Sections
Chapter 24 General Provisions 54.1-2400 – 54.1-2409.4
Chapter 24.1 Practitioner Self-Referral Act 54.1-2410 – 54.1-2414
Chapter 25 Department of Health Professions 54.1-2500 – 54.1-2510
Chapter 25.1 Health Practitioners’ Monitoring Program 54.1-2515 – 54.1-2518
Chapter 25.2 Prescription Monitoring Program 54.1-2519 – 54.1-2526
Chapter 26 Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology 54.1-2600 – 54.1-2605
Chapter 27 Dentistry 54.1-2700 – 54.1-2729.01
Chapter 27.01 Dialysis Patient Care Technicians 54.1-2729.1 – 54.1-2729.3
Chapter 27.1 Dietitians and Nutritionists 54.1-2730 – 54.1-2731
Chapter 28 Funeral Services 54.1-2800 – 54.1-2825
Chapter 29 Medicine and Other Healing Arts 54.1-2900 – 54.1-2998
Chapter 30 Nursing 54.1-3000 – 54.1-3043
Chapter 31 Nursing Home and Assisted Living Facility Administrators 54.1-3100 – 54.1-3103.1
Chapter 32 Optometry 54.1-3200 – 54.1-3224
Chapter 33 Pharmacy 54.1-3300 – 54.1-3322
Chapter 34 Drug Control Act 54.1-3400 – 54.1-3472
Chapter 34.1 Physical Therapy 54.1-3473 – 54.1-3496
Chapter 35 Professional Counseling 54.1-3500 – 54.1-3515
Chapter 36 Psychology 54.1-3600 – 54.1-3616
Chapter 37 Social Work 54.1-3700 – 54.1-3709
Chapter 38 Veterinary Medicine 54.1-3800 – 54.1-3813

Terms Used In Virginia Code > Title 54.1 > Subtitle III

  • Abuse: means an employer's or employee's conduct or omissions that result in substantial misuse, destruction, waste, or loss of funds or resources belonging to or derived from federal, state, or local government sources. See Virginia Code 2.2-3010
  • Access contract: means a contract to obtain by electronic means access to, or information from, an information processing system of another person, or the equivalent of such access. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Access material: means any information or material, such as a document, address, or access code, that is necessary to obtain authorized access to information or control or possession of a copy. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Actual reimbursement amount: means reimbursement information included in the claims data submitted by data suppliers to the Virginia All-Payer Claims Database, whether such information is referred to in the claims data as "paid amounts" "allowed amounts" or another term having the same or similar meaning and whether in reference to the payer who paid the actual reimbursement amount or the provider who received the actual reimbursement amount. See Virginia Code 32.1-276.3
  • Acupuncturist: means an individual approved by the Board to practice acupuncture. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Administer: means the direct application of a controlled substance, whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion, or any other means, to the body of a patient or research subject by (i) a practitioner or by his authorized agent and under his direction or (ii) the patient or research subject at the direction and in the presence of the practitioner. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Administer: means the direct application of a controlled substance, whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion or any other means, to the body of a patient or research subject by (i) a practitioner or, under the practitioner's direction, his authorized agent or (ii) the patient or research subject at the direction and in the presence of the practitioner. See Virginia Code 54.1-2519
  • Administration: means the process of attaining the objectives of an organization through a system of coordinated and cooperative efforts to make social service programs effective instruments for the amelioration of social conditions and for the solution of social problems. See Virginia Code 54.1-3700
  • Adult: means a person 18 years of age or more. See Virginia Code 1-203
  • Adult basic education: means education for individuals over the age of compulsory school attendance specified in § 30-150, and educational institutions operated by the Commonwealth with respect to regulations that pertain to (i) their academic affairs; (ii) the selection, tenure, promotion and disciplining of faculty and employees; (iii) the selection of students; and (iv) rules of conduct and disciplining of students. See Virginia Code 2.2-4101
  • agency: means any authority, instrumentality, officer, board or other unit of state government empowered by the basic laws to adopt regulations or decide cases. See Virginia Code 2.2-4115
  • Agency: means any agency or instrumentality, corporate or otherwise, of the government of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 2.2-4200
  • Agent: means an adult appointed by the declarant under an advance directive, executed or made in accordance with the provisions of § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Agent: means an authorized person who acts on behalf of or at the direction of a manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Aggrieved party: means a party entitled to a remedy for breach of contract. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Agreement: means the bargain of the parties in fact as found in their language or by implication from other circumstances, including course of performance, course of dealing, and usage of trade as provided in this chapter. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Agreement: means the agreement or agreements between the Commonwealth, as seller of the Tobacco Assets, and the Corporation, as purchaser of the Tobacco Assets. See Virginia Code 32.1-354
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amusement device: means (i) a device or structure open to the public by which persons are conveyed or moved in an unusual manner for diversion and (ii) a device suspended in the air by the use of steel cables, chains, belts, or ropes, and usually supported by trestles or towers with one or more spans, also known as a passenger tramway, used to transport passengers uphill. See Virginia Code 59.1-519
  • Anabolic steroid: means any drug or hormonal substance, chemically and pharmacologically related to testosterone, other than estrogens, progestins, corticosteroids, and dehydroepiandrosterone. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Animal: means any nonhuman animate being endowed with the power of voluntary action. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriate authority: means a federal, state, or local agency or organization having jurisdiction over criminal law enforcement, regulatory violations, professional conduct or ethics, or abuse; or a member, officer, agent, representative, or supervisory employee of the agency or organization. See Virginia Code 2.2-3010
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Articles of incorporation: means all documents constituting, at any particular time, the charter of a corporation. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Assisted living facility: means any public or private assisted living facility, as defined in § 63. See Virginia Code 54.1-3100
  • Assisted living facility administrator: means any individual charged with the general administration of an assisted living facility, regardless of whether he has an ownership interest in the facility. See Virginia Code 54.1-3100
  • At-need: means at the time of death or while death is imminent. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attending physician: means the primary physician who has responsibility for the health care of the patient. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Attribute provider: means an entity, or a supplier, employee, or agent thereof, that acts as the authoritative record of identifying information about an identity credential holder. See Virginia Code 59.1-550
  • Attribution procedure: means a procedure to verify that an electronic authentication, display, message, record, or performance is that of a particular person or to detect changes or errors in information. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Audiologist: means any person who engages in the practice of audiology. See Virginia Code 54.1-2600
  • Auricular acupuncture: means the subcutaneous insertion of sterile, disposable acupuncture needles in predetermined, bilateral locations in the outer ear when used exclusively and specifically in the context of a chemical dependency treatment program. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Authenticate: means (i) to sign or (ii) with the intent to sign a record, to execute or adopt an electronic symbol, sound, message, or process referring to, attached to, included in, or logically associated or linked with, that record. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Authority: means the respective political subdivisions of the Commonwealth created in this subpart. See Virginia Code 2.2-2200
  • Authority: means the Virginia Resources Authority created by this chapter. See Virginia Code 62.1-199
  • Authority: means the Virginia Resources Authority created in Chapter 21 (§ 62. See Virginia Code 62.1-224
  • Authority: means the Virginia Resources Authority created in Chapter 21 (§ 62. See Virginia Code 62.1-233
  • Authority: means the Virginia Resources Authority created in Chapter 21 (§ 62. See Virginia Code 62.1-241.1
  • Authority: means the Virginia Commercial Space Flight Authority. See Virginia Code 2.2-2201
  • Authorized shares: means the shares of all classes a domestic or foreign corporation is authorized to issue. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Automated drug dispensing system: means a mechanical or electronic system that performs operations or activities, other than compounding or administration, relating to pharmacy services, including the storage, dispensing, or distribution of drugs and the collection, control, and maintenance of all transaction information, to provide security and accountability for such drugs. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Automated transaction: means a transaction in which a contract is formed in whole or part by electronic actions of one or both parties that are not previously reviewed by an individual in the ordinary course. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Automatic dialing-announcing device: means a device that (i) selects and dials telephone numbers and (ii) working alone or in conjunction with other equipment, disseminates a prerecorded or synthesized voice message to the telephone number called. See Virginia Code 59.1-518.1
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bail recovery: means an act whereby a person arrests a bailee with the object of surrendering the bailee to the appropriate court, jail, or police department, for the purpose of discharging the bailee's surety from liability on his bond. See Virginia Code 9.1-186
  • Bailee: means a person who has been released on bail, and who is or has been subject to a bond, as defined in § 19. See Virginia Code 9.1-186
  • Balanced budget: A budget in which receipts equal outlays.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Bar or lounge area: means any establishment or portion of an establishment devoted to the sale and service of alcoholic beverages for consumption on the premises and where the sale or service of food or meals is incidental to the consumption of the alcoholic beverages. See Virginia Code 15.2-2820
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Basin: means the Roanoke River Basin. See Virginia Code 62.1-69.36
  • Beneficial use: means both instream and offstream uses. See Virginia Code 62.1-10
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Benefit corporation: means a corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter:

    1. See Virginia Code 13.1-782

  • Benefit enforcement proceeding: means any claim or action brought directly by a benefit corporation, or derivatively on behalf of a benefit corporation, against a director or officer for (i) failure to pursue the general public benefit purpose of the benefit corporation or any specific public benefit purpose set forth in its articles of incorporation or bylaws or otherwise adopted by its board of directors or (ii) a violation of a duty or standard of conduct under this article. See Virginia Code 13.1-782
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Biological product: means a virus, therapeutic serum, toxin, antitoxin, vaccine, blood, blood component or derivative, allergenic product, protein other than a chemically synthesized polypeptide, or analogous product, or arsphenamine or any derivative of arsphenamine or any other trivalent organic arsenic compound, applicable to the prevention, treatment, or cure of a disease or condition of human beings. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Biosimilar: means a biological product that is highly similar to a specific reference biological product, notwithstanding minor differences in clinically inactive compounds, such that there are no clinically meaningful differences between the reference biological product and the biological product that has been licensed as a biosimilar pursuant to 42 U. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Board: means the Board of Social Work. See Virginia Code 54.1-3700
  • Board: means the respective boards of directors for the authorities created in this subpart. See Virginia Code 2.2-2200
  • Board: means the Board of Physical Therapy. See Virginia Code 54.1-3473
  • Board: means the Board of Housing and Community Development. See Virginia Code 59.1-539
  • Board: means the Board of Counseling. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Board: means the Board of Dentistry. See Virginia Code 54.1-2700
  • Board: means the Board of Funeral Directors and Embalmers. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Board: means the Criminal Justice Services Board. See Virginia Code 9.1-101
  • Board: means the State Water Control Board. See Virginia Code 62.1-224
  • Board: means the Board of Medicine. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Board: means the Board of Health. See Virginia Code 62.1-233
  • Board: means the Board of Agriculture and Consumer Services. See Virginia Code 3.2-100
  • Board: means the Virginia Waste Management Board. See Virginia Code 62.1-241.1
  • Board: means the State Water Control Board. See Virginia Code 62.1-242
  • Board: means the Board of Nursing. See Virginia Code 54.1-3000
  • Board: means the Board of Optometry. See Virginia Code 54.1-3200
  • Board: means the Board of Pharmacy. See Virginia Code 54.1-3300
  • Board: means the Board of Health. See Virginia Code 32.1-276.3
  • Board: means the Board of Health Professions. See Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Board: means the board of directors of the Authority. See Virginia Code 2.2-2201
  • Board: means the Board of Health Professions. See Virginia Code 54.1-2500
  • Board: means the Board of Medical Assistance Services. See Virginia Code 32.1-343
  • Board: means the Board of Medical Assistance Services. See Virginia Code 32.1-353.2
  • Board: means the Board of Pharmacy. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Board: means the Board of Trustees of the Foundation appointed pursuant to § 32. See Virginia Code 32.1-354
  • Board: means the Board of Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology. See Virginia Code 54.1-2600
  • Board: means the Board of Long-Term Care Administrators. See Virginia Code 54.1-3100
  • Board: means the Board of Psychology. See Virginia Code 54.1-3600
  • Board of Directors: means the Board of Directors of the Authority. See Virginia Code 62.1-199
  • Board of supervisors: means the governing body of a county. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Bond with surety: includes the payment in cash of the full amount of the required bond and, in such case, no surety shall be required. See Virginia Code 1-205
  • Bonds: means any bonds, refunding bonds, notes, debentures, interim certificates, or any bond, grant, revenue anticipation notes or any other evidences of indebtedness or obligation of an authority, whether in temporary or definitive form and whether the interest thereon is exempt from federal income taxation. See Virginia Code 2.2-2200
  • bonds: as used in this chapter means obligations of the Authority for the payment of borrowed money. See Virginia Code 62.1-140
  • Bonds: means any bonds, notes, debentures, interim certificates, bond, grant or revenue anticipation notes, lease and sale-leaseback transactions or any other obligations of the Authority for the payment of money. See Virginia Code 62.1-199
  • Bureau: means the Virginia Department of State Police, Bureau of Criminal Investigation, Drug Diversion Unit. See Virginia Code 54.1-2519
  • Caller: means a person that attempts to contact, or contacts, a subscriber in the Commonwealth by using a telephone or telephone line. See Virginia Code 59.1-518.1
  • Cancellation: means the ending of a contract by a party because of breach of contract by another party. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Candidate species: means those species formally recommended by the Director of the Department of Conservation and Recreation or other reliable data sources in writing to and accepted by the Commissioner for presentation to the Board for listing under this chapter. See Virginia Code 3.2-1000
  • Cannabis sativa product: means a product made from any part of the plant Cannabis sativa, including seeds thereof and any derivative, extract, cannabinoid, isomer, acid, salt, or salt of an isomer, whether growing or not, with a concentration of tetrahydrocannabinol that is greater than that allowed by federal law. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Capacity reviewer: means a licensed physician or clinical psychologist who is qualified by training or experience to assess whether a person is capable or incapable of making an informed decision. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Capital Reserve Fund: means the reserve fund created and established by the Authority in accordance with § Virginia Code 54.1-3700
  • Casework management and supportive services: means assessment of presenting problems and perceived needs, referral services, policy interpretation, data gathering, planning, advocacy, and coordination of services. See Virginia Code 54.1-3700
  • Centralized fleet: means those passenger-type vehicles assigned to the Department of General Services and available for use by state agencies. See Virginia Code 2.2-1173
  • certificate: means a certificate, electronic card, or other medium issued by a merchant that evidences the giving of consideration in exchange for the right to redeem the certificate, electronic card, or other medium for goods, food, services, credit, or money of at least an equal value, including any electronic card issued by a merchant with a banked dollar value where the issuer has received payment for the full banked dollar value for the future purchase, or delivery, of goods or services and any certificate issued by a merchant where the issuer has received payment for the full face value of the certificate for future purchases, or delivery, of goods or services. See Virginia Code 59.1-530
  • Certificate: means a certificate of public need for a project required by this article. See Virginia Code 32.1-102.1
  • Certification: means the process by which (i) a business is determined to be a small, women-owned, or minority-owned business or (ii) an employment services organization, for the purpose of reporting small, women-owned, and minority-owned business and employment services organization participation in state contracts and purchases pursuant to §§ 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-1604
  • Certified nurse aide: means a person who meets the qualifications specified in this article and who is currently certified by the Board. See Virginia Code 54.1-3000
  • Certified nurse midwife: means an advanced practice registered nurse who is certified in the specialty of nurse midwifery and who is jointly licensed by the Boards of Medicine and Nursing as a nurse practitioner pursuant to § Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Certified sex offender treatment provider: means a person who is certified to provide treatment to sex offenders and who provides such services in accordance with the provisions of §§ 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-3600
  • Certified substance abuse counseling assistant: means a person certified by the Board to practice in accordance with the provisions of § Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Charity care: means health care services delivered to a patient who has a family income at or below 200 percent of the federal poverty level and for which it was determined that no payment was expected (i) at the time the service was provided because the patient met the facility's criteria for the provision of care without charge due to the patient's status as an indigent person or (ii) at some time following the time the service was provided because the patient met the facility's criteria for the provision of care without charge due to the patient's status as an indigent person. See Virginia Code 32.1-102.1
  • Children with disabilities: means those persons (i) who are age two to 21, inclusive, having reached the age of two by the date specified in §
  • Clinical nurse specialist: means an advanced practice registered nurse who meets the requirements set forth in § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-2515
  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • Common data layout: means the national data collection standard adopted and maintained by the APCD Council. See Virginia Code 32.1-276.3
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Commonwealth identity management standards: means the minimum specifications and standards that must be included in an identity trust framework so as to define liability pursuant to this chapter that are set forth in guidance documents approved by the Secretary of Technology pursuant to Chapter 4. See Virginia Code 59.1-550
  • Community: means a city or a county. See Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Compounding: means the combining of two or more ingredients to fabricate such ingredients into a single preparation and includes the mixing, assembling, packaging, or labeling of a drug or device (i) by a pharmacist, or within a permitted pharmacy, pursuant to a valid prescription issued for a medicinal or therapeutic purpose in the context of a bona fide practitioner-patient-pharmacist relationship, or in expectation of receiving a valid prescription based on observed historical patterns of prescribing and dispensing; (ii) by a practitioner of medicine, osteopathy, podiatry, dentistry, or veterinary medicine as an incident to his administering or dispensing, if authorized to dispense, a controlled substance in the course of his professional practice; or (iii) for the purpose of, or as incident to, research, teaching, or chemical analysis and not for sale or for dispensing. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Computer: means an electronic device that accepts information in digital or similar form and manipulates it for a result based on a sequence of instructions. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Computer information: means information in electronic form that is obtained from or through the use of a computer or that is in a form capable of being processed by a computer. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Computer program: means a set of statements or instructions to be used directly or indirectly in a computer to bring about a certain result. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Conference committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of conferees from both chamber of a legislature which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.
  • Confidential information: means information related to the play of a fantasy contest by fantasy contest players obtained as a result of or by virtue of a person's employment. See Virginia Code 59.1-556
  • Constitutional officer: means an officer provided for pursuant to Article VII, § 4 of the Constitution. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Consultation: means communicating data and information, exchanging clinical observations and assessments, accessing and assessing additional resources and expertise, problem-solving, and arranging for referrals, testing, or studies. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Consultation and education: means program consultation in social work to agencies, organizations, or community groups; academic programs and other training such as staff development activities, seminars, and workshops using social work principles and theories of social work education. See Virginia Code 54.1-3700
  • Consumer: means an individual who is a licensee of information or informational rights that the individual at the time of contracting intended to be used primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Consumer: means any person (i) whose occupation is other than the administration of health activities or the provision of health services, (ii) who has no fiduciary obligation to a health care institution or other health agency or to any organization, public or private, whose principal activity is an adjunct to the provision of health services, or (iii) who has no material financial interest in the rendering of health services. See Virginia Code 32.1-276.3
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: means the total legal obligation resulting from the parties' agreement as affected by this chapter and other applicable law. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Contract: means a written agreement between a practitioner and the Committee providing the terms and conditions of program participation or a written agreement entered into by the Director for the implementation of monitoring services. See Virginia Code 54.1-2515
  • Contract fee: means the price, fee, rent, or royalty payable in a contract under this chapter or any part of the amount payable. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Contractor: means any individual, partnership, corporation or association that performs services for or supplies goods, materials, or equipment to the Commonwealth or any agency thereof. See Virginia Code 2.2-4200
  • Contractual use term: means an enforceable term that defines or limits the use, disclosure of, or access to licensed information or informational rights, including a term that defines the scope of a license. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • controlled substance: includes a controlled substance analog that has been placed into Schedule I or II by the Board pursuant to the regulatory authority in subsection D of § Virginia Code 54.1-2519
  • Controlled substance analog: means a substance the chemical structure of which is substantially similar to the chemical structure of a controlled substance in Schedule I or II and either (i) which has a stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system that is substantially similar to or greater than the stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system of a controlled substance in Schedule I or II or (ii) with respect to a particular person, which such person represents or intends to have a stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system that is substantially similar to or greater than the stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system of a controlled substance in Schedule I or II. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Copy: means the medium on which information is fixed on a temporary or permanent basis and from which it can be perceived, reproduced, used, or communicated, either directly or with the aid of a machine or device. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Corporation: means a nonstock, nonprofit corporation or foundation established for the express purpose of promoting career and technical education in a school division within the meaning of § 501(c)(3) of the United States Internal Revenue Code. See Virginia Code 22.1-228
  • Corporation: means the Tobacco Settlement Financing Corporation as created under state law. See Virginia Code 32.1-354
  • cost: as used in this chapter embraces the cost of construction, the cost of the acquisition of all land, rights-of-way, property, rights, easements and interests acquired by the Authority for such construction, the cost of all machinery and equipment, financing charges, interest prior to and during construction and, if deemed advisable by the Authority, for one year after completion of construction, engineering and legal expenses, cost of plans, specifications, surveys and estimates of cost and of revenues, other expenses necessary or incident to determining the feasibility or practicability of constructing any port facility, administrative expense, the creation of a working capital fund for placing the port facility in operation and such other expense as may be necessary or incident to the construction of such port facility, the financing of such construction and the placing of the same in operation. See Virginia Code 62.1-140
  • Council: means the governing body of a city or town. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Counseling: means the application of principles, standards, and methods of the counseling profession in (i) conducting assessments and diagnoses for the purpose of establishing treatment goals and objectives and (ii) planning, implementing, and evaluating treatment plans using treatment interventions to facilitate human development and to identify and remediate mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders and associated distresses that interfere with mental health. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • County: means any existing county or such unit hereafter created. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Course of dealing: means a sequence of previous conduct between the parties to a particular transaction which establishes a common basis of understanding for interpreting their expressions and other conduct. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Course of performance: means repeated performances, under a contract that involves repeated occasions for performance, which are accepted or acquiesced in without objection by a party having knowledge of the nature of the performance and an opportunity to object to it. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Court: includes an arbitration or other dispute-resolution forum if the parties have agreed to use of that forum or its use is required by law. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Courts of record: means the Supreme Court of Virginia, the Court of Appeals of Virginia, and the circuit courts. See Virginia Code 1-212
  • Covered lives: means subscribers, policyholders, members, enrollees, or dependents, as the case may be, under a policy or contract issued or issued for delivery in Virginia by a managed care health insurance plan licensee, insurer, health services plan, or preferred provider organization. See Virginia Code 32.1-276.3
  • Covered substance: means all controlled substances included in Schedules II, III, and IV; controlled substances included in Schedule V for which a prescription is required; naloxone; and all drugs of concern that are required to be reported to the Prescription Monitoring Program, pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 54.1-2519
  • Credit enhancements: means surety bonds, insurance policies, letters of credit, guarantees and other forms of collateral or security. See Virginia Code 62.1-199
  • Cremate: means to reduce a dead human body to ashes and bone fragments by the action of fire. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Cremator: means a person or establishment that owns or operates a crematory or crematorium or cremates dead human bodies. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • crematorium: means a facility containing a furnace for cremation of dead human bodies. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • CSO: means the discharge of untreated sanitary wastes, including industrial wastes and other wastes conveyed through a sanitary sewer system, and stormwater from combined stormwater and sanitary sewers. See Virginia Code 62.1-241.11
  • Cultural adult education: means English for speakers of other languages (ESOL), the preparation of foreign-born adults for participation in American life or for becoming American citizens, and other educational services for foreign-born individuals over the age of compulsory school attendance specified in § Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Dealership: means the location at which a dealer stores or intends to store the industrial hemp in which he deals. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Declarant: means an adult who makes an advance directive, as defined in this article, while capable of making and communicating an informed decision. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defective drywall: means the same as that term is defined in § Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • delivery: means any method of delivery used in conventional commercial practice, including delivery by hand, mail, commercial delivery, and, if authorized in accordance with §
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Dismissal: means the dismissal of any teacher during the term of such teacher's contract. See Virginia Code 22.1-306
  • Dispense: means to deliver a drug to an ultimate user or research subject by or pursuant to the lawful order of a practitioner, including the prescribing and administering, packaging, labeling, or compounding necessary to prepare the substance for delivery. See Virginia Code 54.1-3300
  • Dispense: means to deliver a controlled substance to an ultimate user, research subject, or owner of an animal patient by or pursuant to the lawful order of a practitioner, including the prescribing and administering, packaging, labeling or compounding necessary to prepare the substance for that delivery. See Virginia Code 54.1-2519
  • Dispense: means to deliver a drug to an ultimate user or research subject by or pursuant to the lawful order of a practitioner, including the prescribing and administering, packaging, labeling, or compounding necessary to prepare the substance for that delivery. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Dispenser: means a person or entity that (i) is authorized by law to dispense a covered substance or to maintain a stock of covered substances for the purpose of dispensing, and (ii) dispenses the covered substance to a citizen of the Commonwealth regardless of the location of the dispenser, or who dispenses such covered substance from a location in Virginia regardless of the location of the recipient. See Virginia Code 54.1-2519
  • Dispenser: means a practitioner who dispenses. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Disposition: means the burial, interment, entombment, cremation, or other authorized disposition of a dead body permitted by law. See Virginia Code 32.1-309.1
  • Disposition of assets: means any action undertaken by a nonprofit entity to dispose of control of all or substantially all of its assets pursuant to an agreement of sale, transfer, lease, exchange, option, joint venture, or partnership, or to convert to a for-profit entity or to otherwise restructure the nonprofit entity or its assets, resulting in a change in control or governance of the entity or assets. See Virginia Code 32.1-373
  • Dispute resolution proceeding: means any structured process in which a neutral assists parties to a dispute in reaching a voluntary settlement by means of dispute resolution processes such as mediation, conciliation, facilitation, partnering, fact-finding, neutral evaluation, use of ombudsmen or any other proceeding leading to a voluntary settlement. See Virginia Code 2.2-4115
  • Distribute: means to deliver other than by administering or dispensing a controlled substance. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Distribution: means a direct or indirect transfer of cash or other property, except the corporation's own shares, or incurrence of indebtedness by a corporation to or for the benefit of its shareholders in respect of any of its shares. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Distributor: means any of the following persons engaged in the business of distributing, marketing, or in any manner handling fluid milk, in whole or in part, in fluid form for consumption in the Commonwealth:

    1. See Virginia Code 3.2-3200

  • Distributor: means a person who distributes. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • district: shall mean a school district. See Virginia Code 22.1-49
  • Division superintendent: means the division superintendent of schools of a school division. See Virginia Code 22.1-1
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Document: means (i) any tangible medium on which information is inscribed, and includes handwritten, typed, printed, or similar instruments and copies of such instruments, or (ii) an electronic record. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • domestic corporation: means a corporation authorized by law to issue shares, irrespective of the nature of the business to be transacted, organized under this chapter or existing pursuant to the laws of the Commonwealth on January 1, 1986, or which, by virtue of articles of incorporation, amendment, or merger, has become a domestic corporation of the Commonwealth, even though also being a corporation organized under laws other than the laws of the Commonwealth, or that has become a domestic corporation of the Commonwealth pursuant to Article 12. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Drug: means (i) articles or substances recognized in the official United States Pharmacopoeia National Formulary or official Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States, or any supplement to any of them; (ii) articles or substances intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in man or animals; (iii) articles or substances, other than food, intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or animals; (iv) articles or substances intended for use as a component of any article specified in clause (i), (ii), or (iii); or (v) a biological product. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Drug product: means a specific drug in dosage form from a known source of manufacture, whether by brand or therapeutically equivalent drug product name. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Durable Do Not Resuscitate Order: means a written physician's order issued pursuant to § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Educational facility: means any building used for instruction of enrolled students, including but not limited to any day-care center, nursery school, public or private school, institution of higher education, medical school, law school, or career and technical education school. See Virginia Code 15.2-2820
  • Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Electronic agent: means a computer program, or electronic or other automated means, used independently to initiate an action, or to respond to electronic messages or performances, on the person's behalf without review or action by an individual at the time of the action or response to the message or performance. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Electronic message: means a record or display that is stored, generated, or transmitted by electronic means for the purpose of communication to another person or electronic agent. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Electronic record: means information that is stored in an electronic or other nontangible medium and is retrievable in paper form through an automated process used in conventional commercial practice, unless otherwise authorized in accordance with subdivision 10 of §
  • Entity: means any person, partnership, firm, corporation, or other business, including assisted living facilities as defined in § 63. See Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Entity: includes any domestic or foreign corporation; any domestic or foreign nonstock corporation; any domestic or foreign unincorporated entity; any estate or trust; and any state, the United States and any foreign government. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Entity: means one or more persons, partnerships, unincorporated associations, corporations or other organizations entitled to hold property in its own name. See Virginia Code 13.1-776
  • Entry fee: means cash or cash equivalent that is required to be paid by a fantasy contest participant to a fantasy contest operator in order to participate in a fantasy contest. See Virginia Code 59.1-556
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • ERISA plan: means any self-funded employee welfare benefit plan governed by the requirements of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, 29 U. See Virginia Code 32.1-276.3
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Established business relationship: means a relationship between the called person and the person on whose behalf the telephone solicitation call is being made or initiated based on (i) the called person's purchase from, or transaction with, the person on whose behalf the telephone solicitation call is being made or initiated within the 18 months immediately preceding the date of the call or (ii) the called person's inquiry or application regarding any property, good, or service offered by the person on whose behalf the telephone solicitation call is being made or initiated within the three months immediately preceding the date of the call. See Virginia Code 59.1-510
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: means service by virtue of one's office and includes voting privileges for ex officio members unless otherwise provided. See Virginia Code 1-215
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Expenses: means reasonable expenses of any kind that are incurred in connection with a matter. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Fantasy contest: includes any online fantasy or simulated game or contest with an entry fee in which (i) the value of all prizes and awards offered to winning participants is established and made known to the participants in advance of the contest; (ii) all winning outcomes reflect the relative knowledge and skill of the participants and shall be determined by accumulated statistical results of the performance of individuals, including athletes in the case of sports events; and (iii) no winning outcome is based on the score, point spread, or any performance of any single actual team or combination of teams or solely on any single performance of an individual athlete or player in any single actual event. See Virginia Code 59.1-556
  • farm: means any person that obtains at least 51 percent of its annual gross income from agricultural operations and produces the agricultural waste used as feedstock for the waste-to-energy technology, (ii) "agricultural waste" means biomass waste materials capable of decomposition that are produced from the raising of plants and animals during agricultural operations, including animal manures, bedding, plant stalks, hulls, and vegetable matter, and (iii) "waste-to-energy technology" means any technology, including but not limited to a methane digester, that converts agricultural waste into gas, steam, or heat that is used to generate electricity on-site. See Virginia Code 1-222.1
  • Farmer: means any person who derives at least 75 percent of his gross income from a farming operation in the Commonwealth as reported on his federal income tax forms the previous year, or a farmer who receives or is eligible to receive a federal loan and who owns or leases land that would be eligible for special tax assessments pursuant to Article 4 (§ 58. See Virginia Code 3.2-500
  • FDA: means the U. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Federal agency: means the United States; the President of the United States; and any department, corporation, agency, or instrumentality heretofore or hereafter created, designated, or established by the United States. See Virginia Code 2.2-2200
  • Federal facility: means any building or infrastructure used or to be used by the federal government, including any building or infrastructure located on lands owned by the federal government. See Virginia Code 62.1-199
  • Federal government: means the United States of America, or any department, agency or instrumentality, corporate or otherwise, of the United States of America. See Virginia Code 62.1-199
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Financial accommodation contract: means an agreement under which a person extends a financial accommodation to a licensee and which does not create a security interest governed by Title 8. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Financier: means a person that provides a financial accommodation to a licensee under a financial accommodation contract and either (i) becomes a licensee for the purpose of transferring or sublicensing the license to the party to which the financial accommodation is provided or (ii) obtains a contractual right under the financial accommodation contract to preclude the licensee's use of the information or informational rights under a license in the event of breach of the financial accommodation contract. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign corporation: means a corporation authorized by law to issue shares, organized under laws other than the laws of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Former federal facility: means any federal facility formerly used by the federal government or in transition from use by the federal government to a facility all or part of which is to serve any local government. See Virginia Code 62.1-199
  • Foundation: means the Virginia Foundation for Healthy Youth, created pursuant to § 32. See Virginia Code 32.1-354
  • Foundation Allocation: means 10 percent of the annual amount received under the Master Settlement Agreement by the Commonwealth, or that would have been received but for the sale of such allocation pursuant to an agreement, between the starting and ending dates specified in the agreement. See Virginia Code 32.1-354
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Fund: means the Virginia Water Facilities Revolving Fund created by this chapter. See Virginia Code 62.1-224
  • Fund: means the Virginia Water Supply Revolving Fund created by this chapter. See Virginia Code 62.1-233
  • Fund: means the Virginia Solid Waste or Recycling Revolving Fund created by this chapter. See Virginia Code 62.1-241.1
  • Fund: means the Virginia Tobacco Settlement Fund established pursuant to § 32. See Virginia Code 32.1-354
  • Funeral directing: means the for-profit profession of directing or supervising funerals, preparing human dead for burial by means other than embalming, or making arrangements for funeral services or the financing of funeral services. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Funeral director: means any person engaged in the practice of funeral directing. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Funeral service establishment: means any main establishment, branch, or chapel that is permanently affixed to the real estate and for which a certificate of occupancy has been issued by the local building official where any part of the profession of funeral directing, the practice of funeral services, or the act of embalming is performed. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Funeral service intern: means a person who is preparing to be licensed for the practice of funeral services under the direct supervision of a practitioner licensed by the Board. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Funeral service licensee: means a person who is licensed in the practice of funeral services. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • General adult education: means academic, cultural, and avocational instruction for individuals over the age of compulsory school attendance specified in § Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Group work: means helping people, in the realization of their potential for social functioning, through group experiences in which the members are involved with common concerns and in which there is agreement about the group's purpose, function, and structure. See Virginia Code 54.1-3700
  • Grow: means to plant, cultivate, or harvest a plant or crop. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Grower: means any person registered pursuant to subsection A of § Virginia Code 2.2-4101
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Healing arts: means the arts and sciences dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and cure or alleviation of human physical or mental ailments, conditions, diseases, pain or infirmities. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Health authorities: include the Board of Health, the Office of Dairy and Foods in the Department, and the local health authorities. See Virginia Code 3.2-3200
  • Health care: means the furnishing of services to any individual for the purpose of preventing, alleviating, curing, or healing human illness, injury or physical disability, including but not limited to, medications; surgery; blood transfusions; chemotherapy; radiation therapy; admission to a hospital, nursing home, assisted living facility, or other health care facility; psychiatric or other mental health treatment; and life-prolonging procedures and palliative care. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Health care facility: means any institution, place, building, or agency required to be licensed under Virginia law, including but not limited to any hospital, nursing facility or nursing home, boarding home, assisted living facility, supervised living facility, or ambulatory medical and surgical center. See Virginia Code 15.2-2820
  • Health care provider: means (i) a general hospital, ordinary hospital, outpatient surgical hospital, nursing home or certified nursing facility licensed or certified pursuant to Article 1 (§ Virginia Code 32.1-276.3
  • Health planning region: means a contiguous geographical area of the Commonwealth with a population base of at least 500,000 persons which is characterized by the availability of multiple levels of medical care services, reasonable travel time for tertiary care, and congruence with planning districts. See Virginia Code 32.1-102.1
  • Health services: means any procedures or services related to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and care rendered by a health care worker, regardless of whether the worker is regulated by the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Hemp product: means any finished product that is otherwise lawful and that contains industrial hemp, including rope, building materials, automobile parts, animal bedding, animal feed, cosmetics, oil containing an industrial hemp extract, or food or food additives for human consumption. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • High performance building certification program: means a public building design, construction, and renovation program that meets the requirements of VEES. See Virginia Code 2.2-1182
  • Identity attribute: means identifying information associated with an identity credential holder. See Virginia Code 59.1-550
  • Identity credential: means the data, or the physical object upon which the data may reside, that an identity credential holder may present to verify or authenticate his identity in a digital or online transaction. See Virginia Code 59.1-550
  • Identity credential holder: means a person bound to or in possession of an identity credential who has agreed to the terms and conditions of the identity provider. See Virginia Code 59.1-550
  • Identity proofer: means a person or entity authorized to act as a representative of an identity provider in the confirmation of a potential identity credential holder's identification and identity attributes prior to issuing an identity credential to a person. See Virginia Code 59.1-550
  • identity provider: includes an attribute provider, an identity proofer, and any suppliers, employees, or agents thereof. See Virginia Code 59.1-550
  • Identity trust framework: means a digital identity system with established identity, security, privacy, technology, and enforcement rules and policies adhered to by certified identity providers that are members of the identity trust framework. See Virginia Code 59.1-550
  • Identity trust framework operator: means the entity that (i) defines rules and policies for member parties to an identity trust framework, (ii) certifies identity providers to be members of and issue identity credentials pursuant to the identity trust framework, and (iii) evaluates participation in the identity trust framework to ensure compliance by members of the identity trust framework with its rules and policies, including the ability to request audits of participants for verification of compliance. See Virginia Code 59.1-550
  • Immediate family member: means the individual's spouse, child, child's spouse, stepchild, stepchild's spouse, grandchild, grandchild's spouse, parent, stepparent, parent-in-law, or sibling. See Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Immediate precursor: means a substance which the Board of Pharmacy has found to be and by regulation designates as being the principal compound commonly used or produced primarily for use, and which is an immediate chemical intermediary used or likely to be used in the manufacture of a controlled substance, the control of which is necessary to prevent, curtail, or limit manufacture. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Impairment: means a physical or mental disability, including but not limited to substance abuse, that substantially alters the ability of a practitioner to practice his profession with safety to his patients and the public. See Virginia Code 54.1-2515
  • in writing: include any representation of words, letters, symbols, numbers, or figures, whether (i) printed or inscribed on a tangible medium or (ii) stored in an electronic or other medium and retrievable in a perceivable form and whether an electronic signature authorized by Chapter 42. See Virginia Code 1-257
  • In-person communication: means face-to-face communication and telephonic communication. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Incapable of making an informed decision: means the inability of an adult patient, because of mental illness, intellectual disability, or any other mental or physical disorder that precludes communication or impairs judgment, to make an informed decision about providing, continuing, withholding or withdrawing a specific health care treatment or course of treatment because he is unable to understand the nature, extent or probable consequences of the proposed health care decision, or to make a rational evaluation of the risks and benefits of alternatives to that decision. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Includes: means includes, but not limited to. See Virginia Code 1-218
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Independent: means having no material relationship with a benefit corporation or a subsidiary of the benefit corporation, either directly as a shareholder of the benefit corporation or as a partner, a member, or an owner of a subsidiary of the benefit corporation or indirectly as a director, an officer, an owner, or a manager of an entity that has a material relationship with the benefit corporation or a subsidiary of the benefit corporation. See Virginia Code 13.1-782
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Individual: means a natural person. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Industrial hemp: means any part of the plant Cannabis sativa, including seeds thereof and any derivative, extract, cannabinoid, isomer, acid, salt, or salt of an isomer, whether growing or not, with a concentration of tetrahydrocannabinol that is no greater than that allowed by federal law. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Influenza vaccine: means a vaccine, intended to be administered by injection, that contains inactivated influenza viruses, that is prepared for the applicable influenza season. See Virginia Code 59.1-533
  • Influenza vaccine shortage period: means the period of time during which a proclamation of the Governor provides that an influenza vaccine shortage exists. See Virginia Code 59.1-533
  • Information: means data, text, images, sounds, mask works, or computer programs, including collections and compilations of them. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Information processing system: means an electronic system for creating, generating, sending, receiving, storing, displaying, or processing information. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Informational content: means information that is intended to be communicated to or perceived by an individual in the ordinary use of the information, or the equivalent of that information. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Informational rights: include all rights in information created under laws governing patents, copyrights, mask works, trade secrets, trademarks, publicity rights, or any other law that gives a person, independently of contract, a right to control or preclude another person's use of or access to the information on the basis of the rights holder's interest in the information. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • inhabitants: means with reference to any county, city, town, political subdivision of the Commonwealth or any combination thereof, the natural persons in such county, city, town, political subdivision or combination as shown by the unadjusted United States decennial census last preceding the time at which any provision dependent upon population is being applied or the time as of which it is being construed. See Virginia Code 1-235
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Innovation: means a new or creative alternative to existing instructional or administrative practices or school structures that evidence-based practice suggests will be effective in improving student learning and educational performance. See Virginia Code 22.1-212.28
  • Inpatient hospital: means a hospital providing inpatient care and licensed pursuant to Article 1 (§ Source: OCC
  • Investment interest: means the ownership or holding of an equity or debt security, including, but not limited to, shares of stock in a corporation, interests or units of a partnership, bonds, debentures, notes, or other equity or debt instruments, except investment interests in a hospital licensed pursuant to Article 1 (§ 32. See Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Investor: means an individual or entity directly or indirectly possessing a legal or beneficial ownership interest, including an investment interest. See Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Involuntary separation: includes , but is not limited to, terminations and layoffs from employment with the Commonwealth, or being placed on leave without pay-layoff or equivalent status, due to budget reductions, agency reorganizations, workforce down-sizings, or other causes not related to the job performance or misconduct of the employee, but shall not include voluntary resignations. See Virginia Code 2.2-3200
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
  • Label: means a display of written, printed, or graphic matter upon the immediate container of any article. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Labeling: means all labels and other written, printed, or graphic matter on an article or any of its containers or wrappers, or accompanying such article. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • laser surgery: means treatment through revision, destruction, incision or other structural alteration of human tissue using laser technology. See Virginia Code 54.1-2400.01
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: means a contract that authorizes access to, or use, distribution, performance, modification, or reproduction of, information or informational rights, but expressly limits the access or uses authorized or expressly grants fewer than all rights in the information, whether or not the transferee has title to a licensed copy. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • License: means the document issued to an applicant upon completion of requirements for admission to practice dentistry or dental hygiene in the Commonwealth or upon registration for renewal of license to continue the practice of dentistry or dental hygiene in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 54.1-2700
  • licensed practical nurse: means a person who is licensed or holds a multistate licensure privilege under the provisions of this chapter to practice practical nursing as defined in this section. See Virginia Code 54.1-3000
  • licensed practical nursing: means the performance for compensation of selected nursing acts in the care of individuals or groups who are ill, injured, or experiencing changes in normal health processes; in the maintenance of health; in the prevention of illness or disease; or, subject to such regulations as the Board may promulgate, in the teaching of those who are or will be nurse aides. See Virginia Code 54.1-3000
  • Licensed substance abuse treatment practitioner: means a person who: (i) is trained in and engages in the practice of substance abuse treatment with individuals or groups of individuals suffering from the effects of substance abuse or dependence, and in the prevention of substance abuse or dependence; and (ii) is licensed to provide advanced substance abuse treatment and independent, direct, and unsupervised treatment to such individuals or groups of individuals, and to plan, evaluate, supervise, and direct substance abuse treatment provided by others. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Licensee: means a person entitled by agreement to acquire or exercise rights in, or to have access to or use of, computer information under an agreement to which this chapter applies. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Licensor: means a person obligated by agreement to transfer or create rights in, or to give access to or use of, computer information or informational rights in it under an agreement to which this chapter applies. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Life-prolonging procedure: means any medical procedure, treatment or intervention which (i) utilizes mechanical or other artificial means to sustain, restore or supplant a spontaneous vital function, or is otherwise of such a nature as to afford a patient no reasonable expectation of recovery from a terminal condition and (ii) when applied to a patient in a terminal condition, would serve only to prolong the dying process. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Liming material: means any agricultural liming material and any industrial co-product used to neutralize soil acid. See Virginia Code 3.2-3700
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • local governing body: means the board of supervisors of a county, council of a city, or council of a town, responsible for appropriating funds for such locality, as the context may require. See Virginia Code 22.1-1
  • local government: shall be construed to mean a county, city, or town as the context may require. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Local government: means any county, city, town, municipal corporation, authority, district, commission or political subdivision created by the General Assembly or pursuant to the Constitution and laws of the Commonwealth or any combination of any two or more of the foregoing. See Virginia Code 62.1-199
  • local government: includes any authority, commission, district, sanitary board or governmental entity issuing bonds on behalf of an authority, commission, district or sanitary board of an adjoining state that operates a wastewater treatment facility located in Virginia. See Virginia Code 62.1-224
  • Local government: means any county, city, town, municipal corporation, authority, district, commission or political subdivision created by the General Assembly or pursuant to the Constitution or laws of the Commonwealth or any combination of any two or more of the foregoing. See Virginia Code 62.1-233
  • Local government: means any county, city, town, municipal corporation, authority, district, commission or political subdivision created by the General Assembly or pursuant to the Constitution or laws of the Commonwealth or any combination of any two or more of the foregoing. See Virginia Code 62.1-241.1
  • Local obligations: means any bonds, notes, debentures, interim certificates, bond, grant or revenue anticipation notes, leases, credit enhancements, or any other obligations of a local government for the payment of money. See Virginia Code 62.1-199
  • Local zone administrator: means the chief executive of the county or city in which the enterprise zone is located, or his designee. See Virginia Code 59.1-539
  • Locality: means a county, city, or town as the context may require. See Virginia Code 1-221
  • Lost shareholder: means a shareholder shown by the records of a corporation to have been a shareholder for more than seven years but who, throughout that period, neither claimed a dividend or other sum nor corresponded in writing with the corporation or otherwise indicated an interest as evidenced by a memorandum or other record on file with the corporation and the corporation does not know the location of the shareholder at the end of such seven-year period. See Virginia Code 13.1-776
  • Major disaster: means any hurricane, flood, or drought that would warrant a disaster declaration request by the Governor pursuant to the provisions of Section 301 of Public Law 93-288, 42 U. See Virginia Code 3.2-500
  • Manufacture: means the production, preparation, propagation, conversion, or processing of any item regulated by this chapter, either directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of natural origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis, and includes any packaging or repackaging of the substance or labeling or relabeling of its container. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Manufacturer: means every person who manufactures, a manufacturer's co-licensed partner, or a repackager. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Marijuana: means any part of a plant of the genus Cannabis whether growing or not, its seeds, or its resin; and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of such plant, its seeds, or its resin. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Market: means any locality, or two or more localities, and surrounding territory designated by the Commission as a marketing area. See Virginia Code 3.2-3200
  • Markup: The process by which congressional committees and subcommittees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed legislation.
  • Marriage and family therapist: means a person trained in the appraisal and treatment of cognitive, affective, or behavioral mental and emotional disorders within the context of marriage and family systems through the application of therapeutic and family systems theories and techniques. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Marriage and family therapy: means the appraisal and treatment of cognitive, affective, or behavioral mental and emotional disorders within the context of marriage and family systems through the application of therapeutic and family systems theories and techniques and delivery of services to individuals, couples, and families, singularly or in groups, for the purpose of treating such disorders. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Mass-market license: means a standard form used in a mass-market transaction. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Mass-market transaction: means a transaction that is:

    (A) a consumer contract; or

    (B) any other transaction with an end-user licensee if:

    (i) the transaction is for information or informational rights directed to the general public as a whole, including consumers, under substantially the same terms for the same information;

    (ii) the licensee acquires the information or informational rights in a retail transaction under terms consistent with an ordinary transaction in a retail market; and

    (iii) the transaction is not (a) a contract for redistribution or for public performance or public display of a copyrighted work; (b) a transaction in which the information is customized or otherwise specially prepared by the licensor for the licensee, other than minor customization using a capability of the information intended for that purpose; (c) a site license; or (d) an access contract. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2

  • Massage therapist: means a person who meets the qualifications specified in this chapter and who is currently licensed by the Board. See Virginia Code 54.1-3000
  • Massage therapy: means the treatment of soft tissues for therapeutic purposes by the application of massage and bodywork techniques based on the manipulation or application of pressure to the muscular structure or soft tissues of the human body. See Virginia Code 54.1-3000
  • Maxillofacial: means pertaining to the jaws and face, particularly with reference to specialized surgery of this region. See Virginia Code 54.1-2700
  • Mediation: means a process in which a neutral facilitates communication between the parties and without deciding the issues or imposing a solution on the parties enables them to understand and resolve their dispute. See Virginia Code 2.2-4115
  • Mediation program: means a program of a public body through which mediators or mediation is made available and includes the director, agents and employees of the program. See Virginia Code 2.2-4115
  • Mediator: means a neutral who is an impartial third party selected by agreement of the parties to a dispute to assist them in mediation. See Virginia Code 2.2-4115
  • Medical care facility: as used in this title , means any institution, place, building or agency, whether or not licensed or required to be licensed by the Board or the Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services, whether operated for profit or nonprofit and whether privately owned or privately operated or owned or operated by a local governmental unit, (i) by or in which health services are furnished, conducted, operated or offered for the prevention, diagnosis or treatment of human disease, pain, injury, deformity or physical condition, whether medical or surgical, of two or more nonrelated persons who are injured or physically sick or have mental illness, or for the care of two or more nonrelated persons requiring or receiving medical, surgical or nursing attention or services as acute, chronic, convalescent, aged, physically disabled or crippled or (ii) which is the recipient of reimbursements from third-party health insurance programs or prepaid medical service plans. See Virginia Code 32.1-102.1
  • Medical equipment supplier: means any person, as defined in § 1-230, engaged in the delivery to the ultimate consumer, pursuant to the lawful order of a practitioner, of hypodermic syringes and needles, medicinal oxygen, Schedule VI controlled devices, those Schedule VI controlled substances with no medicinal properties that are used for the operation and cleaning of medical equipment, solutions for peritoneal dialysis, and sterile water or saline for irrigation. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Medical malpractice judgment: means any final order of any court entering judgment against a licensee of the Board that arises out of any tort action or breach of contract action for personal injuries or wrongful death, based on health care or professional services rendered, or that should have been rendered, by a health care provider, to a patient. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Medical malpractice settlement: means any written agreement and release entered into by or on behalf of a licensee of the Board in response to a written claim for money damages that arises out of any personal injuries or wrongful death, based on health care or professional services rendered, or that should have been rendered, by a health care provider, to a patient. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Merchant: means a person:

    (A) who deals in information or informational rights of the kind involved in the transaction;

    (B) who by the person's occupation holds himself out as having knowledge or skill peculiar to the relevant aspect of the business practices or information involved in the transaction; or

    (C) to whom the knowledge or skill peculiar to the practices or information involved in the transaction may be attributed by the person's employment of an agent or broker or other intermediary who by his occupation holds himself out as having the knowledge or skill. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2

  • Merchant: means an owner or operator of any mercantile establishment or any agent, employee, lessee, consignee, officer, director, franchisee, or independent contractor of such owner or operator. See Virginia Code 59.1-530
  • Merger: means a transaction pursuant to § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Noncommunity waterworks: means a waterworks that serves an average of at least twenty-five individuals for at least sixty days out of the year and such individuals are not year-round residents. See Virginia Code 62.1-233
  • Nonconsumptive use: means the use of water withdrawn from a stream in such a manner that it is returned to the stream without substantial diminution in quantity at or near the point from which it was taken and would not result in or exacerbate low flow conditions. See Virginia Code 62.1-242
  • Nonlegislative citizen member: means any natural person who is not a member of the General Assembly of Virginia. See Virginia Code 1-225
  • Nonprofit entity: means (i) a foreign or domestic nonstock corporation licensed and subject to regulation under Chapter 42 (§ Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Nursery: means any premises where nursery stock is propagated, grown, fumigated, treated, packed, stored, or otherwise prepared for sale or distribution. See Virginia Code 3.2-3800
  • Nursery stock: means all trees, shrubs, woody vines (including ornamentals), bush fruits, grapevines, fruit trees, and nut trees offered for sale and distribution; all buds, grafts, scions, and cuttings from such plants; and any container, soil, and other packing material with such plants or plant products. See Virginia Code 3.2-3800
  • Nurseryman: means any person that produces nursery stock for sale or distribution. See Virginia Code 3.2-3800
  • Nursing home: means any public or private facility required to be licensed as a nursing home under the provisions of Chapter 5 (§ 32. See Virginia Code 54.1-3100
  • Nursing home administrator: means any individual charged with the general administration of a nursing home regardless of whether he has an ownership interest in the facility. See Virginia Code 54.1-3100
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See Virginia Code 1-228
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Occupational therapy assistant: means an individual who has met the requirements of the Board for licensure and who works under the supervision of a licensed occupational therapist to assist in the practice of occupational therapy. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Office practice: means the facility or facilities at which a practitioner, on an ongoing basis, provides or supervises the provision of health services to consumers. See Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Official compendium: means the official United States Pharmacopoeia National Formulary, official Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States, or any supplement to any of them. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Official written order: means an order written on a form provided for that purpose by the U. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Online course: means a course or grade-level subject instruction that (i) is delivered by a multidivision online provider primarily electronically using the Internet or other computer-based methods and (ii) is taught by a teacher primarily from a remote location, with student access to the teacher given synchronously, asynchronously, or both. See Virginia Code 22.1-212.23
  • Operator: means the entity listed as operator on the Certificate of Inspection issued for the amusement device pursuant to § 36-98. See Virginia Code 59.1-519
  • operator: means a person or entity that offers fantasy contests for a cash prize to members of the public. See Virginia Code 59.1-556
  • Opiate: means any substance having an addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability similar to morphine or being capable of conversion into a drug having such addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Opium poppy: means the plant of the species Papaver somniferum L. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Optometrist: means any person practicing the profession of optometry as defined in this chapter and the regulations of the Board. See Virginia Code 54.1-3200
  • Oral and maxillofacial surgeon: means a person who has successfully completed an oral and maxillofacial residency program, approved by the Commission on Dental Accreditation of the American Dental Association, and who holds a valid license from the Board. See Virginia Code 54.1-2700
  • Oral and maxillofacial surgeon: means , for the purposes of this chapter, a person who is licensed to practice dentistry in Virginia, registered with the Board of Dentistry as an oral and maxillofacial surgeon, and certified to perform certain procedures pursuant to § Virginia Code 32.1-276.3
  • Outsourcing facility: means a facility that is engaged in the compounding of sterile drugs and is currently registered as an outsourcing facility with the U. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means the entity listed as owner on the Certificate of Inspection issued for the amusement device pursuant to § 36-98. See Virginia Code 59.1-519
  • Parent or guardian: means any parent, guardian, legal custodian or other person having immediate control or charge of a child. See Virginia Code 59.1-519
  • parents: means any parent, guardian, legal custodian, or other person having control or charge of a child. See Virginia Code 22.1-1
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Party: means a person that engages in a transaction or makes an agreement under this chapter. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Patient care consulting committee: means a committee duly organized by a facility licensed to provide health care under Title 32. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Patient care team: means a multidisciplinary team of health care providers actively functioning as a unit with the management and leadership of one or more patient care team physicians for the purpose of providing and delivering health care to a patient or group of patients. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Patient care team physician: means a physician who is actively licensed to practice medicine in the Commonwealth, who regularly practices medicine in the Commonwealth, and who provides management and leadership in the care of patients as part of a patient care team. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Patient care team podiatrist: means a podiatrist who is actively licensed to practice podiatry in the Commonwealth, who regularly practices podiatry in the Commonwealth, and who provides management and leadership to physician assistants in the care of patients as part of a patient care team. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Period of sale: means the time during which a purchase under an agreement is entitled to receive the Foundation Allocation. See Virginia Code 32.1-354
  • Persistent vegetative state: means a condition caused by injury, disease or illness in which a patient has suffered a loss of consciousness, with no behavioral evidence of self-awareness or awareness of surroundings in a learned manner, other than reflex activity of muscles and nerves for low level conditioned response, and from which, to a reasonable degree of medical probability, there can be no recovery. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Person: means both the plural and singular, as the case demands, and includes an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental agency, trust, or other institution or entity. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Person: means the term as defined in § 1-230. See Virginia Code 3.2-800
  • Person: means the term as defined in § 1-230. See Virginia Code 3.2-900
  • Person: includes any individual, corporation, partnership, association, cooperative, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, government, political subdivision, or any other legal or commercial entity and any successor, representative, agent, agency, or instrumentality thereof. See Virginia Code 1-230
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, governmental subdivision, instrumentality, or agency, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Person: means the term as defined in § 1-230. See Virginia Code 3.2-3800
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, partnership, association or any other legal entity. See Virginia Code 32.1-3
  • Person: includes an individual and an entity. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Personal relationship: means the relationship between a telephone solicitor making or initiating a telephone solicitation call and any family member, friend, or acquaintance of that telephone solicitor. See Virginia Code 59.1-510
  • Personal representative: includes the executor of a will or the administrator of the estate of a decedent, the administrator of such estate with the will annexed, the administrator of such estate unadministered by a former representative, whether there is a will or not, any person who is under the order of a circuit court to take into his possession the estate of a decedent for administration, and every other curator of a decedent's estate, for or against whom suits may be brought for causes of action that accrued to or against the decedent. See Virginia Code 1-234
  • Pharmaceutical processor: means a facility that (i) has obtained a permit from the Board pursuant to § Virginia Code 54.1-3300
  • Physical therapist: means any person licensed by the Board to engage in the practice of physical therapy. See Virginia Code 54.1-3473
  • Physical therapist assistant: means any person licensed by the Board to assist a physical therapist in the practice of physical therapy. See Virginia Code 54.1-3473
  • Physician: means a person licensed to practice medicine in the Commonwealth of Virginia or in the jurisdiction where the health care is to be rendered or withheld. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Physician: means a person licensed to practice medicine or osteopathy in the Commonwealth pursuant to Chapter 29 (§
  • Poppy straw: means all parts, except the seeds, of the opium poppy, after mowing. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • port facility: means harbors, seaports and all facilities used in connection therewith and shall include all those facilities named in §§ 62. See Virginia Code 62.1-140
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Practice of acupuncture: means the stimulation of certain points on or near the surface of the body by the insertion of needles to prevent or modify the perception of pain or to normalize physiological functions, including pain control, for the treatment of certain ailments or conditions of the body and includes the techniques of electroacupuncture, cupping and moxibustion. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Practice of applied psychology: means application of the principles and methods of psychology to improvement of organizational function, personnel selection and evaluation, program planning and implementation, individual motivation, development and behavioral adjustment, as well as consultation on teaching and research. See Virginia Code 54.1-3600
  • Practice of athletic training: means the prevention, recognition, evaluation, and treatment of injuries or conditions related to athletic or recreational activity that requires physical skill and utilizes strength, power, endurance, speed, flexibility, range of motion or agility or a substantially similar injury or condition resulting from occupational activity immediately upon the onset of such injury or condition; and subsequent treatment and rehabilitation of such injuries or conditions under the direction of the patient's physician or under the direction of any doctor of medicine, osteopathy, chiropractic, podiatry, or dentistry, while using heat, light, sound, cold, electricity, exercise or mechanical or other devices. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Practice of audiology: means the practice of conducting measurement, testing and evaluation relating to hearing and vestibular systems, including audiologic and electrophysiological measures, and conducting programs of identification, hearing conservation, habilitation, and rehabilitation for the purpose of identifying disorders of the hearing and vestibular systems and modifying communicative disorders related to hearing loss, including but not limited to vestibular evaluation, limited cerumen management, electrophysiological audiometry and cochlear implants. See Virginia Code 54.1-2600
  • Practice of counseling: means rendering or offering to render to individuals, groups, organizations, or the general public any service involving the application of principles, standards, and methods of the counseling profession, which shall include appraisal, counseling, and referral activities. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Practice of funeral services: means engaging in the care and disposition of the human dead, the preparation of the human dead for the funeral service, burial or cremation, the making of arrangements for the funeral service or for the financing of the funeral service and the selling or making of financial arrangements for the sale of funeral supplies to the public. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Practice of genetic counseling: means (i) obtaining and evaluating individual and family medical histories to assess the risk of genetic medical conditions and diseases in a patient, his offspring, and other family members; (ii) discussing the features, history, diagnosis, environmental factors, and risk management of genetic medical conditions and diseases; (iii) ordering genetic laboratory tests and other diagnostic studies necessary for genetic assessment; (iv) integrating the results with personal and family medical history to assess and communicate risk factors for genetic medical conditions and diseases; (v) evaluating the patient's and family's responses to the medical condition or risk of recurrence and providing client-centered counseling and anticipatory guidance; (vi) identifying and utilizing community resources that provide medical, educational, financial, and psychosocial support and advocacy; and (vii) providing written documentation of medical, genetic, and counseling information for families and health care professionals. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Practice of marriage and family therapy: means the appraisal and treatment of cognitive, affective, or behavioral mental and emotional disorders within the context of marriage and family systems through the application of therapeutic and family systems theories and techniques, which shall include assessment, treatment, and referral activities. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Practice of occupational therapy: means the therapeutic use of occupations for habilitation and rehabilitation to enhance physical health, mental health, and cognitive functioning and includes the evaluation, analysis, assessment, and delivery of education and training in basic and instrumental activities of daily living; the design, fabrication, and application of orthoses (splints); the design, selection, and use of adaptive equipment and assistive technologies; therapeutic activities to enhance functional performance; vocational evaluation and training; and consultation concerning the adaptation of physical, sensory, and social environments. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Practice of optometry: means the examination of the human eye to ascertain the presence of defects or abnormal conditions which may be corrected or relieved by the use of lenses, prisms or ocular exercises, visual training or orthoptics; the employment of any subjective or objective mechanism to determine the accommodative or refractive states of the human eye or range or power of vision of the human eye; the use of testing appliances for the purpose of the measurement of the powers of vision; the examination, diagnosis, and optometric treatment in accordance with this chapter, of conditions and visual or muscular anomalies of the human eye; the use of diagnostic pharmaceutical agents set forth in § Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Practice of physical therapy: means that branch of the healing arts that is concerned with, upon medical referral and direction, the evaluation, testing, treatment, reeducation and rehabilitation by physical, mechanical or electronic measures and procedures of individuals who, because of trauma, disease or birth defect, present physical and emotional disorders. See Virginia Code 54.1-3473
  • Practice of podiatry: means the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and cure or alleviation of physical conditions, diseases, pain, or infirmities of the human foot and ankle, including the medical, mechanical and surgical treatment of the ailments of the human foot and ankle, but does not include amputation of the foot proximal to the transmetatarsal level through the metatarsal shafts. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Practice of psychology: means the practice of applied psychology, clinical psychology or school psychology. See Virginia Code 54.1-3600
  • Practice of respiratory care: means the (i) administration of pharmacological, diagnostic, and therapeutic agents related to respiratory care procedures necessary to implement a treatment, disease prevention, pulmonary rehabilitative, or diagnostic regimen prescribed by a practitioner of medicine or osteopathic medicine; (ii) transcription and implementation of the written or verbal orders of a practitioner of medicine or osteopathic medicine pertaining to the practice of respiratory care; (iii) observation and monitoring of signs and symptoms, general behavior, general physical response to respiratory care treatment and diagnostic testing, including determination of whether such signs, symptoms, reactions, behavior or general physical response exhibit abnormal characteristics; and (iv) implementation of respiratory care procedures, based on observed abnormalities, or appropriate reporting, referral, respiratory care protocols or changes in treatment pursuant to the written or verbal orders by a licensed practitioner of medicine or osteopathic medicine or the initiation of emergency procedures, pursuant to the Board's regulations or as otherwise authorized by law. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • practice of school psychology: means :

    1. See Virginia Code 54.1-3600

  • Practice of social work: means rendering or offering to render to individuals, families, groups, organizations, governmental units, or the general public service which is guided by special knowledge of social resources, social systems, human capabilities, and the part conscious and unconscious motivation play in determining behavior. See Virginia Code 54.1-3700
  • Practice of speech-language pathology: means the practice of facilitating development and maintenance of human communication through programs of screening, identifying, assessing and interpreting, diagnosing, habilitating and rehabilitating speech-language disorders, including but not limited to:

    1. See Virginia Code 54.1-2600

  • Practice of substance abuse treatment: means rendering or offering to render substance abuse treatment to individuals, groups, organizations, or the general public. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Practitioner: means a physician, dentist, licensed nurse practitioner pursuant to § Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Prescriber: means a practitioner licensed in the Commonwealth who is authorized pursuant to §§
  • Pretrial conference: A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review evidence and witnesses, to set a timetable, and to discuss the settlement of the case.
  • Principal office: means the office, in or out of the Commonwealth, where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located, or, if there are no such offices, the office, in or out of the Commonwealth, so designated by the board of directors. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Principal stockholder: means any person who individually or in concert with his spouse and immediate family members beneficially owns or controls, directly or indirectly, 15 percent or more of the equity ownership of a fantasy contest operator or who in concert with his spouse and immediate family members has the power to vote or cause the vote of 15 percent or more of the equity ownership of any such operator. See Virginia Code 59.1-556
  • Private work place: means any office or work area that is not open to the public in the normal course of business except by individual invitation. See Virginia Code 15.2-2820
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Proceeding: includes civil suit and criminal, administrative, and investigatory action. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Process: includes subpoenas, the summons and complaint in a civil action, and process in statutory actions. See Virginia Code 1-237
  • Process: means to convert industrial hemp into a hemp product. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Process site: means the location at which a processor processes or intends to process industrial hemp. See Virginia Code 3.2-4112
  • Processor: means a person registered pursuant to subsection A of § Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Professional judgment: includes consideration of the client's level of disability, functional limitations and capabilities; consideration of client aptitudes, career and technical skills and abilities; education and pre-injury employment; and identification of return-to-work options and service needs which culminate in the determination or recommendation of appropriate employment for the rehabilitation client. See Virginia Code 54.1-3510
  • Program: means the Health Practitioners' Monitoring Program established pursuant to § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-2515
  • Project: means any public improvement, property or undertaking for which the locality is authorized by law to appropriate money, except for current expenses, and specific undertakings from which the locality may derive revenues (sometimes called "revenue-producing undertakings") including, without limitation, water, sewer, sewage disposal, and garbage and refuse collection and disposal systems and facilities as defined in § 15. See Virginia Code 15.2-2602
  • Project: means (i) any water supply or wastewater treatment facility, including a facility for receiving and stabilizing septage or a soil drainage management facility, and any solid waste treatment, disposal, or management facility, recycling facility, federal facility or former federal facility, or resource recovery facility located or to be located in the Commonwealth, the District of Columbia, or any adjoining state, all or part of which facility serves or is to serve any local government, and (ii) any federal facility located or to be located in the Commonwealth, provided that both the Board of Directors of the Authority and the governing body of the local government receiving the benefit of the loan, grant, or credit enhancement from the Authority make a determination or finding to be embodied in a resolution or ordinance that the undertaking and financing of such facility is necessary for the location or retention of such facility and the related use by the federal government in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 62.1-199
  • Project: means any small water facility project as defined in § 62. See Virginia Code 62.1-224
  • Project: means any water supply facility which serves primarily residents of the Commonwealth or which is located or to be located in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 62.1-233
  • Project: means any solid waste management facility as defined in § 10. See Virginia Code 62.1-241.1
  • project: means a project that supplements the regular career and technical education program in a school division and that is designed to provide effective practical training to students in the secondary schools of the school division and in which participation is optional and voluntary. See Virginia Code 22.1-228
  • Project: means the construction, improvement, furnishing, maintenance, acquisition or operation of any facility or the provision for or funding of any activity that will further the purposes described in § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-2201
  • Project: shall mean the construction, improvement, furnishing, maintenance, acquisition or operation of any facility or the provision for or funding of any activity that will further the purposes described in § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-2218
  • Proposed species: means any candidate species authorized by the Board for consideration for listing as threatened or endangered under the provisions of this chapter. See Virginia Code 3.2-1000
  • Proprietary medicine: means a completely compounded nonprescription drug in its unbroken, original package which does not contain any controlled substance or marijuana as defined in this chapter and is not in itself poisonous, and which is sold, offered, promoted, or advertised directly to the general public by or under the authority of the manufacturer or primary distributor, under a trademark, trade name, or other trade symbol privately owned, and the labeling of which conforms to the requirements of this chapter and applicable federal law. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Psychologist: means a person licensed to practice school, applied or clinical psychology. See Virginia Code 54.1-3600
  • Public body: includes any committee, subcommittee, or other entity however designated, of the public body or formed to advise the public body, including those with private sector or citizen members and corporations organized by the Virginia Retirement System. See Virginia Code 2.2-4115
  • Public charter school: means a public, nonreligious, or non-home-based alternative school located within a public school division. See Virginia Code 22.1-212.5
  • Public corporation: means a corporation that has shares listed on a national securities exchange or regularly traded in a market maintained by one or more members of a national or affiliated securities association. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Public corporation: means the Commonwealth of Virginia or any political subdivision thereof or any incorporated municipality therein or any public agency of the Commonwealth or of any political subdivision thereof or of any municipality therein. See Virginia Code 1-219.1
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public place: means any enclosed, indoor area used by the general public, including but not limited to any building owned or leased by the Commonwealth or any agency thereof or any locality, public conveyance or public vehicle, educational facility, hospital, nursing facility or nursing home, other health care facility, library, retail store of 15,000 square feet or more, auditorium, arena, theater, museum, concert hall, or other area used for a performance or an exhibit of the arts or sciences, or any meeting room. See Virginia Code 15.2-2820
  • public vehicle: means any air, land, or water vehicle used for the mass transportation of persons in intrastate travel for compensation, including but not limited to any airplane, train, bus, or boat that is not subject to federal smoking regulations. See Virginia Code 15.2-2820
  • Published informational content: means informational content prepared for or made available to recipients generally, or to a class of recipients, in substantially the same form. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Qualified medical direction: means , in the context of the practice of respiratory care, having readily accessible to the respiratory therapist a licensed practitioner of medicine or osteopathic medicine who has specialty training or experience in the management of acute and chronic respiratory disorders and who is responsible for the quality, safety, and appropriateness of the respiratory services provided by the respiratory therapist. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Qualified mental health professional: includes qualified mental health professionals-adult and qualified mental health professionals-child. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Qualified mental health professional-adult: means a qualified mental health professional who provides collaborative mental health services for adults. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Qualified mental health professional-child: means a person who by education and experience is professionally qualified and registered by the Board to provide collaborative mental health services for children and adolescents up to 22 years of age. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Quarantine: means a legal declaration by the Board that specifies: (i) the noxious weed; (ii) the articles to be regulated; (iii) conditions governing movement; and (iv) exemptions. See Virginia Code 3.2-800
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Radiologic technologist: means an individual, other than a licensed doctor of medicine, osteopathy, podiatry, or chiropractic or a dentist licensed pursuant to Chapter 27 (§

    (ii) being delivered to and available at a location or system designated by agreement for that purpose or, in the absence of an agreed location or system: (a) being delivered at the person's residence, or the person's place of business through which the contract was made, or at any other place held out by the person as a place for receipt of communications of the kind; or (b) in the case of an electronic notice, coming into existence in an information processing system or at an address in that system in a form capable of being processed by or perceived from a system of that type by a recipient, if the recipient uses, or otherwise has designated or holds out, that place or system for receipt of notices of the kind to be given and the sender does not know that the notice cannot be accessed from that place. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2

  • Receive: means to take receipt. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Recipient: means a person who receives a covered substance from a dispenser and includes the owner of an animal patient. See Virginia Code 54.1-2519
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Record date: means the date fixed for determining the identity of the corporation's shareholders and their shareholdings for purposes of this chapter. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Recovered gas energy facility: means a facility, located at or adjacent to (i) a solid waste management facility permitted by the Department of Environmental Quality or (ii) a sewerage system or sewage treatment work described in § Virginia Code 54.1-2410
  • Referral activities: means the evaluation of data to identify problems and to determine advisability of referral to other specialists. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Regional public charter school: means a public charter school operated by two or more school boards and chartered directly by the participating school boards. See Virginia Code 22.1-212.5
  • Registered peer recovery specialist: means a person who by education and experience is professionally qualified and registered by the Board to provide collaborative services to assist individuals in achieving sustained recovery from the effects of addiction or mental illness, or both. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • registered professional nurse: means a person who is licensed or holds a multistate licensure privilege under the provisions of this chapter to practice professional nursing as defined in this section. See Virginia Code 54.1-3000
  • registered professional nursing: means the performance for compensation of any nursing acts in the observation, care and counsel of individuals or groups who are ill, injured or experiencing changes in normal health processes or the maintenance of health; in the prevention of illness or disease; in the supervision and teaching of those who are or will be involved in nursing care; in the delegation of selected nursing tasks and procedures to appropriately trained unlicensed persons as determined by the Board; or in the administration of medications and treatments as prescribed by any person authorized by law to prescribe such medications and treatment. See Virginia Code 54.1-3000
  • Registrar: means the Registrar of Regulations employed as provided in § Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Relevant health regulatory board: means any such board that licenses persons or entities with the authority to prescribe or dispense covered substances, including the Board of Dentistry, the Board of Medicine, the Board of Veterinary Medicine, and the Board of Pharmacy. See Virginia Code 54.1-2519
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Research: means the application of systematic procedures for the purpose of developing, modifying, and expanding knowledge of social work practice which can be communicated and verified. See Virginia Code 54.1-3700
  • Residency: means a post-internship supervised clinical experience registered with the Board. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Respiratory care: means the practice of the allied health profession responsible for the direct and indirect services, including inhalation therapy and respiratory therapy, in the treatment, management, diagnostic testing, control, and care of patients with deficiencies and abnormalities associated with the cardiopulmonary system under qualified medical direction. See Virginia Code 54.1-2900
  • Responsible person: means either or both of (i) a telephone solicitor or (ii) a seller if the telephone solicitation call offering or advertising the seller's property, goods, or services is presumed to have been made or initiated on behalf of or for the benefit of the seller and the presumption is not rebutted as provided in subsection B of § Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Seller: means any person on whose behalf or for whose benefit a telephone solicitation call offering or advertising the person's property, goods, or services is made or initiated. See Virginia Code 59.1-510
  • Send: means , with any costs provided for and properly addressed or directed as reasonable under the circumstances or as otherwise agreed, to deposit a record in the mail or with a commercially reasonable carrier, to deliver a record for transmission to or re-creation in another location or information processing system, or to take the steps necessary to initiate transmission to or re-creation of a record in another location or information processing system. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Shareholder: means a record shareholder. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Shareholder: means an entity shown by the records of a corporation to be the owner of one or more shares of its outstanding capital stock. See Virginia Code 13.1-776
  • Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Small business: means a business that is at least 51 percent independently owned and controlled by one or more individuals who are U. See Virginia Code 2.2-1604
  • smoking: means the carrying or holding of any lighted pipe, cigar, or cigarette of any kind, or any other lighted smoking equipment, or the lighting, inhaling, or exhaling of smoke from a pipe, cigar, or cigarette of any kind. See Virginia Code 15.2-2820
  • Social worker: means a person trained to provide service and action to effect changes in human behavior, emotional responses, and the social conditions by the application of the values, principles, methods, and procedures of the profession of social work. See Virginia Code 54.1-3700
  • Solicitation: means initiating contact with consumers with the intent of influencing their selection of a funeral plan or funeral service provider. See Virginia Code 54.1-2800
  • Special education: means specially designed instruction at no cost to the parent to meet the unique needs of a disabled child, including classroom instruction, home instruction, instruction provided in hospitals and institutions, instruction in physical education, and instruction in career and technical education. See Virginia Code 22.1-213
  • Species: includes any species or variety of plant life or insects. See Virginia Code 3.2-1000
  • Specific learning disability: means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or using language, spoken or written, which may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do mathematical calculations. See Virginia Code 22.1-213
  • Specific public benefit: means a benefit that serves one or more public welfare, religious, charitable, scientific, literary, or educational purposes, or other purpose or benefit beyond the strict interest of the shareholders of the benefit corporation, including:

    1. See Virginia Code 13.1-782

  • Speech-language disorders: means disorders in fluency, speech articulation, voice, receptive and expressive language (syntax, morphology, semantics, pragmatics), swallowing disorders, and cognitive communication functioning. See Virginia Code 54.1-2600
  • Speech-language pathologist: means any person who engages in the practice of speech-language pathology. See Virginia Code 54.1-2600
  • Standard form: means a record or a group of related records containing terms prepared for repeated use in transactions and so used in a transaction in which there was no negotiated change of terms by individuals except to set the price, quantity, method of payment, selection among standard options, or time or method of delivery. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • State: when applied to a part of the United States, includes any of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the United States Virgin Islands. See Virginia Code 1-245
  • State: means a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • state: means the Commonwealth of Virginia or any of its agencies or departments. See Virginia Code 2.2-2200
  • state agency: means the same as that term is defined in § 2. See Virginia Code 1-206
  • State agency: means any authority, board, department, instrumentality, institution, agency, or other unit of state government. See Virginia Code 2.2-1604
  • State Board: means the Board of Education. See Virginia Code 22.1-1
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Statutes at large: A chronological listing of the laws enacted each Congress. They are published in volumes numbered by Congress.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Subscriber: means (i) a person who has subscribed to telephone service from a telephone company or (ii) other persons living or residing with the person. See Virginia Code 59.1-518.1
  • Subsidiary: means any person that a distributor or an affiliate of a distributor has, or several distributors collectively have, either directly or indirectly, actual or legal control, whether by stock ownership or in any other manner. See Virginia Code 3.2-3200
  • Subsidiary: means , in relation to an individual, an entity in which the individual either (i) owns directly or indirectly equity interests entitled to cast a majority of the votes entitled to be cast generally in an election of directors or members of the governing body of the entity or (ii) otherwise owns or controls voting or contractual power to exercise effective governing control of the entity. See Virginia Code 13.1-782
  • Substance abuse treatment: means (i) the application of specific knowledge, skills, substance abuse treatment theory, and substance abuse treatment techniques to define goals and develop a treatment plan of action regarding substance abuse or dependence prevention, education, or treatment in the substance abuse or dependence recovery process and (ii) referrals to medical, social services, psychological, psychiatric, or legal resources when such referrals are indicated. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supervision: means the ongoing process, performed by a supervisor, of monitoring the performance of the person supervised and providing regular, documented individual or group consultation, guidance, and instruction with respect to the clinical skills and competencies of the person supervised. See Virginia Code 54.1-3500
  • Supervision: means the direction and control by a pharmacist of the activities of a pharmacy intern or a pharmacy technician whereby the supervising pharmacist is physically present in the pharmacy or in the facility in which the pharmacy is located when the intern or technician is performing duties restricted to a pharmacy intern or technician, respectively, and is available for immediate oral communication. See Virginia Code 54.1-3300
  • Supreme Court: means the Supreme Court of Virginia. See Virginia Code 1-249
  • Surface water: means any water in the Commonwealth, except ground water, as defined in § 62. See Virginia Code 62.1-242
  • Surface water management area: means a geographically defined surface water area in which the Board has deemed the levels or supply of surface water to be potentially adverse to public welfare, health and safety. See Virginia Code 62.1-242
  • Surface water withdrawal permit: means a document issued by the Board evidencing the right to withdraw surface water. See Virginia Code 62.1-242
  • sworn: means "affirm" or "affirmed. See Virginia Code 1-250
  • System: means the Virginia Patient Level Data System. See Virginia Code 32.1-276.3
  • Take: means , in reference to plants and insects, to collect, pick, cut, or dig up for the purpose of resale. See Virginia Code 3.2-1000
  • Telephone solicitation call: means any telephone call made or initiated to any natural person's residence in the Commonwealth, or to any wireless telephone with a Virginia area code or to a wireless telephone registered to any natural person who is a resident of the Commonwealth, for the purpose of offering or advertising any property, goods, or services for sale, lease, license, or investment, including offering or advertising an extension of credit. See Virginia Code 59.1-510
  • Telephone solicitor: means any person who makes or initiates, or causes another person to make or initiate, a telephone solicitation call on its own behalf or for its own benefit or on behalf of or for the benefit of a seller. See Virginia Code 59.1-510
  • Terminal condition: means a condition caused by injury, disease or illness from which, to a reasonable degree of medical probability a patient cannot recover and (i) the patient's death is imminent or (ii) the patient is in a persistent vegetative state. See Virginia Code 54.1-2982
  • Terminal condition: means a condition caused by injury, disease, or illness from which, to a reasonable degree of medical probability, a patient cannot recover and (i) the patient's death is imminent or (ii) the patient is in a persistent vegetative state. See Virginia Code 54.1-3442.1
  • terminated employee: shall mean an employee who is involuntarily separated from employment with the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 2.2-3200
  • Termination: means the ending of a contract by a party pursuant to a power created by agreement or law otherwise than because of breach of contract. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Theater: means any indoor facility or auditorium, open to the public, which is primarily used or designed for the purpose of exhibiting any motion picture, stage production, musical recital, dance, lecture, or other similar performance. See Virginia Code 15.2-2820
  • Third-party logistics provider: means a person that provides or coordinates warehousing of or other logistics services for a drug or device in interstate commerce on behalf of a manufacturer, wholesale distributor, or dispenser of the drug or device but does not take ownership of the product or have responsibility for directing the sale or disposition of the product. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Third-party standard: means a recognized standard for defining, reporting, and assessing corporate social and environmental performance that:

    1. See Virginia Code 13.1-782

  • Threatened species: means any species determined by the Board to be likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its native range. See Virginia Code 3.2-1000
  • Tier-city: means an incorporated community within a consolidated county that (i) has within defined boundaries a population of 5,000 or more, (ii) has been designated as a tier-city by the General Assembly, and (iii) has both the powers of a town and such additional powers as may be granted tier-cities by the General Assembly. See Virginia Code 1-252
  • Time of disaster: means the shorter of (i) the period of time when a state of emergency declared by the Governor or the President of the United States as the result of a disaster, emergency, or major disaster, as those terms are used and defined in § 44-146. See Virginia Code 59.1-526
  • Tobacco Assets: means all right, title, and interest in and to the portion of the Foundation Allocation that may be sold to the Corporation from time to time. See Virginia Code 32.1-354
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Town: means any existing town or an incorporated community within one or more counties which became a town before noon, July 1, 1971, as provided by law or which has within defined boundaries a population of 1,000 or more and which has become a town as provided by law. See Virginia Code 1-254
  • Town: means any existing town or an incorporated community within one or more counties which became a town before noon, July one, nineteen hundred seventy-one, as provided by law or which has within defined boundaries a population of 1,000 or more and which has become a town as provided by law. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • TPA-certified optometrist: means an optometrist who is licensed under this chapter and who has successfully completed the requirements for TPA certification established by the Board pursuant to Article 5 (§ Source: OCC
  • United States: includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands and the United States Virgin Islands. See Virginia Code 1-255
  • Usage of trade: means any practice or method of dealing that has such regularity of observance in a place, vocation, or trade as to justify an expectation that it will be observed with respect to the transaction in question. See Virginia Code 59.1-501.2
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • USP-NF: means the current edition of the United States Pharmacopeia-National Formulary. See Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • VEES: means the Virginia Energy Conservation and Environmental Standards developed by the Department considering the U. See Virginia Code 2.2-1182
  • Vehicle: means any vehicle owned or operated by, or owned or operated by any person under contract with, a county, city, town or school board in which any school pupils or personnel are transported at public expense to or from any public school. See Virginia Code 22.1-188
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Virginia Administrative Code: means the codified publication of regulations under the provisions of Chapter 15 (§ 30-145 et seq. See Virginia Code 2.2-4101
  • Virginia Register of Regulations: means the publication issued under the provisions of Article 6 (§ Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Water: includes all waters, on the surface and under the ground, wholly or partially within or bordering the Commonwealth or within its jurisdiction and which affect the public welfare. See Virginia Code 62.1-10
  • waters of the Commonwealth: as used in this chapter shall mean: (a) Any stream or that portion of any stream in this Commonwealth which prior to June 21, 1932, has been declared navigable by any unrepealed statute of this Commonwealth, or (b) any stream or that portion of any stream in this Commonwealth, the bed of which is owned by the Commonwealth, or (c) those parts of streams or other bodies of water in this Commonwealth which either in their natural or improved condition, notwithstanding interruptions between the navigable parts of such streams or waters by falls, shallows, or rapids, compelling land carriage, are used or suitable for use for the transportation of persons or property in interstate or foreign commerce, including therein all such interrupting falls, shallows or rapids, and also any stream or part thereof in this Commonwealth other than those above mentioned in this subdivision in which the construction of any dam or works as authorized by this chapter would affect the interests of interstate or foreign commerce, or (d) that portion of any river or stream flowing between the high-water mark on the Virginia shore and the low-water mark when such low-water mark constitutes the boundary line between Virginia and another state. See Virginia Code 62.1-81
  • Waterworks: means a system that serves piped water for drinking or domestic use to (i) the public, (ii) at least fifteen connections or (iii) an average of twenty-five individuals for at least sixty days out of the year. See Virginia Code 62.1-233
  • Whistle blower: includes a citizen of the Commonwealth who witnesses or has evidence of wrongdoing or abuse and who makes or demonstrates by clear and convincing evidence that he is about to make a good faith report of, or testifies or is about to testify to, the wrongdoing or abuse to an appropriate authority. See Virginia Code 2.2-3010
  • Wholesale distribution: means (i) distribution of prescription drugs to persons other than consumers or patients and (ii) delivery of Schedule VI prescription devices to the ultimate user or consumer pursuant to § Virginia Code 54.1-3401
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
  • written: means any information in the form of a document. See Virginia Code 13.1-603
  • Wrongdoing: means a violation, which is not of a merely technical or minimal nature, of a federal or state law or regulation, local ordinance, or a formally adopted code of conduct or ethics of a professional organization designed to protect the interests of the public or employee. See Virginia Code 2.2-3010