||A court of this state that has jurisdiction under this chapter to make a child custody determination may decline to exercise its jurisdiction at any time if it determines that it is an inconvenient forum under the circumstances and that a court of another state is a more appropriate forum. The issue of inconvenient forum may be raised upon the court’s own motion, request of another court, or motion of a party.
Terms Used In Utah Code 78B-13-207
- Child: means an individual under 18 years of age and not married. See Utah Code 78B-13-102
- Child custody determination: means a judgment, decree, or other order of a court providing for the legal custody, physical custody, or parent-time with respect to a child. See Utah Code 78B-13-102
- Child custody proceeding: means a proceeding in which legal custody, physical custody, or parent-time with respect to a child is an issue. See Utah Code 78B-13-102
- Court: means an entity authorized under the law of a state to establish, enforce, or modify a child custody determination. See Utah Code 78B-13-102
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
- State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Utah Code 78B-13-102
- Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
||Before determining whether it is an inconvenient forum, a court of this state shall consider whether it is appropriate that a court of another state exercise jurisdiction. For this purpose, the court shall allow the parties to submit information and shall consider all relevant factors, including:
||whether domestic violence has occurred and is likely to continue in the future and which state could best protect the parties and the child;
||the length of time the child has resided outside this state;
||the distance between the court in this state and the court in the state that would assume jurisdiction;
||the relative financial circumstances of the parties;
||any agreement of the parties as to which state should assume jurisdiction;
||the nature and location of the evidence required to resolve the pending litigation, including the testimony of the child;
||the ability of the court of each state to decide the issue expeditiously and the procedures necessary to present the evidence; and
||the familiarity of the court of each state with the facts and issues of the pending litigation.
||If a court of this state determines that it is an inconvenient forum and that a court of another state is a more appropriate forum, it shall stay the proceedings upon condition that a child custody proceeding be promptly commenced in another designated state and may impose any other condition the court considers just and proper.
||A court of this state may decline to exercise its jurisdiction under this chapter if a child custody determination is incidental to an action for divorce or another proceeding while still retaining jurisdiction over the divorce or other proceeding.
Renumbered and Amended by Chapter 3, 2008 General Session