§ 13-15-1 Short title
§ 13-15-2 Definitions
§ 13-15-3 Administration and enforcement — Powers — Legal counsel — Fees — Consumer complaints
§ 13-15-4 Information to be filed by seller annually — Representations — Fees
§ 13-15-4.5 Notice of exemption filing
§ 13-15-5 Disclosure statement furnished to buyer — Contents
§ 13-15-6 Failure to file disclosures — Relief where seller fails to comply with chapter — Relief where division granted judgment or injunction — Administrative fines
§ 13-15-7 Civil penalty for violation of cease and desist order

Terms Used In Utah Code > Title 13 > Chapter 15 - Business Opportunity Disclosure Act

  • Additional project capacity: means electric generating capacity provided by a generating unit that first produces electricity on or after May 6, 2002, and that is constructed or installed at or adjacent to the site of a project that first produced electricity before May 6, 2002, regardless of whether:
    (i) the owners of the new generating unit are the same as or different from the owner of the project; and
    (ii) the purchasers of electricity from the new generating unit are the same as or different from the purchasers of electricity from the project. See Utah Code 11-13-103
  • Administrator: includes "executor" when the subject matter justifies the use. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Agent: means any person authorized by the State Tax Commission to purchase and affix stamps on packages of cigarettes. See Utah Code 53-7-402
  • Agricultural and wildlife fireworks: means a class C dangerous explosive that:
    (a) uses sound or light when deployed; and
    (b) is designated to prevent crop damage or unwanted animals from entering a specified area. See Utah Code 53-7-202
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assisted marketing plan: means the sale or lease of any products, equipment, supplies, or services that are sold to the purchaser upon payment of an initial required consideration of $500 or more for the purpose of enabling the purchaser to start a business, and in which the seller represents:
    (i) that the seller will provide locations or assist the purchaser in finding locations for the use or operation of vending machines, racks, display cases, or other similar devices, or currency operated amusement machines or devices, on premises neither owned nor leased by the purchaser or seller;
    (ii) that the seller will purchase any or all products made, produced, fabricated, grown, or modified by the purchaser, using in whole or in part the supplies, services, or chattels sold to the purchaser;
    (iii) that the seller will provide the purchaser with a guarantee that the purchaser will receive income from the assisted marketing plan that exceeds the price paid for the assisted marketing plan, or repurchase any of the products, equipment, supplies, or chattels supplied by the seller if the purchaser is dissatisfied with the assisted marketing plan; or
    (iv) that upon payment by the purchaser of a fee or sum of money, which exceeds $500 to the seller, the seller will provide a sales program or marketing program that will enable the purchaser to derive income from the assisted marketing plan that exceeds the price paid for the marketing plan. See Utah Code 13-15-2
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Board: means the Liquefied Petroleum Gas Board created in Section 53-7-304. See Utah Code 53-7-302
  • Board: means the Utah Fire Prevention Board created in Section 53-7-203, except as provided in Part 3, Liquefied Petroleum Gas Act. See Utah Code 53-7-102
  • Board: means the Permanent Community Impact Fund Board created by Section 35A-8-304, and its successors. See Utah Code 11-13-103
  • Business opportunity: means an assisted marketing plan subject to this chapter. See Utah Code 13-15-2
  • Cigarette: means any roll for smoking made wholly or in part of tobacco, irrespective of size or shape, and whether or not such tobacco is flavored, adulterated, or mixed with any other ingredient, the wrapper or cover of which is made of paper or any other substance or material except tobacco. See Utah Code 53-7-402
  • City: includes , depending on population, a metro township as defined in Section 10-3c-102. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Competency evaluation: means an evaluation conducted by a forensic evaluator to determine if an individual is competent to stand trial. See Utah Code 77-15-2
  • Competent to stand trial: means that a defendant has:
    (a) a rational and factual understanding of the criminal proceedings against the defendant and of the punishment specified for the offense charged; and
    (b) the ability to consult with the defendant's legal counsel with a reasonable degree of rational understanding in order to assist in the defense. See Utah Code 77-15-2
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Container: means any vessel, including cylinders, tanks, portable tanks, and cargo tanks used for transporting or storing liquefied petroleum gases, except containers subject to regulation and inspection by the Department of Transportation and under federal laws or regulations. See Utah Code 53-7-302
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Correctional facility: means :
    (a) a county jail;
    (b) a secure correctional facility as defined by Section 64-13-1; or
    (c) a secure facility as defined by Section 62A-7-101. See Utah Code 77-16b-102
  • Correctional facility administrator: means :
    (a) a county sheriff in charge of a county jail;
    (b) a designee of the executive director of the Utah Department of Corrections; or
    (c) a designee of the director of the Division of Juvenile Justice Services. See Utah Code 77-16b-102
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the Department of Public Safety created in Section 53-1-103. See Utah Code 53-1-102
  • Department: means the Department of Human Services. See Utah Code 77-15-2
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Display fireworks: includes aerial shells, salutes, roman candles, flash shells, comets, mines, and other similar explosives. See Utah Code 53-7-202
  • Display operator: means a person licensed under Section 53-7-223 and who is responsible for site selection, setting up, permits, overseeing assistants and support personnel, and discharging display fireworks outdoors in situations where the audience maintains a specific distance separating it from the display fireworks being discharged. See Utah Code 53-7-202
  • Distribute: means to:
    (i) deliver to a person other than the purchaser; or
    (ii) provide as part of a commercial promotion or as a prize or premium. See Utah Code 53-7-502
  • Division: means the State Fire Marshal Division created in Section 53-7-103. See Utah Code 53-7-102
  • Division: means the Division of Consumer Protection of the Department of Commerce. See Utah Code 13-15-2
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Electric interlocal entity: means an interlocal entity described in Subsection 11-13-203(3). See Utah Code 11-13-103
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Energy services interlocal entity: means an interlocal entity that is described in Subsection 11-13-203(4). See Utah Code 11-13-103
  • Enforcing authority: means the division, the municipal or county fire department, another fire-prevention agency acting within its jurisdiction, or the building official of any city or county and his authorized representatives. See Utah Code 53-7-302
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Final consumer: means an individual or business who is the ultimate user of LPG. See Utah Code 53-7-302
  • Fire extinguisher: means a portable or stationary device that discharges water, foam, gas, or other material to extinguish a fire. See Utah Code 53-7-202
  • Fire officer: means :
    (a) the state fire marshal;
    (b) the state fire marshal's deputies or salaried assistants;
    (c) the fire chief or fire marshal of any county, city, or town fire department;
    (d) the fire officer of any fire district;
    (e) the fire officer of any special service district organized for fire protection purposes; and
    (f) authorized personnel of any of the persons specified in Subsections (4)(a) through (e). See Utah Code 53-7-102
  • Fireworks: means :
    (i) class C explosives;
    (ii) class C dangerous explosives; and
    (iii) class C common state approved explosives. See Utah Code 53-7-202
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Flame effects: means the combustion of flammable solids, liquids, or gases to produce thermal, physical, visual, or audible phenomena before an audience. See Utah Code 53-7-202
  • Flame effects operator: means a person licensed under Section 53-7-223 who, regarding flame effects, is responsible for:
    (i) storage, setup, operations, teardown, devices, equipment, overseeing assistants and support personnel, and preventing accidental discharge; and
    (ii) completion of the sequence of control system functions that release the fuel for ignition to cause combustion and create the flame effects. See Utah Code 53-7-202
  • Forensic evaluator: means a licensed mental health professional who is:
    (a) not involved in the defendant's treatment; and
    (b) trained and qualified by the department to conduct a competency evaluation, a restoration screening, and a progress toward competency evaluation. See Utah Code 77-15-2
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Governing authority: means a governing board or joint administrator. See Utah Code 11-13-103
  • Governing board: includes a board of directors described in an agreement, as amended, that creates a project entity. See Utah Code 11-13-103
  • guarantee: means a written agreement, signed by the purchaser and seller, disclosing the complete details and any limitations or exceptions of the agreement. See Utah Code 13-15-2
  • Guardian: includes a person who:Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Highway Patrol: means the Highway Patrol troopers employed under Section 53-8-104. See Utah Code 53-8-102
  • Importer: means a person who brings class B or class C explosives into Utah for the general purpose of:
    (a) resale or use within the state; or
    (b) exportation to other states. See Utah Code 53-7-202
  • Importer: means a person who causes a lighter to enter this state from a manufacturing, wholesale, distribution, or retail sales point outside this state:
    (a) for the purpose of selling or distributing the lighter within this state; or
    (b) with the result that the lighter is sold or distributed within this state. See Utah Code 53-7-502
  • Incompetent to proceed: means that a defendant is not competent to stand trial. See Utah Code 77-15-2
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Initial required consideration: means the total amount a purchaser is obligated to pay under the terms of the assisted marketing plan, either prior to or at the time of delivery of the products, equipment, supplies, or services, or within six months of the commencement of operation of the assisted marketing plan by the purchaser. See Utah Code 13-15-2
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Installer: means any person who has satisfactorily passed an examination under the supervision of the board, testing his knowledge and ability to install or properly repair domestic systems, industrial systems, liquefied petroleum gas carburetion systems, bulk plant systems, standby plant systems, or other similar systems, and who holds an installer's certificate under this part. See Utah Code 53-7-302
  • Intellectual disability: means a significant, subaverage general intellectual functioning that:Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Interlocal entity: means :
    (a) a Utah interlocal entity, an electric interlocal entity, or an energy services interlocal entity; or
    (b) a separate legal or administrative entity created under Section 11-13-205. See Utah Code 11-13-103
  • Joint or cooperative undertaking: means an undertaking described in Section 11-13-207 that is not conducted by an interlocal entity. See Utah Code 11-13-103
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Land: includes :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Law enforcement agency: means an entity or division of:
    (i) 
    (A) the federal government, a state, or a political subdivision of a state;
    (B) a state institution of higher education; or
    (C) a private institution of higher education, if the entity or division has been certified by the commissioner; and
    (ii) that exists primarily to prevent and detect crime and enforce criminal laws, statutes, and ordinances. See Utah Code 53-1-102
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Licensee: means a person licensed by the board to engage in the liquefied petroleum gas business. See Utah Code 53-7-302
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lighter: means a handheld mechanical device of a type typically used for igniting tobacco products by use of a flame. See Utah Code 53-7-502
  • Liquefied petroleum gas: means any material having a vapor pressure not exceeding that allowed for commercial propane and composed predominantly of the following hydrocarbons, either by themselves or as mixtures: propane, propylene, butane, normal butane, or isobutane, and butylene, including isomers. See Utah Code 53-7-302
  • LPG: means liquefied petroleum gas. See Utah Code 53-7-302
  • Manufacturer: means :
    (a) any entity which:
    (i) manufactures or otherwise produces cigarettes to be sold in the state;
    (ii) causes cigarettes to be manufactured or produced anywhere with the intent to sell in the state; or
    (iii) manufactures or otherwise produces cigarettes or causes cigarettes to be manufactured or produced with the intent to sell in the United States through an importer;
    (b) the first purchaser anywhere that intends to resell in the United States cigarettes manufactured anywhere that the original manufacturer or maker does not intend to be sold in the United States; or
    (c) any entity that becomes a successor of an entity described in Subsection (3)(a) or (3)(b). See Utah Code 53-7-402
  • Medical supervision: means under the direction of a licensed physician, physician assistant, or nurse practitioner. See Utah Code 77-16b-102
  • Member: means a public agency that, with another public agency, creates an interlocal entity under Section 11-13-203. See Utah Code 11-13-103
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Misleading design: means a lighter that:
    (a) has a shape that resembles or imitates an object other than a lighter;
    (b) may have one or more audio or visual effects; and
    (c) has other features of a type that would reasonably be expected to make the lighter appealing or attractive to a child younger than 10 years of age. See Utah Code 53-7-502
  • Motor vehicle: means every self-propelled vehicle and every vehicle propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, except motorized wheel chairs and vehicles moved solely by human power. See Utah Code 53-1-102
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Out-of-state public agency: means a public agency as defined in Subsection (19)(c), (d), or (e). See Utah Code 11-13-103
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: means any individual, firm, partnership, joint venture, association, corporation, estate, trust, or any other group or combination acting as a unit, and includes:
    (a) a husband, wife, or both where joint benefits are derived from the operation of a business or activity subject to this part; and
    (b) any state, county, municipality, or other agency engaged in a business or activity subject to this part. See Utah Code 53-7-302
  • Person: means any natural person, corporation, partnership, organization, association, trust, or any other legal entity. See Utah Code 13-15-2
  • Person: means :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Personal property: includes :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Petition: means a petition to request a court to determine whether a defendant is competent to stand trial. See Utah Code 77-15-2
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Prisoner: means :
    (a) any person who is a pretrial detainee or who has been committed to the custody of a sheriff or the Utah Department of Corrections, and who is physically in a correctional facility; and
    (b) any person older than 18 years of age and younger than 21 years of age who has been committed to the custody of the Division of Juvenile Justice Services. See Utah Code 77-16b-102
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Process: means a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Progress toward competency evaluation: means an evaluation to determine whether an individual who is receiving restoration treatment is:
    (a) competent to stand trial;
    (b) incompetent to proceed but has a substantial probability of becoming competent to stand trial in the foreseeable future; or
    (c) incompetent to proceed and does not have a substantial probability of becoming competent to stand trial in the foreseeable future. See Utah Code 77-15-2
  • Project: includes a project entity's ownership interest in:
    (i) facilities that provide additional project capacity;
    (ii) facilities providing replacement project capacity;
    (iii) additional generating, transmission, fuel, fuel transportation, water, or other facilities added to a project; and
    (iv) a Utah interlocal energy hub, as defined in Section 11-13-602. See Utah Code 11-13-103
  • Project entity: means a Utah interlocal entity or an electric interlocal entity that owns a project as defined in this section. See Utah Code 11-13-103
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Public agency: means :
    (a) a city, town, county, school district, local district, special service district, an interlocal entity, or other political subdivision of the state;
    (b) the state or any department, division, or agency of the state;
    (c) any agency of the United States;
    (d) any political subdivision or agency of another state or the District of Columbia including any interlocal cooperation or joint powers agency formed under the authority of the law of the other state or the District of Columbia; or
    (e) any Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or community which is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians. See Utah Code 11-13-103
  • Purchaser: means a person who becomes obligated to pay for an assisted marketing plan. See Utah Code 13-15-2
  • Pyrotechnic: means any composition or device manufactured or used to produce a visible or audible effect by combustion, deflagration, or detonation. See Utah Code 53-7-202
  • Quality control and quality assurance program: means the laboratory procedures implemented to ensure that operator bias, systematic, and nonsystematic methodological errors, and equipment related problems do not affect the results of the testing. See Utah Code 53-7-402
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • real property: includes :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Red tag: means a card or device, red in color, containing printed notice of the condemnation of a liquefied petroleum gas system as a result of a violation of this part, or any rules or orders made by the board; the tag, when attached to the system, is official notice of condemnation and of the prohibition of further use, so long as the red tag remains lawfully affixed. See Utah Code 53-7-302
  • Repeatability: means the range of values within which the repeat results of cigarette test trials from a single laboratory will fall 95% of the time. See Utah Code 53-7-402
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Restoration screening: means an assessment of an individual determined to be incompetent to stand trial for the purpose of determining the appropriate placement and restoration treatment for the individual. See Utah Code 77-15-2
  • Restoration treatment: means training and treatment that is:
    (a) provided to an individual who is incompetent to proceed;
    (b) tailored to the individual's particular impairment to competency; and
    (c) limited to the purpose of restoring the individual to competency. See Utah Code 77-15-2
  • Retail dealer: means any person, other than a manufacturer or wholesale dealer, engaged in selling cigarettes or tobacco products. See Utah Code 53-7-402
  • Right of rescission: Right to cancel, within three business days, a contract that uses the home of a person as collateral, except in the case of a first mortgage loan. There is no fee to the borrower, who receives a full refund of all fees paid. The right of rescission is guaranteed by the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). Source: OCC
  • Sell: means to sell, or to offer or agree to sell. See Utah Code 53-7-402
  • Sell: means to provide or promise to provide a product to a wholesale, retail, mail-order, or other purchaser in exchange for consideration. See Utah Code 53-7-502
  • Seller: means a person who sells or offers to sell an assisted marketing plan. See Utah Code 13-15-2
  • Service: means the inspection, maintenance, repair, modification, testing, or cleaning of an automatic fire suppression system. See Utah Code 53-7-202
  • service mark: means a trademark, trade name, or service mark registered with the United States Patent and Trademark Office, or Utah, or the state of incorporation if a corporation. See Utah Code 13-15-2
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Signature: includes a name, mark, or sign written with the intent to authenticate an instrument or writing. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Special effects: means a visual or audible effect caused by chemical mixtures that produce a controlled, self-sustaining, and self-controlled exothermic chemical reaction that results in heat, gas, sound, or light and may also create an illusion. See Utah Code 53-7-202
  • Special effects operator: means a person licensed under Section 53-7-223 who is responsible for setting up, permits, overseeing assistants and support personnel, analyzing potential hazards, setting clearances, and discharging pyrotechnic devices, either indoor or outdoor, where the audience is allowed to be in closer proximity to the pyrotechnic devices than the audience separation distance generally required for display fireworks. See Utah Code 53-7-202
  • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes a state, district, or territory of the United States. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • State fire marshal: means the fire marshal appointed director by the commissioner under Section 53-7-103. See Utah Code 53-7-102
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • System: means an assembly consisting of one or more containers with a means for conveying LPG from the container or containers to dispensing or consuming devices, either continuously or intermittently, and that incorporates components intended to achieve control of quantity, flow, and pressure or state, either liquid or vapor. See Utah Code 53-7-302
  • Testify: means to make an oral statement under oath or affirmation. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Town: includes , depending on population, a metro township as defined in Section 10-3c-102. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Transportation reinvestment zone: means an area created by two or more public agencies by interlocal agreement to capture increased property or sales tax revenue generated by a transportation infrastructure project as described in Section 11-13-227. See Utah Code 11-13-103
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Unclassified fireworks: means :
    (a) a pyrotechnic device that is used, given away, or offered for sale, that has not been tested, approved, and classified by the United States Department of Transportation;
    (b) an approved device that has been altered or redesigned since obtaining approval by the United States Department of Transportation; and
    (c) a pyrotechnic device that is being tested by a manufacturer, importer, or wholesaler before receiving approval by the United States Department of Transportation. See Utah Code 53-7-202
  • United States: includes each state, district, and territory of the United States of America. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Utah public agency: means a public agency under Subsection (19)(a) or (b). See Utah Code 11-13-103
  • Vehicle: means every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. See Utah Code 53-1-102
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Vessel: when used with reference to shipping, includes a steamboat, canal boat, and every structure adapted to be navigated from place to place. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Victim Impact Statement: A written or spoken statement by the victim or his or her representative about the physical, emotional, and financial impact of a crime on the victim. The statement is given to the court before sentencing.
  • Wholesale dealer: means :
    (a) any person who sells cigarettes or tobacco products to retail dealers or other persons for purposes of resale; and
    (b) any person who owns, operates, or maintains one or more cigarette or tobacco product vending machines in, at, or upon premises owned or occupied by any other person. See Utah Code 53-7-402
  • Wholesaler: means :
    (a) a person who sells class C common state approved explosives to a retailer; or
    (b) a person who sells class B explosives or class C dangerous explosives for display use. See Utah Code 53-7-202
  • Writing: includes :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
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