Terms Used In Wisconsin Statutes 341.45
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- Following: when used by way of reference to any statute section, means the section next following that in which the reference is made. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
- Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
- Highway: includes all public ways and thoroughfares and all bridges upon the same. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Person: includes all partnerships, associations and bodies politic or corporate. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
- Promulgate: when used in connection with a rule, as defined under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
- Property: includes real and personal property. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
- Qualified: when applied to any person elected or appointed to office, means that such person has done those things which the person was by law required to do before entering upon the duties of the person's office. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
- State: when applied to states of the United States, includes the District of Columbia, the commonwealth of Puerto Rico and the several territories organized by Congress. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
- Year: means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed; "year" alone means "year of our Lord". See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
(1) In this section:
(a) “Alternate fuels” has the meaning given in s. 78.39 (1).
(ag) “Motor vehicle fuel” has the meaning given in s. 78.005 (13).
(am) “Qualified motor vehicle” means a qualified motor vehicle as defined in the international fuel tax agreement or any of the following motor vehicles used, designed or maintained for the transportation of persons or property:
1. A motor vehicle having 2 axles and a gross vehicle weight exceeding 26,000 pounds.
2. A motor vehicle having 2 axles and registered at a gross vehicle weight exceeding 26,000 pounds.
3. A motor vehicle having 3 or more axles, regardless of weight.
4. A motor vehicle used in combination with another vehicle when the combined registered weight or gross vehicle weight of the combination exceeds 26,000 pounds.
(a) Except as provided in subs. (3) and (4g), every person who purchases or obtains motor vehicle fuel or an alternate fuel outside of this state and operates any qualified motor vehicle into this state upon a highway and transports that fuel in an attached or unattached fuel supply tank for the sole purpose of operating the qualified motor vehicle shall pay the Wisconsin motor vehicle fuel or alternate fuels tax and the oil inspection fee under s. 168.12 on the gallons consumed by the qualified motor vehicle while operated on the highways of this state. The person shall pay the tax and fee by purchasing motor vehicle fuel or alternate fuels within this state in an amount that is equivalent to the gallonage consumed while operating the qualified motor vehicle on the highways of this state, or by remitting the tax and fee directly to the department or to another jurisdiction that is a party to the international fuel tax agreement.
(b) The department may require any person required to pay under par. (a) to report on forms prescribed by it, to display evidence of compliance with par. (a) and to pay taxes and the fee in the manner specified by the department.
(c) The department shall require any person convicted of evading the tax or fee due under par. (a) to report on forms and in the manner prescribed by the department.
(2) Every person regularly or habitually operating qualified motor vehicles upon the highways of any other state and using in those qualified motor vehicles motor vehicle fuel or an alternate fuel purchased or obtained in this state shall be allowed a credit or refund equal to the oil inspection fee and the tax on the motor vehicle fuel or alternate fuel actually paid to the state in which it is used, but not to exceed the tax and fee imposed on motor vehicle fuel or alternate fuels by this state.
(3) The department may enter into reciprocal agreements with the appropriate officials of any other state under which it may waive all or any part of the requirements imposed by this section upon those who use motor vehicle fuel or alternate fuels upon which the tax and fee have been paid to another state if the officials of the other state grant equivalent privileges with respect to motor vehicle fuel or alternate fuels used in that state but upon which the tax and fee have been paid to Wisconsin.
(4) The secretary may ratify and effectuate the international fuel tax agreement or other fuel tax agreement.
(4g) The department may issue trip permits for 72-hour periods to persons who would otherwise be required to pay the Wisconsin motor vehicle fuel or alternate fuels tax under sub. (1g). The department shall charge a fee of not less than $15 for each permit issued under this subsection. A person who has obtained a permit under this subsection is exempt from the purchasing requirement of sub. (1g) (a).
(4m) All oil inspection fees paid to the department of transportation under sub. (1g) (a) in excess of oil inspection fee credits or refunds under sub. (2) shall be deposited in the petroleum inspection fund. All oil inspection fees credited or refunded by the department of transportation under sub. (2) in excess of oil inspection fees paid to the department of transportation under sub. (1g) (a) shall be paid from the petroleum inspection fund.
(5) The department shall promulgate rules under ch. 227 necessary to administer this section. The rules shall include provisions relating to the issuance and use of the permits authorized under sub. (4g). The rules may include provisions relating to the payment of interest on late payments of motor vehicle fuel and alternate fuels taxes and oil inspection fees, and fees for the late payment or underpayment of motor vehicle fuel and alternate fuels taxes and oil inspection fees.
(5g) The department may issue and require the display of a decal or other identification to indicate compliance with sub. (1g). The department may charge a fee to cover the cost of issuing the decal or other identification.
(5m) The department may suspend or refuse any registration, certificate or permit issued under the authority of the department of a person who fails to report under sub. (1g) (b) when required to do so or who fails to pay in full the taxes under sub. (1g) (a) as specified by the department. A registration, certificate or permit suspended or refused under this subsection shall remain suspended or refused until the reason for the suspension or refusal has been removed.
(a) Any person who uses a false or fictitious name or gives a false or fictitious address in any application or form required by this section or otherwise commits a fraud in any application, record, report or claim for refund under this section may be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned not more than 6 months or both.
(b) Any person who fails or refuses to make a report or payment as provided in this section may be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned in the county jail for not more than one year or both.
(c) A person who fails to display the decal or other identification under sub. (5g) as prescribed by the department may be required to forfeit not more than $500.
(d) Whenever a person is convicted of evading the tax required to be paid under sub. (1g), the clerk of the court shall, as provided in s. 345.48 for traffic violations, forward to the department the record of conviction and notice of any appeal.