Title 1 General Provisions
Title 2 Jurisdiction
Title 3 Enforcement
Title 4 Miscellaneous Provisions

Terms Used In New York Laws > Domestic Relations > Article 5-A - Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act

  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Applicant: shall mean the county, city, town or village submitting an application in the manner authorized by local law for designation of an area as an empire zone. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 957
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • approved: as used in this title shall mean a provider who is approved by the department in accordance with department regulations and has entered into an agreement with the department for the provision of evaluations, service coordination or early intervention services. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2550
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Autographed: means bearing the actual signature of a sports personality, signed by such individual's own hand. See
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • candidate: means an individual who seeks nomination for election, or election, to any public office or party position to be voted for at a primary, general or special or New York city community school district election or election for trustee of the Long Island Power Authority, whether or not the public office or party position has been specifically identified at such time and whether or not such individual is nominated or elected, and, for purposes of this subdivision, an individual shall be deemed to seek nomination for election, or election, to an office or position, if he has (1) taken the action necessary to qualify himself for nomination for election, or election, or (2) received contributions or made expenditures, given his consent for any other person to receive contributions or make expenditures, with a view to bringing about his nomination for election, or election, to any office or position at any time whether in the year in which such contributions or expenditures are made or at any other time; and

    8. See

  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charge to the jury: The judge's instructions to the jury concerning the law that applies to the facts of the case on trial.
  • Chief fiscal officer: means a comptroller, commissioner of finance, director of finance or other officer possessing similar powers and duties, except that in a school district the term shall not mean a member of the board of education or a trustee thereof. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 800
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • Children with physical disabilities: means any persons under twenty-one years of age who are disabled by reason of a defect or disability, whether congenital or acquired by accident, injury, or disease, or who are suffering from long-term disease, including, but without limiting the generality of the foregoing, chronic granulomatous, cystic fibrosis, epidermolysis bullosa, muscular dystrophy, nephrosis, rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease, blood dyscrasies, cancer, lymphatic diseases, including, but not limited to: insufficiency of lymphatic circulatory function (to include all forms of lymphedema, both primary and secondary); lipedema; complex vascular diseases of the lymphatic



    lymphangiomatosis, lymphangioleio-myomatosis, lymphangiectasias, lymphangiomas, cystic hygromas,




    and complex vascular/lymphatic malformations and syndromes, brain injured, and chronic asthma, or from any disease or condition likely to result in a disability in the absence of treatment, provided, however, no child shall be deprived of a service under the provisions of this chapter solely because of the degree of mental retardation. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2581

  • clearly identified candidate: means that:

    (a) the name of the candidate involved appears;

    (b) a photograph or drawing of the candidate appears; or

    (c) the identity of the candidate is apparent by unambiguous reference. See

  • Collectible: means an autographed sports item including, but not limited to, a photograph, book, ticket, plaque, sports program, trading card, item of sports equipment or clothing, or other sports memorabilia sold or offered for sale in or from this state by a dealer to a consumer for twenty-five dollars or more. See
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of environmental conservation of the state of New York. See N.Y. Public Health Law 1380
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • common operational control: means that (i) the same individual or individuals exercise actual and strategic control over the day-to-day affairs of both the political action committee and the independent expenditure committee, or (ii) employees of the political action committee and the independent expenditure committee engage in communications related to the strategic operations of either committee. See
  • Community development projects: shall mean projects sponsored by not-for-profit organizations which have been approved by the zone board, which will advance the zone development plan. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 957
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • condition conducive to lead poisoning: means : (i) paint or other similar surface-coating material containing lead in a condition accessible for ingestion or inhalation or where peeling or chipping of the paint or other similar surface-coating material occurs or is likely to occur; and (ii) other environmental conditions which may result in significant lead exposure. See N.Y. Public Health Law 1370
  • constituted committee: means a state committee, a county committee or a duly constituted subcommittee of a county committee;

    4. See

  • Consumer: means any natural person who purchases an autographed sports collectible from a dealer for personal, family or household purposes. See
  • Contact individual: means an individual who has or may have come in contact with a principal individual or who has or may have been exposed to and possibly infected with COVID-19. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2180
  • Contact tracing: means case investigation and identification of principal individuals and contact individuals. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2180
  • contact tracing entity: means an individual or entity employed by or under contract with the state, a local government, a state or local governmental entity, or an agent thereof, to conduct contact tracing, engage in contact tracing, or receive contact tracing information. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2180
  • Contact tracing information: means any information that includes or can reveal the identity of any principal individual or contact individual, and any COVID-19-related information or test results, received or collected for the purpose or in the course of contact tracing. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2180
  • Contract: means any claim, account or demand against or agreement with a municipality, express or implied, and shall include the designation of a depository of public funds and the designation of a newspaper, including but not limited to an official newspaper, for the publication of any notice, resolution, ordinance, or other proceeding where such publication is required or authorized by law. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 800
  • contribution: means :

    (1) any gift, subscription, outstanding loan (to the extent provided for in section 14-114 of this chapter), advance, or deposit of money or any thing of value, made in connection with the nomination for election,

    or election, of any candidate, or made to promote the success or defeat of a political party or principle, or of any ballot proposal,

    (2) any funds received by a political committee from another political committee to the extent such funds do not constitute a transfer,

    (3) any payment, by any person other than a candidate or a political committee authorized by the candidate, made in connection with the nomination for election or election of any candidate, including any payment or expenditure where coordination has occurred as defined in section 14-107 of this article, or any payment made to promote the success or defeat of a political party or principle, or of any ballot proposal including but not limited to compensation for the personal services of any individual which are rendered in connection with a candidate's election or nomination without charge; provided however, that none of the foregoing shall be deemed a contribution if it is made, taken or performed by a candidate or his spouse or by a person or a political committee independent of the candidate or his agents or authorized political committees. See

  • Coordinated standards and procedures: means standards and procedures developed by state early intervention service agencies pursuant to section twenty-five hundred fifty-one of this title. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
  • Cost benefit analysis: shall mean , for purposes of paragraph (iii) of subdivision (a) of section nine hundred fifty-nine of this article, a method of determining whether to certify a business enterprise based on the business enterprise's projected job creation and/or investment in the zone versus the total amount of empire zone tax benefits the business enterprise will potentially be allowed to use and

    have refunded to it and shall be a ratio of at least 10:1 for manufacturing enterprises and 20:1 for all other business enterprises, the numerator of which is the sum of (i) the estimated value of all wages and benefits paid for the first three years of certification to all existing and projected employees of the business enterprise in the zone and (ii) the estimated value of capital investments for the first three years of certification in the zone, and the denominator of which is the estimated amount of total empire zone tax benefits that may be used and may be refunded for the first three years of certification. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 957

  • Council: means the advisory council on lead poisoning prevention established pursuant to section thirteen hundred seventy-b of this title. See N.Y. Public Health Law 1370
  • Council: means the early intervention coordinating council established under section twenty-five hundred fifty-three of this title. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
  • county superintendent of highways: shall include county engineer or other officer performing similar duties to county superintendent in counties having no superintendent of highways. See N.Y. Highway Law 110
  • Cross examine: Questioning of a witness by the attorney for the other side.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • De-identified: means , in relation to contact tracing information, that the information cannot identify or be made to identify or be associated with a particular individual, directly or indirectly and is subject to technical safeguards and policies and procedures that prevent re-identification, whether intentionally or unintentionally, of any individual. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2180
  • dealer: includes an auctioneer who sells such collectibles at public auction, and includes persons who are consignors or principals of auctioneers. See
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Description: means any representation in writing, including but not limited to a representation contained in an advertisement, invoice, catalog, flyer, sign, brochure, or other commercial or promotional material. See
  • Developmental delay: means that a child has not attained developmental milestones expected for the child's chronological age, as measured by qualified professionals using appropriate diagnostic instruments and/or procedures and informed clinical opinion, in one or more of the following areas of development: cognitive, physical, communication, social or emotional, or adaptive. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Disability: means :

    (a) a developmental delay; or

    (b) a diagnosed physical or mental condition that has a high probability of resulting in developmental delay, such as Down syndrome or other chromosomal abnormalities, sensory impairments, inborn errors of metabolism or fetal alcohol syndrome. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541

  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Disposition: means the disposal of a record by destruction, sale, gift, transfer to the local government archives, or by other authorized means. See
  • district: means the entire state or any part thereof, as the case may be;

    7. See

  • District: means a business improvement district established pursuant to this article. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 980
  • District charge: means a levy imposed on behalf of the district as provided in the district plan. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 980
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Drug market: means the support system of illegal drug-related operations, from production to retail sales, through which an illegal drug reaches a drug user. See N.Y. General Obligations Law 12-102
  • Drug user: means the individual whose illegal drug use is the basis of an action brought pursuant to this article. See N.Y. General Obligations Law 12-102
  • duly constituted subcommittee of a county committee: means , outside the city of New York, a city, town or village committee, and, within the city of New York, an assembly district committee, which consists of all county committee members from the city, town, village or assembly district, as the case may be, and only such members;

    5. See

  • Dwelling: means a building or structure or portion thereof, including the property occupied by and appurtenant to such dwelling, which is occupied in whole or in part as the home, residence or sleeping place of one or more human beings and shall, without limiting the foregoing, include child care facilities for children under six years of age, kindergartens and nursery schools. See N.Y. Public Health Law 1370
  • Early intervention official: means an appropriate municipal official designated by the chief executive officer of a municipality and an appropriate designee of such official. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
  • Early intervention services: means developmental services that:

    (a) are provided under public supervision;

    (b) are selected in collaboration with the parents;

    (c) are designed to meet a child's developmental needs in any one or more of the following areas:

    (i) physical development, including vision and hearing,

    (ii) cognitive development,

    (iii) communication development,

    (iv) social or emotional development, or

    (v) adaptive development;

    (d) meet the coordinated standards and procedures;

    (e) are provided by qualified personnel;

    (f) are provided in conformity with an IFSP;

    (g) are, to the maximum extent appropriate, provided in natural environments, including the home and community settings where children without disabilities would participate;

    (h) include, as appropriate:

    (i) family training, counseling, home visits and parent support groups,

    (ii) special instruction,

    (iii) speech pathology and audiology,

    (iv) occupational therapy,

    (v) physical therapy,

    (vi) psychological services,

    (vii) case management services, hereafter referred to as service coordination services,

    (viii) medical services for diagnostic or evaluation purposes, subject to reasonable prior approval requirements for exceptionally expensive services, as prescribed by the commissioner,

    (ix) early identification, screening, and assessment services,

    (x) health services necessary to enable the infant or toddler to benefit from the other early intervention services,

    (xi) nursing services,

    (xii) nutrition services,

    (xiii) social work services,

    (xiv) vision services,

    (xv) assistive technology devices and assistive technology services,

    (xvi) transportation and related costs that are necessary to enable a child and the child's family to receive early intervention services, and

    (xvii) other appropriate services approved by the commissioner. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541

  • election: means all general, special and primary elections, but shall not include elections provided for pursuant to the education law, special district elections, fire district elections or library district elections. See
  • Elevated lead levels: means a blood lead level greater than or equal to five micrograms of lead per deciliter of whole blood or such lower blood lead level as may be established by the department pursuant to rule or regulation. See N.Y. Public Health Law 1370
  • Eligible child: means an infant or toddler from birth through age two who has a disability; provided, however, that any toddler with a disability who has been determined to be eligible for program services under section forty-four hundred ten of the education law and:

    (i) who turns three years of age on or before the thirty-first day of August shall, if requested by the parent, be eligible to receive early intervention services contained in an IFSP until the first day of September of that calendar year; or

    (ii) who turns three years of age on or after the first day of September shall, if requested by the parent and if already receiving services pursuant to this title, be eligible to continue receiving such services until the second day of January of the following calendar year. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541

  • Empire zone: shall mean an area within the state that has been designated as an empire zone pursuant to this article and:

    (i) all empire zones designated under paragraph (i) of subdivision (a) and subdivision (d) of section nine hundred fifty-eight of this article shall be referred to as "investment zones" and shall be wholly contained within up to three distinct and separate contiguous areas; provided, however, that empire zones designated prior to the enactment of this paragraph shall identify up to three distinct and separate contiguous areas, which shall equal up to their total allotted acreage at the time of designation by January first, two thousand six. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 957

  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Evaluation: means a multidisciplinary professional, objective assessment conducted by appropriately qualified personnel and conducted pursuant to section twenty-five hundred forty-four of this title to determine a child's eligibility under this title. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
  • Evaluator: means a team of two or more professionals approved pursuant to section twenty-five hundred fifty-one of this title to conduct screenings and evaluations. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign national: means foreign national as such term is defined by subsection (b) of section 30121 of title 52 of the United States code. See
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • general public audience: means an audience composed of members of the public, including a targeted subgroup of members of the public; provided, however, it does not mean an audience solely comprised of members, retirees and staff of a labor organization or members of their households or an audience solely comprised of employees of a corporation, unincorporated business entity or members of a business, trade or professional association or organization. See
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grade three violation: means possession of eight ounces or more, but less than sixteen ounces, or distribution of two ounces or more, but less than four ounces, of a specified illegal drug or possession of eight pounds or more or seventy-five plants or more, but less than sixteen pounds or one hundred plants, or distribution of more than five pounds but less than ten pounds of marijuana. See N.Y. General Obligations Law 12-102
  • Grade two violation: means possession of four ounces or more, but less than eight ounces, or distribution of one ounce or more, but less than two ounces, of an illegal drug other than marijuana, or possession of four pounds or more or fifty plants or distribution of more than one pound but less than ten pounds of marijuana. See N.Y. General Obligations Law 12-102
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • health officer: as used in this article shall mean a county health officer, a city health officer, a town health officer, a village health officer, the health officer of a consolidated health district or a state district health officer. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2304
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • Human resource development: shall mean job preparation and placement, skills training and education for zone residents and employees of zone businesses, child and family care services and facilities, and activities to improve the health benefits and other benefits provided by zone businesses to their employees. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 957
  • IFSP: means the individualized family service plan adopted in accordance with section twenty-five hundred forty-five of this title. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
  • Illegal drug: means any controlled substance or marijuana the possession of which is an offense under the public health law or the penal law. See N.Y. General Obligations Law 12-102
  • Immigration authority: means any entity, officer, employee, or government employee or agent thereof charged with or engaged in enforcement of the federal Immigration and Nationality Act, including the United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement or United States Customs and Border Protection, or any successor legislation or entity. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2180
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • independent expenditure committee: means a political committee, that makes only independent expenditures as defined in this article, and does not coordinate with a candidate, candidate's authorized committees or an agent of the candidate as defined in paragraph (g) of subdivision one of section 14-107 of this article. See
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Interest: means a direct or indirect pecuniary or material benefit accruing to a municipal officer or employee as the result of a contract with the municipality which such officer or employee serves. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 800
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • labor organization: means any organization of any kind which exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of representing employees employed within the state of New York in dealing with employers or

    employer organizations or with a state government, or any political or civil subdivision or other agency thereof, concerning terms and conditions of employment, grievances, labor disputes, or other matters incidental to the employment relationship. See

  • Law enforcement agent or entity: means any governmental entity or public servant, or agent, contractor or employee thereof, authorized to investigate, prosecute, or make an arrest for a criminal or civil offense, or engaged in any such activity, but shall not mean the department, the commissioner, a health district, a county department of health, a county health commissioner, a local board of health, a local health officer, the department of health and mental hygiene of the city of New York, or the commissioner of the department of health and mental hygiene of the city of New York. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2180
  • Lead agency: means the department of health, the public agency responsible for the administration of the early intervention system in collaboration with the state early intervention service agencies. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legislative body: means the local legislative body empowered to adopt and amend local laws or ordinances. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 980
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local empire zone administrative board: shall mean the entity designated by the applicant that is responsible for recommending business enterprises for certification pursuant to paragraph (iii) of subdivision (a) of section nine hundred fifty-nine of this article and for monitoring, evaluating and coordinating all empire zone benefits on behalf of the applicant. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 957
  • Local government: means any county, city, town, village, school district, board of cooperative educational services, district corporation, public benefit corporation, public corporation, or other government created under state law that is not a state department, division, board, bureau, commission or other agency, heretofore or hereafter established by law. See
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Medical service: means such diagnostic, therapeutic, and rehabilitative care by medical and paramedical personnel, including hospital and related care, and drugs, prostheses, appliances, equipment and devices as necessary. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2581
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Mistrial: An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again from the selection of the jury.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Municipal officer or employee: means an officer or employee of a municipality, whether paid or unpaid, including members of any administrative board, commission or other agency thereof and in the case of a county, shall be deemed to also include any officer or employee paid from county funds. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 800
  • Municipal theme district: shall mean a geographic area designated by a county, city, town or village, pursuant to section nine hundred ninety-d of this article, to be a theme district for the purpose of promoting, advancing or coordinating an approved theme pursuant to section nine hundred ninety-c of this article. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 990-B
  • Municipality: means a town, city, county, or village or any designated public agency thereof, or any two or more of the foregoing which are acting jointly in connection with a solid waste management facility, or a public authority. See N.Y. Public Health Law 1380
  • Municipality: means a county outside the city of New York or the city of New York in the case of a county contained within the city of New York. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
  • Municipality: means a county, city, town, village, school district, consolidated health district, county vocational education and extension board, public library, board of cooperative educational services, urban renewal agency, a joint water works system established pursuant to chapter six hundred fifty-four of the laws of nineteen hundred twenty-seven, or a town or county improvement district, district corporation, or other district or a joint service established for the purpose of carrying on, performing or financing one or more improvements or services intended to benefit the health, welfare, safety or convenience of the inhabitants of such governmental units or to benefit the real property within such units, an industrial development agency but shall have no application to a city having a population of one million or more or to a county, school district, or other public agency or facility therein. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 800
  • Municipality: means a city, town or village within the state of New York. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 980
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means owner of record. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 980
  • Parent: means parent or person in parental relation to the child. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • party committee: means any committee provided for in the rules of the political party in accordance with section two-one hundred of this chapter, other than a constituted committee. See
  • Passenger: means a person in or on or being transported by a tramway. See N.Y. General Obligations Law 18-102
  • Passenger tramway: means a mechanical device intended to transport skiers for the purpose of providing access to ski slopes and trails as defined by the commissioner of labor pursuant to section two hundred two-c or eight hundred sixty-seven of the labor law. See N.Y. General Obligations Law 18-102
  • Permitted purpose: means :

    (a) disclosure to appropriate health care providers or their personnel for the purpose of the clinical diagnosis, care or treatment of the principal individual or contact individual who is the subject of the information, where an emergency exists and the individual is in immediate need of medical attention and an attempt to secure consent would result in delay of treatment which would increase the risk to the individual's life or health;

    (b) facilitating a legally-authorized public health-related action, in relation to a specified principal individual or contact individual, where and only to the extent necessary to protect the public health; or

    (c) the investigation, prosecution or defense of a civil or legal action for a violation of this title; provided that if the use is initiated by a party other than the principal individual or contact individual who is the subject of the contact tracing information, the information must be highly material and relevant for the purpose. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2180

  • Person: means any natural person, partnership, corporation, company, trust, association or other entity, however organized. See
  • Person: means any natural person. See N.Y. Public Health Law 1370
  • Person: means an individual, a governmental entity, corporation, firm, trust, partnership, or incorporated or unincorporated association, existing under or authorized by the laws of this state, another state, or a foreign country. See N.Y. General Obligations Law 12-102
  • Petitioner: means a person who seeks enforcement of an order for return of a child under the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction or enforcement of a child custody determination. See
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • plan: means a proposal as defined in section nine hundred eighty-a of this article. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 980
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • political action committee: means a political committee which makes no expenditures to aid or take part in the election or defeat of a candidate, or to promote the success or defeat of a ballot proposal, other than in the form of contributions, including in-kind contributions, to candidates, candidate's authorized committees, party committees, constituted committees, or independent expenditure committees provided there is no common operational control between the political action committee and the independent expenditure committee; or in the form of communications that are not distributed to a general public audience as described in subdivision thirteen of this section. See
  • political committee: means any corporation aiding or promoting and any committee, political club or combination of one or more persons operating or co-operating to aid or to promote the success or defeat of a political party or principle, or of any ballot proposal; or to aid or take part in the election or defeat of a candidate for public office or to aid or take part in the election or defeat of a candidate for nomination at a primary election or convention, including all proceedings prior to such primary election, or of a candidate for any party position voted for at a primary election, or to aid or defeat the nomination by petition of an independent candidate for public office; but nothing in this article shall apply to any committee or organization for the discussion or advancement of political questions or principles without connection with any vote or to a national committee organized for the election of presidential or vice-presidential candidates; provided, however, that a person or corporation making a contribution or contributions to a candidate or a political committee which has filed pursuant to section 14-118 shall not, by that fact alone, be deemed to be a political committee as herein defined. See
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Principal individual: means an individual with a confirmed or probable diagnosis of COVID-19. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2180
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Program: means the lead poisoning prevention program in the department established pursuant to section thirteen hundred seventy-a of this title. See N.Y. Public Health Law 1370
  • Program: means the federal child care and adult food program. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2586
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Qualified investment project: shall mean a project (i) located within an empire zone, (ii) at which five hundred or more jobs will be created, provided such jobs are new to the state and are in addition to any other jobs previously created by the owner of such project in the state, and (iii) which will consist of tangible personal property and other tangible property, including buildings and structural components of buildings, described in subparagraphs (i), (ii), (iii), (iv) and clause (A) or (C) of subparagraph (v) of paragraph (b) of subdivision three of section two hundred ten-B of the tax law, the basis of which for federal income tax purposes will equal or exceed seven hundred fifty million dollars. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 957
  • Qualified personnel: means :

    (a) persons holding a state approved or recognized certificate, license or registration in one of the following fields:

    (i) special education teachers;

    (ii) speech and language pathologists and audiologists;

    (iii) occupational therapists;

    (iv) physical therapists;

    (v) social workers;

    (vi) nurses;

    (vii) dieticians or nutritionists;

    (viii) other persons designated by the commissioner who meet requirements that apply to the area in which the person is providing early intervention services, where not in conflict with existing professional licensing, certification and/or registration requirements. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541

  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Record: means any book, paper, map, photograph, or other information-recording device, regardless of physical form or characteristic, that is made, produced, executed, or received by any local government or officer thereof pursuant to law or in connection with the transaction of public business. See
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • regionally significant project: shall mean : a manufacturer projecting the creation of fifty or more jobs; or an agri-business or high tech or biotech business making a capital investment of ten million dollars and creating twenty or more jobs; or a financial or insurance services or distribution center creating three hundred or more jobs; or a clean energy research and development enterprise shall be eligible as a regionally significant project as determined by the local zone administrative board and commissioner. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 957
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Respondent: means a person against whom a proceeding has been commenced for enforcement of an order for return of a child under the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction or enforcement of a child custody determination. See
  • Service coordinator: means a person who:

    (a) meets the qualifications established in federal law and regulation and demonstrates knowledge and understanding of:

    (i) infants and toddlers who may be eligible for services under this title;

    (ii) principles of family-centered services;

    (iii) part H of the federal individuals with disabilities education act and its corresponding regulations;

    (iv) the nature and scope of services available under this title; and

    (v) the requirements for authorizing and paying for such services and other pertinent information;

    (b) is responsible for:

    (i) assisting eligible children and their families in gaining access to services listed on the IFSP;

    (ii) coordinating early intervention services with other services such as medical and health services provided to the child;

    (iii) coordinating the performance of evaluations and assessments;

    (iv) participating in the development, monitoring and evaluation of the IFSP;

    (v) assisting the parent in identifying available service providers;

    (vi) coordinating service delivery;

    (vii) informing the family of advocacy services;

    (viii) where appropriate, facilitating the transition of the child to other appropriate services; and

    (ix) assisting in resolving any disputes which may arise between the family and service providers, as necessary and appropriate; and

    (c) meets such other standards as are specified pursuant to section twenty-five hundred fifty-one of this title. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541

  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Ski area: means all ski slopes, ski trails and passenger tramways administered as a single enterprise within this state. See N.Y. General Obligations Law 18-102
  • Ski area operator: means a person, firm or corporation, and its agents

    and employees, having operational and administrative responsibility for any ski area, including any agency of the state, any political subdivision thereof, and any other governmental agency or instrumentality. See N.Y. General Obligations Law 18-102

  • Skier: means any person wearing a ski or skis and any person actually on a ski slope or trail located at a ski area, for the purpose of skiing. See N.Y. General Obligations Law 18-102
  • Solid waste management facility: means any area or site, structure, facility or equipment used for or in connection with methods including, but not limited to shredding, compression, high-temperature incineration, pyrolization, separation or any other technology for resource recovery, transporting, storing, or the final placement and disposal of solid wastes in a manner satisfactory to the commissioner. See N.Y. Public Health Law 1380
  • State early intervention service agencies: means the departments of health, education and social services and the offices of mental health and alcoholism and substance abuse services and the office for people with developmental disabilities. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supplier: means any person who provides collectibles to a dealer specifically for the purposes of re-sale. See
  • Support: means resources or services provided to an individual to enable such individual to safely quarantine or isolate, including grocery, meal or pharmacy delivery, laundry services, child or elder care, pet walking, assistance with telephone, internet, or other communication services or devices, health and mental health services, legal services, provision of appropriate living space for individuals who cannot isolate or quarantine at home, and income replacement. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2180
  • Targeted employee: shall mean a New York resident who receives empire zone wages pursuant to subdivision nineteen of section two hundred ten of the tax law and who is (i) an eligible individual under the provision of the targeted jobs tax credit (section fifty-one of the internal revenue code), (ii) eligible for benefits under the provisions of the job training partnership act (P. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 957
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • transfer: means any exchange of funds or any thing of value between political committees authorized by the same candidate and taking part solely in his campaign, or any exchange of funds between a party or constituted committee and a candidate or any of his authorized political committees. See
  • Treasurer: means a county treasurer, city treasurer, town supervisor, village treasurer, school district treasurer, fire district treasurer, improvement district treasurer, president of a board of health of a consolidated health district, county vocational educational and extension board treasurer, treasurer of a board of cooperative educational services, public general hospital treasurer, or other officer possessing similar powers and duties. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 800
  • Trial jury: A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. Federal civil juries consist of six persons.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Year: shall mean the twelve-month period commencing July first unless otherwise specified. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
  • Zone equivalent area: shall mean an area designated as such pursuant to former subdivision (bb) of section nine hundred fifty-nine of this article. See N.Y. General Municipal Law 957