Administrator: includes "executor" when the subject matter justifies the use. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
Agent: means a person who, on behalf of a dealer, purchaser, or livestock market, as defined in Section 4-30-102, solicits or negotiates the consignment or purchase of livestock. See Utah Code 4-7-103
Agriculture: means the science and art of the production of plants and animals useful to man, including the preparation of plants and animals for human use and disposal by marketing or otherwise. See Utah Code 4-7-110
Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
Armed forces: means the United States Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
Business entity: means a sole proprietorship, partnership, association, joint venture, corporation, firm, trust, foundation, or other organization or entity used in carrying on a business. See Utah Code 10-3-1303
Citizen participation: means action by the agency to provide persons who will be affected by residential rehabilitation financed under the provisions of this part with opportunities to be involved in planning and carrying out the residential rehabilitation program. See Utah Code 10-3-1007
City: means a municipality that is classified by population as a city of the first class, a city of the second class, a city of the third class, a city of the fourth class, or a city of the fifth class, under Section 10-2-301. See Utah Code 10-1-104
Compensation: means anything of economic value, however designated, which is paid, loaned, granted, given, donated, or transferred to any person or business entity by anyone other than the governmental employer for or in consideration of personal services, materials, property, or any other thing whatsoever. See Utah Code 10-3-1303
Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
Consignor: means a person who ships or delivers livestock to a dealer for handling or sale. See Utah Code 4-7-103
Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
Devise: To gift property by will.
Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
Elected officer: means a person:
elected or appointed to the office of mayor, commissioner, or council member; or
who is considered to be elected to the office of mayor, commissioner, or council member by a municipal legislative body in accordance with Section 20A-1-206. See Utah Code 10-3-1303
Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
Financing: means the lending of money or any other thing of value for the purpose of residential rehabilitation. See Utah Code 10-3-1007
Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
Governing body: means collectively the legislative body and the executive of any municipality. See Utah Code 10-1-104
Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
Livestock: means cattle, sheep, goats, swine, horses, mules, poultry, domesticated elk as defined in Section 4-39-102, or any other domestic animal or domestic furbearer raised or kept for profit. See Utah Code 4-7-110
Livestock: means cattle, swine, equines, sheep, camelidae, ratites, bison, goats, and domesticated elk as defined in Section 4-39-102. See Utah Code 4-7-103
Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
a metro township as that term is defined in Section 10-2a-403 unless the term is used in the context of authorizing, governing, or otherwise regulating the provision of municipal services. See Utah Code 10-1-104
Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
Organization: means a corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, association, two or more persons having a joint or common interest, or any other legal entity. See Utah Code 4-7-110
Participating party: means any person, company, corporation, partnership, firm, agency, political subdivision of the state, or other entity or group of entities requiring financing for residential rehabilitation pursuant to the provisions of this part. See Utah Code 10-3-1007
Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
Person: means a natural person or individual, corporation, organization, or other legal entity. See Utah Code 4-7-110
Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
Residence: means a residential structure in residential rehabilitation areas. See Utah Code 10-3-1007
Residential rehabilitation: means the construction, reconstruction, renovation, replacement, extension, repair, betterment, equipping, developing, embellishing, or otherwise improving residences consistent with standards of strength, effectiveness, fire resistance, durability, and safety, so that the structures are satisfactory and safe to occupy for residential purposes and are not conducive to ill health, transmission of disease, infant mortality, juvenile delinquency, or crime because of any one or more of the following factors:
defective design and character of physical construction;
faulty interior arrangement and exterior spacing;
high density of population and overcrowding;
inadequate provision for ventilation, light, sanitation, open spaces, and recreation facilities;
age, obsolescence, deterioration, dilapidation, mixed character, or shifting of uses; and
economic dislocation, deterioration, or disuse, resulting from faulty planning. See Utah Code 10-3-1007
Residential rehabilitation area: means the geographical area designated by the agency as one for inclusion in a comprehensive residential rehabilitation financing program pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Utah Code 10-3-1007
Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
Signature: includes a name, mark, or sign written with the intent to authenticate an instrument or writing. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes a state, district, or territory of the United States. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
Substantial interest: means the ownership, either legally or equitably, by an individual, the individual's spouse, or the individual's minor children, of at least 10% of the outstanding shares of a corporation or 10% interest in any other business entity. See Utah Code 10-3-1303
Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
United States: includes each state, district, and territory of the United States of America. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.