Article 1 General Provisions 15-16-1 – 15-16-3
Article 2 Confined Persons 15-16-20 – 15-16-24
Article 3 Commitment 15-16-41 – 15-16-43
Article 4 Criminal Psychopath Release Restriction Act 15-16-60 – 15-16-71

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 15 > Chapter 16

  • ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES: Any alcoholic, spirituous, vinous, fermented, or other alcoholic beverage, or combination of liquors and mixed liquor, a part of which is spirituous, vinous, fermented, or otherwise alcoholic, and all drinks or drinkable liquids, preparations or mixtures intended for beverage purposes, which contain one-half of one percent or more of alcohol by volume, and shall include liquor, beer, and wine. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Authority: means the Anniston Downtown Development Authority, a public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this part. See Alabama Code 45-8A-20.01
  • Authorizing resolution: means a resolution adopted by the governing body of the city in accordance with the provisions of Section 45-8A-20. See Alabama Code 45-8A-20.01
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • barber: Any person licensed under this part to do the work of a barber. See Alabama Code 45-49-40.01
  • BARBER SCHOOL: Any establishment rendering for compensation the several services constituting the barber shop trade, but having for its primary purpose the teaching, for tuition fees, of the theories and practices of such services. See Alabama Code 45-49-40.01
  • BARBER SHOP: Any establishment having as its primary purpose the rendering for compensation of the several services constituting the barber shop trade. See Alabama Code 45-49-40.01
  • Board: means the board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-8A-20.01
  • board: The Alcoholic Beverage Control Board. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • Bonds: means and shall include bonds, notes, and certificates representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 45-8A-20.01
  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • cider: A fermented alcoholic beverage made from apple juice and containing not more than 8. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • City: means the City of Anniston, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-8A-20.01
  • container: The single bottle, can, keg, bag, or other receptacle, not a carton, in which alcoholic beverages are originally packaged for the market by the manufacturer or importer and from which the alcoholic beverage is consumed by or dispensed to the public. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • corporation: A corporation or joint stock association organized under the laws of this state, the United States, or any other state, territory or foreign country, or dependency. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Director: means a member of the board of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-8A-20.01
  • distribution: A transfer of property, including cash, from an entity to an owner or member of the entity in the owner's or member's capacity as an owner or member. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, means governed as to its internal affairs by this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Downtown development area: means the central business district of the city as established by ordinance of the city council. See Alabama Code 45-8A-20.01
  • DRY MUNICIPALITY: Any municipality within a wet county which has, by its governing body or by a majority of those voting in a municipal election heretofore held in accordance with the provisions of Section 28-2-22, or in a municipal option election heretofore or hereafter held in accordance with the provisions of Act 84-408, Acts of Alabama 1984, appearing as Chapter 2A of this title, or any act hereafter enacted permitting municipal option election, voted to exclude the sale of alcoholic beverages within the corporate limits of the municipality. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • entity: A domestic or foreign organization. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, means governed as to its internal affairs by the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN ENTITY: An entity governed as to its internal affairs by the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Governing body: means , with respect to the city, its city council, board of commissioners, or other like governing body. See Alabama Code 45-8A-20.01
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Incorporators: means the persons forming a public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this part. See Alabama Code 45-8A-20.01
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • INDUSTRIAL ALCOHOL: Ethyl alcohol and alcohol denatured as provided in this chapter, but specifically excluding ethyl alcohol and denatured alcohol used in the manufacture of alternative fuel sources for motor vehicles. See Alabama Code 28-5-1
  • INDUSTRIAL ALCOHOL PLANT: The alcohol distillery, denaturing plant, and all the premises used in connection therewith, but specifically excluding any plant and premises used in the manufacture of alternative fuel sources for motor vehicles. See Alabama Code 28-5-1
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • mead: An alcoholic beverage produced by fermenting a solution of honey and water with grain mash and containing not more than 18 percent alcohol by volume. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • month: means a calendar month. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • permittee: The person, firm, or corporation to whom the permit provided for in this chapter is issued. See Alabama Code 28-5-1
  • person: Every natural person, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Principal office: means the place at which the certificate of incorporation and amendments thereto, the bylaws and the minutes of the proceedings of the board of the authority are kept. See Alabama Code 45-8A-20.01
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Project: means interests in land, buildings, structures, facilities, or other improvements located or to be located within the downtown development area, and any fixtures, machinery, equipment, furniture, or other property of any nature whatsoever used on, in, or in connection with any such land, interest in land, building, structure, facility, or other improvement, all for the essential public purpose of the development of trade, commerce, industry, and employment opportunities in downtown development area. See Alabama Code 45-8A-20.01
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • State: means the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-8A-20.01
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • student: Any person attending barber school for the purpose of learning the theories and practice of the barber shop trade and who receives no compensation for so doing. See Alabama Code 45-49-40.01
  • TABLE WINE: Except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, any wine containing not more than 24 percent alcohol by volume. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • wine: All beverages made from the fermentation of fruits, berries, or grapes, with or without added spirits, and produced in accordance with the laws and regulations of the United States, containing not more than 24 percent alcohol by volume, and shall include all sparkling wines, carbonated wines, special natural wines, rectified wines, vermouths, vinous beverages, vinous liquors, and like products, including restored or unrestored pure condensed juice. See Alabama Code 28-3-1