1.    An aviation manufacturer may not be held liable in a product liability action if the defendant establishes that the harm was caused after the period of useful safe life of the aircraft or aircraft component had expired. The useful safe life of an aircraft or aircraft component may be measured in units of time or in other units that accurately gauge the useful safe life of a product.

Terms Used In North Dakota Code 28-01.4-04

  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.

2.    In a claim for relief that involves injury more than ten years after the date of first delivery of the aircraft or aircraft component to the first user, purchaser, or lessee, a disputable presumption arises that the harm was caused after the useful safe life had expired. The presumption may only be rebutted by clear and convincing evidence. If the aviation manufacturer or seller expressly warrants that its product can be utilized safely for a period longer than ten years, the period of repose is extended according to the warranty or promise.

3.    With respect to any aircraft component that replaced another product originally in, or which was added to, the aircraft, and which is alleged to have caused the claimant’s damages, no claim for damages may be made after the useful safe life of the component, the period stated in the warranty, or ten years after manufacture of the component, whichever is later.

4.    A product liability action may not be brought more than two years after the time the claimant discovered, or in the exercise of due diligence should have discovered, the harm and cause of the action.