§ 2105.01 No distinction between ancestral and nonancestral or real and personal property
§ 2105.02 Construction of living and died
§ 2105.03 Determination of next of kin
§ 2105.04 Permanent leases to descend same as estates in fee
§ 2105.051 Advancements – time of valuation
§ 2105.052 Debts owed to decedent
§ 2105.06 Statute of descent and distribution
§ 2105.061 Real property subject to monetary charge of surviving spouse
§ 2105.062 Children conceived as result of rape or sexual battery
§ 2105.07 Escheat of personal estate
§ 2105.08 Application of provisions relating to escheating estates
§ 2105.09 Disposition of escheated lands
§ 2105.10 Parent abandoning minor child barred from intestate succession
§ 2105.11 Estate to descend equally to children of intestate
§ 2105.12 Descent when all descendants of equal degree of consanguinity
§ 2105.13 Descent when children and heirs of deceased children are living
§ 2105.14 Child conceived before intestate’s death
§ 2105.15 Designation of heir at law
§ 2105.16 Heirs of aliens may inherit – aliens may hold lands
§ 2105.17 Children born out of wedlock
§ 2105.19 Persons prohibited from benefiting by the death of another
§ 2105.20 Waste by tenant for life
§ 2105.25 Filing declaration alleging fatherhood of adult child
§ 2105.26 Order declaring fatherhood of adult child
§ 2105.31 Uniform simultaneous death act definitions
§ 2105.32 Person is deemed to have predeceased another person
§ 2105.33 Person deemed to have predeceased specified event
§ 2105.34 Co-owners with right of survivorship
§ 2105.35 Determination and evidence of death and status
§ 2105.36 Provisions of governing instrument
§ 2105.37 Payor or third party not liable
§ 2105.38 Retroactivity
§ 2105.39 Uniformity of laws
§ 2105.40 Citation

Terms Used In Ohio Code > Chapter 2105 - Descent and Distribution

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Another: when used to designate the owner of property which is the subject of an offense, includes not only natural persons but also every other owner of property. See Ohio Code 1.02
  • Child: includes child by adoption. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Circumstantial evidence: All evidence except eyewitness testimony.
  • Common disaster: A sudden and extraordinary misfortune that brings about the simultaneous or near-simultaneous deaths of two or more associated persons, such as husband and wife.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • in writing: includes any representation of words, letters, symbols, or figures; this provision does not affect any law relating to signatures. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Per stirpes: The legal means by which the children of a decedent, upon the death of an ancestor at a level above that of the decedent, receive by right of representation the share of the ancestor
  • Person: includes an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, and association. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Property: means real and personal property. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • Rule: includes regulation. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • state: means the state of Ohio. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • United States: includes all the states. See Ohio Code 1.59