61-5-1 Perjury and subornation of perjury defined
61-5-2 False swearing defined
61-5-3 Penalties for perjury, subordination of perjury, and false swearing
61-5-4 Bribery or attempted bribery; penalty
61-5-5 Demanding or receiving bribes; penalty
61-5-6 Receiving bribe by officer in delay of service of process; penalty
61-5-7 Bribery of commissioner of court, Auditor, justice of the peace, arbitrator, umpire, juror, or other county official, either elected or appointed; penalty
61-5-8 Aiding escape and other offenses relating to adults and juveniles in custody or confinement; penalties
61-5-9 Permitting escape; refusal of custody of prisoner; penalties
61-5-10 Persons in custody of institutions or officers
61-5-11 Escapes and aiding in escapes; terms of confinement in addition to previous sentence
61-5-12 Escapes from, and other offenses relating to, state benevolent and correctional institution, or private prison or mental health facilities; penalties
61-5-12a Escape from custody of the commissioner of corrections
61-5-12b Escape from custody of the Director of Juvenile Services
61-5-13 Refusal of officer to make, or delay in making, arrest; penalty
61-5-14 Refusal of person to aid officer; penalty
61-5-15 Refusal of person to execute order of arrest by justice; penalty
61-5-16 Refusal of officer to execute act or process of Legislature or order of Governor; penalty
61-5-17 Obstructing officer; fleeing from officer; making false statements to officer; interfering with emergency communications; penalties; definitions
61-5-18 Officer not liable for act done under statute or executive order afterward declared unconstitutional
61-5-19 Compounding offenses and misprision; penalties
61-5-20 Exacting excessive fees; penalty
61-5-21 Issuing fraudulent fee bills; penalty
61-5-22 Alteration, concealment or destruction of public record by officer; penalty
61-5-23 Larceny, concealment or destruction of public record by person not officer; penalty
61-5-24 Corrupt summoning of jurors to find biased verdict; penalty
61-5-25 Procuring the summoning of biased juror by party other than officer; penalty
61-5-25a Discrimination against employee summoned for jury duty; penalty
61-5-26 Contempt of court; what constitutes contempt; jury trial; presence of defendant
61-5-27 Intimidation of and retaliation against public officers and employees, jurors, and witnesses; fraudulent official proceedings and legal processes against public officials and employees; penalties
61-5-27a Fraudulent official proceedings; causing a public employee or official to file a fraudulent legal process; impersonation of a public official, employee or tribunal; penalties
61-5-28 Failure to perform official duties; penalty
61-5-29 Failure to meet an obligation to pay support to a minor; penalties

Terms Used In West Virginia Code > Chapter 61 > Article 5

  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • judgment: includes decrees and orders for the payment of money or the conveyance or delivery of land or personal property, or some interest therein, or any undertaking, bond or recognizance which has the legal effect of a judgment. See West Virginia Code 2-2-10
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • oath: shall be deemed to include an affirmation and the word "swear" or "sworn" to be complied with if the person referred to make solemn affirmation. See West Virginia Code 2-2-7
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • offense: includes every act or omission for which a fine, forfeiture or punishment is imposed by law. See West Virginia Code 2-2-10
  • personal property: include goods, chattels, real and personal, money, credits, investments and the evidences thereof. See West Virginia Code 2-2-10
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • state: when applied to a part of the United States and not restricted by the context, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories, and the words "United States" also include the said district and territories. See West Virginia Code 2-2-10
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • whoever: includes corporations, societies, associations and partnerships, and other similar legal business organizations authorized by the Legislature, if not restricted by the context. See West Virginia Code 2-2-10
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.