Terms Used In Utah Code > Title 77 > Chapter 18 - The Judgment
Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
Agent: means any person authorized by the State Tax Commission to purchase and affix stamps on packages of cigarettes. See Utah Code 53-7-402
Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
Cigarette: means any roll for smoking made wholly or in part of tobacco, irrespective of size or shape, and whether or not such tobacco is flavored, adulterated, or mixed with any other ingredient, the wrapper or cover of which is made of paper or any other substance or material except tobacco. See Utah Code 53-7-402
Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
Lighter: means a handheld mechanical device of a type typically used for igniting tobacco products by use of a flame. See Utah Code 53-7-502
Manufacturer: means :
any entity which:
manufactures or otherwise produces cigarettes to be sold in the state;
causes cigarettes to be manufactured or produced anywhere with the intent to sell in the state; or
manufactures or otherwise produces cigarettes or causes cigarettes to be manufactured or produced with the intent to sell in the United States through an importer;
the first purchaser anywhere that intends to resell in the United States cigarettes manufactured anywhere that the original manufacturer or maker does not intend to be sold in the United States; or
Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
United States: includes each state, district, and territory of the United States of America. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
Victim Impact Statement: A written or spoken statement by the victim or his or her representative about the physical, emotional, and financial impact of a crime on the victim. The statement is given to the court before sentencing.
Wholesale dealer: means :
any person who sells cigarettes or tobacco products to retail dealers or other persons for purposes of resale; and
any person who owns, operates, or maintains one or more cigarette or tobacco product vending machines in, at, or upon premises owned or occupied by any other person. See Utah Code 53-7-402