63G-7-401.  When a claim arises — Notice of claim requirements — Governmental entity statement — Limits on challenging validity or timeliness of notice of claim.

(1) 

Terms Used In Utah Code 63G-7-401

  • Administrator: includes "executor" when the subject matter justifies the use. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Claim: means any asserted demand for or cause of action for money or damages, whether arising under the common law, under state constitutional provisions, or under state statutes, against a governmental entity or against an employee in the employee's personal capacity. See Utah Code 63G-7-102
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Employee: includes :
(i) a governmental entity's officers, employees, servants, trustees, or commissioners;
(ii) members of a governing body;
(iii) members of a government entity board;
(iv) members of a government entity commission;
(v) members of an advisory body, officers, and employees of a Children's Justice Center created in accordance with Section 67-5b-102;
(vi) student teachers holding a license issued by the State Board of Education;
(vii) educational aides;
(viii) students engaged in internships under Section 53B-16-402 or 53G-7-902;
(ix) volunteers as defined by Subsection 67-20-2(3); and
(x) tutors. See Utah Code 63G-7-102
  • Governmental entity: means the state and its political subdivisions as both are defined in this section. See Utah Code 63G-7-102
  • Guardian: includes a person who:Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Injury: means death, injury to a person, damage to or loss of property, or any other injury that a person may suffer to the person or estate, that would be actionable if inflicted by a private person or the private person's agent. See Utah Code 63G-7-102
  • Person: means :Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • State: means the state of Utah, and includes each office, department, division, agency, authority, commission, board, institution, hospital, college, university, Children's Justice Center, or other instrumentality of the state. See Utah Code 63G-7-102
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • (a)  Except as provided in Subsection (1)(b), a claim arises when the statute of limitations that would apply if the claim were against a private person begins to run.

    (b)  The statute of limitations does not begin to run until a claimant knew, or with the exercise of reasonable diligence should have known:

    (i)  that the claimant had a claim against the governmental entity or its employee; and

    (ii)  the identity of the governmental entity or the name of the employee.

    (c)  The burden to prove the exercise of reasonable diligence is upon the claimant.

    (2)  Any person having a claim against a governmental entity, or against its employee for an act or omission occurring during the performance of the employee’s duties, within the scope of employment, or under color of authority shall file a written notice of claim with the entity before maintaining an action, regardless of whether or not the function giving rise to the claim is characterized as governmental.

    (3) 

    (a)  The notice of claim shall set forth:

    (i)  a brief statement of the facts;

    (ii)  the nature of the claim asserted;

    (iii)  the damages incurred by the claimant so far as they are known; and

    (iv)  if the claim is being pursued against a governmental employee individually as provided in Subsection 63G-7-202(3)(c), the name of the employee.

    (b)  The notice of claim shall be:

    (i)  signed by the person making the claim or that person’s agent, attorney, parent, or legal guardian; and

    (ii)  directed and delivered by hand or by mail according to the requirements of Section 68-3-8.5 to the office of:

    (A)  the city or town clerk, when the claim is against an incorporated city or town;

    (B)  the county clerk, when the claim is against a county;

    (C)  the superintendent or business administrator of the board, when the claim is against a school district or board of education;

    (D)  the presiding officer or secretary/clerk of the board, when the claim is against a local district or special service district;

    (E)  the attorney general, when the claim is against the state;

    (F)  a member of the governing board, the executive director, or executive secretary, when the claim is against any other public board, commission, or body; or

    (G)  the agent authorized by a governmental entity to receive the notice of claim by the governmental entity under Subsection (5)(e).

    (4) 

    (a)  If an injury that may reasonably be expected to result in a claim against a governmental entity is sustained by a claimant who is under the age of majority or mentally incompetent, that governmental entity may file a request with the court for the appointment of a guardian ad litem for the potential claimant.

    (b)  If a guardian ad litem is appointed, the time for filing a claim under Section 63G-7-402 begins when the order appointing the guardian is issued.

    (5) 

    (a)  Each governmental entity subject to suit under this chapter shall file a statement with the Division of Corporations and Commercial Code within the Department of Commerce containing:

    (i)  the name and address of the governmental entity;

    (ii)  the office or agent designated to receive a notice of claim; and

    (iii)  the address at which it is to be directed and delivered.

    (b)  Each governmental entity shall update its statement as necessary to ensure that the information is accurate.

    (c)  The Division of Corporations and Commercial Code shall develop a form for governmental entities to complete that provides the information required by Subsection (5)(a).

    (d) 

    (i)  A newly incorporated municipality shall file the statement required by Subsection (5)(a) promptly after the lieutenant governor issues a certificate of incorporation under Section 67-1a-6.5.

    (ii)  A newly incorporated local district shall file the statement required by Subsection (5)(a) at the time that the written notice is filed with the lieutenant governor under Section 17B-1-215.

    (e)  A governmental entity may, in its statement, identify an agent authorized by the entity to accept notices of claim on its behalf.

    (6)  The Division of Corporations and Commercial Code shall:

    (a)  maintain an index of the statements required by this section arranged both alphabetically by entity and by county of operation; and

    (b)  make the indices available to the public both electronically and via hard copy.

    (7)  A governmental entity may not challenge the validity of a notice of claim on the grounds that it was not directed and delivered to the proper office or agent if the error is caused by the governmental entity’s failure to file or update the statement required by Subsection (5).

    (8)  A governmental entity may not challenge the timeliness, under Section 63G-7-402, of a notice of claim if:

    (a)  the claimant files a notice of claim with the governmental entity:

    (i)  in accordance with the requirements of this section; and

    (ii)  within 30 days after the expiration of the time for filing a notice of claim under Section 63G-7-402;

    (b)  the claimant demonstrates that the claimant previously filed a notice of claim:

    (i)  in accordance with the requirements of this section;

    (ii)  with an incorrect governmental entity;

    (iii)  in the good faith belief that the claimant was filing the notice of claim with the correct governmental entity;

    (iv)  within the time for filing a notice of claim under Section 63G-7-402; and

    (v)  no earlier than 30 days before the expiration of the time for filing a notice of claim under Section 63G-7-402; and

    (c)  the claimant submits with the notice of claim:

    (i)  a copy of the previous notice of claim that was filed with a governmental entity other than the correct governmental entity; and

    (ii)  proof of the date the previous notice of claim was filed.

    Amended by Chapter 210, 2014 General Session