, and every structure adapted to be navigated from place to place. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5