§ 4-55-101 Creation — Composition — Governance — Attachment to department of state — Meetings
§ 4-55-102 Employees of the bureau
§ 4-55-103 Duties of the bureau
§ 4-55-104 Disposition of all fees, appropriations and penalties
§ 4-55-105 Regulatory jurisdiction of members of the registry of election finance and of members of the ethics commission
§ 4-55-106 Legislative intent

Terms Used In Tennessee Code > Title 4 > Chapter 55

  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney general and reporter: means the Tennessee attorney general and reporter. See Tennessee Code 29-13-402
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Blended learning: means the combination of virtual learning with the integration of in-person teaching practices. See Tennessee Code 49-18-102
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charter school: means a Tennessee public charter school authorized to operate under chapter 13 of this title. See Tennessee Code 49-18-102
  • Child: means any individual, adopted or natural born, entitled to take as a child under the laws of this state by intestate succession from the parent whose relationship is involved and also includes a stepchild. See Tennessee Code 29-13-102
  • Claimant: means any person or persons filing a claim for compensation under this chapter on such person's or persons' own behalf, the guardian of a victim if the victim is a minor, the legal representative of the estate of a deceased victim, or the dependents of the victim. See Tennessee Code 29-13-102
  • Commission: means the Tennessee claims commission created pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 29-13-301
  • Commission: means the Tennessee claims commission created pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 29-13-102
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Course access catalog: means a listing of providers that have been approved by the state board of education and a listing of courses offered by approved providers, which are available to participating students. See Tennessee Code 49-18-102
  • Course access program: means the program created by this chapter. See Tennessee Code 49-18-102
  • court: means any court of competent jurisdiction of the state. See Tennessee Code 29-5-301
  • Court: means the circuit courts of the state of Tennessee, for the purposes of filing a claim, and any court of the state which has the jurisdiction to try a crime against person or property, for the purpose of assessing the costs provided for in §. See Tennessee Code 29-13-102
  • Crime: means an offense under the laws of this state resulting in a specific physical, mental, or pecuniary injury, or death, to another person, and includes multiple crimes committed by a defendant. See Tennessee Code 29-13-402
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Defendant: means a person who:

    • (A) Is convicted of a crime in this state. See Tennessee Code 29-13-402

    • Department: means the department of education. See Tennessee Code 49-18-102
    • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
    • Dependents: means such relatives of a deceased victim as were receiving substantial support or needed services from the victim at the time of the victim's death, and includes the child of such victim born after such victim's death. See Tennessee Code 29-13-102
    • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
    • Division: means the division of claims and risk management created pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 29-13-301
    • Division: means the division of claims and risk management created pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 29-13-102
    • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
    • Electric plant: means generating, transmission, or distribution systems, together with all other facilities, equipment and appurtenances necessary or appropriate to any such systems for the furnishing of electric power and energy for lighting, heating, power or any other purpose for which electric power and energy can be used. See Tennessee Code 7-52-102
    • Eligible student: means any student who is enrolled in a Tennessee public school, including a charter school, in grades seven through twelve (7-12). See Tennessee Code 49-18-102
    • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
    • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
    • Family: when used with reference to a person, includes:

      • (A) Any person related to such person within the third degree of consanguinity or affinity. See Tennessee Code 29-13-102

      • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
      • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
      • Funeral and burial expenses: includes , but is not limited to, the cost of preparing the body for burial or other disposition, the funeral service, any funeral merchandise, flowers, honoraria, acknowledgment cards, postage, transporting the body to the place of burial or disposition, the burial space, crypt, mausoleum or other final resting place, the opening and closing thereof and any marker. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
      • Governing body: means the county legislative body, board, body or commission having general charge of the municipality. See Tennessee Code 7-52-102
      • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
      • Improvement: means any improvement, extension, betterment, or addition to any electric plant. See Tennessee Code 7-52-102
      • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
      • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
      • issuing officer: means either:
        • (1) Any official authorized by law to issue search warrants. See Tennessee Code 50-4-102

        • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
        • Juvenile court: means the court having juvenile court jurisdiction in the county where the minor resides. See Tennessee Code 29-13-301
        • Law: means any act or statute, general, special or local, of the state of Tennessee, including, but not limited to, the charter of any municipality. See Tennessee Code 7-52-102
        • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
        • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
        • local board of education: means the board of education that manages and controls the respective local public school system. See Tennessee Code 49-1-103
        • Minor: means any person who has not attained eighteen (18) years of age and who has not been otherwise emancipated. See Tennessee Code 29-13-301
        • Minor: means any person who has not attained the age of eighteen (18) years. See Tennessee Code 29-13-102
        • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
        • Month: means a calendar month. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        • Municipality: means any county, metropolitan government, incorporated city or town in the state of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 7-52-102
        • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
        • Offender: means a person who has or is alleged to have committed a crime. See Tennessee Code 29-13-102
        • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
        • Participating student: means any eligible student enrolled in a course access program course through a host LEA. See Tennessee Code 49-18-102
        • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
        • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
        • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
        • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
        • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
        • Probate: Proving a will
        • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
        • provider: means a nonprofit entity, LEA, charter school or charter management organization, institution of higher education, or state agency, that has been approved by the state board to offer individual courses in person or online and that has been included in the listing of providers in the course access catalog. See Tennessee Code 49-18-102
        • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
        • Relative: means a spouse, parent, grandparent, stepparent, child, grandchild, brother, sister, half brother, half sister and a spouse's parents or stepparents. See Tennessee Code 29-13-102
        • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
        • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
        • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
        • Road: includes public bridges and may be held equivalent to the words "county way" "county road" or "state road". See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
        • State board: means the state board of education. See Tennessee Code 49-18-102
        • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
        • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
        • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
        • Testify: Answer questions in court.
        • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
        • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
        • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
        • Victim: means :

          • (A) A person, not an accomplice of the defendant, who suffers a specific physical, mental, or pecuniary injury as a direct result of a crime. See Tennessee Code 29-13-402

          • Victim: means a person who suffers personal injury or death as a direct and proximate result of any act of a person which is within the description of any of the offenses specified in §. See Tennessee Code 29-13-102
          • Year: means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105