14-453 Definitions
14-453.1 Exceptions
14-453.2 Jurisdiction
14-454 Accessing computers
14-454.1 Accessing government computers
14-455 Damaging computers, computer programs, computer systems, computer networks, and resources
14-456 Denial of computer services to an authorized user
14-456.1 Denial of government computer services to an authorized user
14-457 Extortion
14-458 Computer trespass; penalty
14-458.1 Cyber-bullying; penalty
14-458.2 Cyber-bullying of school employee by student; penalty

Terms Used In North Carolina General Statutes > Chapter 14 > Article 60

  • Access: means to instruct, communicate with, cause input, cause output, cause data processing, or otherwise make use of any resources of a computer, computer system, or computer network. See North Carolina General Statutes 14-453
  • Authorization: means having the consent or permission of the owner, or of the person licensed or authorized by the owner to grant consent or permission to access a computer, computer system, or computer network in a manner not exceeding the consent or permission. See North Carolina General Statutes 14-453
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Commercial electronic mail: means messages sent and received electronically consisting of commercial advertising material, the principal purpose of which is to promote the for-profit sale or lease of goods or services to the recipient. See North Carolina General Statutes 14-453
  • Commission: means the Environmental Management Commission. See North Carolina General Statutes 143-350
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Computer: means an internally programmed, automatic device that performs data processing or telephone switching. See North Carolina General Statutes 14-453
  • Computer network: means the interconnection of communication systems with a computer through remote terminals, or a complex consisting of two or more interconnected computers or telephone switching equipment. See North Carolina General Statutes 14-453
  • Computer program: means an ordered set of data that are coded instructions or statements that when executed by a computer cause the computer to process data. See North Carolina General Statutes 14-453
  • Computer software: means a set of computer programs, procedures and associated documentation concerned with the operation of a computer, computer system, or computer network. See North Carolina General Statutes 14-453
  • Computer system: means at least one computer together with a set of related, connected, or unconnected peripheral devices. See North Carolina General Statutes 14-453
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Data: means a representation of information, facts, knowledge, concepts, or instructions prepared in a formalized or other manner and intended for use in a computer, computer system, or computer network. See North Carolina General Statutes 14-453
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the Department of Environmental Quality. See North Carolina General Statutes 143-350
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Electronic mail: means the same as the term is defined in G. See North Carolina General Statutes 14-453
  • Electronic mail service provider: means any person who (i) is an intermediary in sending or receiving electronic mail and (ii) provides to end users of electronic mail services the ability to send or receive electronic mail. See North Carolina General Statutes 14-453
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Essential water use: means the use of water necessary for firefighting, health, and safety; water needed to sustain human and animal life; and water necessary to satisfy federal, State, and local laws for the protection of public health, safety, welfare, the environment, and natural resources; and a minimum amount of water necessary to support and sustain the economy of the State, region, or area. See North Carolina General Statutes 143-350
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • following: when used by way of reference to any section of a statute, shall be construed to mean the section next preceding or next following that in which such reference is made; unless when some other section is expressly designated in such reference. See North Carolina General Statutes 12-3
  • Government computer: means any computer, computer program, computer system, computer network, or any part thereof, that is owned, operated, or used by any State or local governmental entity. See North Carolina General Statutes 14-453
  • Gray water: means water that is discharged as waste from bathtubs, showers, wash basins, and clothes washers. See North Carolina General Statutes 143-350
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • in writing: may be construed to include printing, engraving, lithographing, and any other mode of representing words and letters: Provided, that in all cases where a written signature is required by law, the same shall be in a proper handwriting, or in a proper mark. See North Carolina General Statutes 12-3
  • Internet chat room: means a computer service allowing two or more users to communicate with each other in real time. See North Carolina General Statutes 14-453
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Large community water system: means a community water system, as defined in G. See North Carolina General Statutes 143-350
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • month: shall be construed to mean a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed; and the word "year" a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed; and the word "year" alone shall be equivalent to the expression "year of our Lord. See North Carolina General Statutes 12-3
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Pretreatment mixing basin: means a basin created from lands that do not include waters of the State and in which raw water is mixed with reclaimed water before it is treated to the standards to make it suitable for potable water supply. See North Carolina General Statutes 143-350
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Profile: means (i) a configuration of user data required by a computer so that the user may access programs or services and have the desired functionality on that computer or (ii) a Web site user's personal page or section of a page made up of data, in text or graphical form, which displays significant, unique, or identifying information, including, but not limited to, listing acquaintances, interests, associations, activities, or personal statements. See North Carolina General Statutes 14-453
  • property: shall include all property, both real and personal. See North Carolina General Statutes 12-3
  • Property: includes financial instruments, information, including electronically processed or produced data, and computer software and computer programs in either machine or human readable form, and any other tangible or intangible item of value. See North Carolina General Statutes 14-453
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Services: includes computer time, data processing and storage functions. See North Carolina General Statutes 14-453
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, shall be construed to extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories, so called; and the words "United States" shall be construed to include the said district and territories and all dependencies. See North Carolina General Statutes 12-3
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Unit of local government: means a county, city, consolidated city-county, sanitary district, or other local political subdivision or authority or agency of local government. See North Carolina General Statutes 143-350
  • United States: shall be construed to include the said district and territories and all dependencies. See North Carolina General Statutes 12-3
  • Unsolicited: means not addressed to a recipient with whom the initiator has an existing business or personal relationship and not sent at the request of, or with the express consent of, the recipient. See North Carolina General Statutes 14-453
  • Water shortage emergency: means a water shortage resulting from prolonged drought, contamination of the water supply, damage to water infrastructure, or other unforeseen causes that presents an imminent threat to public health, safety, and welfare or to the environment. See North Carolina General Statutes 143-350