Article 1 General Provisions 15-16-1 – 15-16-3
Article 2 Confined Persons 15-16-20 – 15-16-24
Article 3 Commitment 15-16-41 – 15-16-43
Article 4 Criminal Psychopath Release Restriction Act 15-16-60 – 15-16-71

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 15 > Chapter 16

  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • approved: A device, process, equipment, or method approved by the chief; provided, that if any interested person so requests, the secretary shall review such approval. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • APPROVED COMPETENT PERSON: A person who has at least nine months of practical experience, has knowledge of mine roof, timbering, and ventilation, has good judgment and who has demonstrated knowledge of mine gases and use of permissible flame safety lamps, methane and oxygen detectors, such demonstration to be given and made of record in a manner prescribed by the chief of the division. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Articles of incorporation: include amended and restated articles of incorporation and, in the case of a corporation existing on January 1, 1981, its certificate of incorporation, including any amended certificate, and also include, except where the context otherwise requires, articles of merger. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • association: The Alabama Life and Disability Insurance Guaranty Association created under Section 27-44-6. See Alabama Code 15-15-26
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • chief: The Chief of the Division of Safety and Inspection of the Department of Labor or such other public officer, employee, board, commission, or other authority that may in emergencies be acting in the stead of the chief or may by law be assigned the duties and authority of the Chief of the Division of Safety and Inspection of the Department of Labor. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Insurance of this state. See Alabama Code 15-15-26
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • FIRE BOSS: A person holding a valid certificate of qualification duly issued by action of the board of mine examiners and also includes the person acting in the stead of a fire boss appointed as provided under this chapter when a certified fire boss is unavailable. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • HEALTH BENEFIT PLAN: A health insurance policy that covers hospital, medical, or surgical expenses, health maintenance organizations, preferred provider organizations, medical service organizations, physician-hospital organizations, or any other person, firm, corporation, joint venture, or other similar business entity that pays for, purchases, or furnishes health care services to patients, insureds, or beneficiaries in this state. See Alabama Code 15-16-65
  • IMPAIRED INSURER: A member insurer which, after January 1, 2013, is not an insolvent insurer and is placed under an order of rehabilitation or conservation by a court of competent jurisdiction. See Alabama Code 15-15-26
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • INSOLVENT INSURER: A member insurer which, after January 1, 2013, is placed under an order of liquidation by a court of competent jurisdiction with a finding of insolvency. See Alabama Code 15-15-26
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • MEDICALLY NECESSARY: A medical or surgical service, including inpatient hospital care, is medically necessary when in the opinion of the attending physician or the attending certified nurse midwife practicing in collaboration with an obstetrician-gynecologist, the patient's health would be adversely affected if the service is withheld or discontinued. See Alabama Code 15-16-65
  • MEMBER INSURER: An insurer licensed or that holds a certificate of authority to transact in this state any kind of insurance for which coverage is provided under Section 27-44-3, and includes an insurer whose license or certificate of authority in this state may have been suspended, revoked, not renewed, or voluntarily withdrawn, but does not include any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 15-15-26

  • MINE FOREMAN: A person holding a valid certificate of qualification duly issued by action of the board of mine examiners. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • MINE INSPECTOR: A public employee assigned by the head mine inspector with the approval of the chief to make mine inspections as required by this chapter and other laws from time to time in such cases made and provided. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • month: means a calendar month. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • operator: The owner, part owner, operator or lessee to whom the superintendent reports and is accountable for the operation. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • permissible: A device, process, or equipment or method heretofore or hereafter classified by such term by the United States Bureau of Mines when such classification is adopted by the chief and includes, unless otherwise expressly stated in this chapter, all requirements, restrictions, exceptions, limitations, and conditions attached to such classification by said bureau. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • person: An individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association, governmental body or entity, or voluntary organization. See Alabama Code 15-15-26
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • premiums: Direct gross insurance premiums and annuity considerations received on covered policies or contracts, less returned premiums and considerations thereon and dividends paid or credited to policyholders on such direct business. See Alabama Code 15-15-26
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Principal office: means the office, in or out of this state, so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • state: A state, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and a United States possession, territory, or protectorate. See Alabama Code 15-15-26
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • superintendent: The person placed in overall charge of the operation of a coal mine or mines. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • supervisor: Such term may be used to designate mine foremen, assistants, section foremen, trafficmen, maintenance foremen, etc. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.