South Carolina Code > Title 17 > Chapter 24 – Mentally Ill or Insane Defendants
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Terms Used In South Carolina Code > Title 17 > Chapter 24 - Mentally Ill or Insane Defendants
- Administrative Law Court: means the Administrative Law Court created by § 1-23-500. See South Carolina Code 12-60-30
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Assessment: means the department's recording the liability of the taxpayer in the office of the department, subject to the restrictions in § 12-60-440. See South Carolina Code 12-60-30
- assessor: means a county officer or official who issues an official property tax assessment for real property. See South Carolina Code 12-60-30
- auditor: means a county officer or official who issues an official property tax assessment for personal property. See South Carolina Code 12-60-30
- Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- Department: means the South Carolina Department of Revenue. See South Carolina Code 12-60-30
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
- Personal property: All property that is not real property.
- Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
- Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
- Property tax: means ad valorem taxes on real and personal property. See South Carolina Code 12-60-30
- Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
- Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
- Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
- Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
- taxes: means taxes, licenses, permits, fees, or other amounts, including interest, regulatory and other penalties, and civil fines, imposed by this title, or subject to assessment or collection by the department. See South Carolina Code 12-60-30
- Taxpayer: includes a licensee and an applicant for a license, issued by or administered by the department. See South Carolina Code 12-60-30
- Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
- Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.