Sections
Chapter 21 General Provisions 2.2-2100 – 2.2-2106
Chapter 22 Authorities 2.2-2200 – 2.2-2350
Chapter 24 Boards 2.2-2400 – 2.2-2495
Chapter 25 Commissions 2.2-2518 – 2.2-2543
Chapter 26 Councils 2.2-2609 – 2.2-2699.7
Chapter 27 Foundations and Other Collegial Bodies 2.2-2703 – 2.2-2743

Terms Used In Virginia Code > Title 2.2 > Subtitle I > Part D

  • Acceptable release rate: means a measured release rate not to exceed 4. See Virginia Code 3.2-3935
  • Accounts receivable: refers to the classification of debts due the Commonwealth, including judgments, fines, costs, and penalties imposed upon conviction for criminal and traffic offenses, and as defined in the guidelines adopted by the State Comptroller. See Virginia Code 2.2-4801
  • Accredited veterinarian: means a veterinarian approved by the Administrator of the U. See Virginia Code 3.2-5900
  • Act: means the federal Secure and Fair Enforcement for Mortgage Licensing Act, Title V (§ 1501 et seq. See Virginia Code 6.2-1700
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Administrative offset: includes , but is not limited to, offsetting any monies, except those specifically exempted by state or federal law, paid by agency or institution for a debt owed to any other state agency or institution. See Virginia Code 2.2-4801
  • Administrative or clerical tasks: means the receipt, collection, and distribution of information common for the processing or underwriting of a residential mortgage loan in the mortgage industry and communication with the consumer to obtain information necessary for the processing or underwriting of a residential mortgage loan. See Virginia Code 6.2-1700
  • Adult: means a person 18 years of age or more. See Virginia Code 1-203
  • Advertisement: means all representations, other than those on the label, disseminated in any manner or by any means, relating to animal remedies. See Virginia Code 3.2-4900
  • Advertisement: means all representations disseminated in any manner or by any means, other than by labeling, for the purpose of inducing, or that are likely to induce, directly or indirectly, the purchase of food. See Virginia Code 3.2-5120
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Advisory agency: means any board, commission, committee or post which does not exercise any sovereign power or duty, but is appointed by a governmental agency or officer or is created by law for the purpose of making studies or recommendations, or advising or consulting with a governmental agency. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Advisory Committee: means the Six-Year Capital Outlay Plan Advisory Committee established pursuant to § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-1515
  • Affected localities: means the locality in which a regulated introduction is proposed to be made and any locality within a three-mile radius of the location where the regulated introduction is proposed to be made. See Virginia Code 2.2-5501
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affiliated business entity relationship: means a relationship, other than a parent-subsidiary relationship, that exists when (i) one business entity has a controlling ownership interest in the other business entity, (ii) a controlling owner in one entity is also a controlling owner in the other entity, or (iii) there is shared management or control between the business entities. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Agency: means any agency, authority, board, department, division, commission, institution, bureau, or like governmental entity of the Commonwealth or of any unit of local government including counties, cities, towns, regional governments, and the departments thereof, and includes constitutional officers, except as otherwise expressly provided by law. See Virginia Code 2.2-3801
  • Agency: means any authority, instrumentality, officer, board, or other unit of the government of the Commonwealth with express or implied authority to issue regulations other than the General Assembly, courts, municipal corporations, counties, other local or regional governmental authorities including sanitary or other districts and joint state-federal, interstate or intermunicipal authorities, the Virginia Resources Authority, the Virginia Code Commission with respect to minor changes made under the provisions of § 30-150, and educational institutions operated by the Commonwealth with respect to regulations that pertain to (i) their academic affairs; (ii) the selection, tenure, promotion and disciplining of faculty and employees; (iii) the selection of students; and (iv) rules of conduct and disciplining of students. See Virginia Code 2.2-4101
  • agency: means any authority, instrumentality, officer, board or other unit of state government empowered by the basic laws to adopt regulations or decide cases. See Virginia Code 2.2-4115
  • Agency: means any agency or instrumentality, corporate or otherwise, of the government of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 2.2-4200
  • Agency: means any person that provides or offers to provide debt management plans for consumers. See Virginia Code 6.2-2000
  • Agricultural and food product: means any horticultural, viticulture, dairy, livestock, poultry, bee, other farm or garden product, fish or fishery product, and other foods. See Virginia Code 3.2-4312
  • Agricultural liming material: means any limestone with calcium and magnesium compounds that has the capacity, and whose intended purpose is, to neutralize soil acidity. See Virginia Code 3.2-3700
  • Agricultural products: means any livestock, aquaculture, poultry, horticultural, floricultural, viticulture, silvicultural, or other farm crops. See Virginia Code 3.2-6400
  • Agritourism activity: means any activity carried out on a farm or ranch that allows members of the general public, for recreational, entertainment, or educational purposes, to view or enjoy rural activities, including farming, wineries, ranching, historical, cultural, harvest-your-own activities, or natural activities and attractions. See Virginia Code 3.2-6400
  • Agritourism professional: means any person who is engaged in the business of providing one or more agritourism activities, whether or not for compensation. See Virginia Code 3.2-6400
  • air carrier: includes a common carrier by aircraft, a restricted common carrier by aircraft, and a contract carrier by aircraft. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • aircraft: means any contrivance, except a contrivance operating twenty-four inches or less above ground or water level, now known or hereafter invented, used, or designed for navigation of, or flight in, the airspace in the transportation of passengers, property or mail. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Aircraft: means any contrivance now known, or hereafter invented, used, or designed for navigation of or flight in the air, including a balloon or other contrivance designed for maneuvering in airspace at an altitude greater than 24 inches above ground or water level, except that any contrivance now or hereafter invented of fixed or flexible wing design, operating without the assistance of any motor, engine, or other mechanical propulsive device, which is designed to utilize the feet and legs of the operator or operators as the sole means of initiating and sustaining forward motion during the launch and of providing the point of contact with the ground upon landing and commonly called a "hang glider" shall not be included within this definition. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Airport: means any area of land or water which is used, or intended for public use, for the landing and takeoff of aircraft, and any appurtenant areas that are used, or intended for use, for airport buildings or other airport facilities or rights-of-way, easements and together with all airport buildings and facilities located thereon. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • airspace: means all airspace above the lands and waters within the boundary of this Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Alcohol: means the product known as ethyl or grain alcohol obtained by distillation of any fermented liquor, rectified either once or more often, whatever the origin, and shall include synthetic ethyl alcohol, but shall not include methyl alcohol and alcohol completely denatured in accordance with formulas approved by the government of the United States. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Alcohol vaporizing device: means any device, machine, or process that mixes any alcoholic beverages with pure oxygen or other gas to produce a vaporized product for the purpose of consumption by inhalation. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Alcoholic beverages: includes alcohol, spirits, wine, and beer, and any one or more of such varieties containing one-half of one percent or more of alcohol by volume, including mixed alcoholic beverages, and every liquid or solid, powder or crystal, patented or not, containing alcohol, spirits, wine, or beer and capable of being consumed by a human being. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Animal: means any animate being, which is not human, endowed with the power of voluntary action. See Virginia Code 3.2-4800
  • Animal: means any animate being, which is not human, endowed with the power of voluntary action. See Virginia Code 3.2-4900
  • Animal: means any organism of the kingdom Animalia, other than a human being. See Virginia Code 3.2-5900
  • Animal remedies: means all drugs, combinations of drugs, proprietary medicines, and combinations of drugs and other ingredients, other than for food purposes or cosmetic purposes that are prepared or compounded for animal use; except those exempted by the Commissioner. See Virginia Code 3.2-4900
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • annuity: shall be deemed to include "variable annuity" and "modified guaranteed annuity" and shall be deemed to include a contract under which a lump sum cash settlement is an alternative to the option of periodic payments. See Virginia Code 38.2-106
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Anything of value: means :

    1. See Virginia Code 2.2-419

  • Apiary: means any place where one or more colonies of bees are kept. See Virginia Code 3.2-4400
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Aquaculture: means the propagation, rearing, enhancement, and harvest of aquatic organisms in controlled or selected environments, conducted in marine, estuarine, brackish, or fresh water. See Virginia Code 3.2-2600
  • Area of Operation: means land owned by the Commonwealth at Fort Monroe. See Virginia Code 2.2-2337
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Art instruction studio: means any commercial establishment that provides to its customers all required supplies and step-by-step instruction in creating a painting or other work of art during a studio instructional session. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Arts venue: means a commercial or nonprofit establishment that is open to the public and in which works of art are sold or displayed. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Assessment: means moneys to be collected as authorized by this chapter. See Virginia Code 3.2-1500
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney: means the person designated and authorized by subscribers as the attorney-in-fact having authority to obligate them on reciprocal insurance contracts. See Virginia Code 38.2-1201
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Authority: means the Virginia Alcoholic Beverage Control Authority created pursuant to this title. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Authority: means the respective political subdivisions of the Commonwealth created in this subpart. See Virginia Code 2.2-2200
  • Authority: means the Virginia Commercial Space Flight Authority. See Virginia Code 2.2-2201
  • Authority: means the Fort Monroe Authority. See Virginia Code 2.2-2337
  • Authorized delegate: means a person designated or appointed by a licensee to sell money orders or provide money transmission services on behalf of the licensee. See Virginia Code 6.2-1900
  • Average manufacturing wage: means that amount determined by the Virginia Employment Commission to be the average wage paid manufacturing workers in a locality or region of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 2.2-5100
  • Bale: means a closely pressed package of ginned cotton that weighs approximately 480 pounds. See Virginia Code 3.2-1500
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Barrel: means any container or vessel having a capacity of more than 43 ounces. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Basic employment: means employment that brings new or additional income into Virginia and adds to the gross state product. See Virginia Code 2.2-5100
  • Basic employment: means employment in an industry sector or function that directly or indirectly derives more than 50 percent of its revenue from out-of-state sources. See Virginia Code 2.2-5105
  • bed and breakfast establishment: includes any property offered to the public for short-term rental, as that term is defined in § Virginia Code 2.2-2337
  • Bond with surety: includes the payment in cash of the full amount of the required bond and, in such case, no surety shall be required. See Virginia Code 1-205
  • Bonds: means bonds or other obligations issued by the Commonwealth, by counties, cities and towns, and by their agencies, institutions, and authorities or by any combination of the foregoing under the provisions of the Public Finance Act (§ 15. See Virginia Code 2.2-4701
  • Bonds: means any bonds, refunding bonds, notes, debentures, interim certificates, or any bond, grant, revenue anticipation notes or any other evidences of indebtedness or obligation of an authority, whether in temporary or definitive form and whether the interest thereon is exempt from federal income taxation. See Virginia Code 2.2-2200
  • Bonds: means any bonds, notes, interim certificates, debentures, or other obligations issued by the Authority pursuant to this article. See Virginia Code 2.2-2337
  • Bottle: means any vessel intended to contain liquids and having a capacity of not more than 43 ounces. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Brand: means the term, designation, trademark, product name or other specific designation under which any liming material is offered for sale. See Virginia Code 3.2-3700
  • Brand: means any recorded identification mark applied to any position on the hide of a live animal by means of heat, freezing, acid or chemical, except tattoo marks in the ear or numbers used to keep production records, record of age or identification marks used by any governmental agency. See Virginia Code 3.2-6100
  • Brand family: means all styles of cigarettes sold under the same trademark and differentiated from one another by means of additional modifiers or descriptors, including, but not limited to, "menthol" "lights" "kings" and "100s" and includes any brand name alone or in conjunction with any other word, trademark, logo, symbol, motto, selling message, recognizable pattern of colors, or any other indicia of product identification identical or similar to, or identifiable with, a previously known brand of cigarettes. See Virginia Code 3.2-4204
  • Brand name: means any word, name, symbol, or device, or any combination thereof, identifying the commercial feed of a distributor or registrant and distinguishing it from the commercial feed of other distributors or registrants. See Virginia Code 3.2-4800
  • broker: means any person not included in the term air carrier and not a bona fide employee or agent of any such carrier, who, as principal or agent, sells or offers for sale any transportation subject to this chapter, or negotiates for, or holds himself out by solicitation, advertisement, or otherwise as one who sells, provides, furnishes, contracts, or arranges for such transportation. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Bulk: means materials in nonpackaged form. See Virginia Code 3.2-3700
  • Bureau: means the Bureau of Financial Institutions, a division of the Commission. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Business: means a corporation, partnership, sole proprietorship, firm, enterprise, franchise, association, trust or foundation, or any other individual or entity carrying on a business or profession, whether or not for profit. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Business: means any type of corporation, partnership, limited liability company, association, or sole proprietorship operated for profit. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Business enterprise: means any (i) industry for the manufacturing, processing, assembling, storing, warehousing, servicing, distributing, or selling of any products of agriculture, mining, or industry or professional services; (ii) commercial enterprise making sales or providing services to industries described in clause (i); (iii) enterprise for research and development, including scientific laboratories; (iv) not-for-profit entity operating in the Commonwealth; (v) entity acquiring, constructing, improving, maintaining, or operating a qualified transportation facility under the Public-Private Transportation Act of 1995 (§ Virginia Code 3.2-4753
  • Cattle: means beef-type and dairy-type cattle sold for a consideration in excess of $100 per head in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 3.2-1300
  • certificate: means a certificate of public convenience and necessity issued by the State Corporation Commission to common carriers by aircraft and restricted common carriers by aircraft under this chapter. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Certificate: means a document issued or authorized by the Commissioner indicating that a regulated article is not contaminated with a pest. See Virginia Code 3.2-700
  • Certificate of Conformance: means a document issued by the National Type Evaluation Program of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) of the U. See Virginia Code 3.2-5700
  • Certificate of health: means a state-of-origin document prepared and signed by the State Apiarist or other authorized person declaring the bees, bee equipment, appliances, apiaries, and honey houses to be free of bee diseases. See Virginia Code 3.2-4400
  • Certified company: means a Virginia employer that has been certified by the Partnership to have (i) created or caused to be created at least 200 net new basic employment jobs in the Commonwealth that are located in the participating localities with average salaries at least equal to the average wage in the participating localities and (ii) made a capital investment of at least $25 million in the participating localities. See Virginia Code 2.2-5105
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Check: means a draft drawn on the account of an individual at a depository institution. See Virginia Code 6.2-1800
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • City: means an independent incorporated community which became a city as provided by law before noon on July 1, 1971, or which has within defined boundaries a population of 5,000 or more and which has become a city as provided by law. See Virginia Code 1-208
  • City: means the City of Hampton, Virginia, a municipal corporation of the Commonwealth of Virginia. See Virginia Code 2.2-2337
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Club: means any private nonprofit corporation or association which is the owner, lessee, or occupant of an establishment operated solely for a national, social, patriotic, political, athletic, or other like purpose, but not for pecuniary gain, the advantages of which belong to all of the members. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Collaborative economic development plan: means an agreement among two or more localities that identifies commitments made by each locality to implement a collaborative approach to economic development, whether the collaboration relates to general economic development and diversification efforts by the participating localities or relates to specific economic development needs, including infrastructure and workforce training, of a company. See Virginia Code 2.2-5105
  • Collegial body: means a governmental entity whose power or authority is vested within its membership. See Virginia Code 1-209
  • Colony: means a queenright assemblage of social bees capable of reproducing. See Virginia Code 3.2-4400
  • Commercial activity: means an activity performed by or for state government that is not an inherently governmental activity and that may feasibly be obtained from a commercial source at lower cost than the activity being performed by state employees. See Virginia Code 2.2-5512
  • Commercial boat yard: means any facility that engages for hire in the construction, storage, maintenance, repair or refurbishing of vessels (other than seaplanes) or any licensed independent marine maintenance contractor who engages in such activities. See Virginia Code 3.2-3935
  • Commercial feed: means any materials or combination of materials that are distributed or intended for distribution for use as feed for animals, or for mixing in feed. See Virginia Code 3.2-4800
  • Commercial lifestyle center: means a mixed-use commercial development covering a minimum of 25 acres of land and having at least 100,000 square feet of retail space featuring national specialty chain stores and a combination of dining, entertainment, office, residential, or hotel establishments located in a physically integrated outdoor setting that is pedestrian friendly and that is governed by a commercial owners' association that is responsible for the management, maintenance, and operation of the common areas thereof. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Commercial source: means any business or other private concern that is eligible for contract awarded in accordance with the Public-Private Education and Infrastructure Act of 2002 (§ 56-575. See Virginia Code 2.2-5512
  • Commission: means the State Corporation Commission. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Commission: means the Virginia Code Commission. See Virginia Code 2.2-4101
  • Commission: means the State Corporation Commission. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Commission: means the State Corporation Commission. See Virginia Code 38.2-100
  • Commissioner: means the State Health Commissioner. See Virginia Code 32.1-3
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services. See Virginia Code 3.2-100
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of Financial Institutions. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Commissioner: means the Tax Commissioner of the Department of Taxation. See Virginia Code 3.2-4204
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of the Department of Veterans Services appointed pursuant to § Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Contract: means a binding agreement between the grain dealer and the producer that describes the terms and conditions of the delivery of grain and the purchase price. See Virginia Code 3.2-4753
  • Contract feeder: means a person who is an independent contractor and who: (i) feeds commercial feed to animals pursuant to a contract; (ii) is provided such commercial feed by a licensed distributor; and (iii) receives remuneration as determined all or in part by the amount of feed consumption, mortality, profits, or amount or quality of production. See Virginia Code 3.2-4800
  • Contract winemaking facility: means the premises of a licensed winery or farm winery that obtains grapes, fruits, and other agricultural products from a person holding a farm winery license and crushes, processes, ferments, bottles, or provides any combination of such services pursuant to an agreement with the farm winery licensee. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Contractor: means the entity that has a direct contract with any "state agency" as defined herein, or any agency of local government as discussed in § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-4347
  • Contractor: means any individual, partnership, corporation or association that performs services for or supplies goods, materials, or equipment to the Commonwealth or any agency thereof. See Virginia Code 2.2-4200
  • Contractor: means any person required to hold a permit to sell any bulk liming material to the consumer pursuant to § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-3700
  • Convenience grocery store: means an establishment which (i) has an enclosed room in a permanent structure where stock is displayed and offered for sale and (ii) maintains an inventory of edible items intended for human consumption consisting of a variety of such items of the types normally sold in grocery stores. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Converted company: means a stock insurance company incorporated and organized under the laws of this Commonwealth that continues in existence after a reorganization under this article in connection with the formation of a mutual holding company. See Virginia Code 38.2-1005.1:1
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Coordinated Framework: means the federal Coordinated Framework for the Regulation of Biotechnology set forth in 51 Fed. See Virginia Code 2.2-5501
  • Cord: means the amount of wood that is contained in a space of 128 cubic feet when the wood is ranked and well stowed. See Virginia Code 3.2-5600
  • Corn: means all corn sold except sugar corn, popcorn, and ornamental corn. See Virginia Code 3.2-1400
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Cost: means as applied to a project financed under the provisions of this article, the sum total of all costs reasonable and necessary for carrying out all works and undertakings necessary or incident to accomplish a project, including, but not limited to the cost of all necessary developmental, planning and feasibility studies, surveys, plans and specifications, architectural, engineering, financial, legal or other special services, the cost of acquisition of land and any buildings and improvements thereon, including the discharge of any obligations of the vendor of such land, buildings or improvements, site preparation and development including demolition or removal of existing structures, construction, and reconstruction, furnishing of a project, the reasonable cost of financing incurred in the course of the development of a project, carrying charges during construction to the occupancy date, interest on bonds issued to finance a project to a date subsequent to the estimated date of completion of a project, necessary expenses incurred in connection with the initial occupancy of a project, the cost of reimbursing the Central Capital Planning Fund, established under § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-2260
  • Cotton: means the field crop of the genus Gossypium grown to be further processed into consumable goods. See Virginia Code 3.2-1500
  • Council: means the Virginia Conflict of Interest and Ethics Advisory Council established in § 30-355. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Council: means the State Executive Council for Children's Services created pursuant to § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-5200
  • Council: means the Virginia Interagency Coordinating Council created pursuant to § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-5300
  • Council: means the Virginia Conflict of Interest and Ethics Advisory Council established in § 30-355. See Virginia Code 2.2-419
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Country buyer: means any person who buys corn from a producer. See Virginia Code 3.2-1400
  • Country buyer: means any person who buys small grains from a producer. See Virginia Code 3.2-2200
  • Court: means any juvenile and domestic relations district court, general district court, circuit court, or appellate court, and includes the judges and any intake specialist to whom the judge has delegated specific authority under this chapter. See Virginia Code 8.01-576.4
  • Courts of record: means the Supreme Court of Virginia, the Court of Appeals of Virginia, and the circuit courts. See Virginia Code 1-212
  • covered farm: as used in this chapter , unless the context requires a different meaning. See Virginia Code 3.2-5147
  • Covered produce: includes all of the following:

    1. See Virginia Code 3.2-5146

  • Coworking establishment: means a facility that has at least 100 members, a majority of whom are 21 years of age or older, to whom it offers shared office space and related amenities, including desks, conference rooms, Internet access, printers, copiers, telephones, and fax machines. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Credit Score: A number, roughly between 300 and 800, that measures an individual's credit worthiness. The most well-known type of credit score is the FICO score. This score represents the answer from a mathematical formula that assigns numerical values to various pieces of information in your credit report. Source: OCC
  • CSA: means the Children's Services Act. See Virginia Code 2.2-5200
  • Custom mix feed: means a feed for which the customer provides ingredients. See Virginia Code 3.2-4800
  • Customer-formula feed: means commercial feed that consists of a mixture of commercial feeds, or feed ingredients, or a combination of both commercial feeds and feed ingredients, each batch being manufactured according to the specific instructions of the final purchaser. See Virginia Code 3.2-4800
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Data subject: means an individual about whom personal information is indexed or may be located under his name, personal number, or other identifiable particulars, in an information system. See Virginia Code 2.2-3801
  • Day spa: means any commercial establishment that offers to the public both massage therapy, performed by persons licensed in accordance with § Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Dealership: means the location at which a dealer stores or intends to store the industrial hemp in which he deals. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Debt collector: means a person defined as a debt collector under 15 U. See Virginia Code 6.2-2000
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Default or insolvency: includes , but shall not be limited to, the failure or refusal of any qualified public depository to return any public deposit upon demand or at maturity and the issuance of an order of supervisory authority restraining such depository from making payments of deposit liabilities or the appointment of a receiver for such depository. See Virginia Code 2.2-4401
  • Defaulting depository: means any qualified public depository determined to be in default or insolvent. See Virginia Code 2.2-4401
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Deferred payment: means that the purchase price for grain delivered by the producer is fixed and specified in the contract, but payment is not received by the producer until a mutually agreed upon subsequent date. See Virginia Code 3.2-4753
  • Department: means the department designated by the Secretary of Commerce and Trade to implement the requirements of this chapter for certain types or classes of regulated introductions. See Virginia Code 2.2-5501
  • Department: means the State Department of Health. See Virginia Code 32.1-3
  • Department: means the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. See Virginia Code 3.2-100
  • Department: means the Department of Veterans Services established pursuant to §
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Dispute resolution proceeding: means any structured process in which a neutral assists parties to a dispute in reaching a voluntary settlement by means of dispute resolution processes such as mediation, conciliation, facilitation, partnering, fact-finding, neutral evaluation, use of ombudsmen or any other proceeding leading to a voluntary settlement. See Virginia Code 2.2-4115
  • Dispute resolution proceeding: means any structured process in which a neutral assists disputants in reaching a voluntary settlement by means of dispute resolution techniques such as mediation, conciliation, early neutral evaluation, nonjudicial settlement conferences or any other proceeding leading to a voluntary settlement conducted consistent with the requirements of this chapter. See Virginia Code 8.01-576.4
  • Dispute resolution program: means a program that offers dispute resolution services to the public, which is run by the Commonwealth or any private for-profit or not-for-profit organization, political subdivision, or public corporation, or a combination of these. See Virginia Code 8.01-576.4
  • Dispute resolution services: includes screening and intake of disputants, conducting dispute resolution proceedings, drafting agreements and providing information or referral services. See Virginia Code 8.01-576.4
  • Disseminate: means to release, transfer, or otherwise communicate information orally, in writing, or by electronic means. See Virginia Code 2.2-3801
  • Distribute: means to: (i) offer or expose for sale, sell, warehouse, exchange, or barter commercial feed; or (ii) supply, furnish, or otherwise provide commercial feed to a contract feeder. See Virginia Code 3.2-4800
  • Distributor: means any person who imports or consigns, manufactures, produces, compounds, mixes, or blends any liming material, or who offers for sale, sells, barters or otherwise supplies any liming material. See Virginia Code 3.2-3700
  • Distributor: means any person who distributes commercial feed. See Virginia Code 3.2-4800
  • District: means one of the districts set forth in § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-1200
  • Division: means the Division of Debt Collection of the Office of the Attorney General created pursuant to § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-4801
  • Division: means the Division of Marketing of the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. See Virginia Code 3.2-4312
  • DMP: means a program whereby a person agrees to engage in debt pooling and distribution services on behalf of a consumer, or multiple consumers if a joint account. See Virginia Code 6.2-2000
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Drop zone: means any locality whether over land or water that is used, or intended for use, for the landing and recovery of sky divers or parachutists using a parachute or other contrivance designed for sport jumping. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Drug: means any article intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in animals and articles other than commercial feed intended to affect the structure or any function of the animal body. See Virginia Code 3.2-4800
  • Drug: means articles: (i) recognized in the latest addition or any supplement thereto of the Official United States Pharmacopoeia, the official Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States, or the Official National Formulary; (ii) intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in animals; (iii) other than food or cosmetics, intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of animals; or (iv) intended for use as a component of any articles specified in clauses (i) or (ii) of this definition. See Virginia Code 3.2-4900
  • Duplicate original: means an exact copy with signatures created by the same impression as the original, or an exact copy bearing an original signature, or in the case of an electronic transaction, an electronic version with electronic signatures. See Virginia Code 6.2-2000
  • Dwelling: means a residential structure or mobile home that contains one to four family housing units, or individual units of condominiums or cooperatives. See Virginia Code 6.2-1700
  • Early intervention services: means services provided through Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U. See Virginia Code 2.2-5300
  • Eggs for use: means eggs that are incorporated into another product at a Virginia location so as to lose their character as eggs. See Virginia Code 3.2-1600
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Electronic signature: means a signature as defined in § 59. See Virginia Code 6.2-2000
  • Eligible business: means any person engaged in one or more business enterprises in the Commonwealth that satisfies one or more of the following requirements: (i) is a for-profit enterprise that (a) has received $10 million or less in annual gross income under generally accepted accounting principles for each of its last three fiscal years or lesser time period if it has been in existence less than three years, (b) has fewer than 250 employees, (c) has a net worth of $2 million or less, (d) exists for the sole purpose of developing or operating a qualified transportation facility under the Public-Private Transportation Act of 1995 (§
  • Entity: means any corporation, partnership, association, cooperative, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, or other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 6.2-1600
  • Entity: means any corporation, partnership, association, cooperative, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, government, political subdivision, or other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Entry permit: means a state-of-destination document prepared by the State Apiarist or other authorized person authorizing the entry of bee equipment, appliances, and bees on combs into the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 3.2-4400
  • ENV: means a relative value using the calcium oxide content, magnesium oxide content and fineness to express the effectiveness of an agricultural liming material in neutralizing soil acidity. See Virginia Code 3.2-3700
  • Equine: means a horse, pony, mule, donkey, or hinny. See Virginia Code 3.2-6200
  • Equine professional: means a person or his agent engaged for compensation in: (i) instructing a participant or renting to a participant an equine for the purpose of riding, driving, or being a passenger upon an equine; or (ii) renting equipment or tack to a participant. See Virginia Code 3.2-6200
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Establishment: means any place where alcoholic beverages of one or more varieties are lawfully manufactured, sold, or used. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Estate: includes both real and personal property. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: means service by virtue of one's office and includes voting privileges for ex officio members unless otherwise provided. See Virginia Code 1-215
  • Executive action: includes procurement transactions. See Virginia Code 2.2-419
  • Executive agency: includes the State Corporation Commission, the Virginia Workers' Compensation Commission, and the Virginia Lottery. See Virginia Code 2.2-419
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Expenditure: means :

    1. See Virginia Code 2.2-419

  • Exporter: means any person offering corn for export sale. See Virginia Code 3.2-1400
  • Exporter: means any person offering small grains for export sale. See Virginia Code 3.2-2200
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Facility: means a state or licensed hospital, training center, psychiatric hospital, or other type of residential or outpatient mental health or mental retardation facility. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • Facility: means a particular building or structure or particular buildings or structures, including all equipment, appurtenances, and accessories necessary or appropriate for the operation of such facility. See Virginia Code 2.2-2337
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Fair market value: means the price that a good or service would bring between a willing seller and a willing buyer in the open market after negotiations. See Virginia Code 2.2-419
  • farm: means any person that obtains at least 51 percent of its annual gross income from agricultural operations and produces the agricultural waste used as feedstock for the waste-to-energy technology, (ii) "agricultural waste" means biomass waste materials capable of decomposition that are produced from the raising of plants and animals during agricultural operations, including animal manures, bedding, plant stalks, hulls, and vegetable matter, and (iii) "waste-to-energy technology" means any technology, including but not limited to a methane digester, that converts agricultural waste into gas, steam, or heat that is used to generate electricity on-site. See Virginia Code 1-222.1
  • Farm or ranch: means one or more areas of land used for the production, cultivation, growing, harvesting or processing of agricultural products. See Virginia Code 3.2-6400
  • Farm winery: means (i) an establishment (a) located on a farm in the Commonwealth on land zoned agricultural with a producing vineyard, orchard, or similar growing area and with facilities for fermenting and bottling wine on the premises where the owner or lessee manufactures wine that contains not more than 21 percent alcohol by volume or (b) located in the Commonwealth on land zoned agricultural with a producing vineyard, orchard, or similar growing area or agreements for purchasing grapes or other fruits from agricultural growers within the Commonwealth, and with facilities for fermenting and bottling wine on the premises where the owner or lessee manufactures wine that contains not more than 21 percent alcohol by volume or (ii) an accredited public or private institution of higher education, provided that (a) no wine manufactured by the institution shall be sold, (b) the wine manufactured by the institution shall be used solely for research and educational purposes, (c) the wine manufactured by the institution shall be stored on the premises of such farm winery that shall be separate and apart from all other facilities of the institution, and (d) such farm winery is operated in strict conformance with the requirements of this clause (ii) and Board regulations. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Farming unit: means any sole proprietorship, corporation, or partnership and includes land owned and leased by any such business entity. See Virginia Code 3.2-1500
  • farmland: includes all land defined as follows:

    "Important farmland" other than prime or unique farmland, is land that is of statewide or local importance for the production of food, feed, fiber, forage, nursery, oilseed, or other agricultural crops, as determined by the appropriate state agency or local government agency, and that the U. See Virginia Code 3.2-205

  • Federal act: means the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (Title 21 U. See Virginia Code 3.2-5120
  • Federal Act: means the Small Business Investment Act of 1958, 15 U. See Virginia Code 2.2-2279
  • federal acts: means these two federal laws. See Virginia Code 3.2-5400
  • Federal agency: means the United States; the President of the United States; and any department, corporation, agency, or instrumentality heretofore or hereafter created, designated, or established by the United States. See Virginia Code 2.2-2200
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal Meat Inspection Act: means the act so entitled approved March 4, 1907 (34 Stat. See Virginia Code 3.2-5400
  • Federal Poultry Products Inspection Act: means the act so entitled approved August 28, 1957 (71 Stat. See Virginia Code 3.2-5400
  • Federal regulator: means a federal department, agency, or other instrumentality of the federal government, or a designee of such federal instrumentality, which is responsible for regulating an introduction of a genetically engineered organism into the environment under the Coordinated Framework. See Virginia Code 2.2-5501
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Federal statute: means a federal statute that is in accord with the United States Constitution imposing mandates on state or local governments, which may include, but is not limited to, the following:

    1. See Virginia Code 2.2-617

  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Feed ingredient: means each of the constituent materials making up a commercial feed. See Virginia Code 3.2-4800
  • Feeder pig: means a hog not weighing 140 pounds or less. See Virginia Code 3.2-2000
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiduciary: shall include any one or more of the following:

    a. See Virginia Code 8.01-2

  • Fiduciary: includes a guardian, committee, trustee, executor, conservator, or personal representative. See Virginia Code 64.2-100
  • Financial institution: means any bank, trust company, savings institution, industrial loan association, consumer finance company, credit union, broker-dealer as defined in subsection A of § 13. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Financial institution: means any bank, trust company, savings institution, industrial loan association, consumer finance company, or credit union. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • Flawed product: means an irregular unit of goods that cannot be sold to an end user. See Virginia Code 2.2-5100
  • food: as used in this article means all articles used for food, drink, confectionery or condiment, whether simple, mixed or compound, and all substances or ingredients used in the preparation thereof, intended for human consumption and introduction into commerce. See Virginia Code 3.2-5105
  • Food: means all articles used for food, drink, confectionery, or condiment, for humans or other animals, whether simple, mixed, or compound, and all substances or ingredients used in the preparation thereof. See Virginia Code 3.2-5120
  • food: as used in this article means all articles used for food, drink, confectionery or condiment, whether simple, mixed or compound, and all substances or ingredients used in the preparation thereof, intended for human consumption and introduction into commerce. See Virginia Code 3.2-5129
  • Food establishment: means those operations subject to regulation by the Virginia Department of Health as food establishments under the authority granted by § 35. See Virginia Code 3.2-5508
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Fruit: means any apples and peaches. See Virginia Code 3.2-4600
  • Fund: means the Virginia Growth and Opportunity Fund. See Virginia Code 2.2-2484
  • Fund: means the Virginia Investment Partnership Grant Fund created pursuant to § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-5100
  • Fund: means the Virginia Collaborative Economic Development Performance Grant Fund created pursuant to § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-5105
  • Fungicide: means any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any fungi or plant disease. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • furnishings: means any fixtures, leasehold improvements, equipment, office furniture and furnishings whatsoever necessary or desirable for the use and occupancy of such project, and the terms "to furnish" and "furnishing" means the acquisition and installation of such fixtures, equipment and furnishings. See Virginia Code 2.2-2260
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Genetically engineered organism: means an organism (any organism such as animal, plant, bacterium, cyanobacterium, fungus, protist, or virus), altered or produced through genetic modification from a donor, vector, or recipient organism using modern molecular techniques such as recombinant deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) methodology, and any living organisms derived therefrom. See Virginia Code 2.2-5501
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Gift: means any gratuity, favor, discount, entertainment, hospitality, loan, forbearance, or other item having monetary value. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Gift: means anything of value, including any gratuity, favor, discount, entertainment, hospitality, loan, forbearance, or other item having monetary value, and includes services as well as gifts of transportation, local travel, lodgings, and meals, whether provided in-kind or by purchase of a ticket, payment in advance, or reimbursement after the expense has been incurred. See Virginia Code 2.2-419
  • Gift shop: means any bona fide retail store selling, predominantly, gifts, books, souvenirs, specialty items relating to history, original and handmade arts and products, collectibles, crafts, and floral arrangements, which is open to the public on a regular basis. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Goods: means all material, equipment, supplies, printing, and automated data processing hardware and software. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Gourmet brewing shop: means an establishment which sells to persons to whom wine or beer may lawfully be sold, ingredients for making wine or brewing beer, including packaging, and rents to such persons facilities for manufacturing, fermenting and bottling such wine or beer. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Gourmet shop: means an establishment provided with adequate inventory, shelving, and storage facilities, where, in consideration of payment, substantial amounts of domestic and imported wines and beers of various types and sizes and related products such as cheeses and gourmet foods are habitually furnished to persons. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Government store: means a store established by the Authority for the sale of alcoholic beverages. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Government utility corporation: means any county or municipality, or entity or agency thereof, which provides or operates one or more of the following authorized utility services: gas, pipeline, electric light, heat, power, water supply, sewer, telephone, or telegraph. See Virginia Code 1-219.1
  • Governmental agency: means each component part of the legislative, executive or judicial branches of state and local government, including each office, department, authority, post, commission, committee, and each institution or board created by law to exercise some regulatory or sovereign power or duty as distinguished from purely advisory powers or duties. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grade: means specifications defining the limits of variation in quality of eggs in such a manner as to differentiate among classes of eggs, and the letter, number, or other symbol by which references may be made. See Virginia Code 3.2-5301
  • Grain: means grains including corn (maize), wheat, rye, oats, barley, flaxseed, soybeans, and sunflower. See Virginia Code 3.2-4753
  • Grain bank: means grain owned by a producer and held temporarily by the dealer for use in the formulation of feed and returned to the producer on demand as feed or whole grain. See Virginia Code 3.2-4753
  • Grain dealer: means any person who buys, solicits for sale or resale, processes for sale or resale, contracts for storage or exchange, or transfers grain of a Virginia producer. See Virginia Code 3.2-4753
  • Grain exchange: means grain owned by a producer and held temporarily by the dealer for use in the formulation of processed flour to be returned to the producer on demand as flour or whole grain. See Virginia Code 3.2-4753
  • Gross weight: means the total weight of the commodity, including any wrapper, and any other material or thing weighed or packed with such commodity, and including the vehicle or vessel containing the commodity. See Virginia Code 3.2-5600
  • Grow: means to plant, cultivate, or harvest a plant or crop. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Grower: means any person registered pursuant to subsection A of § Source: OCC
  • Guarantor: means any person whose name appears on the label of a commercial feed. See Virginia Code 3.2-4800
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Guardian: means a person appointed by the court who is responsible for the personal affairs of an incapacitated person, including responsibility for making decisions regarding the person's support, care, health, safety, habilitation, education, therapeutic treatment, and, if not inconsistent with an order of involuntary admission, residence. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • Guidance document: means any document developed by a state agency or staff that provides information or guidance of general applicability to the staff or public to interpret or implement statutes or the agency's rules or regulations, excluding agency minutes or documents that pertain only to the internal management of agencies. See Virginia Code 2.2-4101
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Handler: means , at the point where the cattle are weighed or traded and the value determined, an operator of any stockyard, livestock dealership, slaughterhouse, packing plant, or livestock auction market, or any other person who purchases from a producer. See Virginia Code 3.2-1300
  • Handler: means any processor, dealer, shipper, country buyer, exporter, or any other business entity that purchases corn from a producer. See Virginia Code 3.2-1400
  • Handler: means a commercial enterprise that gins cotton. See Virginia Code 3.2-1500
  • Handler: means any person who operates a grading station, a packer, distributor, or other person who purchases, sells, or handles eggs that are used at the wholesale level for consumption in Virginia or, a farmer who packs, processes, or otherwise performs the functions of a handler. See Virginia Code 3.2-1600
  • Handler: means any person who purchases small grains from a producer and any producer who transports and sells his own small grains out of state. See Virginia Code 3.2-2200
  • Handler: means any manufacturer, dealer, processor, or any other business entity that purchases tobacco directly from the grower. See Virginia Code 3.2-2400
  • Hatching egg: means any egg of any chicken, turkey, waterfowl, or game bird, or the egg of any other avian species that is used or intended to be used for hatching purposes. See Virginia Code 3.2-5900
  • Health services plan: means any arrangement for offering or administering health services or similar or related services by a corporation licensed under Chapter 42 (§ Source: OCC
  • Intermediate holding company: means a corporation authorized to issue one or more classes of capital stock, the corporate purposes of which include holding, directly or indirectly, the voting stock of a converted company. See Virginia Code 38.2-1005.1:1
  • Internal Revenue Code: means the federal Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. See Virginia Code 2.2-2279
  • Internet beer retailer: means a person who owns or operates an establishment with adequate inventory, shelving, and storage facilities, where, in consideration of payment, Internet or telephone orders are taken and shipped directly to consumers and which establishment is not a retail store open to the public. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Internet wine retailer: means a person who owns or operates an establishment with adequate inventory, shelving, and storage facilities, where, in consideration of payment, internet or telephone orders are taken and shipped directly to consumers and which establishment is not a retail store open to the public. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Intoxicated: means a condition in which a person has drunk enough alcoholic beverages to observably affect his manner, disposition, speech, muscular movement, general appearance or behavior. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Issuers: means the Commonwealth, counties, cities and towns in the Commonwealth, and their agencies, institutions, and authorities. See Virginia Code 2.2-4701
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Kind: means one of the two classes of liming material. See Virginia Code 3.2-3700
  • Label: means a display of written, printed, or graphic matter upon any article or the immediate container (not including package liners) of any article. See Virginia Code 3.2-5400
  • Label: means any written or printed matter on, or attached to, the package, or on the delivery ticket that accompanies bulk shipments, of any liming material. See Virginia Code 3.2-3700
  • Label: means a display of written, printed, or graphic matter upon, or affixed to, the container in which a commercial feed is distributed, or on the invoice or delivery slip with which a bulk commercial feed, or customer-formula feed, is distributed. See Virginia Code 3.2-4800
  • Label: means a display of written, printed, or graphic matter upon the immediate container of any article. See Virginia Code 3.2-4900
  • Label: means a display of written, printed, or graphic matter upon the immediate container of any article. See Virginia Code 3.2-5120
  • Labeling: means all labels and other written, printed, or graphic matter: (i) upon a commercial feed or any of its containers or wrapper; or (ii) accompanying such commercial feed. See Virginia Code 3.2-4800
  • Labeling: means all labels and other written, printed, or graphic matter upon any article or any of its containers or wrappers or accompanying such article. See Virginia Code 3.2-4900
  • Labeling: means all labels and other written, printed, or graphic matter upon an article or any of its containers or wrappers, or accompanying such article. See Virginia Code 3.2-5120
  • land zoned agricultural: means (1) land zoned as an agricultural district or classification or (2) land otherwise permitted by a locality for farm winery use. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • landing field: means any locality, whether over land or water, including airports and intermediate landing fields, which is used or intended to be used for the landing and takeoff of aircraft and open to the public for such use, whether or not facilities are provided for the sheltering, servicing, or repair of aircraft or for receiving or discharging passengers or cargo. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lease: means any lease containing an option to purchase the project or projects of the eligible business being financed for a nominal sum upon payment in full, or provision thereof, of all bonds issued in connection with the eligible business and all interest thereon and principal of and premium, if any, thereon and all other expenses in connection therewith. See Virginia Code 2.2-2279
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legislative action: means :

    1. See Virginia Code 2.2-419

  • Legislative official: means :

    1. See Virginia Code 2.2-419

  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Lender: means any federal- or state-chartered bank, federal land bank, production credit association, bank for cooperatives, federal- or state-chartered savings institution, building and loan association, small business investment company, or any other financial institution qualified within the Commonwealth to originate and service loans, including insurance companies, credit unions, investment banking or brokerage companies, and mortgage loan companies. See Virginia Code 2.2-2279
  • lessee: shall include a cooperative formed by an association of individuals for the purpose of manufacturing wine. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: means a single license issued under this chapter with respect to a single place of business. See Virginia Code 6.2-1500
  • Licensed: means the holding of a valid license granted by the Authority. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Licensee: means a consumer finance company to which one or more licenses have been issued. See Virginia Code 6.2-1500
  • Licensee: means a mortgage lender or mortgage broker licensed by the Commission pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 6.2-1600
  • Licensee: means an individual licensed under this chapter. See Virginia Code 6.2-1700
  • Licensee: means any person to whom a license has been granted by the Authority. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Licensee: means a person to whom a license has been issued under this chapter. See Virginia Code 6.2-1800
  • Licensee: means a person licensed under this chapter to engage in the business of selling money orders or the business of money transmission, or both. See Virginia Code 6.2-1900
  • Licensee: means a person licensed under this chapter. See Virginia Code 6.2-2000
  • licensee: means the person issued a license to distribute any liming material in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 3.2-3700
  • Licensee: means the person who receives a license to distribute commercial feed under the provisions of this chapter. See Virginia Code 3.2-4800
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Life insurance: includes policies that also provide (i) endowment benefits; (ii) additional benefits incidental to a loss in the event of death, dismemberment, or loss by accident or accidental means; (iii) additional benefits to safeguard the contract from lapse or to provide a special surrender value, a special benefit or an annuity, in the event of total and permanent disability of the insured; and (iv) optional modes of settlement of proceeds. See Virginia Code 38.2-102
  • Liming material: means any agricultural liming material and any industrial co-product used to neutralize soil acid. See Virginia Code 3.2-3700
  • Limited conservator: means a person appointed by the court who has only those responsibilities for managing the estate and financial affairs of an incapacitated person as specified in the order of appointment. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • Limited guardian: means a person appointed by the court who has only those responsibilities for the personal affairs of an incapacitated person as specified in the order of appointment. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Livestock: means any cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses, mules, or other equines, whether live or dead. See Virginia Code 3.2-5400
  • Livestock: includes all domestic or domesticated bovine animals; equine animals; ovine animals; porcine animals; cervidae animals; capradae animals; animals of the genus Lama or Vicugna; ratites; fish or shellfish in aquaculture facilities, as defined in § Virginia Code 6.2-1900
  • Money transmission: means receiving money or monetary value for transmission by wire, facsimile, electronic means or other means or selling or issuing stored value. See Virginia Code 6.2-1900
  • Money transmitter: means a person engaged in the business of money transmission. See Virginia Code 6.2-1900
  • Month: means a calendar month and "year" means a calendar year. See Virginia Code 1-223
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage broker: means any person who directly or indirectly negotiates, places or finds mortgage loans for others, or offers to negotiate, place or find mortgage loans for others. See Virginia Code 6.2-1600
  • Mortgage lender: means any person who directly or indirectly originates or makes mortgage loans. See Virginia Code 6.2-1600
  • Mortgage loan: means a loan made to an individual, the proceeds of which are to be used primarily for personal, family or household purposes, which loan is secured by a mortgage or deed of trust upon any interest in one- to four-family residential property located in the Commonwealth, regardless of where made, including the renewal or refinancing of any such loan, but excluding (i) loans to persons related to the lender by blood or marriage and (ii) loans to persons who are bona fide employees of the lender. See Virginia Code 6.2-1600
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgage loan originator: means an individual who (i) takes an application for or offers or negotiates the terms of a residential mortgage loan in which the dwelling is or will be located in the Commonwealth or (ii) represents to the public, through advertising or other means of communicating or providing information, including the use of business cards, stationery, brochures, signs, rate lists, or other promotional items, that such individual can or will perform any of the activities described in clause (i). See Virginia Code 6.2-1700
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Move: means to ship, offer for shipment, receive for transportation, carry, or otherwise transport, move or allow to be moved. See Virginia Code 3.2-700
  • Municipality: means any county or incorporated city or town in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 2.2-2279
  • Mutual company: means a mutual insurance company incorporated and organized under the laws of this Commonwealth and licensed pursuant to Chapter 10 (§ 38. See Virginia Code 38.2-1005.1:1
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Net weight: means the net weight of a commodity, that is, the weight of the commodity exclusive of any wrapper, and any other material or thing weighed or packed with such commodity, and excluding the vehicle or vessel containing the commodity. See Virginia Code 3.2-5600
  • Neutral: means an individual who is trained or experienced in conducting dispute resolution proceedings and in providing dispute resolution services. See Virginia Code 2.2-4115
  • Neutral: means an individual who is trained or experienced in conducting dispute resolution proceedings and in providing dispute resolution services. See Virginia Code 8.01-576.4
  • New job: means employment of an indefinite duration at the eligible facility, created as the direct result of the capital investment, for which the standard fringe benefits are provided by the firm for the employee, requiring a minimum of either (i) 35 hours of an employee's time a week for the entire normal year of the firm's operations, which "normal year" shall consist of at least 48 weeks, or (ii) 1,680 hours per year. See Virginia Code 2.2-5105
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nonlegislative citizen member: means any natural person who is not a member of the General Assembly of Virginia. See Virginia Code 1-225
  • Nonparticipating manufacturer: means any tobacco product manufacturer that is not a participating manufacturer. See Virginia Code 3.2-4204
  • Nonprofessional services: means any services not specifically identified as professional services in the definition of professional services. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Nontraditional mortgage product: means any mortgage product other than a 30-year fixed rate mortgage. See Virginia Code 6.2-1700
  • Notary: means notary public. See Virginia Code 1-226
  • Nursery: means any premises where nursery stock is propagated, grown, fumigated, treated, packed, stored, or otherwise prepared for sale or distribution. See Virginia Code 3.2-3800
  • Nursery stock: means all trees, shrubs, woody vines (including ornamentals), bush fruits, grapevines, fruit trees, and nut trees offered for sale and distribution; all buds, grafts, scions, and cuttings from such plants; and any container, soil, and other packing material with such plants or plant products. See Virginia Code 3.2-3800
  • Nurseryman: means any person that produces nursery stock for sale or distribution. See Virginia Code 3.2-3800
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See Virginia Code 1-228
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • offeror: means a person who has the capability, in all respects, to perform fully the contract requirements and the moral and business integrity and reliability that will assure good faith performance, and who has been prequalified, if required. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Officer: means any person who is elected or appointed to a public office in a state agency. See Virginia Code 2.2-307
  • officer: includes members of the judiciary. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Official establishment: means any establishment as determined by the Commissioner at which inspection of the slaughter of livestock or poultry or the preparation of livestock products or poultry products is maintained under the authority of this article. See Virginia Code 3.2-5400
  • Official inspection: means an inspection by the Commissioner of a commercially used weight or measure pursuant to § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-5700
  • Official responsibility: means administrative or operating authority, whether intermediate or final, to initiate, approve, disapprove or otherwise affect a procurement transaction, or any claim resulting therefrom. See Virginia Code 2.2-4368
  • Official sample: means a sample of feed taken by the Commissioner and designated as "official" by the Board. See Virginia Code 3.2-4800
  • One-stop center: means a physical site where employment and career services are provided, either on site or electronically, and access to career services, training services, and other partner program services are available for employers, employees, and job seekers. See Virginia Code 2.2-2470
  • Orientation session: means a preliminary meeting during which the dispute resolution proceeding is explained to the parties and the parties and the neutral assess the case and decide whether to continue with a dispute resolution proceeding or adjudication. See Virginia Code 8.01-576.4
  • Outstanding: means :

    1. See Virginia Code 6.2-1900

  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Ox activity: means : (i) ox shows, fairs, competitions, rodeos, pulling, driving, performances, or parades; (ii) ox training or teaching activities; (iii) boarding oxen; (iv) riding, inspecting, or evaluating an ox belonging to another whether or not the owner has received some monetary consideration or other thing of value for the use of the ox or is permitting a prospective purchaser of the ox to ride, inspect, or evaluate the ox; and (v) rides, trips or other ox activities of any type however informal or impromptu that are sponsored by an ox activity sponsor. See Virginia Code 3.2-6300
  • Ox activity sponsor: means any person or his agent who, for profit or not for profit, sponsors, organizes, or provides the facilities for an ox activity, including 4-H clubs, riding clubs, school-sponsored and college-sponsored classes and programs, therapeutic riding programs, and operators, instructors, and promoters of ox facilities, including stables, fairs, and arenas where the activity is held. See Virginia Code 3.2-6300
  • Ox professional: means a person or his agent engaged for compensation in: (i) instructing a participant or renting to a participant an ox for the purpose of riding, driving, or being a passenger upon an ox; or (ii) renting equipment or tack to a participant. See Virginia Code 3.2-6300
  • Parent-subsidiary relationship: means a relationship that exists when one corporation directly or indirectly owns shares possessing more than 50 percent of the voting power of another corporation. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Participant: means any person, other than an agritourism professional, who engages in an agritourism activity. See Virginia Code 3.2-6400
  • Participant: means any person, whether amateur or professional, who engages in an equine activity, whether or not a fee is paid to participate in the equine activity. See Virginia Code 3.2-6200
  • Participant: means any person, whether amateur or professional, who directly engages in an ox activity, whether or not a fee is paid to participate in the ox activity. See Virginia Code 3.2-6300
  • Participating agencies: means the Departments of Health, of Education, of Medical Assistance Services, of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services, and of Social Services; the Departments for the Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing and for the Blind and Vision Impaired; and the Bureau of Insurance within the State Corporation Commission. See Virginia Code 2.2-5300
  • Participating localities: means two or more localities that participate in a collaborative economic development plan. See Virginia Code 2.2-5105
  • Partnership: means the Virginia Economic Development Partnership. See Virginia Code 2.2-5100
  • Partnership: means the Virginia Economic Development Partnership Authority. See Virginia Code 2.2-5105
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Passport: means a document that may be used in lieu of a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection and shall contain animal identifiers and health maintenance history such as vaccinations and laboratory tests. See Virginia Code 3.2-5900
  • Past-due: means any account receivable for which payment has not been received by the payment due date. See Virginia Code 2.2-4801
  • Payment date: means either (i) the date on which payment is due under the terms of a contract for provision of goods or services; or (ii) if such date has not been established by contract, (a) thirty days after receipt of a proper invoice by the state agency or its agent or forty-five days after receipt by the local government or its agent responsible under the contract for approval of such invoices for the amount of payment due, or (b) thirty days after receipt of the goods or services by the state agency or forty-five days after receipt by the local government, whichever is later. See Virginia Code 2.2-4347
  • Pecuniary interest arising from the procurement: means a personal interest in a contract as defined in the State and Local Government Conflict of Interests Act (§ 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-4368
  • percentage: means by weight. See Virginia Code 3.2-3700
  • Permit: means a document issued or authorized by the Commissioner to provide for the movement of regulated articles to restricted destinations for limited handling, utilization, or processing. See Virginia Code 3.2-700
  • person: means any individual, firm, copartnership, corporation, company, association or joint-stock association, and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or personal representative thereof. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Person: means any individual or entity. See Virginia Code 6.2-1600
  • Person: includes any individual, corporation, partnership, association, cooperative, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, government, political subdivision, or any other legal or commercial entity and any successor, representative, agent, agency, or instrumentality thereof. See Virginia Code 1-230
  • Person: shall include individuals, a trust, an estate, a partnership, an association, an order, a corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity;

    6. See Virginia Code 8.01-2

  • Person: means the term as defined in § 1-230. See Virginia Code 3.2-3800
  • Person: means the term as defined in § 1-230. See Virginia Code 3.2-700
  • Person: means the term as defined in § 1-230. See Virginia Code 3.2-4400
  • Person: means any individual, corporation, partnership, association, cooperative, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, government, political subdivision, or other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Person: means an individual, proprietorship, firm, partnership, joint venture, joint stock company, syndicate, business trust, estate, company, corporation, association, club, committee, organization, or group of persons acting in concert. See Virginia Code 2.2-419
  • Person: means any association, aggregate of individuals, business, company, corporation, individual, joint-stock company, Lloyds type of organization, organization, partnership, receiver, reciprocal or interinsurance exchange, trustee or society. See Virginia Code 38.2-100
  • Person: means any individual, corporation, government, political subdivision of the Commonwealth, or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, two or more of any of the foregoing having a joint or common interest, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Personal information: means all information that (i) describes, locates or indexes anything about an individual including, but not limited to, his social security number, driver's license number, agency-issued identification number, student identification number, real or personal property holdings derived from tax returns, and his education, financial transactions, medical history, ancestry, religion, political ideology, criminal or employment record, or (ii) affords a basis for inferring personal characteristics, such as finger and voice prints, photographs, or things done by or to such individual; and the record of his presence, registration, or membership in an organization or activity, or admission to an institution. See Virginia Code 2.2-3801
  • Personal interest: means a financial benefit or liability accruing to an officer or employee or to a member of his immediate family. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Personal interest in a contract: means a personal interest that an officer or employee has in a contract with a governmental agency, whether due to his being a party to the contract or due to a personal interest in a business that is a party to the contract. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Personal interest in a transaction: means a personal interest of an officer or employee in any matter considered by his agency. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Personal property: means all items of equipment, fixtures, and furnishings, including items affixed to real property. See Virginia Code 2.2-2260
  • Personal representative: includes the executor of a will or the administrator of the estate of a decedent, the administrator of such estate with the will annexed, the administrator of such estate unadministered by a former representative, whether there is a will or not, any person who is under the order of a circuit court to take into his possession the estate of a decedent for administration, and every other curator of a decedent's estate, for or against whom suits may be brought for causes of action that accrued to or against the decedent. See Virginia Code 1-234
  • Personal representative: includes the executor under a will or the administrator of the estate of a decedent, the administrator of such estate with the will annexed, the administrator of such estate unadministered by a former representative, whether there is a will or not, any person who is under the order of a circuit court to take into his possession the estate of a decedent for administration, and every other curator of a decedent's estate, for or against whom suits may be brought for causes of action that accrued to or against the decedent. See Virginia Code 64.2-100
  • Pest: means an insect, disease, parasitic plant, or other organism of any character whatever, in any living stage, vertebrate or invertebrate, causing or capable of causing injury or damage to any plant or part thereof or any processed, manufactured, or other product of plants, or otherwise creating a public nuisance. See Virginia Code 3.2-700
  • Pet food: means any commercial feed prepared and distributed for consumption by cats and dogs. See Virginia Code 3.2-4800
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • plan: means a plan adopted pursuant to this article by the board of directors of a mutual company for the conversion of a mutual company into a direct or indirect stock subsidiary of a mutual holding company. See Virginia Code 38.2-1005.1:1
  • Planned introduction into the environment: means the intentional introduction or use in the Commonwealth beyond the de minimis level of a genetically engineered organism anywhere except within an indoor facility that is designed to physically contain the genetically engineered organism, including a laboratory, greenhouse, building, structure, growth chamber, or fermenter. See Virginia Code 2.2-5501
  • Plant pest: means any living stage of insects, mites, nematodes, slugs, snails, protozoa, other invertebrate animals, bacteria, fungi, other parasitic plants, parasitic plant parts, viruses, any other similar organism, or any infectious substances that can injure, infect, or damage any plants or plant products. See Virginia Code 3.2-3800
  • Plants or plant products: means any trees, shrubs, vines, forage, fiber, cereal, and all other plants; cuttings, grafts, scions, buds, and all other plant parts; fruit, vegetables, roots, bulbs, seeds, wood, lumber, and all other plant products; or any container, soil, and packing material with plants or plant products. See Virginia Code 3.2-3800
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Point-of-sale system: means an electronic cash register capable of recovering stored information related to the sale price of individual retail items. See Virginia Code 3.2-5600
  • Policy: includes any group or individual policy or contract issued by a mutual company, including an annuity contract, but does not include a certificate of insurance issued in connection with a group policy or contract. See Virginia Code 38.2-1005.1:1
  • Policyholder: means the holder of a policy other than a reinsurance contract. See Virginia Code 38.2-1005.1:1
  • Pooled method: means securing public deposits by accepting the contingent liability for the losses of public deposits of other qualified public depositories choosing this method, pursuant to § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-4401
  • Poultry: means any domesticated bird, whether live or dead. See Virginia Code 3.2-5400
  • Poultry: includes all domestic fowl and game birds raised in captivity. See Virginia Code 3.2-5900
  • Poultry product: means any poultry carcass or part thereof; or any product that is made wholly or in part from any poultry carcass or part thereof, excepting products that contain poultry ingredients only in a relatively small proportion or historically have not been considered by consumers as products of the poultry food industry, and that are exempted by the Commissioner from definition as a poultry product under such conditions as he may prescribe to assure that the poultry ingredients in such products are not adulterated and that such products are not represented as poultry products. See Virginia Code 3.2-5400
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Pre-planning: means a process meant to obtain a more detailed definition and cost estimate of a project. See Virginia Code 2.2-1515
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preferred lender: means a bank that is subject to continuing supervision and examination by state or federal chartering, licensing, or similar regulatory authority satisfactory to the Authority and that meets the eligibility requirements established by the Authority. See Virginia Code 2.2-2279
  • Prepared: means slaughtered, canned, salted, stuffed, rendered, boned, cut up, or otherwise manufactured or processed. See Virginia Code 3.2-5400
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Prevailing Average Wage: means that amount determined by the Virginia Employment Commission to be the average wage paid workers in the city or county of the Commonwealth where the eligible company is located. See Virginia Code 2.2-5100
  • Price later: means that the actual purchase price is not fixed at the time of delivery, but allows the producer to choose a bid price on any business day during a stated time period as agreed between the parties. See Virginia Code 3.2-4753
  • Principal: means any person who, directly or indirectly, owns or controls (i) 10 percent or more of the outstanding stock of a stock corporation or (ii) a 10 percent or greater interest in another person. See Virginia Code 6.2-1500
  • Principal: means any person who, directly or indirectly, owns or controls a 10 percent or greater interest in any entity. See Virginia Code 6.2-1600
  • Principal: means any person who, directly or indirectly, owns or controls (i) 10 percent or more of the outstanding stock of a stock corporation or (ii) a 10 percent or greater interest in a nonstock corporation or a limited liability company. See Virginia Code 6.2-1800
  • Principal: means any person who, directly or indirectly, owns or controls a 10 percent or greater interest in any form of entity. See Virginia Code 6.2-1900
  • Principal: means any person who, directly or indirectly, owns or controls (i) 10 percent or more of the outstanding stock of a stock corporation or (ii) a 10 percent or greater interest in a person. See Virginia Code 6.2-2000
  • principal: means the entity on whose behalf the lobbyist influences or attempts to influence executive or legislative action. See Virginia Code 2.2-419
  • Principal stockholder: means any person who individually or in concert with his spouse and immediate family members beneficially owns or controls, directly or indirectly, five percent or more of the equity ownership of any person that is a licensee of the Authority, or who in concert with his spouse and immediate family members has the power to vote or cause the vote of five percent or more of any such equity ownership. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Process: includes subpoenas, the summons and complaint in a civil action, and process in statutory actions. See Virginia Code 1-237
  • Process: means to convert industrial hemp into a hemp product. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Process site: means the location at which a processor processes or intends to process industrial hemp. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Processor: means a person registered pursuant to subsection A of § 56-594, the electricity generated from which is sold exclusively to the eligible customer-generator under a power purchase agreement used to provide third party financing of the costs of such a renewable generation facility (third party power purchase agreement) pursuant to a pilot program established under Chapter 382 of the Acts of Assembly of 2013. See Virginia Code 2.2-2279
  • Qualified escrow agent: means the State Treasurer or any bank or trust company approved by the Treasury Board to hold collateral pledged to secure public deposits. See Virginia Code 2.2-4401
  • Qualified pollution control project: means environmental pollution control and prevention equipment certified by the business enterprise or eligible business as being needed to comply with the federal Clean Air Act (42 U. See Virginia Code 2.2-2279
  • Qualified public depository: means any national banking association, federal savings and loan association or federal savings bank located in Virginia, any bank, trust company or savings institution organized under Virginia law, or any state bank or savings institution organized under the laws of another state located in Virginia authorized by the Treasury Board to hold public deposits according to this chapter. See Virginia Code 2.2-4401
  • Quantity statement: means the net weight (mass), net volume (liquid or dry), count or other form of measurement of a commodity. See Virginia Code 3.2-3700
  • Quantity statement: means the net weight (mass), net volume (liquid or dry), count or other form of measurement of a commodity. See Virginia Code 3.2-4800
  • Quantity statement: means the net weight (mass), net volume (liquid or dry), count or other form of measurement of a commodity. See Virginia Code 3.2-4900
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • real estate: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights and appurtenances thereto and interests therein, other than a chattel interest. See Virginia Code 1-219
  • Real estate brokerage activities: means any activity that involves offering or providing real estate brokerage services to the public, including (i) acting as a real estate broker, real estate agent, or real estate salesperson for a buyer, seller, lessor, or lessee of real property; (ii) bringing together parties interested in the sale, purchase, lease, rental, or exchange of real property; (iii) negotiating any portion of a contract relating to the sale, purchase, lease, rental, or exchange of real property, other than in connection with providing financing with respect to any such transaction; (iv) engaging in any activity for which a person is required to be licensed or registered as a real estate broker, real estate agent, or real estate salesperson; and (v) offering to engage in any activity or act in any capacity described in clauses (i) through (iv). See Virginia Code 6.2-1700
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Real property: means all lands, including improvements and fixtures thereon, and property of any nature appurtenant thereto, or used in connection therewith, and every estate, interest, and right, legal or equitable, therein, including terms for years and liens by way of judgment, mortgage, or otherwise and the indebtedness secured by such liens. See Virginia Code 2.2-2337
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Region: means one or more planning districts or otherwise defined areas designated as a region by the Board for the purpose of administering grants provided pursuant to this article. See Virginia Code 2.2-2484
  • Regional activity: means an economic or workforce development-focused collaborative project or program that is (i) endorsed by a regional council, (ii) consistent with the economic growth and diversification plan developed by the regional council, and (iii) carried out, performed on behalf of, or contracted for by two or more localities, political subdivisions, or public bodies corporate and politic within a region. See Virginia Code 2.2-2484
  • Regional council: means a public body certified by the Board as eligible to receive grants pursuant to this article and that is supported by or affiliated with an existing or newly established organization that engages in collaborative planning or execution of economic or workforce development activities within a region. See Virginia Code 2.2-2484
  • Registered handler: means any person who has registered with the Tax Commissioner to receive monthly return forms and report the egg tax. See Virginia Code 3.2-1600
  • Registered mortgage loan originator: means any individual who (i) takes an application for or offers or negotiates the terms of a residential mortgage loan in which the dwelling is or will be located in the Commonwealth, (ii) is an employee of a covered financial institution, and (iii) is registered with, and maintains a unique identifier through, the Registry. See Virginia Code 6.2-1700
  • Registrant: means the person registering any liming material pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Virginia Code 3.2-3700
  • Registrant: means any person who has registered with the Department as a transporter of waste kitchen grease. See Virginia Code 3.2-5508
  • Registrar: means the Registrar of Regulations employed as provided in § Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Renderer: means any person who commercially cooks carcasses, or parts or products of carcasses, of cattle, swine, poultry, and other animals and other waste animal by-products and waste kitchen grease into usable products. See Virginia Code 3.2-5508
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Research and development service: means a business firm owning or operating an establishment engaged in conducting research and experimental development that supports manufacturing in the physical, engineering and life sciences as defined in the North American Industry Classification System Manual issued by the United States Census Bureau. See Virginia Code 2.2-5100
  • Residence: means any building or part of a building or structure where a person resides, but does not include any part of a building which is not actually and exclusively used as a private residence, nor any part of a hotel or club other than a private guest room thereof. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Residential mortgage loan: means any loan primarily for personal, family, or household use that is secured by a mortgage, deed of trust, or other equivalent consensual security interest on a dwelling or residential real estate upon which is constructed or intended to be constructed a dwelling. See Virginia Code 6.2-1700
  • Residential property: means improved real property used or occupied, or intended to be used or occupied, for residential purposes. See Virginia Code 6.2-1600
  • Resort complex: means a facility (i) with a hotel owning year-round sports and recreational facilities located contiguously on the same property or (ii) owned by a nonstock, nonprofit, taxable corporation with voluntary membership which, as its primary function, makes available golf, ski and other recreational facilities both to its members and the general public. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Respondent: means an allegedly incapacitated person for whom a petition for guardianship or conservatorship has been filed. See Virginia Code 64.2-2000
  • Restaurant: means , for a beer, or wine and beer license or a limited mixed beverage restaurant license, any establishment provided with special space and accommodation, where, in consideration of payment, meals or other foods prepared on the premises are regularly sold. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • restricted common carrier by aircraft: means any person who undertakes, whether directly or by lease or other arrangement, to transport passengers or property of any restricted class or classes by aircraft for compensation whether over regular or irregular routes. See Virginia Code 5.1-89
  • Reuse Plan: means the document created by the Fort Monroe Federal Area Development Authority and adopted as an official operating document on August 20, 2008, as it may be amended from time to time. See Virginia Code 2.2-2337
  • Revenues: means any and all fees, rates, rentals, profits, and receipts collected by, payable to, or otherwise derived by, the Authority, and all other moneys and income of whatsoever kind or character collected by, payable to, or otherwise derived by, the Authority in connection with loans to any eligible business in furtherance of the purposes of this article. See Virginia Code 2.2-2279
  • Reverse auctioning: means a procurement method wherein bidders are invited to bid on specified goods or nonprofessional services through real-time electronic bidding, with the award being made to the lowest responsive and responsible bidder. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • Right of rescission: Right to cancel, within three business days, a contract that uses the home of a person as collateral, except in the case of a first mortgage loan. There is no fee to the borrower, who receives a full refund of all fees paid. The right of rescission is guaranteed by the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). Source: OCC
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • Rodenticide: means any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling or mitigating rodents or any other vertebrate animal declared by the Commissioner to be a pest. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • sale: includes exchange. See Virginia Code 3.2-4900
  • sale: includes barter and exchange. See Virginia Code 3.2-5600
  • Sales contract: means a contract providing for the sale of one or more projects of an eligible business to one or more contracting parties and includes a contract providing for payment of the purchase price including all interest thereon, and principal of and premium, if any, thereon and all other expenses in connection therewith, in one or more installments. See Virginia Code 2.2-2279
  • Sangria: means a drink consisting of red or white wine mixed with some combination of sweeteners, fruit, fruit juice, soda, or soda water that may also be mixed with brandy, triple sec, or other similar spirits. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Sealer: means an inspector of weights and measures of a city, a county, or a joint city-county jurisdiction. See Virginia Code 3.2-5600
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Commerce and Trade. See Virginia Code 2.2-5100
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Commerce and Trade. See Virginia Code 2.2-5105
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 2.2-419
  • Seedsman: means any person who offers corn seeds for sale. See Virginia Code 3.2-1400
  • Seedsman: means any person who offers small grains seeds for sale. See Virginia Code 3.2-2200
  • sell: includes soliciting or receiving an order for; keeping, offering or exposing for sale; peddling, exchanging or bartering; or delivering otherwise than gratuitously, by any means, alcoholic beverages. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Service agency: means : (i) a business; or (ii) that portion of a government or political subdivision engaged in the adjustment, installation, placing in service, recommending for use, reconditioning, repairing, servicing, or selling of any weight or measure commercially used or employed (a) in establishing the size, quantity, extent, area, or measurement of quantities, things, products, or articles for distribution or consumption, purchased, offered, or submitted for sale, hire, or award, or (b) in computing any basic charge or payment for services rendered on the basis of something's weight or its measure. See Virginia Code 3.2-5700
  • Service area: means the geographical area within the jurisdiction of a community action agency or a community action statewide organization. See Virginia Code 2.2-5400
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Service technician: means any individual who for hire, award, commission, or any other payment of any kind, adjusts, installs, places in service, recommends for use, reconditions, repairs, services, or sells a commercial weight or measure. See Virginia Code 3.2-5700
  • Service-connected: means , with respect to disability, that such disability was incurred or aggravated in the line of duty in the active military, naval, or air service. See Virginia Code 2.2-2000.1
  • Services: means any work performed by an independent contractor wherein the service rendered does not consist primarily of acquisition of equipment or materials, or the rental of equipment, materials and supplies. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Set-up fee: means a fee paid by a consumer to an agency for the establishment of a DMP. See Virginia Code 6.2-2000
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Sheep: means sheep or lambs of all ages. See Virginia Code 3.2-2100
  • single-service devices: means any devices designed to be used commercially once and then discarded. See Virginia Code 3.2-5609
  • Slaughter hog: means a hog weighing in excess of 140 pounds. See Virginia Code 3.2-2000
  • Small grains: means barley, oats, rye, or wheat. See Virginia Code 3.2-2200
  • Small package commercial feed: means commercial feed distributed in individual packages of 10 pounds or less. See Virginia Code 3.2-4800
  • Special agent: means an employee of the Virginia Alcoholic Beverage Control Authority whom the Board has designated as a law-enforcement officer pursuant to § Virginia Code 3.2-5900
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Stored value: means monetary value that is evidenced by an electronic record. See Virginia Code 6.2-1900
  • Subcontractor: means any entity that has a contract to supply labor or materials to the contractor to whom the contract was awarded or to any subcontractor in the performance of the work provided for in such contract. See Virginia Code 2.2-4347
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supreme Court: means the Supreme Court of Virginia. See Virginia Code 1-249
  • sworn: means "affirm" or "affirmed. See Virginia Code 1-250
  • Tare weight: means the weight of any wrapper, and any other vehicle, vessel, material or thing that is weighed with, but not an actual part of, a commodity sold by weight; thus, tare weight may include, in the case of a packaged commodity, a wrapper, container, packaging material, binding material, preservative, or the like, or in the case of bulk commodity, a vehicle, box, can, jar, or the like. See Virginia Code 3.2-5600
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Ton: means a unit of 2,000 pounds avoirdupois weight. See Virginia Code 3.2-3700
  • Ton: means a unit of 2,000 pounds avoirdupois weight. See Virginia Code 3.2-4800
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Town: means any existing town or an incorporated community within one or more counties which became a town before noon, July 1, 1971, as provided by law or which has within defined boundaries a population of 1,000 or more and which has become a town as provided by law. See Virginia Code 1-254
  • Traceability: means an accounting of the relationship of the calibration of a weight or measure standard or calibrating equipment to a national standard maintained or adopted by the National Institute of Standards and Technology of the U. See Virginia Code 3.2-5700
  • Transaction: means any matter considered by any governmental or advisory agency, whether in a committee, subcommittee, or other entity of that agency or before the agency itself, on which official action is taken or contemplated. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • transportation: means the movement of waste kitchen grease in a motor vehicle on public roads. See Virginia Code 3.2-5508
  • Trap grease: means waste kitchen grease that is removed from a grease trap and is principally derived from food preparation and processing. See Virginia Code 3.2-5508
  • Treasury Board: means the Treasury Board of the Commonwealth created by § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-4401
  • Tree run bushel: means a container, with a content of not less than 2,140 cubic inches or more than 2,500 cubic inches, of apples that have not yet been graded or sized. See Virginia Code 3.2-1200
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Tributyltin compounds: means any compound having three normal butyl groups attached to a tin atom and with or without an anion such as chloride, fluoride or oxide. See Virginia Code 3.2-3935
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Trustee: means a trustee under a probated will or an inter vivos trust instrument. See Virginia Code 64.2-100
  • Trustees: means the members of the Board of Trustees of the Authority. See Virginia Code 2.2-2337
  • Type: means the identification of the agricultural liming material as follows:

    1. See Virginia Code 3.2-3700

  • Uniformly mass-produced devices: includes any devices made by means of a mold or die, and not susceptible to individual adjustment. See Virginia Code 3.2-5609
  • Unique identifier: means a number or other identifier assigned by protocols established by the Registry that permanently identifies a mortgage loan originator. See Virginia Code 6.2-1700
  • United States: includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands and the United States Virgin Islands. See Virginia Code 1-255
  • Usable products: means a product resulting from the processing of waste kitchen grease and shall include biofuels, lubricants, and animal feed, provided that such animal feed uses are allowed by the U. See Virginia Code 3.2-5508
  • Use: means the employment of a pesticide for the purposes of: (i) preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest; or (ii) regulating plant growth, causing defoliation or desiccation of plants. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Value: means the actual cost or fair market value of an item or items, whichever is greater. See Virginia Code 2.2-419
  • Value engineering: means a systematic process of review and analysis of a project by a team of appropriate professionals licensed in accordance with Chapter 4 (§ 54. See Virginia Code 2.2-1515
  • Vehicle: means any device in, upon, or by which any property, produce, commodity, or article is or may be transported or drawn. See Virginia Code 3.2-5800
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Vessel: means every description of watercraft, other than a seaplane, used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on the water, whether self-propelled or otherwise, and includes barges and tugs. See Virginia Code 3.2-3935
  • Veteran: means an individual who has served in the active military, naval, or air service and who was discharged or released therefrom under conditions other than dishonorable. See Virginia Code 2.2-2000.1
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Virginia Administrative Code: means the codified publication of regulations under the provisions of Chapter 15 (§ 30-145 et seq. See Virginia Code 2.2-4101
  • Virginia Register of Regulations: means the publication issued under the provisions of Article 6 (§ Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • work of art: means all paintings, mural decorations, stained glass, statues, bas-reliefs, tablets, sculptures, monuments, fountains, arches or other structure of a permanent character intended for ornament or commemoration. See Virginia Code 2.2-2401
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.