LawServer Nav Menu

Vermont Statutes Title 11 Sec. 11-01

Terms Used In Vermont Statutes Title 11 Sec. 11-01

  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Articles of incorporation: include amended and restated articles of incorporation, articles of merger, and special charters. See
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Constituent organization: means an organization that is a party to a conversion, merger, share exchange, or domestication pursuant to this chapter. See
  • Conversion: means a transaction authorized by sections 11. See
  • Converting organization: means the domestic organization that approves a plan of conversion pursuant to section 11. See
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Domestic: when applied to a corporation, company, association, or copartnership shall mean organized under the laws of this State; "foreign" when so applied, shall mean organized under the laws of another state, government, or country. See
  • Domestic organization: means an organization whose internal affairs are governed by the law of this State. See
  • Domesticating corporation: means the corporation that effects a domestication pursuant to sections 11. See
  • Domestication: means a transaction authorized by sections 11. See
  • following: when used by way of reference to a section of the law shall mean the next preceding or following section. See
  • Governing statute: means the statute that governs an organization's internal affairs. See
  • Governmental subdivision: includes authority, county, district, and municipality. See
  • Individual: includes the estate of an individual who is incompetent or deceased. See
  • Interest holder: means :

  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Merger: means a merger authorized by sections 11. See
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Organization:

  • Organizational documents: means the organizational documents for a domestic or foreign organization that create the organization, govern the internal affairs of the organization, and govern relations between or among its interest holders, including:

  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: includes individual and entity. See
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under subsection 8. See
  • Share exchange: means a share exchange authorized by sections 11. See
  • Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or upon presentation for registration are entitled to be registered in the records of a corporation. See
  • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States may apply to the District of Columbia and any territory and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. See
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.

§ 11.01. Definitions

As used in this chapter:

(1) "Constituent corporation" means a constituent organization that is a corporation.

(2) "Constituent organization" means an organization that is a party to a conversion, merger, share exchange, or domestication pursuant to this chapter.

(3) "Conversion" means a transaction authorized by sections 11.02 through 11.07 of this title.

(4) "Converted organization" means the converting organization as it continues in existence after a conversion.

(5) "Converting organization" means the domestic organization that approves a plan of conversion pursuant to section 11.04 of this title or the foreign organization that approves a conversion pursuant to the law of its jurisdiction of formation.

(6) "Domestic organization" means an organization whose internal affairs are governed by the law of this State.

(7) "Domesticated corporation" means the corporation that exists after a domesticating corporation effects a domestication pursuant to sections 11.13 through 11.16 of this title.

(8) "Domesticating corporation" means the corporation that effects a domestication pursuant to sections 11.13 through 11.16 of this title.

(9) "Domestication" means a transaction authorized by sections 11.13 through 11.16 of this title.

(10) "Governing statute" means the statute that governs an organization’s internal affairs.

(11) "Interest holder" means:

(A) a shareholder of a business corporation;

(B) a member of a nonprofit corporation;

(C) a general partner of a general partnership, including a limited liability partnership;

(D) a general partner of a limited partnership, including a limited liability partnership;

(E) a limited partner of a limited partnership, including a limited liability partnership;

(F) a member of a limited liability company;

(G) a shareholder of a general cooperative association;

(H) a member of a limited cooperative association or mutual benefit enterprise;

(I) a member of an unincorporated nonprofit association;

(J) a beneficiary or beneficial owner of a statutory trust, business trust, or common-law business trust; or

(K) any other direct holder of an interest.

(12) "Merger" means a merger authorized by sections 11.08 through 11.12 of this title.

(13) "Organization":

(A) means any of the following, whether a domestic or foreign organization, and regardless of whether organized for profit:

(i) a business corporation;

(ii) a nonprofit corporation;

(iii) a general partnership, including a limited liability partnership;

(iv) a limited partnership, including a limited liability limited partnership;

(v) a limited liability company;

(vi) a general cooperative association;

(vii) a limited cooperative association or mutual benefit enterprise;

(viii) an unincorporated nonprofit association;

(ix) a statutory trust, business trust, or common-law business trust; or

(x) any other person that has:

(I) a legal existence separate from any interest holder of that person; or

(II) the power to acquire an interest in real property in its own name; and

(B) does not include:

(i) an individual;

(ii) a trust with a predominantly donative purpose or a charitable trust;

(iii) an association or relationship that is not an organization listed in subdivision (A) of this subdivision (13) and is not a partnership under 11 V.S.A. chapter 22 or 23, or a similar provision of law of another jurisdiction;

(iv) a decedent‘s estate; or

(v) a government or a governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality.

(14) "Organizational documents" means the organizational documents for a domestic or foreign organization that create the organization, govern the internal affairs of the organization, and govern relations between or among its interest holders, including:

(A) for a general partnership, its statement of partnership authority and partnership agreement;

(B) for a limited liability partnership, its statement of qualification and partnership agreement;

(C) for a limited partnership, its certificate of limited partnership and partnership agreement;

(D) for a limited liability company, its certificate or articles of organization and operating agreement, or comparable records as provided in its governing statute;

(E) for a business trust, its agreement of trust and declaration of trust;

(F) for a business corporation, its certificate or articles of incorporation, bylaws, and other agreements among its shareholders which are authorized by its governing statute, or comparable records as provided in its governing statute; and

(G) for any other organization, the basic records that create the organization and determine its internal governance and the relations among the persons that own it, have an interest in it, or are members of it.

(15) "Personal liability" means:

(A) liability for a debt, obligation, or other liability of an organization which is imposed on a person:

(i) by the governing statute solely by reason of the person co-owning, having an interest in, or being a member of the organization; or

(ii) by the organization’s organizational documents under a provision of the governing statute authorizing those documents to make one or more specified persons liable for all or specified debts, obligations, or other liabilities of the organization solely by reason of the person or persons co-owning, having an interest in, or being a member of the organization; or

(B) an obligation of an interest holder under the organizational documents of an organization to contribute to the organization.

(16) "Private organizational documents" means organizational documents or portions thereof for a domestic or foreign organization that are not part of the organization’s public record, if any, and includes:

(A) the bylaws of a business corporation;

(B) the bylaws of a nonprofit corporation;

(C) the partnership agreement of a general partnership or limited liability partnership;

(D) the partnership agreement of a limited partnership or limited liability limited partnership;

(E) the operating agreement of a limited liability company;

(F) the bylaws of a general cooperative association;

(G) the bylaws of a limited cooperative association or mutual benefit enterprise;

(H) the governing principles of an unincorporated nonprofit association; and

(I) the trust instrument of a statutory trust or similar rules of a business trust or common-law business trust.

(17) "Protected agreement" means:

(A) a record evidencing indebtedness and any related agreement in effect on July 1, 2017;

(B) an agreement that is binding on an organization on July 1, 2017;

(C) the organizational documents of an organization in effect on July 1, 2017; or

(D) an agreement that is binding on any of the partners, directors, managers, or interest holders of an organization on July 1, 2017.

(18) "Public organizational documents" means the record of organizational documents required to be filed with the Secretary of State to form an organization, and any amendment to or restatement of that record, and includes:

(A) the articles of incorporation of a business corporation;

(B) the articles of incorporation of a nonprofit corporation;

(C) the statement of partnership authority of a general partnership;

(D) the statement of qualification of a limited liability partnership;

(E) the certificate of limited partnership of a limited partnership;

(F) the articles of organization of a limited liability company;

(G) the articles of incorporation of a general cooperative association;

(H) the articles of organization of a limited cooperative association or mutual benefit enterprise; and

(I) the certificate of trust of a statutory trust or similar record of a business trust.

(19) "Record," used as a noun, means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form.

(20) "Share exchange" means a share exchange authorized by sections 11.08 through 11.12 of this title.

(21) "Surviving organization" means an organization into which one or more other organizations are merged whether the organization preexisted the merger or was created by the merger. (Added 1993, No. 85, § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 1994; amended 2015, No. 157 (Adj. Sess.), § E.1, eff. July 1, 2017.)

Vermont Statutes Title 11 Sec. 11-01

§ 11.01. Approval of plan of merger

(a) Subject to the limitations set forth in section 11.02 of this title, one or more nonprofit corporations may merge into an existing business or nonprofit corporation, which may be one of the merging corporations as long as the plan of merger is approved as provided in section 11.03 of this title.

(b) The plan of merger must set forth:

(1) the name of each corporation planning to merge and the name of the surviving corporation into which each plans to merge;

(2) the terms and conditions of the planned merger; and

(3) the manner and basis, if any, of converting the memberships of each public benefit corporation into memberships of the surviving corporation; and

(4) if the merger involves a mutual benefit corporation, the manner and basis, if any, of converting memberships of each merging corporation into memberships, obligations, or securities of the surviving or any other corporation or into cash or other property in whole or part.

Terms Used In Vermont Statutes Title 11 Sec. 11-01

  • articles: include amended and restated articles of incorporation and articles of merger. See
  • Bylaws: means the code or codes of rules (other than the articles) adopted pursuant to this title for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation, stored or depicted in any tangible or electronic medium, and irrespective of the name or names by which such rules are designated. See
  • Corporation: means public benefit and mutual benefit corporation. See
  • Mutual benefit corporation: means a domestic corporation which is required to be a mutual benefit corporation pursuant to section 17. See
  • Public benefit corporation: means a domestic corporation which is required to be a public benefit corporation pursuant to section 17. See

(c) The plan of merger shall set forth any amendments to the articles of incorporation or bylaws of the surviving corporation to be effected by the planned merger and may set forth other provisions relating to the planned merger. (Added 1995, No. 179 (Adj. Sess.), § 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1997.)