§ 54.1-4400 Definitions
§ 54.1-4401 Applicability of chapter
§ 54.1-4402 Board; membership; qualifications; powers and duties
§ 54.1-4403 General powers and duties of the Board
§ 54.1-4404 Board to employ Executive Director; legal counsel
§ 54.1-4405 Board of Accountancy Fund; receipts; disbursements
§ 54.1-4405.1 Board of Accountancy Trust Account; creation; expenditures; excess moneys
§ 54.1-4406 Powers and duties of the Executive Director
§ 54.1-4407 Enforcement of laws by the Executive Director or investigators; authority of investigators appointed by the Executive Director
§ 54.1-4408 Subpoenas
§ 54.1-4409.1 Licensing requirements for persons
§ 54.1-4409.2 How a person may obtain a Virginia license
§ 54.1-4411 Substantial equivalency provisions for persons who hold the license of another state
§ 54.1-4412.1 Licensing requirements for firms
§ 54.1-4413.2 Issuance, renewal, and reinstatement of licenses and lifting the suspension of privileges
§ 54.1-4413.3 Standards of conduct and practice
§ 54.1-4413.4 Penalties
§ 54.1-4413.5 Confidential consent agreements
§ 54.1-4414 Prohibited acts
§ 54.1-4415 Exemptions from unlawful acts
§ 54.1-4416 Board’s powers with respect to hearings under this chapter
§ 54.1-4418 Recovery of cost after grant of formal fact-finding
§ 54.1-4420 Annual audit
§ 54.1-4421 Biennial report
§ 54.1-4423 Use of consultants in investigations
§ 54.1-4424 Certain information not to be made public
§ 54.1-4425 Time for filing complaints against CPAs or CPA firms

Terms Used In Virginia Code > Title 54.1 > Subtitle VI > Chapter 44 - Public Accountants

  • Assurance: means any form of expressed or implied opinion or conclusion about the conformity of a financial statement with any recognition, measurement, presentation, or disclosure principles for financial statements. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400
  • Attest services: means audit, review, or other attest services for which standards have been established by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, by the Auditing Standards Board or the Accounting and Review Services Committee of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, or by any successor standard-setting authorities. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400
  • Board: means the Virginia Board of Accountancy. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400
  • City: means an independent incorporated community which became a city as provided by law before noon on July 1, 1971, or which has within defined boundaries a population of 5,000 or more and which has become a city as provided by law. See Virginia Code 1-208
  • Compilation services: means compiling financial statements in accordance with standards established by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants or by any successor standard-setting authorities. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuing professional education: means the education that a person obtains after passing the CPA examination and that relates to services provided to or on behalf of an employer in academia, government, or industry or to services provided to the public. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Courts of record: means the Supreme Court of Virginia, the Court of Appeals of Virginia, and the circuit courts. See Virginia Code 1-212
  • CPA: means certified public accountant. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400
  • CPA examination: means the national uniform CPA examination approved and administered by the board of accountancy of a state or by the board's designee. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400
  • CPA wall certificate: means the symbolic document suitable for wall display that is issued by the board of accountancy of a state to a person meeting the requirements to use the CPA title in that state. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executive Director: means the Executive Director of the Board. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400
  • Experience: means employment in academia, a firm, government, or industry in any capacity involving the substantial use of accounting, financial, tax, or other skills that are relevant, as determined by the Board, to provide services to or on behalf of an employer or to the public, as verified by an active, licensed CPA. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Financial statement: means a presentation of historical or prospective financial information about one or more persons or entities. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400
  • Financial statement preparation services: means financial statement preparation services for which standards have been established by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants or by any successor standard-setting authorities. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400
  • Firm: means an entity formed by one or more licensees as a sole proprietorship, a partnership, a corporation, a limited liability company, or any other type of entity permitted by law. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • in writing: include any representation of words, letters, symbols, numbers, or figures, whether (i) printed or inscribed on a tangible medium or (ii) stored in an electronic or other medium and retrievable in a perceivable form and whether an electronic signature authorized by Chapter 42. See Virginia Code 1-257
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • License of another state: means the license that is issued by the board of accountancy of a state other than Virginia that gives a person the privilege of using the CPA title in that state or that gives a firm the privilege of providing attest services, compilation services, and financial statement preparation services to persons and entities located in that state. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400
  • Licensed: means holding a Virginia license or the license of another state. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400
  • Licensee: means a person or firm holding a Virginia license or the license of another state. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Peer review: means a review of a firm's attest services, compilation services, and financial statements preparation services that is conducted in accordance with the applicable monitoring program of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants or its successor, or with another monitoring program approved by the Board. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400
  • Person: includes any individual, corporation, partnership, association, cooperative, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, government, political subdivision, or any other legal or commercial entity and any successor, representative, agent, agency, or instrumentality thereof. See Virginia Code 1-230
  • Practice of public accounting: means the giving of an assurance other than (i) by the person or persons about whom the financial information is presented or (ii) by one or more owners, officers, employees, or members of the governing body of the entity or entities about whom the financial information is presented. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Process: includes subpoenas, the summons and complaint in a civil action, and process in statutory actions. See Virginia Code 1-237
  • Providing services to the public: means providing services that are subject to the guidance of the standard-setting authorities listed in the standards of conduct and practice in subdivisions 5 and 6 of § 54. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400
  • Sponsoring organization: means a Board-approved professional society or other organization responsible for the facilitation and administration of peer reviews through use of its peer review program and applicable peer review standards. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400
  • State: means any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, or any territory of the United States that is a recognized jurisdiction by the National Association of State Boards of Accountancy or its successor. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • sworn: means "affirm" or "affirmed. See Virginia Code 1-250
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • United States: includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands and the United States Virgin Islands. See Virginia Code 1-255
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Virginia license: means a license that is issued by the Board giving a person the privilege of using the CPA title in Virginia or a firm the privilege of providing attest services, compilation services, and financial statement preparation services to persons and entities located in Virginia. See Virginia Code 54.1-4400