§ 32-3-101 Operation of will
§ 32-3-102 Devise of land
§ 32-3-103 Pretermitted child
§ 32-3-104 Death of class member before time of enjoyment
§ 32-3-105 Death of devisee or legatee before death of testator
§ 32-3-106 Testamentary additions to trusts
§ 32-3-107 Contracts to make or revoke wills
§ 32-3-108 Marital deduction
§ 32-3-109 Trials for construction or interpretation of wills — Jurisdiction of courts
§ 32-3-110 Power of appointment
§ 32-3-111 Specifically devised or bequeathed property
§ 32-3-112 Disposition of residue
§ 32-3-113 Application of federal estate tax or generation-skipping transfer tax law for certain decedents
§ 32-3-114 Modification of will to achieve testator’s objectives
§ 32-3-115 Written statement or list to dispose of items of tangible personal property

Terms Used In Tennessee Code > Title 32 > Chapter 3 - Construction, Operation and Effect

  • Agriculture: means :

    • (i) The land, buildings and machinery used in the commercial production of farm products and nursery stock. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105

    • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
    • Antifreeze: means any substance or preparation sold, distributed or intended for use as the cooling liquid or to be added to the cooling liquid in the cooling system of internal combustion engines of motor vehicles to prevent freezing of the cooling liquid or to lower its freezing point. See Tennessee Code 68-131-102
    • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
    • Attorney general: means the attorney general and reporter and any assistant thereto by whatever name known, any district attorney general and any assistant thereto by whatever name called, and any officer or full-time employee of the general assembly or any committee thereof established by statute, who is duly licensed to practice law in Tennessee, whose duty it is to provide facilities for drafting bills or to assist individual legislators in drafting bills or who renders legal advice and services to the members of the general assembly or committees thereof. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
    • Banned hazardous substance: means :

      • (i) Any toy or other article intended for use by children, that:

        • (a) Is a hazardous substance. See Tennessee Code 68-131-102

        • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
        • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
        • board: means the board provided for in part 3 of this chapter. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
        • Commerce: means any and all commerce within the state of Tennessee and subject to the jurisdiction of the state of Tennessee, and includes the operation of any business or service establishment. See Tennessee Code 68-131-102
        • Commissioner: means the commissioner of commerce and insurance or the commissioner's designee. See Tennessee Code 68-126-402
        • Commissioner: means the commissioner of agriculture or the commissioner's legally authorized representative or agent. See Tennessee Code 68-131-102
        • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
        • Corrosive: means any substance that, in contact with living tissue, will cause destruction of tissue by chemical action, but does not refer to action on inanimate surfaces. See Tennessee Code 68-131-102
        • Covered compensation: means , with respect to any calendar year, the amount of a member's earnable compensation subject to contributions under the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (26 U. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
        • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
        • Decedent: A deceased person.
        • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
        • Department: means the Tennessee department of agriculture. See Tennessee Code 68-131-102
        • Devise: To gift property by will.
        • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
        • Earnable compensation: includes , but is not limited to, any bonus or incentive payment. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
        • Electrical: means of or pertaining to the flow of an electrical charge or to electrons in motion. See Tennessee Code 68-131-102
        • Employer: means :

          • (A) The state or any department, commission, institution, board or agency of the state government by which a member is paid, with respect to members in its employ. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101

          • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
          • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
          • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
          • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
          • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
          • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
          • Gross estate: The total fair market value of all property and property interests, real and personal, tangible and intangible, of which a decedent had beneficial ownership at the time of death before subtractions for deductions, debts, administrative expenses, and casualty losses suffered during estate administration.
          • Hazardous substance: means :

            • (i) Any substance or mixture of substances that:

              • (a) Is toxic. See Tennessee Code 68-131-102

              • Highly toxic: means any substance that falls within any of the following categories:

                • (i) Produces death within fourteen (14) days in one half (½) or more than one half (½) of a group of ten (10) or more laboratory white rats, each weighing between two hundred (200) and three hundred (300) grams, at a single dose of fifty (50) milligrams or less per kilogram of body weight, when orally administered. See Tennessee Code 68-131-102

                • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
                • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
                • Installer: means a licensed manufactured home installer, or a licensed manufactured home retailer. See Tennessee Code 68-126-402
                • Internal Revenue Code: means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, codified in United States Code, title 26, as amended. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
                • Irritant: means any substance not corrosive within the meaning of subdivision (6), which on immediate, prolonged, or repeated contact with normal living tissue will induce a local inflammatory reaction. See Tennessee Code 68-131-102
                • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
                • Label: means a display of written, printed, or graphic matter upon the immediate container of any substance, or in the case of an article that is unpackaged or is not packaged in an immediate container intended or suitable for delivery to the ultimate consumer, a display of such matter directly upon the article involved or upon a tag or other suitable material affixed to the article, and a requirement made by or under authority of this part that any word, statement, or other information appearing on the label shall not be considered to be complied with, unless such word, statement, or other information also appears:

                  • (A) On the outside container or wrapper, if any there be, unless it is easily legible through the outside container or wrapper. See Tennessee Code 68-131-102

                  • Lands: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein, equitable as well as legal. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
                  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
                  • Marital deduction: The deduction(s) that can be taken in the determination of gift and estate tax liabilities because of the existence of a marriage or marital relationship.
                  • Mechanical: means of or pertaining to the design, construction or structure of a substance. See Tennessee Code 68-131-102
                  • Member: means any person included in the membership of the retirement system, as provided in chapter 35, part 1 of this title. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                  • Minor: means any person who has not attained eighteen (18) years of age. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Misbranded hazardous substance: means a hazardous substance, including a toy, or other article intended for use by children, which is a hazardous substance, or which bears or contains a hazardous substance in such manner as to be susceptible of access by a child to whom such toy or other article is entrusted, intended or packaged in a form suitable for use in the household or by children, which substance, except as otherwise provided by or pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 68-131-102
                  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
                  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
                  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
                  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
                  • Person: includes a corporation, firm, company or association. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Person: means any individual, firm, association, corporation, or legal entity. See Tennessee Code 68-126-402
                  • Person: includes an individual, partnership, corporation, or association, or the person's legal representative or agent. See Tennessee Code 68-131-102
                  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Personal representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
                  • Prior class member: means a member who, on the day preceding the date of establishment, shall have been a member of a superseded system and who elects to remain covered by the benefit and contribution provisions of the superseded system, or who fails to elect to become covered by the benefit and contribution provisions of the retirement system applicable to new employees, as the case may be, in accordance with chapter 35, part 1 of this title. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
                  • Probate: Proving a will
                  • Radioactive substance: means a substance that emits ionizing radiation. See Tennessee Code 68-131-102
                  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in a perceivable form. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Retirement: means withdrawal from membership with a retirement allowance granted under chapters 34-37 of this title. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                  • Retirement system: means the Tennessee consolidated retirement system as defined in §§. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
                  • Service: means service as a general employee, a teacher, a state police officer, a wildlife officer, a firefighter, a police officer, a state judge, a county judge, an attorney general, a commissioner or a county official which is paid for by an employer, and also includes service for which a former member of the general assembly is entitled to under former §§ 3-401 and 3-406. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
                  • signed: includes a mark, the name being written near the mark and witnessed, or any other symbol or methodology executed or adopted by a party with intention to authenticate a writing or record, regardless of being witnessed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • State: means the state of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                  • Strong sensitizer: means a substance that will cause on normal living tissue, through an allergic or photodynamic process, a hypersensitivity that becomes evident on reapplication of the same substances and that is designated as such by the commissioner. See Tennessee Code 68-131-102
                  • Superseded system: means , where applicable, the Tennessee state retirement system, the Tennessee teachers' retirement system, the Tennessee judges' retirement system, the retirement system for county paid judges of Tennessee, the attorneys general retirement system of Tennessee, the public service commissioners' retirement system, and the Tennessee retirement system for county officials, any one (1) of them, or any combination thereof. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
                  • Thermal: means of or pertaining to the transfer or manifestation of heat energy. See Tennessee Code 68-131-102
                  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
                  • Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
                  • United States: includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • written: includes printing, typewriting, engraving, lithography, and any other mode of representing words and letters. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Year: means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105