Sections
Chapter 24 General Provisions 54.1-2400 – 54.1-2409.5
Chapter 24.1 Practitioner Self-Referral Act 54.1-2410 – 54.1-2414
Chapter 25 Department of Health Professions 54.1-2500 – 54.1-2510
Chapter 25.1 Health Practitioners’ Monitoring Program 54.1-2515 – 54.1-2518
Chapter 25.2 Prescription Monitoring Program 54.1-2519 – 54.1-2526
Chapter 26 Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology 54.1-2600 – 54.1-2605
Chapter 27 Dentistry 54.1-2700 – 54.1-2729.01
Chapter 27.01 Dialysis Patient Care Technicians 54.1-2729.1 – 54.1-2729.3
Chapter 27.1 Dietitians and Nutritionists 54.1-2730 – 54.1-2731
Chapter 28 Funeral Services 54.1-2800 – 54.1-2825
Chapter 29 Medicine and Other Healing Arts 54.1-2900 – 54.1-2998
Chapter 30 Nursing 54.1-3000 – 54.1-3043
Chapter 31 Nursing Home and Assisted Living Facility Administrators 54.1-3100 – 54.1-3103.1
Chapter 32 Optometry 54.1-3200 – 54.1-3224
Chapter 33 Pharmacy 54.1-3300 – 54.1-3322
Chapter 34 Drug Control Act 54.1-3400 – 54.1-3472
Chapter 34.1 Physical Therapy 54.1-3473 – 54.1-3496
Chapter 35 Professional Counseling 54.1-3500 – 54.1-3517
Chapter 36 Psychology 54.1-3600 – 54.1-3616
Chapter 37 Social Work 54.1-3700 – 54.1-3709.3
Chapter 38 Veterinary Medicine 54.1-3800 – 54.1-3813

Terms Used In Virginia Code > Title 54.1 > Subtitle III - Professions and Occupations Regulated by Boards within the Department of Health Professions

  • ABLE savings trust account: means an account established pursuant to this chapter to assist individuals and families to save private funds to support individuals with disabilities to maintain health, independence, and quality of life, with such account used to apply distributions for qualified disability expenses for an eligible individual, as both such terms are defined in § 529A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or other applicable federal law. See Virginia Code 23.1-700
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Activities: means any programs or services provided for the purpose of conferring specific benefits upon the businesses that are located in the tourism improvement district and to which a fee is charged. See Virginia Code 15.2-2413.1
  • Acupuncturist: means an individual approved by the Board to practice acupuncture. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Administer: means the direct application of a controlled substance, whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion or any other means, to the body of a patient or research subject by (i) a practitioner or, under the practitioner's direction, his authorized agent or (ii) the patient or research subject at the direction and in the presence of the practitioner. See Virginia Code 54.1-2519
  • Administer: means the direct application of a controlled substance, whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion, or any other means, to the body of a patient or research subject by (i) a practitioner or by his authorized agent and under his direction or (ii) the patient or research subject at the direction and in the presence of the practitioner. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Administering nonprofit: means a private nonprofit entity that is under contract with a locality to administer or implement activities specified in the tourism improvement district plan. See Virginia Code 15.2-2413.1
  • Administration: means the process of attaining the objectives of an organization through a system of coordinated and cooperative efforts to make social service programs effective instruments for the amelioration of social conditions and for the solution of social problems. See Virginia Code 54.1-3700
  • Administrator: means the Director of the Department of Housing and Community Development or his designee. See Virginia Code 36-71.1
  • Administrator: means the Director of the Department of Housing and Community Development or his designee. See Virginia Code 36-85.3
  • Adult: means a person 18 years of age or more. See Virginia Code 1-203
  • Adult basic education: means education for individuals over the age of compulsory school attendance specified in § 22. See Virginia Code 22.1-223
  • Advance directive: means (i) a witnessed written document, voluntarily executed by the declarant in accordance with the requirements of §54. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Advanced practice registered nurse: means a registered nurse who has completed an advanced graduate-level education program in a specialty category of nursing and has passed a national certifying examination for that specialty. See Virginia Code 54.1-3000
  • Advertisement: means all representations disseminated in any manner or by any means, other than by labeling, for the purpose of inducing, or which are likely to induce, directly or indirectly, the purchase of drugs or devices. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Advisory Council: means the Electric Vehicle Rebate Program Advisory Council. See Virginia Code 67-1900
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Agency: means any agency, authority, board, department, division, commission, institution, bureau, or like governmental entity of the Commonwealth or of any unit of local government including counties, cities, towns, regional governments, and the departments thereof, and includes constitutional officers, except as otherwise expressly provided by law. See Virginia Code 2.2-3801
  • Agent: means an adult appointed by the declarant under an advance directive, executed or made in accordance with the provisions of §54. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Agent: means an authorized person who acts on behalf of or at the direction of a manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Anabolic steroid: means any drug or hormonal substance, chemically and pharmacologically related to testosterone, other than estrogens, progestins, corticosteroids, and dehydroepiandrosterone. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Animal: means any nonhuman animate being endowed with the power of voluntary action. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Apiary: means any place where one or more colonies of bees are kept. See Virginia Code 3.2-4400
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appliance: means a permanent or removable device used in a plan of dental care, including crowns, fillings, bridges, braces, dentures, orthodontic aligners, and sleep apnea devices. See Virginia Code 54.1-2700
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Art therapist: means a person who has (i) completed a master's or doctoral degree program in art therapy, or an equivalent course of study, from an accredited educational institution; (ii) satisfied the requirements for licensure set forth in regulations adopted by the Board; and (iii) been issued a license for the independent practice of art therapy by the Board. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Art therapy: means the integrated use of psychotherapeutic principles, visual art media, and the creative process in the assessment, treatment, and remediation of psychosocial, emotional, cognitive, physical, and developmental disorders in children, adolescents, adults, families, or groups. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Art therapy associate: means a person who has (i) completed a master's or doctoral degree program in art therapy, or an equivalent course of study from an accredited educational institution; (ii) satisfied the requirements for licensure set forth in regulations adopted by the Board; and (iii) been issued a license to practice art therapy under an approved clinical supervisor in accordance with regulations of the Board. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Articles of incorporation: means all documents constituting, at any particular time, the charter of a corporation. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Articles of incorporation: means all documents constituting, at any particular time, the charter of a corporation. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Assisted living facility: means any public or private assisted living facility, as defined in § 63. See Virginia Code 54.1-3100
  • Assisted living facility administrator: means any individual charged with the general administration of an assisted living facility, regardless of whether he has an ownership interest in the facility. See Virginia Code 54.1-3100
  • Associate-degree-granting: means that an associate degree is the most advanced degree that is granted. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Associate-degree-granting public institution of higher education: includes Richard Bland College and each comprehensive community college. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • At-need: means at the time of death or while death is imminent. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attending physician: means the primary physician who has responsibility for the health care of the patient. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Audiologist: means any person who engages in the practice of audiology. See Virginia Code 54.1-2600
  • Authority: means the Virginia Resources Authority. See Virginia Code 36-156.1
  • Authority: means the Virginia Offshore Wind Development Authority created pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 67-1200
  • Authority: means the Virginia Nuclear Energy Consortium Authority established pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 67-1400
  • Authority: means the Virginia Solar Energy Development and Energy Storage Authority created pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 67-1500
  • Authority: means the Southwest Virginia Energy Research and Development Authority created pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 67-1600
  • Authority: means the respective political subdivisions of the Commonwealth created in this subpart. See Virginia Code 2.2-2200
  • Authority: means the Virginia Commonwealth University Health System Authority. See Virginia Code 23.1-2400
  • Automated drug dispensing system: means a mechanical or electronic system that performs operations or activities, other than compounding or administration, relating to pharmacy services, including the storage, dispensing, or distribution of drugs and the collection, control, and maintenance of all transaction information, to provide security and accountability for such drugs. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Baccalaureate: means that bachelor's degrees or more advanced degrees, or both, are granted. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Bar or lounge area: means any establishment or portion of an establishment devoted to the sale and service of alcoholic beverages for consumption on the premises and where the sale or service of food or meals is incidental to the consumption of the alcoholic beverages. See Virginia Code 15.2-2820
  • Base price: means the manufacturer's base price for the lowest price trim level of the model and shall not include charges for optional equipment, taxes, title, or registration fees. See Virginia Code 67-1900
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Bee: means the honeybee, Apis mellifera and genetic variations thereof, at any living stage; and may include other hymenopterous insects that depend on pollen and nectar for food. See Virginia Code 3.2-4400
  • Bee diseases: means departures from a sound state of health of bees characterized by visible symptoms including American foulbrood and any other diseases, insects, mites, or bee pests. See Virginia Code 3.2-4400
  • Bee equipment: means hives and hive parts including frames, supers, covers, bottom boards, and beekeeping apparel. See Virginia Code 3.2-4400
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • beneficiary: means (i) a resident of the Commonwealth, as determined by the board, who is the beneficiary of a prepaid tuition contract and who may apply advance tuition payments to tuition as set forth in this chapter; (ii) a beneficiary of a prepaid tuition contract purchased by a resident of the Commonwealth, as determined by the board, who may apply advance tuition payments to tuition as set forth in this chapter; or (iii) a beneficiary of a savings trust account established pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 23.1-700
  • Benefit corporation: means a corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter:

    1. See Virginia Code 13.1-782

  • Benefit enforcement proceeding: means any claim or action brought directly by a benefit corporation, or derivatively on behalf of a benefit corporation, against a director or officer for (i) failure to pursue the general public benefit purpose of the benefit corporation or any specific public benefit purpose set forth in its articles of incorporation or bylaws or otherwise adopted by its board of directors or (ii) a violation of a duty or standard of conduct under this article. See Virginia Code 13.1-782
  • Benefit zone: means an apportioned area designated within a tourism improvement district in which businesses pay a fee based upon the degree of benefit derived from activities to be provided. See Virginia Code 15.2-2413.1
  • Benefited business: includes one or more types of businesses, one or more segments of businesses, or businesses within one or more industries, as set forth in a tourism improvement district plan. See Virginia Code 15.2-2413.1
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Biological product: means a virus, therapeutic serum, toxin, antitoxin, vaccine, blood, blood component or derivative, allergenic product, protein other than a chemically synthesized polypeptide, or analogous product, or arsphenamine or any derivative of arsphenamine or any other trivalent organic arsenic compound, applicable to the prevention, treatment, or cure of a disease or condition of human beings. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Biosimilar: means a biological product that is highly similar to a specific reference biological product, notwithstanding minor differences in clinically inactive compounds, such that there are no clinically meaningful differences between the reference biological product and the biological product that has been licensed as a biosimilar pursuant to 42 U. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Birth control: means contraceptive methods that are approved by the U. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Board: means the Board of Pharmacy. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Board: means the Board of Housing and Community Development. See Virginia Code 36-71.1
  • Board: means the Board of Housing and Community Development. See Virginia Code 36-85.3
  • Board: means the Board of Housing and Community Development. See Virginia Code 36-131
  • Board: means the Board of Housing and Community Development. See Virginia Code 36-141
  • Board: means the Board of Housing and Community Development. See Virginia Code 36-152
  • Board: means the Board of Agriculture and Consumer Services. See Virginia Code 3.2-100
  • Board: means the Board of Physical Therapy. See Virginia Code 54.1-3473
  • Board: means the Board of Counseling. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Board: means the Board of Social Work. See Virginia Code 54.1-3700
  • Board: means the board of directors of the Authority. See Virginia Code 67-1400
  • Board: means the Board of Dentistry. See Virginia Code 54.1-2700
  • Board: means the respective boards of directors for the authorities created in this subpart. See Virginia Code 2.2-2200
  • Board: means the Board of Health Professions. See Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Board: means the Board of Funeral Directors and Embalmers. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Board: means the Board of Health Professions. See Virginia Code 54.1-2500
  • Board: means the Board of Medicine. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Board: means the Board of Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology. See Virginia Code 54.1-2600
  • Board: means the Board of Long-Term Care Administrators. See Virginia Code 54.1-3100
  • Board: means the Board of Psychology. See Virginia Code 54.1-3600
  • Board: means the governing board of the Plan. See Virginia Code 23.1-700
  • Board: means the Board of Nursing. See Virginia Code 54.1-3000
  • Board: means the members of the board of visitors, board of trustees, or other governing board of an institution. See Virginia Code 23.1-1100
  • Board: means the Board of Optometry. See Virginia Code 54.1-3200
  • Board: means the board of directors of the Authority. See Virginia Code 23.1-2400
  • Board: means the Board of Pharmacy. See Virginia Code 54.1-3300
  • Board of directors: means the group of persons vested with the management of the business of the corporation irrespective of the name by which such group is designated, and "director" means a member of the board of directors. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Board of supervisors: means the governing body of a county. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Bond: means any bond, note, or other evidence of indebtedness or obligation of an institution issued by an institution pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 23.1-1100
  • Bond with surety: includes the payment in cash of the full amount of the required bond and, in such case, no surety shall be required. See Virginia Code 1-205
  • Bonds: means any bonds, refunding bonds, notes, debentures, interim certificates, or any bond, grant, revenue anticipation notes or any other evidences of indebtedness or obligation of an authority, whether in temporary or definitive form and whether the interest thereon is exempt from federal income taxation. See Virginia Code 2.2-2200
  • Bonds: means bonds, notes, revenue certificates, lease participation certificates, or other evidences of indebtedness or deferred purchase financing arrangements. See Virginia Code 23.1-2400
  • Bureau: means the Virginia Department of State Police, Bureau of Criminal Investigation, Drug Diversion Unit. See Virginia Code 54.1-2519
  • Business: means a business of any kind located in a tourism improvement district. See Virginia Code 15.2-2413.1
  • Business fee: means any fee charged to a benefited business pursuant to this article. See Virginia Code 15.2-2413.1
  • Business firm: means any corporation, partnership, electing small business (Subchapter S) corporation, limited liability company, or sole proprietorship authorized to do business in the Commonwealth and subject to tax imposed under Articles 2 (§ 58. See Virginia Code 36-158
  • Business owner: means any person recognized by a locality as the owner of a business subject to a business fee. See Virginia Code 15.2-2413.1
  • Cannabis dispensing facility: means a facility that (i) has obtained a permit from the Board pursuant to § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-3442.5
  • Cannabis sativa product: means a product made from any part of the plant Cannabis sativa with a concentration of tetrahydrocannabinol that is greater than that allowed by federal law. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Capacity reviewer: means a licensed physician or clinical psychologist who is qualified by training or experience to assess whether a person is capable or incapable of making an informed decision. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • career and technical education: means an organized education program offering a sequence of courses that (i) may incorporate field, laboratory, and classroom instruction; (ii) emphasize career and technical occupational experiences; (iii) are designed to prepare individuals for further education and gainful employment; and (iv) are aligned with state or national program certification and accreditation standards, if such standards exist for the sequence of courses. See Virginia Code 22.1-227.01
  • Career and technical education: means the training or retraining under public supervision and control that is (i) given in school classes, including field or laboratory work incidental to such training or retraining, exclusive of those career and technical education programs provided and administered by or through the public school system and (ii) conducted as part of a program designed to fit individuals for gainful employment as semiskilled or skilled workers or technicians in recognized occupations. See Virginia Code 23.1-2900
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Casework: means both direct treatment, with an individual or several individuals, and intervention in the situation on the client's behalf with the objectives of meeting the client's needs, helping the client deal with the problem with which he is confronted, strengthening the client's capacity to function productively, lessening his distress, and enhancing his opportunities and capacities for fulfillment. See Virginia Code 54.1-3700
  • Casework management and supportive services: means assessment of presenting problems and perceived needs, referral services, policy interpretation, data gathering, planning, advocacy, and coordination of services. See Virginia Code 54.1-3700
  • Certified nurse aide: means a person who meets the qualifications specified in this article and who is currently certified by the Board. See Virginia Code 54.1-3000
  • Certified nurse midwife: means an advanced practice registered nurse who is certified in the specialty of nurse midwifery and who is jointly licensed by the Boards of Medicine and Nursing as a nurse practitioner pursuant to § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Certified registered nurse anesthetist: means an advanced practice registered nurse who is certified in the specialty of nurse anesthesia, who is jointly licensed by the Boards of Medicine and Nursing as a nurse practitioner pursuant to § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Certified sex offender treatment provider: means a person who is certified to provide treatment to sex offenders and who provides such services in accordance with the provisions of §§ Virginia Code 54.1-3600
  • Certified substance abuse counseling assistant: means a person certified by the Board to practice in accordance with the provisions of § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Certified substance abuse counselor: means a person certified by the Board to practice in accordance with the provisions of § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Chancellor: means the Chancellor of the Virginia Community College System. See Virginia Code 23.1-2900
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Chief executive officer: includes the Chancellor of the Virginia Community College System, the Chancellor of the University of Virginia's College at Wise, the Superintendent of Virginia Military Institute, and the president of each other public institution of higher education. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Chief executive officer: means the chief executive officer of the Virginia Commonwealth University Health System Authority. See Virginia Code 23.1-2400
  • Child day center: means a child day program offered to (i) two or more children under the age of 13 in a facility that is not the residence of the provider or of any of the children in care or (ii) 13 or more children at any location. See Virginia Code 22.1-289.02
  • Child day program: means a regularly operating service arrangement for children where, during the absence of a parent or guardian, a person or organization has agreed to assume responsibility for the supervision, protection, and well-being of a child under the age of 13 for less than a 24-hour period. See Virginia Code 22.1-289.02
  • Children with disabilities: means those persons (i) who are age two to 21, inclusive, having reached the age of two by the date specified in § 22. See Virginia Code 22.1-213
  • City: means an independent incorporated community which became a city as provided by law before noon on July 1, 1971, or which has within defined boundaries a population of 5,000 or more and which has become a city as provided by law. See Virginia Code 1-208
  • City: means any city or town in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 36-55.26
  • Clinical nurse specialist: means an advance practice registered nurse who is certified in the specialty of clinical nurse specialist and who is jointly licensed by the Boards of Medicine and Nursing as a nurse practitioner pursuant to § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Clinical psychologist: means an individual licensed to practice clinical psychology. See Virginia Code 54.1-3600
  • Clinical social worker: means a social worker who, by education and experience, is professionally qualified at the autonomous practice level to provide direct diagnostic, preventive and treatment services where functioning is threatened or affected by social and psychological stress or health impairment. See Virginia Code 54.1-3700
  • Co-licensed partner: means a person who, with at least one other person, has the right to engage in the manufacturing or marketing of a prescription drug, consistent with state and federal law. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Collaboration: means the communication and decision-making process among health care providers who are members of a patient care team related to the treatment of a patient that includes the degree of cooperation necessary to provide treatment and care of the patient and includes (i) communication of data and information about the treatment and care of a patient, including the exchange of clinical observations and assessments, and (ii) development of an appropriate plan of care, including decisions regarding the health care provided, accessing and assessment of appropriate additional resources or expertise, and arrangement of appropriate referrals, testing, or studies. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Collaborative agreement: means a voluntary, written, or electronic arrangement between one pharmacist and his designated alternate pharmacists involved directly in patient care at a single physical location where patients receive services and (i) any person licensed to practice medicine, osteopathy, or podiatry together with any person licensed, registered, or certified by a health regulatory board of the Department of Health Professions who provides health care services to patients of such person licensed to practice medicine, osteopathy, or podiatry; (ii) a physician's office as defined in § 32. See Virginia Code 54.1-3300
  • College degree: means an undergraduate degree from an accredited associate-degree-granting or baccalaureate (i) public institution of higher education or (ii) private institution of higher education. See Virginia Code 23.1-300
  • College savings trust account: means an account established pursuant to this chapter to assist individuals and families to enhance the accessibility and affordability of higher education, with such account used to apply distributions from the account toward qualified higher education expenses, as that term is defined in § 529 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or other applicable federal law. See Virginia Code 23.1-700
  • Colony: means a queenright assemblage of social bees capable of reproducing. See Virginia Code 3.2-4400
  • Commission: means the State Corporation Commission of Virginia. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Commission: means the State Corporation Commission of Virginia. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Committee: means the Health Practitioners' Monitoring Program Committee as described in § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-2515
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community: means a city or a county. See Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Compliance assurance agency: means an architect or professional engineer registered in Virginia, or an organization, determined by the Department to be specially qualified by reason of facilities, personnel, experience and demonstrated reliability, to investigate, test and evaluate industrialized buildings; to list such buildings complying with standards at least equal to those promulgated by the Board; to provide adequate follow-up services at the point of manufacture to ensure that production units are in full compliance; and to provide a label as evidence of compliance on each manufactured section or module. See Virginia Code 36-71.1
  • Compounding: means the combining of two or more ingredients to fabricate such ingredients into a single preparation and includes the mixing, assembling, packaging, or labeling of a drug or device (i) by a pharmacist, or within a permitted pharmacy, pursuant to a valid prescription issued for a medicinal or therapeutic purpose in the context of a bona fide practitioner-patient-pharmacist relationship, or in expectation of receiving a valid prescription based on observed historical patterns of prescribing and dispensing; (ii) by a practitioner of medicine, osteopathy, podiatry, dentistry, or veterinary medicine as an incident to his administering or dispensing, if authorized to dispense, a controlled substance in the course of his professional practice; or (iii) for the purpose of, or as incident to, research, teaching, or chemical analysis and not for sale or for dispensing. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Comprehensive community college: means an associate-degree-granting public institution of higher education governed by the State Board that offers instruction in one or more of the following fields:

    1. See Virginia Code 23.1-100

  • Conference committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of conferees from both chamber of a legislature which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.
  • Consolidated Plan: means a document setting forth various housing and community development goals, objectives, and strategies to be followed by the Commonwealth in addressing housing and community development conditions in the Commonwealth and serving as the strategic plan for the programs established by the Department and, to the extent and in the manner determined in accordance with § 36-55. See Virginia Code 36-131
  • Consortium: means the nonstock, nonprofit corporation established by the Authority pursuant to § 67-1404. See Virginia Code 67-1400
  • Conspicuous: means so written, displayed, or presented that a reasonable person against whom the writing is to operate should have noticed it. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Consultation: means communicating data and information, exchanging clinical observations and assessments, accessing and assessing additional resources and expertise, problem-solving, and arranging for referrals, testing, or studies. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Consultation and education: means program consultation in social work to agencies, organizations, or community groups; academic programs and other training such as staff development activities, seminars, and workshops using social work principles and theories of social work education. See Virginia Code 54.1-3700
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Contract: means a written agreement between a practitioner and the Committee providing the terms and conditions of program participation or a written agreement entered into by the Director for the implementation of monitoring services. See Virginia Code 54.1-2515
  • Contributor: means a person who contributes money to a savings trust account established pursuant to this chapter on behalf of a qualified beneficiary and who is listed as the owner of the savings trust account. See Virginia Code 23.1-700
  • Controlled substance: means a drug, substance or immediate precursor in Schedules I through VI of the Drug Control Act, Chapter 34 (§ 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-2519
  • Controlled substance analog: means a substance the chemical structure of which is substantially similar to the chemical structure of a controlled substance in Schedule I or II and either (i) which has a stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system that is substantially similar to or greater than the stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system of a controlled substance in Schedule I or II or (ii) with respect to a particular person, which such person represents or intends to have a stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system that is substantially similar to or greater than the stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system of a controlled substance in Schedule I or II. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: means a nonstock, nonprofit corporation or foundation established for the express purpose of promoting career and technical education in a school division within the meaning of § 501(c)(3) of the United States Internal Revenue Code. See Virginia Code 22.1-228
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Cost: means as applied to a project financed under the provisions of this article, the sum total of all costs reasonable and necessary for carrying out all works and undertakings necessary or incident to accomplish a project, including, but not limited to the cost of all necessary developmental, planning and feasibility studies, surveys, plans and specifications, architectural, engineering, financial, legal or other special services, the cost of acquisition of land and any buildings and improvements thereon, including the discharge of any obligations of the vendor of such land, buildings or improvements, site preparation and development including demolition or removal of existing structures, construction, and reconstruction, furnishing of a project, the reasonable cost of financing incurred in the course of the development of a project, carrying charges during construction to the occupancy date, interest on bonds issued to finance a project to a date subsequent to the estimated date of completion of a project, necessary expenses incurred in connection with the initial occupancy of a project, the cost of reimbursing the Central Capital Planning Fund, established under § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-2260
  • Cost: includes , in addition to all labor, materials, machinery and equipment for construction, (i) acquisition of land, rights-of-way, property rights, easements and interests, including the costs of moving or relocating utilities, (ii) demolition or removal of any structure on land so acquired, including acquisition of land to which such structure may be moved, (iii) survey, engineering, and architectural expenses, (iv) legal, administrative, and other related expenses, and (v) interest charges and other financing costs if impact fees are used for the payment of principal and interest on bonds, notes or other obligations issued by the locality to finance the road improvement. See Virginia Code 15.2-2318
  • Cost of education: means the operating funds necessary during a fiscal year to provide educational and general services, other than research and public service, to students attending an institution in that fiscal year. See Virginia Code 23.1-300
  • Costs: means (i) costs of (a) construction, reconstruction, renovation, site work, and acquisition of lands, structures, rights-of-way, franchises, easements, and other property rights and interests; (b) demolition, removal, or relocation of buildings or structures; (c) labor, materials, machinery, and all other kinds of equipment; (d) engineering and inspections; (e) financial, legal, and accounting services; (f) plans, specifications, studies, and surveys; (g) estimates of costs and of revenues; (h) feasibility studies; and (i) issuance of bonds, including printing, engraving, advertising, legal, and other similar expenses; (ii) financing charges; (iii) administrative expenses, including administrative expenses during the start-up of any project; (iv) credit enhancement and liquidity facility fees; (v) fees for interest rate caps, collars, swaps, or other financial derivative products; (vi) interest on bonds in connection with a project prior to and during construction or acquisition thereof and for a period not exceeding one year thereafter; (vii) provisions for working capital to be used in connection with any project; (viii) redemption premiums, obligations purchased to provide for the payment of bonds being refunded, and other costs necessary or incident to refunding of bonds; (ix) operating and maintenance reserve funds, debt reserve funds, and other reserves for the payment of principal and interest on bonds; (x) all other expenses necessary, desirable, or incidental to the operation of the Authority's facilities or the construction, reconstruction, renovation, acquisition, or financing of projects, other facilities, or equipment appropriate for carrying out the purposes of this chapter and the placing of the same in operation; or (xi) the refunding of bonds. See Virginia Code 23.1-2400
  • Council: means the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Council: means the governing body of a city or town. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Counseling: means the application of principles, standards, and methods of the counseling profession in (i) conducting assessments and diagnoses for the purpose of establishing treatment goals and objectives and (ii) planning, implementing, and evaluating treatment plans using treatment interventions to facilitate human development and to identify and remediate mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders and associated distresses that interfere with mental health. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • County: means any existing county or such unit hereafter created. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • County: means any county in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 36-55.26
  • Courts of record: means the Supreme Court of Virginia, the Court of Appeals of Virginia, and the circuit courts. See Virginia Code 1-212
  • Covered substance: means all controlled substances included in Schedules II, III, and IV; controlled substances included in Schedule V for which a prescription is required; naloxone; and all drugs of concern that are required to be reported to the Prescription Monitoring Program, pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 54.1-2519
  • Cremate: means to reduce a dead human body to ashes and bone fragments by the action of fire. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Cremator: means a person or establishment that owns or operates a crematory or crematorium or cremates dead human bodies. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • crematorium: means a facility containing a furnace for cremation of dead human bodies. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Cultural adult education: means English for speakers of other languages (ESOL), the preparation of foreign-born adults for participation in American life or for becoming American citizens, and other educational services for foreign-born individuals over the age of compulsory school attendance specified in § 22. See Virginia Code 22.1-223
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Data subject: means an individual about whom personal information is indexed or may be located under his name, personal number, or other identifiable particulars, in an information system. See Virginia Code 2.2-3801
  • Date of the alleged entitlement: means the first official day of class within the term, semester, or quarter of the program of study in which a student is enrolled. See Virginia Code 23.1-500
  • Day: means calendar days unless a different meaning is clearly expressed in this article. See Virginia Code 22.1-306
  • DEA: means the Drug Enforcement Administration, U. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Deal: means to temporarily possess industrial hemp grown in compliance with state or federal law that (i) has not been processed and (ii) was not grown and will not be processed by the person temporarily possessing it. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Dealer: means a motor vehicle dealer licensed pursuant to Chapter 15 (§ 46. See Virginia Code 67-1900
  • Dealer: means any person who is registered pursuant to subsection A of § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Dealership: means the location at which a dealer stores or intends to store the industrial hemp in which he deals. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Declarant: means an adult who makes an advance directive, as defined in this article, while capable of making and communicating an informed decision. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defective drywall: means drywall or similar building material composed of dried gypsum-based plaster that (i) contains elemental sulfur exceeding 10 parts per million as has been found in some drywall manufactured in the People's Republic of China and imported into the United States between 2004 and 2007 and, when exposed to heat, humidity, or both, releases elevated levels of hydrogen sulfide gas into the air or (ii) has been designated by the U. See Virginia Code 36-156.1
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • delivery: means the actual, constructive, or attempted transfer of any item regulated by this chapter, whether or not there exists an agency relationship, including delivery of a Schedule VI prescription device to an ultimate user or consumer on behalf of a medical equipment supplier by a manufacturer, nonresident manufacturer, wholesale distributor, nonresident wholesale distributor, warehouser, nonresident warehouser, third-party logistics provider, or nonresident third-party logistics provider at the direction of a medical equipment supplier in accordance with § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • delivery: means any method of delivery used in conventional commercial practice, including delivery by hand, mail, commercial delivery, and, if authorized in accordance with § 13. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Demonstrated need: means (i) there is no facility in the community providing similar services and (ii) alternative financing is not available for the facility, or (iii) such other conditions as may be established by Board regulation. See Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Dental hygiene: means duties related to patient assessment and the rendering of educational, preventive, and therapeutic dental services specified in regulations of the Board and not otherwise restricted to the practice of dentistry. See Virginia Code 54.1-2700
  • Dental hygienist: means a person who is licensed by the Board to practice dental hygiene. See Virginia Code 54.1-2700
  • Dentist: means a person who has been awarded a degree in and is licensed by the Board to practice dentistry. See Virginia Code 54.1-2700
  • Dentistry: means the evaluation, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment, through surgical, nonsurgical, or related procedures, of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the oral cavity and the maxillofacial, adjacent, and associated structures and their impact on the human body. See Virginia Code 54.1-2700
  • Department: means the Department of Housing and Community Development. See Virginia Code 36-71.1
  • Department: means the Department of Housing and Community Development. See Virginia Code 36-85.3
  • Department: means the Department of Housing and Community Development. See Virginia Code 36-131
  • Department: means the Department of Housing and Community Development. See Virginia Code 36-141
  • Department: means the Department of Housing and Community Development. See Virginia Code 36-152
  • Department: means the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. See Virginia Code 3.2-100
  • Department: means the Department of Housing and Community Development. See Virginia Code 36-156.1
  • Department: means the Department of Housing and Community Development. See Virginia Code 36-158
  • Department: means the Department of Education. See Virginia Code 22.1-1
  • Department: means the Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy. See Virginia Code 67-1900
  • Department: means the Department of Health Professions. See Virginia Code 54.1-2500
  • Department: means the Virginia Department of Health Professions. See Virginia Code 54.1-2519
  • Department: means the Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy. See Virginia Code 67-200
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Dependent student: includes unemancipated minors. See Virginia Code 23.1-500
  • Derelict structures: means residential, commercial or industrial structures which are no longer being used for a place of habitation, business or industry and which are in such poor condition as to cause a blight upon the neighborhood in which any such structure is located. See Virginia Code 36-152
  • Designated reviewers: means the Secretaries of Education and Finance, the director of the Department of Planning and Budget, the director of the Council, the president of the Virginia Economic Development Partnership, and the staff directors of the House Committee on Appropriations and the Senate Committee on Finance and Appropriations, or their designees. See Virginia Code 23.1-1239
  • Developer: means any private developer of a solar energy project or an energy storage project. See Virginia Code 67-1500
  • Developer: means any private developer of an energy development project in Southwest Virginia. See Virginia Code 67-1600
  • Development: means a tract of land developed or to be developed as a unit under single ownership or unified control which is to be used for any business or industrial purpose or is to contain three or more residential dwelling units. See Virginia Code 15.2-2201
  • Device: means instruments, apparatus, and contrivances, including their components, parts, and accessories, intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in man or animals or to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or animals. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • dialysis patient care technician: means an individual who is certified by an organization approved by the Board of Health Professions pursuant to Chapter 27. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Digital scan: means digital technology that creates a computer-generated replica of the hard and soft tissues of the oral cavity using enhanced digital photography. See Virginia Code 54.1-2700
  • Digital scan technician: means a person who has completed a training program approved by the Board to take digital scans of intraoral and extraoral hard and soft tissues for use in teledentistry. See Virginia Code 54.1-2700
  • Digital work order: means the digital equivalent of a written dental laboratory work order used in the construction or repair of an appliance. See Virginia Code 54.1-2700
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of Housing and Community Development. See Virginia Code 36-131
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of Housing and Community Development. See Virginia Code 36-156.1
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of Health Professions. See Virginia Code 54.1-2500
  • Director: means the Director of the Virginia Department of Health Professions. See Virginia Code 54.1-2519
  • Disciplinary action: means any proceeding that may lead to a monetary penalty or probation or to a reprimand, restriction, revocation, suspension, denial, or other order relating to the license, certificate, registration, or multistate privilege of a health care practitioner issued by a health regulatory board. See Virginia Code 54.1-2515
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Disinterested director: means a director who, at the time action is to be taken under § 13. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Dismissal: means the dismissal of any teacher during the term of such teacher's contract. See Virginia Code 22.1-306
  • Dispense: means to deliver a drug to an ultimate user or research subject by or pursuant to the lawful order of a practitioner, including the prescribing and administering, packaging, labeling, or compounding necessary to prepare the substance for that delivery. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Dispense: means to deliver a controlled substance to an ultimate user, research subject, or owner of an animal patient by or pursuant to the lawful order of a practitioner, including the prescribing and administering, packaging, labeling or compounding necessary to prepare the substance for that delivery. See Virginia Code 54.1-2519
  • Dispense: means to deliver a drug to an ultimate user or research subject by or pursuant to the lawful order of a practitioner, including the prescribing and administering, packaging, labeling, or compounding necessary to prepare the substance for delivery. See Virginia Code 54.1-3300
  • Dispenser: means a practitioner who dispenses. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Dispenser: means a person or entity that (i) is authorized by law to dispense a covered substance or to maintain a stock of covered substances for the purpose of dispensing, and (ii) dispenses the covered substance to a citizen of the Commonwealth regardless of the location of the dispenser, or who dispenses such covered substance from a location in Virginia regardless of the location of the recipient. See Virginia Code 54.1-2519
  • Disseminate: means to release, transfer, or otherwise communicate information orally, in writing, or by electronic means. See Virginia Code 2.2-3801
  • Distribute: means to deliver other than by administering or dispensing a controlled substance. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Distributor: means a person who distributes. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Division: means the Division of Energy of the Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy. See Virginia Code 67-200
  • Division superintendent: means the division superintendent of schools of a school division. See Virginia Code 22.1-1
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Document: means (i) any tangible medium on which information is inscribed, and includes any writing or written instrument, or (ii) an electronic record. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • domestic corporation: means a corporation not authorized by law to issue shares, irrespective of the nature of the business to be transacted, organized under this chapter or existing pursuant to the laws of the Commonwealth on January 1, 1986, or that, by virtue of articles of incorporation, amendment, or merger, has become a domestic corporation of the Commonwealth, even though also being a corporation organized under laws other than the laws of the Commonwealth or that has become a domestic corporation of the Commonwealth pursuant to Article 11. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Domestic partnership: means an association of two or more persons to carry on as co-owners of a business for profit formed under § 50-73. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • domestic unincorporated entity: means a domestic partnership, limited liability company, limited partnership, or business trust. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Domesticated corporation: means the domesticating corporation as it continues in existence after a domestication. See Virginia Code 13.1-898.1:1
  • Domesticating corporation: means the domestic corporation that approves a plan of domestication pursuant to § 13. See Virginia Code 13.1-898.1:1
  • Domestication: means a transaction pursuant to this article, including domestication of a foreign corporation as a domestic corporation or domestication of a domestic corporation in another jurisdiction, where the other jurisdiction authorizes such a transaction even if by another name. See Virginia Code 13.1-898.1:1
  • Domicile: means the present, fixed home of an individual to which he returns following temporary absences and at which he intends to stay indefinitely. See Virginia Code 23.1-500
  • Domiciliary intent: means present intent to remain indefinitely. See Virginia Code 23.1-500
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Drug: means (i) articles or substances recognized in the official United States Pharmacopoeia National Formulary or official Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States, or any supplement to any of them; (ii) articles or substances intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in man or animals; (iii) articles or substances, other than food, intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or animals; (iv) articles or substances intended for use as a component of any article specified in clause (i), (ii), or (iii); or (v) a biological product. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Drug product: means a specific drug in dosage form from a known source of manufacture, whether by brand or therapeutically equivalent drug product name. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Durable Do Not Resuscitate Order: means a written physician's order issued pursuant to §54. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Early childhood care and education entity: means a child day center, family day home, or family day system serving children under the age of five. See Virginia Code 22.1-289.02
  • Economically mixed project: means residential housing or housing development, which may consist of one or more buildings located on contiguous or noncontiguous parcels that the HDA determines to finance as a single economically mixed project, to be occupied by persons and families of low and moderate income and by other persons and families as the HDA shall determine. See Virginia Code 36-55.26
  • Educational and general fees: means fees over and above tuition charged for certain educational and general services. See Virginia Code 23.1-300
  • Educational and general services: means services associated with instruction, academic support, student services, institutional support, research, public service, or operation and maintenance of physical plant, with adjustments based on particular state policies relating to specific institutional conditions. See Virginia Code 23.1-300
  • Educational facility: means any building used for instruction of enrolled students, including but not limited to any day-care center, nursery school, public or private school, institution of higher education, medical school, law school, or career and technical education school. See Virginia Code 15.2-2820
  • Electric motor vehicle: includes fuel cell electric vehicles. See Virginia Code 67-1900
  • Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Electronic prescription: means a written prescription that is generated on an electronic application and is transmitted to a pharmacy as an electronic data file; Schedule II through V prescriptions shall be transmitted in accordance with 21 C. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Electronic record: means information that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in paper form through an automated process used in conventional commercial practice, unless otherwise authorized in accordance with subsection J of § 13. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Elementary: includes kindergarten. See Virginia Code 22.1-1
  • elementary or secondary: include elementary, middle, and high school grades. See Virginia Code 22.1-1
  • Eligible degree: means a new bachelor's or master's degree, or a certificate issued by a baccalaureate public institution of higher education in association with a bachelor's degree, in the field of computer science, computer engineering, or other closely related fields of study, or that otherwise aligns with traded-sector, technology-focused growth opportunities identified by the Virginia Economic Development Partnership Authority. See Virginia Code 23.1-1239
  • Eligible entity: means a domestic or foreign unincorporated entity or a domestic or foreign nonstock corporation. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Eligible entity: means a domestic or foreign unincorporated entity or a domestic or foreign stock corporation. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Eligible interests: means interests or shares. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Embalmer: means any person engaged in the practice of embalming. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Embalming: means the process of chemically treating the dead human body by arterial injection and cavity treatment or, when necessary, hypodermic tissue injection to reduce the presence and growth of microorganisms to temporarily retard organic decomposition. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Employed full time: means employed in a position resulting in at least an annual earned income reported for tax purposes equivalent to 50 work weeks of 40 hours at minimum wage. See Virginia Code 23.1-500
  • Employee: includes , unless otherwise provided in the bylaws, an officer but not a director. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Employee: includes , unless otherwise provided in the bylaws, an officer but not a director. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Energy development project: means an electric generation facility located within Southwest Virginia and includes interests in land, improvements, and ancillary facilities. See Virginia Code 67-1600
  • Energy storage project: means an energy storage facility located within the Commonwealth and includes interests in land, improvements, and ancillary facilities. See Virginia Code 67-1500
  • Energy storage project: means the energy storage facilities within the project site. See Virginia Code 15.2-2316.6
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Entity: includes any domestic or foreign corporation; any domestic or foreign nonstock corporation; any domestic or foreign unincorporated entity; any estate or trust; and any state, the United States and any foreign government. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Entity: includes any domestic or foreign corporation; any domestic or foreign stock corporation; any domestic or foreign unincorporated entity; any estate or trust; and any state, the United States, and any foreign government. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Entity: means any person, partnership, firm, corporation, or other business, including assisted living facilities as defined in § 63. See Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Entry permit: means a state-of-destination document prepared by the State Apiarist or other authorized person authorizing the entry of bee equipment, appliances, and bees on combs into the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 3.2-4400
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Erect: includes building, constructing, reconstructing, erecting, demolishing, extending, bettering, equipping, installing, modifying, and improving. See Virginia Code 23.1-1100
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: means service by virtue of one's office and includes voting privileges for ex officio members unless otherwise provided. See Virginia Code 1-215
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Family day home: means a child day program offered in the residence of the provider or the home of any of the children in care for one through 12 children under the age of 13, exclusive of the provider's own children and any children who reside in the home, when at least one child receives care for compensation. See Virginia Code 22.1-289.02
  • Family day system: means any person who approves family day homes as members of its system; who refers children to available family day homes in that system; and who, through contractual arrangement, may provide central administrative functions including, but not limited to, training of operators of member homes; technical assistance and consultation to operators of member homes; inspection, supervision, monitoring, and evaluation of member homes; and referral of children to available health and social services. See Virginia Code 22.1-289.02
  • farm: means any person that obtains at least 51 percent of its annual gross income from agricultural operations and produces the agricultural waste used as feedstock for the waste-to-energy technology, (ii) "agricultural waste" means biomass waste materials capable of decomposition that are produced from the raising of plants and animals during agricultural operations, including animal manures, bedding, plant stalks, hulls, and vegetable matter, and (iii) "waste-to-energy technology" means any technology, including but not limited to a methane digester, that converts agricultural waste into gas, steam, or heat that is used to generate electricity on-site. See Virginia Code 1-222.1
  • FDA: means the U. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Federal Act: means the National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974 as amended (42 U. See Virginia Code 36-85.3
  • Federal agency: means the United States; the President of the United States; and any department, corporation, agency, or instrumentality heretofore or hereafter created, designated, or established by the United States. See Virginia Code 2.2-2200
  • Federal government: means the United States of America or any agency or instrumentality, corporate or otherwise, of the United States of America. See Virginia Code 36-55.26
  • Federal Regulations: means the Federal Manufactured Home Procedural and Enforcement Regulations. See Virginia Code 36-85.3
  • Federal Standards: means the Federal Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards. See Virginia Code 36-85.3
  • Federally insured mortgage: means a mortgage loan for land development for residential housing or residential housing insured or guaranteed by the United States or an instrumentality thereof, or a commitment by the United States or an instrumentality thereof to insure such a mortgage. See Virginia Code 36-55.26
  • Federally licensed hemp producer: means a person who holds a hemp producer license issued by the U. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Fee: means a fee charged by a locality in accordance with a tourism improvement district plan. See Virginia Code 15.2-2413.1
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiscal year: means the period from July 1 of one calendar year to June 30 of the next calendar year. See Virginia Code 23.1-300
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign corporation: means a corporation authorized by law to issue shares, organized under laws other than the laws of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Foreign corporation: means a corporation not authorized by law to issue shares, organized under laws other than the laws of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Foreign partnership: means an association of two or more persons to carry on as co-owners of a business for profit formed under the laws of any state or jurisdiction other than the Commonwealth, and includes, for all purposes of the laws of the Commonwealth, a foreign registered limited liability partnership. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Foreign unincorporated entity: means a foreign partnership, foreign limited liability company, foreign limited partnership, or foreign business trust. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Fund: means the Virginia Housing Trust Fund created by this chapter. See Virginia Code 36-141
  • Fund: means the Virginia Removal or Rehabilitation of Derelict Structures Fund created by this chapter. See Virginia Code 36-152
  • Fund: means the Virginia Defective Drywall Correction and Restoration Assistance Fund. See Virginia Code 36-156.1
  • Fund: means the Housing Revitalization Zone Fund. See Virginia Code 36-158
  • Fund: means the Electric Vehicle Rebate Program Fund. See Virginia Code 67-1900
  • Fund: means the Tech Talent Investment Fund. See Virginia Code 23.1-1239
  • Funeral directing: means the for-profit profession of directing or supervising funerals, preparing human dead for burial by means other than embalming, or making arrangements for funeral services or the financing of funeral services. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Funeral director: means any person engaged in the practice of funeral directing. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Funeral service establishment: means any main establishment, branch, or chapel that is permanently affixed to the real estate and for which a certificate of occupancy has been issued by the local building official where any part of the profession of funeral directing, the practice of funeral services, or the act of embalming is performed. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Funeral service intern: means a person who is preparing to be licensed for the practice of funeral services under the direct supervision of a practitioner licensed by the Board. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Funeral service licensee: means a person who is licensed in the practice of funeral services. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • furnishings: means any fixtures, leasehold improvements, equipment, office furniture and furnishings whatsoever necessary or desirable for the use and occupancy of such project, and the terms "to furnish" and "furnishing" means the acquisition and installation of such fixtures, equipment and furnishings. See Virginia Code 2.2-2260
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • gender identity: when used in reference to discrimination in the Code and acts of the General Assembly, means the gender-related identity, appearance, or other gender-related characteristics of an individual, with or without regard to the individual's designated sex at birth. See Virginia Code 2.2-3901
  • General adult education: means academic, cultural, and avocational instruction for individuals over the age of compulsory school attendance specified in § 22. See Virginia Code 22.1-223
  • General public benefit: means a material positive impact on society and the environment taken as a whole, as measured by a third-party standard, from the business and operations of a benefit corporation. See Virginia Code 13.1-782
  • Genetic counselor: means a person licensed by the Board to engage in the practice of genetic counseling. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Governing board: includes the State Board and the board of visitors of each baccalaureate public institution of higher education. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Governing body: means the board of supervisors of a county, council of a city, or council of a town, as the context may require. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • governing body: includes both or all of them. See Virginia Code 15.2-2602
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grant: means a grant paid from the Tech Talent Investment Fund. See Virginia Code 23.1-1239
  • Grievance: means a complaint or dispute by a teacher relating to his employment, including (i) disciplinary action including dismissal; (ii) the application or interpretation of (a) personnel policies, (b) procedures, (c) rules and regulations, (d) ordinances, and (e) statutes; (iii) acts of reprisal against a teacher for filing or processing a grievance, participating as a witness in any step, meeting, or hearing relating to a grievance, or serving as a member of a fact-finding panel; and (iv) complaints of discrimination on the basis of race, color, creed, religion, political affiliation, disability, age, national origin, sex, pregnancy, childbirth or related medical conditions, marital status, sexual orientation, gender identity, or military status. See Virginia Code 22.1-306
  • Group practice: means two or more health care practitioners who are members of the same legally organized partnership, professional corporation, not-for-profit corporation, faculty practice or similar association in which (i) each member provides substantially the full range of services within his licensed or certified scope of practice at the same location as the other members through the use of the organization's office space, facilities, equipment, or personnel; (ii) payments for services received from a member are treated as receipts of the organization; and (iii) the overhead expenses and income from the practice are distributed according to methods previously determined by the members. See Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Group work: means helping people, in the realization of their potential for social functioning, through group experiences in which the members are involved with common concerns and in which there is agreement about the group's purpose, function, and structure. See Virginia Code 54.1-3700
  • Grow: means to plant, cultivate, or harvest a plant or crop. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Grower: means any person registered pursuant to subsection A of § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • HDA: means the Virginia Housing Development Authority created in Chapter 1. See Virginia Code 36-141
  • HDA: means the Virginia Housing Development Authority created and established pursuant to § 36-55. See Virginia Code 36-55.26
  • Healing arts: means the arts and sciences dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and cure or alleviation of human physical or mental ailments, conditions, diseases, pain or infirmities. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Health care: means the furnishing of services to any individual for the purpose of preventing, alleviating, curing, or healing human illness, injury or physical disability, including but not limited to, medications; surgery; blood transfusions; chemotherapy; radiation therapy; admission to a hospital, nursing home, assisted living facility, or other health care facility; psychiatric or other mental health treatment; and life-prolonging procedures and palliative care. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Health care facility: means any institution, place, building, or agency required to be licensed under Virginia law, including but not limited to any hospital, nursing facility or nursing home, boarding home, assisted living facility, supervised living facility, or ambulatory medical and surgical center. See Virginia Code 15.2-2820
  • Health services: means any procedures or services related to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and care rendered by a health care worker, regardless of whether the worker is regulated by the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Hemp product: means a product, including any raw materials from industrial hemp that are used for or added to a food or beverage product, that contains industrial hemp and has completed all stages of processing needed for the product. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Hive: means a box, skep, barrel, log gum, or other container used as a domicile for bees. See Virginia Code 3.2-4400
  • Hospital facilities: means all property or rights in property, real and personal, tangible and intangible, including all facilities suitable for providing hospital and health care services and all structures, buildings, improvements, additions, extensions, replacements, appurtenances, lands, rights in land, furnishings, landscaping, approaches, roadways, and other related and supporting facilities owned, leased, operated, or used, in whole or in part, by Virginia Commonwealth University as part of, or in connection with, MCV Hospitals in the normal course of its operations as a teaching, research, and medical treatment facility. See Virginia Code 23.1-2400
  • Hospital obligations: means all debts or other obligations, contingent or certain, owing to any person or other entity on the transfer date, arising out of the operation of MCV Hospitals as a medical treatment facility or the financing or refinancing of hospital facilities and including all bonds and other debts for the purchase of goods and services, whether or not delivered, and obligations for the delivery of services, whether or not performed. See Virginia Code 23.1-2400
  • Host locality: means any locality within the jurisdictional boundaries of which construction of a commercial solar project or an energy storage project is proposed. See Virginia Code 15.2-2316.6
  • Housing development costs: means the sum total of all costs incurred in the development of a housing development, which are approved by the HDA as reasonable and necessary, which costs shall include, but are not necessarily limited to: fair value of land owned by the sponsor, or cost of land acquisition and any buildings thereon, including payments for options, deposits, or contracts to purchase properties on the proposed housing site or payments for the purchase of such properties; cost of site preparation, demolition and development; architecture, engineering, legal, accounting, HDA, and other fees paid or payable in connection with the planning, execution and financing of the housing development; cost of necessary studies, surveys, plans and permits; insurance, interest; financing, tax and assessment costs and other operating and carrying costs during construction; cost of construction, rehabilitation, reconstruction, fixtures, furnishings, equipment, machinery and apparatus related to the real property; cost of land improvements, including without limitation, landscaping and off-site improvements, whether or not such costs have been paid in cash or in a form other than cash; necessary expenses in connection with initial occupancy of the housing development; a reasonable profit and risk fee in addition to job overhead to the general contractor and, if applicable, a limited profit housing sponsor; an allowance established by HDA for working capital and contingency reserves, and reserves for any anticipated operating deficits during the first two years of occupancy; in the case of an economically mixed project within a revitalization area designated in or pursuant to § 36-55. See Virginia Code 36-55.26
  • Housing lender: means any bank or trust company, mortgage banker approved by the Federal National Mortgage Association, savings bank, national banking association, savings and loan association or building and loan association, mortgage broker, mortgage company, mortgage lender, life insurance company, credit union, agency or authority of the Commonwealth or any other state, or locality authorized to finance housing loans on properties located in or outside of the Commonwealth to persons and families of any income. See Virginia Code 36-55.26
  • Housing revitalization zone: means an area declared by the Governor to be eligible for the benefits of this chapter. See Virginia Code 36-158
  • Housing sponsor: means individuals, joint ventures, partnerships, limited partnerships, public bodies, trusts, firms, associations, or other legal entities or any combination thereof, corporations, cooperatives and condominiums, approved by the Department of Housing and Community Development as qualified either to own, construct, acquire, rehabilitate, operate, manage or maintain a housing development, whether nonprofit or organized for limited profit subject to the regulatory powers of the Department of Housing and Community Development and other terms and conditions set forth in this chapter. See Virginia Code 36-141
  • Housing sponsor: means individuals, joint ventures, partnerships, limited partnerships, public bodies, trusts, firms, associations, or other legal entities or any combination thereof, corporations, cooperatives and condominiums, approved by HDA as qualified either to own, construct, acquire, rehabilitate, operate, manage or maintain a housing development whether nonprofit or organized for limited profit subject to the regulatory powers of HDA and other terms and conditions set forth in this chapter. See Virginia Code 36-55.26
  • Housing unit: means any building, structure, or portion thereof, which is occupied as, or intended for occupancy as, a residence by one or more families. See Virginia Code 36-158
  • HUD: means the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development. See Virginia Code 36-85.3
  • Immediate family member: means the individual's spouse, child, child's spouse, stepchild, stepchild's spouse, grandchild, grandchild's spouse, parent, stepparent, parent-in-law, or sibling. See Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Immediate precursor: means a substance which the Board of Pharmacy has found to be and by regulation designates as being the principal compound commonly used or produced primarily for use, and which is an immediate chemical intermediary used or likely to be used in the manufacture of a controlled substance, the control of which is necessary to prevent, curtail, or limit manufacture. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Impact fee: means a charge or assessment imposed against new development in order to generate revenue to fund or recover the costs of reasonable road improvements benefiting the new development. See Virginia Code 15.2-2318
  • Impact fee service area: means an area designated within the comprehensive plan of a locality having clearly defined boundaries and clearly related traffic needs and within which development is to be subject to the assessment of impact fees. See Virginia Code 15.2-2318
  • Impairment: means a physical or mental disability, including but not limited to substance abuse, that substantially alters the ability of a practitioner to practice his profession with safety to his patients and the public. See Virginia Code 54.1-2515
  • in writing: include any representation of words, letters, symbols, numbers, or figures, whether (i) printed or inscribed on a tangible medium or (ii) stored in an electronic or other medium and retrievable in a perceivable form and whether an electronic signature authorized by Chapter 42. See Virginia Code 1-257
  • In-person communication: means face-to-face communication and telephonic communication. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Incapable of making an informed decision: means the inability of an adult patient, because of mental illness, intellectual disability, or any other mental or physical disorder that precludes communication or impairs judgment, to make an informed decision about providing, continuing, withholding or withdrawing a specific health care treatment or course of treatment because he is unable to understand the nature, extent or probable consequences of the proposed health care decision, or to make a rational evaluation of the risks and benefits of alternatives to that decision. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Includes: means includes, but not limited to. See Virginia Code 1-218
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Independent: means having no material relationship with a benefit corporation or a subsidiary of the benefit corporation, either directly as a shareholder of the benefit corporation or as a partner, a member, or an owner of a subsidiary of the benefit corporation or indirectly as a director, an officer, an owner, or a manager of an entity that has a material relationship with the benefit corporation or a subsidiary of the benefit corporation. See Virginia Code 13.1-782
  • Independent student: includes emancipated minors. See Virginia Code 23.1-500
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Individual: means a natural person. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Individual: means a natural person. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Industrial hemp: includes an industrial hemp extract that has not completed all stages of processing needed to convert the extract into a hemp product. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Industrialized building: means a combination of one or more sections or modules, subject to state regulations and including the necessary electrical, plumbing, heating, ventilating and other service systems, manufactured off-site and transported to the point of use for installation or erection, with or without other specified components, to comprise a finished building. See Virginia Code 36-71.1
  • Information system: means the total components and operations of a record-keeping process, including information collected or managed by means of computer networks and the Internet, whether automated or manual, containing personal information and the name, personal number, or other identifying particulars of a data subject. See Virginia Code 2.2-3801
  • inhabitants: means with reference to any county, city, town, political subdivision of the Commonwealth or any combination thereof, the natural persons in such county, city, town, political subdivision or combination as shown by the unadjusted United States decennial census last preceding the time at which any provision dependent upon population is being applied or the time as of which it is being construed. See Virginia Code 1-235
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Innovation: means a new or creative alternative to existing instructional or administrative practices or school structures that evidence-based practice suggests will be effective in improving student learning and educational performance. See Virginia Code 22.1-212.28
  • Institution: means each public institution of higher education, as that term is defined in § 23. See Virginia Code 23.1-1100
  • Interchangeable: means a biosimilar that meets safety standards for determining interchangeability pursuant to 42 U. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Interest: means either or both of the following rights under the organic law governing an unincorporated entity:

    1. See Virginia Code 13.1-603

  • Interest: means either or both of the following rights under the organic law of a foreign or domestic unincorporated entity:

    1. See Virginia Code 13.1-803

  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Investment interest: means the ownership or holding of an equity or debt security, including, but not limited to, shares of stock in a corporation, interests or units of a partnership, bonds, debentures, notes, or other equity or debt instruments, except investment interests in a hospital licensed pursuant to Article 1 (§ 32. See Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Investor: means an individual or entity directly or indirectly possessing a legal or beneficial ownership interest, including an investment interest. See Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Joint meeting: An occasion, often ceremonial, when the House and Senate each adopt a unanimous consent agreement
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Jurisdiction of formation: means the state or country the law of which includes the organic law governing a domestic or foreign corporation or eligible entity. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
  • Label: means a display of written, printed, or graphic matter upon the immediate container of any article. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Labeling: means all labels and other written, printed, or graphic matter on an article or any of its containers or wrappers, or accompanying such article. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Lactation: means a condition that may result in the feeding of a child directly from the breast or the expressing of milk from the breast. See Virginia Code 2.2-3901
  • Land development: means the process of acquiring land for residential housing construction, and of making, installing, or constructing nonresidential housing improvements, including, without limitation, waterlines and water supply installations, sewer lines and sewage disposal and treatment installations, steam, gas and electric lines and installations, roads, streets, curbs, gutters, sidewalks, storm drainage facilities, other related pollution control facilities, and other installations or works, whether on or off the site, which HDA deems necessary or desirable to prepare such land primarily for residential housing construction within the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 36-55.26
  • laser surgery: means treatment through revision, destruction, incision or other structural alteration of human tissue using laser technology. See Virginia Code 54.1-2400.01
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lead locality: means the locality in which the tourism improvement district plan is filed for the establishment of a tourism improvement district where such district includes more than one locality. See Virginia Code 15.2-2413.1
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: means the document issued to an applicant upon completion of requirements for admission to practice dentistry or dental hygiene in the Commonwealth or upon registration for renewal of license to continue the practice of dentistry or dental hygiene in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 54.1-2700
  • License to practice dentistry: means any license to practice dentistry issued by the Board. See Virginia Code 54.1-2700
  • Licensed certified midwife: means a person who is licensed as a certified midwife by the Boards of Medicine and Nursing. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • licensed practical nurse: means a person who is licensed or holds a multistate licensure privilege under the provisions of this chapter to practice practical nursing as defined in this section. See Virginia Code 54.1-3000
  • licensed practical nursing: means the performance for compensation of selected nursing acts in the care of individuals or groups who are ill, injured, or experiencing changes in normal health processes; in the maintenance of health; in the prevention of illness or disease; or, subject to such regulations as the Board may promulgate, in the teaching of those who are or will be nurse aides. See Virginia Code 54.1-3000
  • Licensed substance abuse treatment practitioner: means a person who: (i) is trained in and engages in the practice of substance abuse treatment with individuals or groups of individuals suffering from the effects of substance abuse or dependence, and in the prevention of substance abuse or dependence; and (ii) is licensed to provide advanced substance abuse treatment and independent, direct, and unsupervised treatment to such individuals or groups of individuals, and to plan, evaluate, supervise, and direct substance abuse treatment provided by others. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Life-prolonging procedure: means any medical procedure, treatment or intervention which (i) utilizes mechanical or other artificial means to sustain, restore or supplant a spontaneous vital function, or is otherwise of such a nature as to afford a patient no reasonable expectation of recovery from a terminal condition and (ii) when applied to a patient in a terminal condition, would serve only to prolong the dying process. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Loan servicer: means any person who, on behalf of a housing lender, collects or receives payments, including payments of principal, interest, escrow amounts, and other amounts due, on obligations due and owing to the housing lender pursuant to a residential mortgage loan or who, when the borrower is in default or in foreseeable likelihood of default, works on behalf of the housing lender with the borrower to modify or refinance, either temporarily or permanently, the obligations in order to avoid foreclosure or otherwise to finalize collection through the foreclosure process. See Virginia Code 36-55.26
  • Local community college board: means the board established to act in an advisory capacity to the State Board and perform such duties with respect to the operation of a single comprehensive community college as may be delegated to it by the State Board. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • local governing body: means the board of supervisors of a county, council of a city, or council of a town, responsible for appropriating funds for such locality, as the context may require. See Virginia Code 22.1-1
  • Local government: means any county, city, town, municipal corporation, authority, district, commission, or political subdivision of the Commonwealth created by the General Assembly or otherwise created pursuant to the laws of the Commonwealth or any combination of the foregoing. See Virginia Code 36-156.1
  • local government: shall be construed to mean a county, city, or town as the context may require. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Local zone administrator: means the chief executive of the county, city, or town in which a housing revitalization zone is located, or his designee. See Virginia Code 36-158
  • Locality: means any county, city, or town in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 15.2-2413.1
  • locality: means any county, city or town in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 36-152
  • Locality: means a county, city, or town as the context may require. See Virginia Code 1-221
  • Majority share of benefited businesses: means one or more benefited businesses within a tourism improvement district or proposed tourism improvement district that cumulatively comprise a majority, based on the weighting methodology set forth in the tourism improvement district plan. See Virginia Code 15.2-2413.1
  • Manufacture: means the production, preparation, propagation, conversion, or processing of any item regulated by this chapter, either directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of natural origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis, and includes any packaging or repackaging of the substance or labeling or relabeling of its container. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Manufactured home: means a structure subject to federal regulation, which is transportable in one or more sections; is eight body feet or more in width and forty body feet or more in length in the traveling mode, or is 320 or more square feet when erected on site; is built on a permanent chassis; is designed to be used as a single-family dwelling, with or without a permanent foundation, when connected to the required utilities; and includes the plumbing, heating, air-conditioning, and electrical systems contained in the structure. See Virginia Code 36-85.3
  • Manufactured home construction: means all activities relating to the assembly and manufacture of a manufactured home including but not limited to those relating to durability, quality, and safety. See Virginia Code 36-85.3
  • Manufacturer: means every person who manufactures, a manufacturer's co-licensed partner, or a repackager. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Marijuana: means any part of a plant of the genus Cannabis whether growing or not, its seeds, or its resin; and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of such plant, its seeds, its resin, or any extract containing one or more cannabinoids. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Markup: The process by which congressional committees and subcommittees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed legislation.
  • Marriage and family therapist: means a person trained in the appraisal and treatment of cognitive, affective, or behavioral mental and emotional disorders within the context of marriage and family systems through the application of therapeutic and family systems theories and techniques. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Marriage and family therapy: means the appraisal and treatment of cognitive, affective, or behavioral mental and emotional disorders within the context of marriage and family systems through the application of therapeutic and family systems theories and techniques and delivery of services to individuals, couples, and families, singularly or in groups, for the purpose of treating such disorders. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Massage therapist: means a person who meets the qualifications specified in this chapter and who is currently licensed by the Board. See Virginia Code 54.1-3000
  • Massage therapy: means the treatment of soft tissues for therapeutic purposes by the application of massage and bodywork techniques based on the manipulation or application of pressure to the muscular structure or soft tissues of the human body. See Virginia Code 54.1-3000
  • Maxillofacial: means pertaining to the jaws and face, particularly with reference to specialized surgery of this region. See Virginia Code 54.1-2700
  • Medical equipment supplier: means any person, as defined in § 1-230, engaged in the delivery to the ultimate consumer, pursuant to the lawful order of a practitioner, of hypodermic syringes and needles, medicinal oxygen, Schedule VI controlled devices, those Schedule VI controlled substances with no medicinal properties that are used for the operation and cleaning of medical equipment, solutions for peritoneal dialysis, and sterile water or saline for irrigation. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Medical malpractice judgment: means any final order of any court entering judgment against a licensee of the Board that arises out of any tort action or breach of contract action for personal injuries or wrongful death, based on health care or professional services rendered, or that should have been rendered, by a health care provider, to a patient. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Medical malpractice settlement: means any written agreement and release entered into by or on behalf of a licensee of the Board in response to a written claim for money damages that arises out of any personal injuries or wrongful death, based on health care or professional services rendered, or that should have been rendered, by a health care provider, to a patient. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • MEI project: means a high-impact regional economic development project in which a private entity is expected to make a capital investment in real and tangible personal property exceeding $250 million and create more than 400 new full-time jobs, and is expected to have a substantial direct and indirect economic impact on surrounding communities. See Virginia Code 2.2-2260
  • Member: means a member of the Consortium. See Virginia Code 67-1400
  • Member: means one having a membership interest in a corporation in accordance with the provisions of its articles of incorporation or bylaws. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Membership interest: means the interest of a member in a domestic or foreign corporation, including voting and all other rights associated with membership. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Memorandum of understanding: means the negotiated instrument entered into by a qualified institution and the Commonwealth, regardless of whether the terms of the memorandum of understanding are encompassed or included within any other institutional partnership or performance agreement required by law. See Virginia Code 23.1-1239
  • Merger: means a business combination pursuant to § 13. See Virginia Code 13.1-893.1
  • Merger: means a transaction pursuant to § 13. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Middle school: means separate schools for early adolescents and the middle school grades that might be housed at elementary or high schools. See Virginia Code 22.1-1
  • Military status: means status as (i) a member of the uniformed forces, as defined in 10 U. See Virginia Code 22.1-306
  • Military status: means status as (i) a member of the uniformed forces, as defined in 10 U. See Virginia Code 2.2-3901
  • Month: means a calendar month and "year" means a calendar year. See Virginia Code 1-223
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage: means a mortgage deed, deed of trust, or other security instrument which shall constitute a lien in the Commonwealth on improvements and real property in fee simple, on a leasehold under a lease having a remaining term, which at the time such mortgage is acquired does not expire for at least that number of years beyond the maturity date of the interest-bearing obligation secured by such mortgage as is equal to the number of years remaining until the maturity date of such obligation or on personal property, contract rights or other assets. See Virginia Code 36-55.26
  • Mortgage lender: means any bank or trust company, mortgage banker approved by the Federal National Mortgage Association, savings bank, national banking association, savings and loan association, or building and loan association, life insurance company, the federal government or other financial institutions or government agencies which are authorized to and customarily provide service or otherwise aid in the financing of mortgages on residential housing located in the Commonwealth for persons and families of low or moderate income. See Virginia Code 36-55.26
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgage loan: means an interest-bearing obligation secured by a mortgage. See Virginia Code 36-55.26
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Multidivision online provider: means (i) a private or nonprofit organization that enters into a contract with a local school board to provide online courses or programs through that school board to students who reside in Virginia both within and outside the geographical boundaries of that school division; (ii) a private or nonprofit organization that enters into contracts with multiple local school boards to provide online courses or programs to students in grades K through 12 through those school boards; or (iii) a local school board that provides online courses or programs to students who reside in Virginia but outside the geographical boundaries of that school division. See Virginia Code 22.1-212.23
  • Multifamily residential housing: means residential housing other than single-family residential housing, as hereinafter defined. See Virginia Code 36-55.26
  • Municipality: means any city, town, county, or other political subdivision of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 36-55.26
  • Music therapist: means a person who has (i) completed a bachelor's degree or higher in music therapy, or its equivalent; (ii) satisfied the requirements for licensure set forth in regulations adopted by the Board pursuant to § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-3709.1
  • Music therapy: means the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship through an individualized music therapy treatment plan for the client that identifies the goals, objectives, and potential strategies of the music therapy services appropriate for the client using music therapy interventions, which may include music improvisation, receptive music listening, songwriting, lyric discussion, music and imagery, music performance, learning through music, and movement to music. See Virginia Code 54.1-3709.1
  • Narcotic drug: means any of the following, whether produced directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis: (i) opium, opiates, and any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation of opium or opiates; (ii) any salt, compound, isomer, derivative, or preparation thereof which is chemically equivalent or identical with any of the substances referred to in clause (i), but not including the isoquinoline alkaloids of opium; (iii) opium poppy and poppy straw; (iv) coca leaves and any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation of coca leaves, and any salt, compound, isomer, derivative, or preparation thereof which is chemically equivalent or identical with any of these substances, but not including decocainized coca leaves or extraction of coca leaves which do not contain cocaine or ecgonine. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • New drug: means (i) any drug, except a new animal drug or an animal feed bearing or containing a new animal drug, the composition of which is such that such drug is not generally recognized, among experts qualified by scientific training and experience to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of drugs, as safe and effective for use under the conditions prescribed, recommended, or suggested in the labeling, except that such a drug not so recognized shall not be deemed to be a "new drug" if at any time prior to the enactment of this chapter it was subject to the Food and Drugs Act of June 30, 1906, as amended, and if at such time its labeling contained the same representations concerning the conditions of its use, or (ii) any drug, except a new animal drug or an animal feed bearing or containing a new animal drug, the composition of which is such that such drug, as a result of investigations to determine its safety and effectiveness for use under such conditions, has become so recognized, but which has not, otherwise than in such investigations, been used to a material extent or for a material time under such conditions. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Next of kin: means any of the following persons, regardless of the relationship to the decedent: any person designated to make arrangements for the disposition of the decedent's remains upon his death pursuant to § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nonhousing building: means a building or portion thereof and any related improvements and facilities used or to be used for manufacturing, industrial, commercial, governmental, educational, entertainment, community development, health care, or nonprofit enterprises or undertakings other than residential housing. See Virginia Code 36-55.26
  • Nonlegislative citizen member: means any natural person who is not a member of the General Assembly of Virginia. See Virginia Code 1-225
  • Notary: means notary public. See Virginia Code 1-226
  • Nuclear medicine technologist: means an individual who holds a current certification with the American Registry of Radiological Technologists or the Nuclear Medicine Technology Certification Board. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Nurse practitioner: means an advanced practice registered nurse who is jointly licensed by the Boards of Medicine and Nursing pursuant to § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Nursery: means any premises where nursery stock is propagated, grown, fumigated, treated, packed, stored, or otherwise prepared for sale or distribution. See Virginia Code 3.2-3800
  • Nursery stock: means all trees, shrubs, woody vines (including ornamentals), bush fruits, grapevines, fruit trees, and nut trees offered for sale and distribution; all buds, grafts, scions, and cuttings from such plants; and any container, soil, and other packing material with such plants or plant products. See Virginia Code 3.2-3800
  • Nursing home: means any public or private facility required to be licensed as a nursing home under the provisions of Chapter 5 (§ 32. See Virginia Code 54.1-3100
  • Nursing home administrator: means any individual charged with the general administration of a nursing home regardless of whether he has an ownership interest in the facility. See Virginia Code 54.1-3100
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Occupational therapy assistant: means an individual who has met the requirements of the Board for licensure and who works under the supervision of a licensed occupational therapist to assist in the practice of occupational therapy. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Office practice: means the facility or facilities at which a practitioner, on an ongoing basis, provides or supervises the provision of health services to consumers. See Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Official compendium: means the official United States Pharmacopoeia National Formulary, official Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States, or any supplement to any of them. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Official written order: means an order written on a form provided for that purpose by the U. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Online course: means a course or grade-level subject instruction that (i) is delivered by a multidivision online provider primarily electronically using the Internet or other computer-based methods and (ii) is taught by a teacher primarily from a remote location, with student access to the teacher given synchronously, asynchronously, or both. See Virginia Code 22.1-212.23
  • Opiate: means any substance having an addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability similar to morphine or being capable of conversion into a drug having such addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Opium poppy: means the plant of the species Papaver somniferum L. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Optometrist: means any person practicing the profession of optometry as defined in this chapter and the regulations of the Board. See Virginia Code 54.1-3200
  • Oral and maxillofacial surgeon: means a person who has successfully completed an oral and maxillofacial residency program, approved by the Commission on Dental Accreditation of the American Dental Association, and who holds a valid license from the Board. See Virginia Code 54.1-2700
  • Organic document: means the document, if any, that is filed of public record to create an unincorporated entity. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Organic law: means the statute governing the internal affairs of a domestic or foreign corporation or eligible entity. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Original package: means the unbroken container or wrapping in which any drug or medicine is enclosed together with label and labeling, put up by or for the manufacturer, wholesaler, or distributor for use in the delivery or display of such article. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Outlays: Outlays are payments made (generally through the issuance of checks or disbursement of cash) to liquidate obligations. Outlays during a fiscal year may be for payment of obligations incurred in prior years or in the same year.
  • Outsourcing facility: means a facility that is engaged in the compounding of sterile drugs and is currently registered as an outsourcing facility with the U. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • parents: means any parent, guardian, legal custodian, or other person having control or charge of a child. See Virginia Code 22.1-1
  • Participating dealer: means a dealer who is participating in the Program. See Virginia Code 67-1900
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Party to a merger: means any domestic or foreign corporation or eligible entity that will merge under a plan of merger. See Virginia Code 13.1-893.1
  • Patient care consulting committee: means a committee duly organized by a facility licensed to provide health care under Title 32. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Patient care team: means a multidisciplinary team of health care providers actively functioning as a unit with the management and leadership of one or more patient care team physicians for the purpose of providing and delivering health care to a patient or group of patients. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Patient care team physician: means a physician who is actively licensed to practice medicine in the Commonwealth, who regularly practices medicine in the Commonwealth, and who provides management and leadership in the care of patients as part of a patient care team. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Patient care team podiatrist: means a podiatrist who is actively licensed to practice podiatry in the Commonwealth, who regularly practices podiatry in the Commonwealth, and who provides management and leadership to physician assistants in the care of patients as part of a patient care team. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Peer institutions: means those institutions determined by the Council, in consultation with a public institution of higher education, the Secretary of Education or his designee, the Director of the Department of Planning and Budget or his designee, and the Chairmen of the House Committee on Appropriations and the Senate Committee on Finance and Appropriations or their designees, to be most similar to such public institution of higher education and provide a fair comparison in determining appropriate and competitive faculty salaries for such public institution of higher education. See Virginia Code 23.1-300
  • Persistent vegetative state: means a condition caused by injury, disease or illness in which a patient has suffered a loss of consciousness, with no behavioral evidence of self-awareness or awareness of surroundings in a learned manner, other than reflex activity of muscles and nerves for low level conditioned response, and from which, to a reasonable degree of medical probability, there can be no recovery. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Person: means both the plural and singular, as the case demands, and includes an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental agency, trust, or other institution or entity. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Person: includes an individual and an entity. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Person: means the term as defined in § 1-230. See Virginia Code 3.2-3800
  • Person: includes an individual and an entity. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Person: means the term as defined in § 1-230. See Virginia Code 3.2-4400
  • Person: includes any individual, corporation, partnership, association, cooperative, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, government, political subdivision, or any other legal or commercial entity and any successor, representative, agent, agency, or instrumentality thereof. See Virginia Code 1-230
  • Personal information: means all information that (i) describes, locates or indexes anything about an individual including, but not limited to, his social security number, driver's license number, agency-issued identification number, student identification number, real or personal property holdings derived from tax returns, and his education, financial transactions, medical history, ancestry, religion, political ideology, criminal or employment record, or (ii) affords a basis for inferring personal characteristics, such as finger and voice prints, photographs, or things done by or to such individual; and the record of his presence, registration, or membership in an organization or activity, or admission to an institution. See Virginia Code 2.2-3801
  • Personal property: means all items of equipment, fixtures, and furnishings, including items affixed to real property. See Virginia Code 2.2-2260
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Personal representative: includes the executor of a will or the administrator of the estate of a decedent, the administrator of such estate with the will annexed, the administrator of such estate unadministered by a former representative, whether there is a will or not, any person who is under the order of a circuit court to take into his possession the estate of a decedent for administration, and every other curator of a decedent's estate, for or against whom suits may be brought for causes of action that accrued to or against the decedent. See Virginia Code 1-234
  • Persons and families of low and moderate income: means persons and families, irrespective of race, creed, national origin, sex, sexual orientation, or gender identity, determined by the HDA to require such assistance as is made available by this chapter on account of insufficient personal or family income taking into consideration, without limitation, such factors as follows: (i) the amount of the total income of such persons and families available for housing needs, (ii) the size of the family, (iii) the cost and condition of housing facilities available, (iv) the ability of such persons and families to compete successfully in the normal private housing market and to pay the amounts at which private enterprise is providing sanitary, decent and safe housing, and (v) if appropriate, standards established for various federal programs determining eligibility based on income of such persons and families. See Virginia Code 36-55.26
  • Pharmaceutical processor: means a facility that (i) has obtained a permit from the Board pursuant to § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-3442.5
  • Pharmacist: means a person holding a license issued by the Board to practice pharmacy. See Virginia Code 54.1-3300
  • Pharmacist-in-charge: means the person who, being licensed as a pharmacist, signs the application for a pharmacy permit and assumes full legal responsibility for the operation of the relevant pharmacy in a manner complying with the laws and regulations for the practice of pharmacy and the sale and dispensing of controlled substances; the "pharmacist-in-charge" shall personally supervise the pharmacy and the pharmacy's personnel as required by § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Pharmacy: means every establishment or institution in which drugs, medicines, or medicinal chemicals are dispensed or offered for sale, or a sign is displayed bearing the word or words "pharmacist" "pharmacy" "apothecary" "drugstore" "druggist" "drugs" "medicine store" "drug sundries" "prescriptions filled" or any similar words intended to indicate that the practice of pharmacy is being conducted. See Virginia Code 54.1-3300
  • Pharmacy intern: means a student currently enrolled in or a graduate of an approved school of pharmacy who is registered with the Board for the purpose of gaining the practical experience required to apply for licensure as a pharmacist. See Virginia Code 54.1-3300
  • Pharmacy technician: means a person registered with the Board to assist a pharmacist under the pharmacist's supervision. See Virginia Code 54.1-3300
  • Pharmacy technician trainee: means a person registered with the Board for the purpose of performing duties restricted to a pharmacy technician as part of a pharmacy technician training program in accordance with the provisions of subsection G of § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-3300
  • Physical therapist: means any person licensed by the Board to engage in the practice of physical therapy. See Virginia Code 54.1-3473
  • Physical therapist assistant: means any person licensed by the Board to assist a physical therapist in the practice of physical therapy. See Virginia Code 54.1-3473
  • Physician: means a person licensed to practice medicine in the Commonwealth of Virginia or in the jurisdiction where the health care is to be rendered or withheld. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Physician assistant: means a health care professional who has met the requirements of the Board for licensure as a physician assistant. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plan: means the Virginia Energy Plan prepared pursuant to this chapter, including any updates thereto. See Virginia Code 67-200
  • Plan: means the Virginia College Savings Plan. See Virginia Code 23.1-700
  • Planning and community organization: means helping organizations and communities analyze social problems and human needs; planning to assist organizations and communities in organizing for general community development; and improving social conditions through the application of social planning, resource development, advocacy, and social policy formulation. See Virginia Code 54.1-3700
  • Planning district: means a contiguous area within the boundaries established by the Department of Housing and Community Development. See Virginia Code 36-158
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Poppy straw: means all parts, except the seeds, of the opium poppy, after mowing. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Practice of acupuncture: means the stimulation of certain points on or near the surface of the body by the insertion of needles to prevent or modify the perception of pain or to normalize physiological functions, including pain control, for the treatment of certain ailments or conditions of the body and includes the techniques of electroacupuncture, cupping and moxibustion. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Practice of applied psychology: means application of the principles and methods of psychology to improvement of organizational function, personnel selection and evaluation, program planning and implementation, individual motivation, development and behavioral adjustment, as well as consultation on teaching and research. See Virginia Code 54.1-3600
  • Practice of athletic training: means the prevention, recognition, evaluation, and treatment of injuries or conditions related to athletic or recreational activity that requires physical skill and utilizes strength, power, endurance, speed, flexibility, range of motion or agility or a substantially similar injury or condition resulting from occupational activity immediately upon the onset of such injury or condition; and subsequent treatment and rehabilitation of such injuries or conditions under the direction of the patient's physician or under the direction of any doctor of medicine, osteopathy, chiropractic, podiatry, or dentistry, while using heat, light, sound, cold, electricity, exercise or mechanical or other devices. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Practice of audiology: means the practice of conducting measurement, testing and evaluation relating to hearing and vestibular systems, including audiologic and electrophysiological measures, and conducting programs of identification, hearing conservation, habilitation, and rehabilitation for the purpose of identifying disorders of the hearing and vestibular systems and modifying communicative disorders related to hearing loss, including but not limited to vestibular evaluation, limited cerumen management, electrophysiological audiometry and cochlear implants. See Virginia Code 54.1-2600
  • Practice of counseling: means rendering or offering to render to individuals, groups, organizations, or the general public any service involving the application of principles, standards, and methods of the counseling profession, which shall include appraisal, counseling, and referral activities. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Practice of funeral services: means engaging in the care and disposition of the human dead, the preparation of the human dead for the funeral service, burial or cremation, the making of arrangements for the funeral service or for the financing of the funeral service and the selling or making of financial arrangements for the sale of funeral supplies to the public. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Practice of genetic counseling: means (i) obtaining and evaluating individual and family medical histories to assess the risk of genetic medical conditions and diseases in a patient, his offspring, and other family members; (ii) discussing the features, history, diagnosis, environmental factors, and risk management of genetic medical conditions and diseases; (iii) ordering genetic laboratory tests and other diagnostic studies necessary for genetic assessment; (iv) integrating the results with personal and family medical history to assess and communicate risk factors for genetic medical conditions and diseases; (v) evaluating the patient's and family's responses to the medical condition or risk of recurrence and providing client-centered counseling and anticipatory guidance; (vi) identifying and utilizing community resources that provide medical, educational, financial, and psychosocial support and advocacy; and (vii) providing written documentation of medical, genetic, and counseling information for families and health care professionals. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Practice of marriage and family therapy: means the appraisal and treatment of cognitive, affective, or behavioral mental and emotional disorders within the context of marriage and family systems through the application of therapeutic and family systems theories and techniques, which shall include assessment, treatment, and referral activities. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Practice of occupational therapy: means the therapeutic use of occupations for habilitation and rehabilitation to enhance physical health, mental health, and cognitive functioning and includes the evaluation, analysis, assessment, and delivery of education and training in basic and instrumental activities of daily living; the design, fabrication, and application of orthoses (splints); the design, selection, and use of adaptive equipment and assistive technologies; therapeutic activities to enhance functional performance; vocational evaluation and training; and consultation concerning the adaptation of physical, sensory, and social environments. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Practice of optometry: means the examination of the human eye to ascertain the presence of defects or abnormal conditions which may be corrected or relieved by the use of lenses, prisms or ocular exercises, visual training or orthoptics; the employment of any subjective or objective mechanism to determine the accommodative or refractive states of the human eye or range or power of vision of the human eye; the use of testing appliances for the purpose of the measurement of the powers of vision; the examination, diagnosis, and optometric treatment in accordance with this chapter, of conditions and visual or muscular anomalies of the human eye; the use of diagnostic pharmaceutical agents set forth in § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-3200
  • Practice of pharmacy: means the personal health service that is concerned with the art and science of selecting, procuring, recommending, administering, preparing, compounding, packaging, and dispensing of drugs, medicines, and devices used in the diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of disease, whether compounded or dispensed on a prescription or otherwise legally dispensed or distributed, and shall include (i) the proper and safe storage and distribution of drugs; (ii) the maintenance of proper records; (iii) the responsibility of providing information concerning drugs and medicines and their therapeutic values and uses in the treatment and prevention of disease; (iv) the management of patient care under the terms of a collaborative agreement as defined in this section; and (v) the initiating of treatment with or dispensing or administering of certain drugs, devices, or controlled paraphernalia in accordance with the provisions of § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-3300
  • practice of pharmacy: as used in this chapter shall be defined as provided in Chapter 33 (§ 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Practice of physical therapy: means that branch of the healing arts that is concerned with, upon medical referral and direction, the evaluation, testing, treatment, reeducation and rehabilitation by physical, mechanical or electronic measures and procedures of individuals who, because of trauma, disease or birth defect, present physical and emotional disorders. See Virginia Code 54.1-3473
  • Practice of podiatry: means the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and cure or alleviation of physical conditions, diseases, pain, or infirmities of the human foot and ankle, including the medical, mechanical and surgical treatment of the ailments of the human foot and ankle, but does not include amputation of the foot proximal to the transmetatarsal level through the metatarsal shafts. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Practice of psychology: means the practice of applied psychology, clinical psychology or school psychology. See Virginia Code 54.1-3600
  • Practice of respiratory care: means the (i) administration of pharmacological, diagnostic, and therapeutic agents related to respiratory care procedures necessary to implement a treatment, disease prevention, pulmonary rehabilitative, or diagnostic regimen prescribed by a practitioner of medicine or osteopathic medicine; (ii) transcription and implementation of the written or verbal orders of a practitioner of medicine or osteopathic medicine pertaining to the practice of respiratory care; (iii) observation and monitoring of signs and symptoms, general behavior, general physical response to respiratory care treatment and diagnostic testing, including determination of whether such signs, symptoms, reactions, behavior or general physical response exhibit abnormal characteristics; and (iv) implementation of respiratory care procedures, based on observed abnormalities, or appropriate reporting, referral, respiratory care protocols or changes in treatment pursuant to the written or verbal orders by a licensed practitioner of medicine or osteopathic medicine or the initiation of emergency procedures, pursuant to the Board's regulations or as otherwise authorized by law. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • practice of school psychology: means :

    1. See Virginia Code 54.1-3600

  • Practice of social work: means rendering or offering to render to individuals, families, groups, organizations, governmental units, or the general public service which is guided by special knowledge of social resources, social systems, human capabilities, and the part conscious and unconscious motivation play in determining behavior. See Virginia Code 54.1-3700
  • Practice of speech-language pathology: means the practice of facilitating development and maintenance of human communication through programs of screening, identifying, assessing and interpreting, diagnosing, habilitating and rehabilitating speech-language disorders, including but not limited to:

    1. See Virginia Code 54.1-2600

  • Practice of substance abuse treatment: means rendering or offering to render substance abuse treatment to individuals, groups, organizations, or the general public. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Practice of surgical assisting: means the performance of significant surgical tasks, including manipulation of organs, suturing of tissue, placement of hemostatic agents, injection of local anesthetic, harvesting of veins, implementation of devices, and other duties as directed by a licensed doctor of medicine, osteopathy, or podiatry under the direct supervision of a licensed doctor of medicine, osteopathy, or podiatry. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Practitioner: means a physician, dentist, licensed nurse practitioner pursuant to § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Practitioner: means any individual certified or licensed by any of the health regulatory boards within the Department of Health Professions, except individuals regulated by the Board of Funeral Directors and Embalmers or the Board of Veterinary Medicine. See Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Practitioner: means any individual regulated by any health regulatory board listed in § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-2515
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preneed: means at any time other than at-need. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Preneed funeral contract: means any agreement where payment is made by the consumer prior to the receipt of services or supplies contracted for, which evidences arrangements prior to death for (i) the providing of funeral services or (ii) the sale of funeral supplies. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Preneed funeral planning: means the making of arrangements prior to death for (i) the providing of funeral services or (ii) the sale of funeral supplies. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Prepaid tuition contract: means the contract or account entered into by the board and a purchaser pursuant to this chapter for the advance payment of tuition at a fixed, guaranteed level for a qualified beneficiary to attend any public institution of higher education to which the qualified beneficiary is admitted. See Virginia Code 23.1-700
  • Prescriber: means a practitioner who is authorized pursuant to §§ 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Prescriber: means a practitioner licensed in the Commonwealth who is authorized pursuant to §§ 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-2519
  • Prescription: means an order for drugs or medical supplies, written or signed or transmitted by word of mouth, telephone, telegraph, or other means of communication to a pharmacist by a duly licensed physician, dentist, veterinarian, or other practitioner authorized by law to prescribe and administer such drugs or medical supplies. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Prescription drug: means any drug required by federal law or regulation to be dispensed only pursuant to a prescription, including finished dosage forms and active ingredients subject to § 503(b) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Pretrial conference: A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review evidence and witnesses, to set a timetable, and to discuss the settlement of the case.
  • Principal office: means the office, in or out of the Commonwealth, where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located, or, if there are no such offices, the office, in or out of the Commonwealth, so designated by the board of directors. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Private club: means an organization, whether incorporated or not, that (i) is the owner, lessee, or occupant of a building or portion thereof used exclusively for club purposes, including club or member sponsored events; (ii) is operated solely for recreational, fraternal, social, patriotic, political, benevolent, or athletic purposes, and only sells alcoholic beverages incidental to its operation; (iii) has established bylaws, a constitution, or both that govern its activities; and (iv) the affairs and management of which are conducted by a board of directors, executive committee, or similar body chosen by the members at an annual meeting. See Virginia Code 15.2-2820
  • Private institution of higher education: includes each nonprofit private institution of higher education and proprietary private institution of higher education in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Private work place: means any office or work area that is not open to the public in the normal course of business except by individual invitation. See Virginia Code 15.2-2820
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Proceeding: includes civil suit and criminal, administrative, and investigatory action. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Proceeding: includes civil suit and criminal, administrative and investigatory action conducted by a governmental agency. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Process: means to convert industrial hemp into a hemp product. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Process: includes subpoenas, the summons and complaint in a civil action, and process in statutory actions. See Virginia Code 1-237
  • Process site: means the location at which a processor processes or intends to process industrial hemp. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Processor: means a person registered pursuant to subsection A of § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • produce: includes the manufacture, planting, cultivation, growing, or harvesting of a controlled substance or marijuana. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Production field: means the land or area on which a grower or a federally licensed hemp producer is growing or intends to grow industrial hemp. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Professional counselor: means a person trained in the application of principles, standards, and methods of the counseling profession, including counseling interventions designed to facilitate an individual's achievement of human development goals and remediating mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders and associated distresses that interfere with mental health and development. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Professional judgment: includes consideration of the client's level of disability, functional limitations and capabilities; consideration of client aptitudes, career and technical skills and abilities; education and pre-injury employment; and identification of return-to-work options and service needs which culminate in the determination or recommendation of appropriate employment for the rehabilitation client. See Virginia Code 54.1-3510
  • Program: means the Electric Vehicle Rebate Program established pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 67-1900
  • Program: means the Health Practitioners' Monitoring Program established pursuant to § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-2515
  • project: means a project that supplements the regular career and technical education program in a school division and that is designed to provide effective practical training to students in the secondary schools of the school division and in which participation is optional and voluntary. See Virginia Code 22.1-228
  • Project: means any structure, facility, personal property or undertaking that the Authority is authorized to finance, refinance, construct, improve, furnish, equip, maintain, acquire, or operate under the provisions of this article. See Virginia Code 2.2-2260
  • Project: means (i) any (a) building, facility, addition, extension, or improvement of a capital nature that is necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of an institution, including administration and teaching facilities, lecture and exhibition halls, libraries, dormitories, student apartments, faculty dwellings, dining halls, cafeterias, snack bars, laundries, hospitals, laboratories, research centers, infirmaries, field houses, gymnasiums, auditoriums, student unions, recreation centers, stadiums, athletics facilities, garages, parking facilities, warehouses and storage buildings, and book and student supplies centers, or (b) building, land, appurtenance, furnishing, or equipment necessary or desirable in connection with or incidental to a project or (ii) any personal property at an institution. See Virginia Code 23.1-1100
  • Project: means any health care, research, or educational facility or equipment necessary or convenient to or consistent with the purposes of the Authority, whether owned by the Authority, including hospitals; nursing homes; continuing care facilities; self-care facilities; wellness and health maintenance centers; medical office facilities; clinics; outpatient clinics; surgical centers; alcohol, substance abuse, and drug treatment centers; laboratories; sanitariums; hospices; facilities for the residence or care of the elderly, the handicapped, or the chronically ill; residential facilities for nurses, interns, and physicians; other kinds of facilities for the treatment of sick, disturbed, or infirm individuals, the prevention of disease, or maintenance of health; colleges, schools, or divisions offering undergraduate or graduate programs for the health professions and sciences and such other courses of study as may be appropriate, together with research, training, and teaching facilities; all necessary or desirable related and supporting facilities and equipment or equipment alone, including (i) parking, kitchen, laundry, laboratory, wellness, pharmaceutical, administrative, communications, computer, and recreational facilities; (ii) power plants and equipment; (iii) storage space; (iv) mobile medical facilities; (v) vehicles; (vi) air transport equipment; and (vii) other equipment necessary or desirable for the transportation of medical equipment, medical personnel, or patients; and all lands, buildings, improvements, approaches, and appurtenances necessary or desirable in connection with or incidental to any project. See Virginia Code 23.1-2400
  • Project: means any public improvement, property or undertaking for which the locality is authorized by law to appropriate money, except for current expenses, and specific undertakings from which the locality may derive revenues (sometimes called "revenue-producing undertakings") including, without limitation, water, sewer, sewage disposal, and garbage and refuse collection and disposal systems and facilities as defined in § 15. See Virginia Code 15.2-2602
  • Proprietary medicine: means a completely compounded nonprescription drug in its unbroken, original package which does not contain any controlled substance or marijuana as defined in this chapter and is not in itself poisonous, and which is sold, offered, promoted, or advertised directly to the general public by or under the authority of the manufacturer or primary distributor, under a trademark, trade name, or other trade symbol privately owned, and the labeling of which conforms to the requirements of this chapter and applicable federal law. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • proprietor: includes corporations, associations, or partnerships as well as individuals. See Virginia Code 15.2-2820
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Psychologist: means a person licensed to practice school, applied or clinical psychology. See Virginia Code 54.1-3600
  • Public charter school: means a public, nonreligious, or non-home-based alternative school located within a public school division. See Virginia Code 22.1-212.5
  • Public facilities: means (i) airports, landing fields, and air navigation facilities; (ii) educational facilities; (iii) flood control, bank and shore protection, watershed protection, and dams; (iv) hospital facilities; (v) judicial and court facilities; (vi) correctional facilities, including jails and penitentiaries; (vii) library facilities; (viii) military installations; (ix) parks so designated by the Commonwealth or by the locality in its comprehensive plan; (x) properties of historical significance so designated by the Commonwealth; (xi) law enforcement, fire, emergency medical, and rescue facilities; (xii) sanitary sewer, water or stormwater facilities; (xiii) transportation facilities including highways, roads, streets, and bridges, traffic signals, related easements and rights-of-way, mass transit, ports, and any components of federal, state, or local transportation facilities; (xiv) waste management facilities for hazardous, radioactive, or other waste; (xv) office facilities occupied by a public corporation; and (xvi) such other facilities that are necessary to the construction, maintenance, or operation of a public facility as listed in clauses (i) through (xv) and directly related thereto. See Virginia Code 1-219.1
  • Public facilities: means public transportation facilities, public safety facilities, public school facilities, or public parks. See Virginia Code 15.2-2303.4
  • Public institution of higher education: includes the System as a whole and each associate-degree-granting and baccalaureate public institution of higher education in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public place: means any enclosed, indoor area used by the general public, including but not limited to any building owned or leased by the Commonwealth or any agency thereof or any locality, public conveyance or public vehicle, educational facility, hospital, nursing facility or nursing home, other health care facility, library, retail store of 15,000 square feet or more, auditorium, arena, theater, museum, concert hall, or other area used for a performance or an exhibit of the arts or sciences, or any meeting room. See Virginia Code 15.2-2820
  • public vehicle: means any air, land, or water vehicle used for the mass transportation of persons in intrastate travel for compensation, including but not limited to any airplane, train, bus, or boat that is not subject to federal smoking regulations. See Virginia Code 15.2-2820
  • Publicly funded provider: means any (i) educational program provided by a school division or local government to children between birth and age five or (ii) child day program that receives state or federal funds in support of its operations that serves three or more unrelated children. See Virginia Code 22.1-289.02
  • Purchase: means the purchase or lease of a new or used electric motor vehicle. See Virginia Code 67-1900
  • Purchaser: means the first person purchasing a manufactured home in good faith for purposes other than resale. See Virginia Code 36-85.3
  • Purchaser: means a person who makes or is obligated to make advance payments in accordance with a prepaid tuition contract and who is listed as the owner of the prepaid tuition contract. See Virginia Code 23.1-700
  • Qualified business firm: means a business firm designated as a qualified business firm by the Department pursuant to § 36-165. See Virginia Code 36-158
  • Qualified institution: means (i) any associate-degree-granting public institution of higher education, as defined in § 23. See Virginia Code 23.1-1239
  • Qualified medical direction: means , in the context of the practice of respiratory care, having readily accessible to the respiratory therapist a licensed practitioner of medicine or osteopathic medicine who has specialty training or experience in the management of acute and chronic respiratory disorders and who is responsible for the quality, safety, and appropriateness of the respiratory services provided by the respiratory therapist. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Qualified mental health professional: includes qualified mental health professionals-adult and qualified mental health professionals-child. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Qualified mental health professional-adult: means a qualified mental health professional who provides collaborative mental health services for adults. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Qualified mental health professional-child: means a person who by education and experience is professionally qualified and registered by the Board to provide collaborative mental health services for children and adolescents up to 22 years of age. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Qualified owner occupant: means the owner of a housing unit who also uses the housing unit as the owner's residence, and who is designated as a qualified owner occupant pursuant to § 36-165. See Virginia Code 36-158
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Radiologic technologist: means an individual, other than a licensed doctor of medicine, osteopathy, podiatry, or chiropractic or a dentist licensed pursuant to Chapter 27 (§ 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Radiologist assistant: means an individual who has met the requirements of the Board for licensure as an advanced-level radiologic technologist and who, under the direct supervision of a licensed doctor of medicine or osteopathy specializing in the field of radiology, is authorized to (i) assess and evaluate the physiological and psychological responsiveness of patients undergoing radiologic procedures; (ii) evaluate image quality, make initial observations, and communicate observations to the supervising radiologist; (iii) administer contrast media or other medications prescribed by the supervising radiologist; and (iv) perform, or assist the supervising radiologist to perform, any other procedure consistent with the guidelines adopted by the American College of Radiology, the American Society of Radiologic Technologists, and the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Radiopharmaceutical: means any drug that exhibits spontaneous disintegration of unstable nuclei with the emission of nuclear particles or photons and includes any non-radioactive reagent kit or radionuclide generator that is intended to be used in the preparation of any such substance, but does not include drugs such as carbon-containing compounds or potassium-containing salts that include trace quantities of naturally occurring radionuclides. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • real estate: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights and appurtenances thereto and interests therein, other than a chattel interest. See Virginia Code 1-219
  • Real property: means all lands, including improvements and fixtures thereon, and property of any nature appurtenant thereto, or used in connection therewith, and every estate, interest and right, legal or equitable, therein, including terms for years and liens by way of judgment, mortgage or otherwise and the indebtedness secured by such liens. See Virginia Code 36-55.26
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Recipient: means a person who receives a covered substance from a dispenser and includes the owner of an animal patient. See Virginia Code 54.1-2519
  • Record date: means the date established under Article 7 (§ 13. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Recreational facility: means any enclosed, indoor area used by the general public and used as a stadium, arena, skating rink, video game facility, or senior citizen recreational facility. See Virginia Code 15.2-2820
  • Reference biological product: means the single biological product licensed pursuant to 42 U. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Referral: means to send or direct a patient for health services to another health care practitioner or entity outside the referring practitioner's group practice or office practice or to establish a plan of care which requires the provision of any health services outside the referring practitioner's group practice or office practice. See Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Referral activities: means the evaluation of data to identify problems and to determine advisability of referral to other specialists. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Regional public charter school: means a public charter school operated by two or more school boards and chartered directly by the participating school boards. See Virginia Code 22.1-212.5
  • Registered: means that an industrialized building displays a registration seal issued by the Department of Housing and Community Development. See Virginia Code 36-71.1
  • Registered family day home: means any family day home that has met the standards for voluntary registration for such homes pursuant to regulations adopted by the Board and that has obtained a certificate of registration from the Superintendent. See Virginia Code 22.1-289.02
  • Registered peer recovery specialist: means a person who by education and experience is professionally qualified and registered by the Board to provide collaborative services to assist individuals in achieving sustained recovery from the effects of addiction or mental illness, or both. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • registered professional nurse: means a person who is licensed or holds a multistate licensure privilege under the provisions of this chapter to practice professional nursing as defined in this section. See Virginia Code 54.1-3000
  • registered professional nursing: means the performance for compensation of any nursing acts in the observation, care and counsel of individuals or groups who are ill, injured or experiencing changes in normal health processes or the maintenance of health; in the prevention of illness or disease; in the supervision and teaching of those who are or will be involved in nursing care; in the delegation of selected nursing tasks and procedures to appropriately trained unlicensed persons as determined by the Board; or in the administration of medications and treatments as prescribed by any person authorized by law to prescribe such medications and treatment. See Virginia Code 54.1-3000
  • regulatory board: means any board included within the Department of Health Professions as provided in § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-2500
  • Related services: means transportation and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services as are required to assist a disabled child to benefit from special education, including speech pathology and audiology, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, recreation, early identification and assessment of disabilities in children, counseling services, and medical services for diagnostic or evaluation purposes. See Virginia Code 22.1-213
  • Relevant health regulatory board: means any such board that licenses persons or entities with the authority to prescribe or dispense covered substances, including the Board of Dentistry, the Board of Medicine, the Board of Veterinary Medicine, and the Board of Pharmacy. See Virginia Code 54.1-2519
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Research: means the application of systematic procedures for the purpose of developing, modifying, and expanding knowledge of social work practice which can be communicated and verified. See Virginia Code 54.1-3700
  • Residency: means a post-internship supervised clinical experience registered with the Board. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Residential housing: means a specific work or improvement within the Commonwealth, whether multifamily residential housing or single-family residential housing undertaken primarily to provide dwelling accommodations, including the acquisition, construction, rehabilitation, preservation or improvement of land, buildings and improvements thereto, for residential housing, and such other nonhousing facilities as may be incidental, related, or appurtenant thereto. See Virginia Code 36-55.26
  • Residential housing: means a specific work or improvement within this Commonwealth, whether multi-family residential housing or single-family residential housing undertaken primarily to provide dwelling accommodations, including the acquisition, construction, rehabilitation, preservation or improvement of land, buildings and improvements thereto, for residential housing, and such other nonhousing facilities as may be incidental, related, or appurtenant thereto. See Virginia Code 36-141
  • Respiratory care: means the practice of the allied health profession responsible for the direct and indirect services, including inhalation therapy and respiratory therapy, in the treatment, management, diagnostic testing, control, and care of patients with deficiencies and abnormalities associated with the cardiopulmonary system under qualified medical direction. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Restaurant: means any place where food is prepared for service to the public on or off the premises, or any place where food is served. See Virginia Code 15.2-2820
  • Road improvement: includes construction of new roads or improvement or expansion of existing roads and related appurtenances as required by applicable standards of the Virginia Department of Transportation, or the applicable standards of a locality with road maintenance responsibilities, to meet increased demand attributable to new development. See Virginia Code 15.2-2318
  • SAA: means the Department of Housing and Community Development which is responsible for the administration and enforcement of this law throughout Virginia and of the plan authorized by § 36-85. See Virginia Code 36-85.3
  • Sale: includes barter, exchange, or gift, or offer therefor, and each such transaction made by any person, whether as an individual, proprietor, agent, servant, or employee. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Savings trust account: means an ABLE savings trust account or a college savings trust account. See Virginia Code 23.1-700
  • Savings trust agreement: means the agreement entered into by the board and a contributor that establishes a savings trust account. See Virginia Code 23.1-700
  • School board: means the school board that governs a school division. See Virginia Code 22.1-1
  • School psychologist: means a person licensed by the Board of Psychology to practice school psychology. See Virginia Code 54.1-3600
  • SDI: means a school division in which the local school board has developed and for which the Board has approved pursuant to regulations as set forth in this article a plan of innovation to improve student learning; educational performance; and college, career, and citizenship readiness skills in each school in the local school division. See Virginia Code 22.1-212.28
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development. See Virginia Code 36-85.3
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • sexual orientation: when used in reference to discrimination in the Code and acts of the General Assembly, means a person's actual or perceived heterosexuality, bisexuality, or homosexuality. See Virginia Code 2.2-3901
  • Shareholder: means a record shareholder. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • signature: means , with present intent to authenticate or adopt a document: (i) to execute or adopt a tangible symbol to a document, and includes any manual, facsimile, or conformed signature; or (ii) to attach to or logically associate with an electronic transmission an electronic sound, symbol, or process, and includes an electronic signature in an electronic transmission. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Single-family residential housing: means residential housing consisting of four or fewer dwelling units, the person or family owning or intending to acquire such dwelling units, upon completion of the construction, rehabilitation, or improvement thereof, also occupying or intending to occupy one of such dwelling units. See Virginia Code 36-55.26
  • Site plan: means the proposal for a development or a subdivision including all covenants, grants or easements and other conditions relating to use, location and bulk of buildings, density of development, common open space, public facilities and such other information as required by the subdivision ordinance to which the proposed development or subdivision is subject. See Virginia Code 15.2-2201
  • Skirting: means a weather-resistant material used to enclose the space from the bottom of the manufactured home to grade. See Virginia Code 36-85.3
  • smoking: means the carrying or holding of any lighted pipe, cigar, or cigarette of any kind, or any other lighted smoking equipment, or the lighting, inhaling, or exhaling of smoke from a pipe, cigar, or cigarette of any kind. See Virginia Code 15.2-2820
  • Social worker: means a person trained to provide service and action to effect changes in human behavior, emotional responses, and the social conditions by the application of the values, principles, methods, and procedures of the profession of social work. See Virginia Code 54.1-3700
  • Solar energy project: means an electric generation facility located within the Commonwealth and includes interests in land, improvements, and ancillary facilities. See Virginia Code 67-1500
  • Solar project: means the solar facilities, subject to this chapter, that are within the project site. See Virginia Code 15.2-2316.6
  • Solicitation: means initiating contact with consumers with the intent of influencing their selection of a funeral plan or funeral service provider. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Southwest Virginia: means the region of the Commonwealth designated as Southwest Virginia in § 22. See Virginia Code 67-1600
  • Special education: means specially designed instruction at no cost to the parent to meet the unique needs of a disabled child, including classroom instruction, home instruction, instruction provided in hospitals and institutions, instruction in physical education, and instruction in career and technical education. See Virginia Code 22.1-213
  • Specific learning disability: means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or using language, spoken or written, which may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do mathematical calculations. See Virginia Code 22.1-213
  • Specific public benefit: means a benefit that serves one or more public welfare, religious, charitable, scientific, literary, or educational purposes, or other purpose or benefit beyond the strict interest of the shareholders of the benefit corporation, including:

    1. See Virginia Code 13.1-782

  • Speech-language disorders: means disorders in fluency, speech articulation, voice, receptive and expressive language (syntax, morphology, semantics, pragmatics), swallowing disorders, and cognitive communication functioning. See Virginia Code 54.1-2600
  • Speech-language pathologist: means any person who engages in the practice of speech-language pathology. See Virginia Code 54.1-2600
  • state: means the Commonwealth of Virginia or any of its agencies or departments. See Virginia Code 2.2-2200
  • State: when applied to a part of the United States, includes any of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the United States Virgin Islands. See Virginia Code 1-245
  • state agency: means the same as that term is defined in § 2. See Virginia Code 1-206
  • State Board: means the State Board for Community Colleges. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • STEM: means science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. See Virginia Code 23.1-300
  • Store-and-forward technologies: means the technologies that allow for the electronic transmission of dental and health information, including images, photographs, documents, and health histories, through a secure communication system. See Virginia Code 54.1-2700
  • Student: means a full-time or part-time undergraduate, graduate, or professional student attending a public institution of higher education and enrolled in a degree program. See Virginia Code 23.1-300
  • student enrollment: means the number of full-time equivalent students. See Virginia Code 23.1-300
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subsidiary: means , in relation to an individual, an entity in which the individual either (i) owns directly or indirectly equity interests entitled to cast a majority of the votes entitled to be cast generally in an election of directors or members of the governing body of the entity or (ii) otherwise owns or controls voting or contractual power to exercise effective governing control of the entity. See Virginia Code 13.1-782
  • Substance abuse treatment: means (i) the application of specific knowledge, skills, substance abuse treatment theory, and substance abuse treatment techniques to define goals and develop a treatment plan of action regarding substance abuse or dependence prevention, education, or treatment in the substance abuse or dependence recovery process and (ii) referrals to medical, social services, psychological, psychiatric, or legal resources when such referrals are indicated. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Substantial financial support: means any amount of financial support received by a student that qualifies him to be listed as a dependent on federal and state income tax returns. See Virginia Code 23.1-500
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Superintendent: means the Superintendent of Public Instruction. See Virginia Code 22.1-1
  • Supervision: means the ongoing process, performed by a supervisor, of monitoring the performance of the person supervised and providing regular, documented individual or group consultation, guidance, and instruction with respect to the clinical skills and competencies of the person supervised. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Supervision: means the direction and control by a pharmacist of the activities of a pharmacy intern or a pharmacy technician whereby the supervising pharmacist is physically present in the pharmacy or in the facility in which the pharmacy is located when the intern or technician is performing duties restricted to a pharmacy intern or technician, respectively, and is available for immediate oral communication. See Virginia Code 54.1-3300
  • Supreme Court: means the Supreme Court of Virginia. See Virginia Code 1-249
  • Surgical assistant: means an individual who has met the requirements of the Board for licensure as a surgical assistant and who works under the direct supervision of a licensed doctor of medicine, osteopathy, or podiatry. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Surviving spouse: means the spouse of a military service member who, while serving as an active duty member in the Armed Forces of the United States, Reserves of the Armed Forces of the United States, or Virginia National Guard, during military operations against terrorism, on a peacekeeping mission, or as a result of a terrorist act, or in any armed conflict, was killed in action, became missing in action, or became a prisoner of war. See Virginia Code 23.1-500
  • sworn: means "affirm" or "affirmed. See Virginia Code 1-250
  • System: means the Virginia Community College System. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Teledentistry: means the delivery of dentistry between a patient and a dentist who holds a license to practice dentistry issued by the Board through the use of telehealth systems and electronic technologies or media, including interactive, two-way audio or video. See Virginia Code 54.1-2700
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Terminal condition: means a condition caused by injury, disease or illness from which, to a reasonable degree of medical probability a patient cannot recover and (i) the patient's death is imminent or (ii) the patient is in a persistent vegetative state. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Terminal condition: means a condition caused by injury, disease, or illness from which, to a reasonable degree of medical probability, a patient cannot recover and (i) the patient's death is imminent or (ii) the patient is in a persistent vegetative state. See Virginia Code 54.1-3442.1
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Theater: means any indoor facility or auditorium, open to the public, which is primarily used or designed for the purpose of exhibiting any motion picture, stage production, musical recital, dance, lecture, or other similar performance. See Virginia Code 15.2-2820
  • Third-party logistics provider: means a person that provides or coordinates warehousing of or other logistics services for a drug or device in interstate commerce on behalf of a manufacturer, wholesale distributor, or dispenser of the drug or device but does not take ownership of the product or have responsibility for directing the sale or disposition of the product. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Third-party standard: means a recognized standard for defining, reporting, and assessing corporate social and environmental performance that:

    1. See Virginia Code 13.1-782

  • this law: means the Virginia Industrialized Building Safety Law as provided in this chapter. See Virginia Code 36-71.1
  • this law: means the Virginia Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Law as embraced in this chapter. See Virginia Code 36-85.3
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Tourism improvement district: means a district established by a locality under the provisions of this article. See Virginia Code 15.2-2413.1
  • Tourism improvement district plan: means a proposal for a tourism improvement district under the provisions of this article. See Virginia Code 15.2-2413.1
  • Town: means any existing town or an incorporated community within one or more counties which became a town before noon, July one, nineteen hundred seventy-one, as provided by law or which has within defined boundaries a population of 1,000 or more and which has become a town as provided by law. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Town: means any existing town or an incorporated community within one or more counties which became a town before noon, July 1, 1971, as provided by law or which has within defined boundaries a population of 1,000 or more and which has become a town as provided by law. See Virginia Code 1-254
  • TPA-certified optometrist: means an optometrist who is licensed under this chapter and who has successfully completed the requirements for TPA certification established by the Board pursuant to Article 5 (§ 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-3200
  • Transact business: includes the conduct of affairs by any corporation that is not organized for profit. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transfer date: means a date or dates agreed to by the board of visitors of Virginia Commonwealth University and the Authority for the transfer of employees to the Authority and for the transfer of hospital facilities, or any parts thereof, to and the assumption, directly or indirectly, of hospital obligations by the Authority, which dates for the various transfers and the various assumptions may be different, but in no event shall any date be later than June 30, 1997. See Virginia Code 23.1-2400
  • Transmission study: means a study to determine the potential interconnection options to accommodate multiple offshore wind energy projects in the Hampton Roads region. See Virginia Code 67-1200
  • Treating physician: means a physician who is providing or has previously provided medical treatment or evaluation to and has or previously had an ongoing treatment relationship with the person. See Virginia Code 54.1-3442.1
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Tuition: means the quarter, semester, or term charges imposed for undergraduate tuition by any public institution of higher education and all mandatory fees required as a condition of enrollment of all students. See Virginia Code 23.1-700
  • Unemancipated minor: means a minor student who has not been emancipated pursuant to Article 15 (§ 16. See Virginia Code 23.1-500
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • United States: includes any district, authority, bureau, commission, department, or any other agency of the United States. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • United States: includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands and the United States Virgin Islands. See Virginia Code 1-255
  • University: means Virginia Commonwealth University. See Virginia Code 23.1-2400
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • Used electric motor vehicle: means a previously owned or leased electric motor vehicle that is more than two years old and not more than seven years old. See Virginia Code 67-1900
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • USP-NF: means the current edition of the United States Pharmacopeia-National Formulary. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Veteran: means an individual who has served on active duty in the Armed Forces of the United States and who was discharged or released from such service under conditions other than dishonorable. See Virginia Code 23.1-500
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Virginia student: means any student who has established domicile in the Commonwealth pursuant to § 23. See Virginia Code 23.1-100
  • Virtual school program: means a series of online courses with instructional content that (i) is delivered by a multidivision online provider primarily electronically using the Internet or other computer-based methods; (ii) is taught by a teacher primarily from a remote location, with student access to the teacher given synchronously, asynchronously, or both; (iii) is delivered as a part-time or full-time program; and (iv) has an online component with online lessons and tools for student and data management. See Virginia Code 22.1-212.23
  • Voter: means a qualified voter as defined in § 24. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Voting group: means all members of one or more classes that under the articles of incorporation or this chapter are entitled to vote and be counted together collectively on a matter at a meeting of members. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Voting power: means the current power to vote in the election of directors. See Virginia Code 13.1-803
  • Warehouser: means any person, other than a wholesale distributor, manufacturer, or third-party logistics provider, engaged in the business of (i) selling or otherwise distributing prescription drugs or devices to any person who is not the ultimate user or consumer and (ii) delivering Schedule VI prescription devices to the ultimate user or consumer pursuant to § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Wholesale distribution: means (i) distribution of prescription drugs to persons other than consumers or patients and (ii) delivery of Schedule VI prescription devices to the ultimate user or consumer pursuant to § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Wholesale distributor: means any person other than a manufacturer, a manufacturer's co-licensed partner, a third-party logistics provider, or a repackager that engages in wholesale distribution. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
  • written: means any information in the form of a document. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • written: means any information in the form of a document. See Virginia Code 13.1-803