|§ 4-5a-103||Regulation of a direct-to-sale farmers market|
|§ 4-5a-104||Home producer direct sales — Exempt from regulation|
Terms Used In Utah Code > Title 4 > Chapter 5a
- Administrator: includes "executor" when the subject matter justifies the use. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
- Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
- Agriculture: means the science and art of the production of plants and animals useful to man, including the preparation of plants and animals for human use and disposal by marketing or otherwise. See Utah Code 4-7-110
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
- Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
- Bonds: means bonds, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness. See Utah Code 10-3-905
- City: means a municipality that is classified by population as a city of the first class, a city of the second class, a city of the third class, a city of the fourth class, or a city of the fifth class, under Section 10-2-301. See Utah Code 10-1-104
- Colorado River Salinity Offset Program: means a program, administered by the Division of Water Quality, allowing oil, gas, or mining companies and other entities to provide funds to finance salinity reduction projects in the Colorado River Basin by purchasing salinity credits as offsets against discharges made by the company under permits issued by the Division of Water Quality. See Utah Code 4-18-201
- Commissioner: means the commissioner of agriculture and food. See Utah Code 4-7-110
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- Council: means the Utah Beef Council created in Section 4-21-103. See Utah Code 4-21-102
- Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
- Department: means the Department of Agriculture and Food created in Chapter 2, Administration. See Utah Code 4-7-110
- Department: means the Utah Department of Agriculture and Food created in Section 4-2-102. See Utah Code 4-21-102
- Devise: To gift property by will.
- Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
- Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
- financing: includes the issuing of bonds by a municipality, county, or state university for the purpose of using a portion, or all or substantially all of the proceeds to pay for or to reimburse the user, lender, or the user or lender's designee for the costs of the acquisition of facilities of a project, or to create funds for the project itself where appropriate, whether these costs are incurred by the municipality, the county, the state university, the user, or a designee of the user. See Utah Code 10-3-905
- Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
- Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
- Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
- Governing board: includes a board of directors. See Utah Code 10-3-821
- Governing body: means collectively the legislative body and the executive of any municipality. See Utah Code 10-1-104
- Governing body: means :
(a) for a county, city, town, or metro township, the legislative body of the county, city, town, or metro township; (b) for the military installation development authority created in Section 63H-1-201, the authority board, as defined in Section 63H-1-102; (c) for a state university except as provided in Subsection (4)(d), the board or body having the control and supervision of the state university; and (d) for a nonprofit corporation or foundation created by and operating under the auspices of a state university, the board of directors or board of trustees of that corporation or foundation. See Utah Code 10-3-905
- Governmental nonprofit corporation: means :
(i) a nonprofit corporation that is wholly owned or wholly controlled by one or more governmental entities, unless the nonprofit corporation receives no operating funding or other financial support from any governmental entity; or (ii) a nonprofit corporation in which one or more governmental entities exercise a controlling interest and: (A) that exercises taxing authority; (B) that imposes a mandatory fee for association or participation with the nonprofit corporation where that association or participation is mandated by law; or (C) that receives a majority of the nonprofit corporation's operating funding from one or more governmental entities under the nonprofit corporation's governing documents , except where voluntary membership fees, dues, or assessments compose the operating funding. See Utah Code 10-3-821
- Industrial park: includes the development of the land for an industrial park under this chapter or the acquisition and provision of water, sewerage, drainage, street, road, sidewalk, curb, gutter, street lighting, electrical distribution, railroad, or docking facilities, or any combination of them, but only to the extent that these facilities are incidental to the use of the land as an industrial park. See Utah Code 10-3-905
- Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Land: includes :Utah Code 48-2e-1156
- Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
- Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- Month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
- Mortgage: means a mortgage, trust deed, or other security device. See Utah Code 10-3-905
- Municipal: means of or relating to a municipality. See Utah Code 10-1-104
- Municipality: means :
(a) a city of the first class, city of the second class, city of the third class, city of the fourth class, city of the fifth class; (b) a town, as classified in Section 10-2-301; or (c) a metro township as that term is defined in Section 10-2a-403 unless the term is used in the context of authorizing, governing, or otherwise regulating the provision of municipal services. See Utah Code 10-1-104
- Municipality: means any incorporated city, town, or metro township in the state, including cities or towns operating under home rule charters. See Utah Code 10-3-905
- Oath: includes "affirmation. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
- Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
- Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
- Person: means a natural person or individual, corporation, organization, or other legal entity. See Utah Code 4-7-110
- Person: means :Utah Code 48-2e-1156
- Person: means an individual, corporation, partnership, organization, association, trust, governmental agency, or any other legal entity. See Utah Code 10-1-104
- Personal property: includes :Utah Code 48-2e-1156
- Pollution: means any form of environmental pollution including water pollution, air pollution, pollution caused by solid waste disposal, thermal pollution, radiation contamination, or noise pollution. See Utah Code 10-3-905
- Process: means a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
- Producer: means a person who owns and raises or owns and feeds cattle. See Utah Code 4-21-102
- Project: means :
(ii) any land, interest in land, building, structure, facility, system, fixture, improvement, appurtenance, machinery, equipment, or any combination of them, used by any individual, partnership, firm, company, corporation, public utility, association, trust, estate, political subdivision, state agency, or any other legal entity, or its legal representative, agent, or assigns, for the reduction, abatement, or prevention of pollution, including the removal or treatment of any substance in process material, if that material would cause pollution if used without the removal or treatment; (iii) an energy efficiency upgrade; (iv) a renewable energy system; (v) facilities, machinery, or equipment, the manufacturing and financing of which will maintain or enlarge domestic or foreign markets for Utah industrial products; or (vi) any economic development or new venture investment fund to be raised other than from: (A) municipal or county general fund money; (B) money raised under the taxing power of any county or municipality; or (C) money raised against the general credit of any county or municipality. See Utah Code 10-3-905
- Property: includes both real and personal property. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
- Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
- Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
- real property: includes :Utah Code 48-2e-1156
- Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
- Road: includes :Utah Code 48-2e-1156
- State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes a state, district, or territory of the United States. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
- State university: means an institution of higher education as described in Section 53B-2-101 and includes any nonprofit corporation or foundation created by and operating under their authority. See Utah Code 10-3-905
- Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
- Town: means a municipality classified by population as a town under Section 10-2-301. See Utah Code 10-1-104
- Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
- Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
- Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
- United States: includes each state, district, and territory of the United States of America. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
- User: means the person, whether natural or corporate, who will occupy, operate, maintain, and employ the facilities of, or manage and administer a project after the financing, acquisition, or construction of it, whether as owner, manager, purchaser, lessee, or otherwise. See Utah Code 10-3-905
- Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
- Governmental nonprofit corporation: means :