Subpart A General Requirements
Subpart B Specific Requirements

Terms Used In 33 CFR Part 117

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Alewife: means Alosa pseudoharengus. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Alosa aestivalis:

    Bluefish means Pomotomus saltatrix. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Alosa mediocris:

    Hook gear means fishing gear that is comprised of a hook or hooks attached to a line and includes, but is not limited to, longline, setline, jigs, troll line, rod and reel, and line trawl. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Alosa pseudoharengus:

    American lobster or lobster means Homarus americanus. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Alosa sapidissima:

    Annual catch entitlement (ACE), with respect to the NE multispecies fishery, means the share of the annual catch limit (ACL) for each NE multispecies stock that is allocated to an individual sector or state-operated permit bank based upon the cumulative fishing history attached to each permit participating in that sector or held by a state-operated permit bank in a given year. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • American Samoa FEP: means the Fishery Ecosystem Plan for American Samoa, available from the Western Pacific Fishery Management Council or PIRO. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • American shad: means Alosa sapidissima. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Archival tag: means a device that is implanted or affixed to a fish to electronically record scientific information about the migratory behavior of that fish. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Arctica islandica:

    Offload or offloading means to begin to remove, to remove, to pass over the rail, or otherwise take away fish from any vessel. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Atlantic: means the North Atlantic, Mid-Atlantic, and South Atlantic. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Atlantic Chub Mackerel Management Unit: means an area of the Atlantic Ocean in which the United States exercises exclusive jurisdiction over all Atlantic chub mackerel fished for, possessed, caught, or retained in or from that is bounded on the west and north by the coastline of the United States. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Atlantic croaker: means Micropogonias undulatus. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Atlantic hagfish: means Myxine glutinosa. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Atlantic herring: means Clupea harengus. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Atlantic herring carrier: means a fishing vessel that may receive and transport herring caught by another fishing vessel, provided the vessel has been issued a herring permit, does not have any gear on board capable of catching or processing herring, and that has on board a letter of authorization from the Regional Administrator to transport herring caught by another fishing vessel or has declared an Atlantic herring carrier trip via VMS consistent with the requirements at §648. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Atlantic HMS: means Atlantic tunas, billfish, sharks, and swordfish. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Atlantic mackerel: means Scomber scombrus. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Atlantic salmon: means Salmo salar. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Atlantic shark identification workshop certificate: means the document issued by NMFS, or its designee, indicating that the person named on the certificate has successfully completed the Atlantic shark identification workshop. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Automatic reel: means a reel that remains attached to a vessel when in use from which a line and attached hook(s) are deployed. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bandit gear: means a rod and reel that remain attached to a vessel when in use from which a line and attached hook(s) are deployed. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • BAYS: means Atlantic bigeye, albacore, yellowfin, and skipjack tunas as defined in §600. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Beam trawl: means gear, consisting of a twine bag attached to a beam attached to a towing wire, designed so that the beam does not contact the bottom. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Biomass: means the estimated amount, by weight, of a coastal pelagic species population. See 50 CFR 660.502
  • Black sea bass: means Centropristis striata. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Black Sea Bass Monitoring Committee: means a committee made up of staff representatives of the Mid-Atlantic, New England, and South Atlantic Fishery Management Councils, the Northeast Regional Office of NMFS, the Northeast Fisheries Science Center, and Commission representatives. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Blueback herring: means Alosa aestivalis. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Bluefish: means Pomotomus saltatrix. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Bluefish Monitoring Committee: means a committee made up of staff representatives of the Mid-Atlantic Fishery Management Council, the New England Fishery Management Council, and South Atlantic Fishery Management Council, the NMFS Northeast Regional Office, the NMFS Northeast Fisheries Science Center, and the Commission. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Blueline tilefish: means Caulolatilus microps. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Bonito: means Sarda sarda. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Bottom longline: means a longline that is deployed with enough weights and/or anchors to maintain contact with the ocean bottom. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • bottom-tending gillnet: means any gillnet, anchored or otherwise, that is designed to be, or is fished on or near, the bottom in the lower third of the water column. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Brevoortia tyrannus:

    Mid-Atlantic forage species means the following species and species groups:

    (1) Anchovies (family Engraulidae), including but not limited to the following species:

    (i) Striped anchovy-Anchoa hepsetus. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Brush-sweep trawl gear: means trawl gear consisting of alternating roller discs and bristle brushes that are strung along cables, chains, or footropes, and aligned together to form the sweep of the trawl net, designed to allow the trawl sweep to maintain contact with the ocean floor, or any modification to trawl gear that is substantially similar in design or effect. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • BSD tag: means a numbered tag affixed to a BFT issued by any country in conjunction with a catch statistics information program and recorded on a BSD. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Bully net: means a circular frame attached at right angles to the end of a pole and supporting a conical bag of webbing. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Buoy gear: means fishing gear that fishes vertically in the water column that consists of a single drop line suspended from a float, from which no more than 10 hooks can be connected between the buoy and the terminal end, and the terminal end contains a weight that is no more than 10 lb (4. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Buoy gear: means a fishing gear consisting of one or more floatation devices supporting a single mainline to which no more than two hooks or gangions are attached. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • butterfish: means Peprilus triacanthus. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Cage: means a container with a standard unit of volumetric measurement containing 60 ft3 (1,700 L). See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Carapace length: means the measurement of the carapace (head, body, or front section) of a spiny lobster from the anteriormost edge (front) of the groove between the horns directly above the eyes, along the middorsal line (middle of the back), to the rear edge of the top part of the carapace, excluding any translucent membrane. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Caribbean: means the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean seaward of Puerto Rico, the U. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Caribbean coral reef resource: means one or more of the species, or a part thereof, listed in Table 1 in Appendix A of this part, whether living or dead. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Caribbean reef fish: means one or more of the species, or a part thereof, listed in Table 2 in Appendix A of this part. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Caudal keel: means the horizontal ridges along each side of a fish at the base of the tail fin. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Centropristis striata:

    Black Sea Bass Monitoring Committee means a committee made up of staff representatives of the Mid-Atlantic, New England, and South Atlantic Fishery Management Councils, the Northeast Regional Office of NMFS, the Northeast Fisheries Science Center, and Commission representatives. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charleston Bump closed area: means the Atlantic Ocean area seaward of the inner boundary of the U. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Charter vessel: means a vessel less than 100 gross tons (90. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Circle hook: means a fishing hook originally designed and manufactured so that the point is turned perpendicularly back to the shank to form a generally circular, or oval, shape. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Circle hook: means a fishing hook with the point turned perpendicularly back towards the shank. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • Coastal migratory pelagic fish: means a whole fish, or a part thereof, of one or more of the following species:

    (1) Cobia, Rachycentron canadum. See 50 CFR 622.2

  • Combination vessel: means a vessel that has fished in any one calendar year with scallop dredge gear and otter trawl gear during the period 1988 through 1990, and that is eligible for an allocation of individual DAS under the NE Multispecies FMP and has applied for or been issued a limited access scallop permit. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Commercial fishing: means fishing with troll fishing gear as defined annually under §660. See 50 CFR 660.402
  • Commercial fishing: means fishing in which the fish harvested, either in whole or in part, are intended to enter commerce or enter commerce through sale, barter, or trade. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • Commission: means the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Comparable capacity: means gross tonnage plus 10 percent of the vessel's calculated gross tonnage. See 50 CFR 660.502
  • Conger oceanicus:

    Council means the New England Fishery Management Council (NEFMC) for the Atlantic herring, Atlantic sea scallop, Atlantic deep-sea red crab, NE multispecies, monkfish, and NE skate fisheries. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Convention: means the International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas, signed at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, on May 14, 1966, 20 U. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Conventional tag: means a numbered, flexible ribbon that is implanted or affixed to a fish that is released back into the ocean that allows for the identification of that fish in the event it is recaptured. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Council: means the Pacific Fishery Management Council. See 50 CFR 660.402
  • Council: means the Pacific Fishery Management Council, including its CPSMT, AP, Scientific and Statistical Committee (SSC), and any other committee established by the Council. See 50 CFR 660.502
  • Council: means the New England Fishery Management Council (NEFMC) for the Atlantic herring, Atlantic sea scallop, Atlantic deep-sea red crab, NE multispecies, monkfish, and NE skate fisheries. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Council: means the Western Pacific Fishery Management Council. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • Cunner: means Tautogolabrus adspersus. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Customary exchange: means the non-market exchange of marine resources between fishermen and community residents, including family and friends of community residents, for goods, and/or services for cultural, social, or religious reasons. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • Cynoscion regalis:

    Whiting means Merluccius bilinearis. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Dead coral: means any precious coral that no longer has any live coral polyps or tissue. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • Dealer: means any person who receives, for a commercial purpose (other than solely for transport on land), from the owner or operator of a vessel issued a valid permit under this part, any species of fish, the harvest of which is managed by this part, unless otherwise exempted in this part. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Dealer tag: means the numbered, flexible, self-locking ribbon issued by NMFS for the identification of BFT sold to a permitted dealer as required under §635. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Dehooking device: means a device intended to remove a hook embedded in a fish in order to release the fish with minimum damage. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Display permit: means a permit issued in order to catch and land HMS for the purpose of public display pursuant to §635. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Division Chief: means the Chief, Highly Migratory Species Management Division, NMFS (F/SF1), 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD, 20910. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Dolphin: means a whole fish, or a part there of, of the species Coryphaena equiselis or C. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Downrigger: means a piece of equipment attached to a vessel and with a weight on a cable that is in turn attached to hook-and-line gear to maintain lures or bait at depth while trolling. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Drift gillnet: means a gillnet that is floating unattached to the ocean bottom and not anchored, secured, or weighted to the ocean bottom. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • East Florida Coast closed area: means the Atlantic Ocean area seaward of the inner boundary of the U. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • EFP: means an experimental fishing permit. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • EFP: means an exempted fishing permit issued pursuant to §600. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Electronic monitoring: means a network of equipment that uses a software operating system connected to one or more technology components, including, but not limited to, cameras and recording devices to collect data on catch and vessel operations. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Eviscerated: means a fish that has only the alimentary organs removed. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Facility: means all or any portion of buildings, structures, equipment, roads, walks, parking lots, rolling stock or other conveyances, or other real or personal property. See 5 CFR 1636.103
  • Finfish: means northern anchovy, Pacific mackerel, Pacific sardine, and jack mackerel. See 50 CFR 660.502
  • Finlet: means one of the small individual fins on a tuna located behind the second dorsal and anal fins and forward of the tail fin. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • First receive: means to take possession for commercial purposes of any fish or any part thereof by purchasing, trading or bartering for it from the fishing vessel owner or operator once it is offloaded, where the vessel has been issued, or should have been issued, a valid permit under this part. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fishery management area: means the EEZ off the coasts of Washington, Oregon, and California, bounded on the north by the Provisional International Boundary between the United States and Canada, and bounded on the south by the International Boundary between the United States and Mexico. See 50 CFR 660.402
  • Fishery Management Area: means the EEZ off the coasts of Washington, Oregon, and California between 3 and 200 nautical miles offshore, bounded in the north by the Provisional International Boundary between the United States and Canada, and bounded in the south by the International Boundary between the United States and Mexico. See 50 CFR 660.502
  • fishing commercially: means fishing that is intended to, or results in, the barter, trade, transfer, or sale of fish. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Fishing record: means all records of navigation and operations of a fishing vessel, as well as all records of catching, harvesting, transporting, landing, purchasing, or selling a fish. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Fishing trip: means a period of time between landings when fishing is conducted. See 50 CFR 660.502
  • Fishing trip: means a period of time during which fishing is conducted, beginning when the vessel leaves port and ending when the vessel lands fish. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • Fishing vessel: means any vessel engaged in fishing, processing, or transporting fish loaded on the high seas, or any vessel outfitted for such activities. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Fishing year: means the year beginning at 0001 local time on January 1 and ending at 2400 local time on December 31, with the exception of fishing for Deep 7 bottomfish and any precious coral MUS. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • Fishing year: means January 1 through December 31. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Flatfish gillnets: means gillnets that are either constructed with no floats on the float line, or that are constructed with floats on the float line and that have tie-down twine between the float line and the lead line not more than 48 inches (18. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Floatation device: means any positively buoyant object rigged to be attached to a fishing gear. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Floatline: means a line attached to a buoyant object that is used to support the mainline of a longline at a specific target depth. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Florida Swordfish Management Area: means the Atlantic Ocean area shoreward of the outer boundary of the U. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • FMP: means fishery management plan. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • For-hire trip: means a recreational fishing trip taken by a vessel with an Atlantic HMS Charter/Headboat permit during which paying passenger(s) are aboard. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fork length: means the straight-line distance from the tip of the head (snout) to the rear center edge of the tail (caudal fin). See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Fourspot flounder: means Paralichthys oblongus. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freeboard: means the straight line vertical distance between a vessel's working deck and the sea surface. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • Freezer trolling vessel: means a fishing vessel, equipped with troll fishing gear, that has a present capability for:

    (1) On board freezing of the catch. See 50 CFR 660.402

  • Gangion: means a line that serves to attach a hook, suspended at a specific target depth, to the mainline of a longline. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Gillnet gear capable of catching multispecies: means all gillnet gear except pelagic gillnet gear specified at §648. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Golden crab: means the species Chaceon fenneri, or a part thereof. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Golden crab trap: means any trap used or possessed in association with a directed fishery for golden crab in the South Atlantic EEZ, including any trap that contains a golden crab in or from the South Atlantic EEZ or any trap on board a vessel that possesses golden crab in or from the South Atlantic EEZ. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Golden tilefish: means Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Green-stick gear: means an actively trolled mainline attached to a vessel and elevated or suspended above the surface of the water with no more than 10 hooks or gangions attached to the mainline. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Gulf: means the Gulf of Mexico. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Hagfish: means Myxine glutinosa. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Handgear: means handline, harpoon, rod and reel, bandit gear, buoy gear, or speargun gear. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Handline: means a line with attached hook(s) that is tended directly by hand. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Handline: means fishing gear that is attached to, or in contact with, a vessel. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • handline gear: means fishing gear that is released by hand and consists of one main line to which is attached no more than two leaders for a total of no more than three hooks. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Harbor porpoise: means Phocoena phocoena. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Harvest guideline: means a specified numerical harvest objective that is not a quota. See 50 CFR 660.502
  • Harvesting vessel: means a vessel involved in the attempt or actual catching, taking or harvesting of fish, or any activity that can reasonably be expected to result in the catching, taking or harvesting of fish. See 50 CFR 660.502
  • Hawaii FEP: means the Fishery Ecosystem Plan for the Hawaiian Archipelago, available from the Western Pacific Fishery Management Council or PIRO. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • Hawaiian Archipelago: means the Main and Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, including Midway Atoll. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • Headboat: means a vessel that holds a valid Certificate of Inspection (COI) issued by the USCG to carry more than six passengers for hire. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Hemitripterus americanus:

    Searobin means any species of the family Triglidae. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Hickory shad: means Alosa mediocris. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • High-flyer: means a flag, radar reflector or radio beacon transmitter, suitable for attachment to a longline to facilitate its location and retrieval. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Hook gear: means fishing gear that is comprised of a hook or hooks attached to a line and includes, but is not limited to, longline, setline, jigs, troll line, rod and reel, and line trawl. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Hook-and-line gear: means automatic reel, bandit gear, buoy gear, handline, longline, and rod and reel. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Hoop net: means a frame, circular or otherwise, supporting a shallow bag of webbing and suspended by a line and bridles. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Illex: means Illex illecebrosus (short-finned or summer squid). See 50 CFR 648.2
  • importer: means the consignee as identified on entry documentation or any authorized, equivalent electronic medium required for release of shipments, or any authorized equivalent entry documentation from the customs authority of the United States or the separate customs territory of a U. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • In transit: means non-stop progression through an area without any fishing activity occurring. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Individual with handicaps: means any person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, has a record of such an impairment, or is regarded as having such an impairment. See 5 CFR 1636.103
  • Initial harvest guideline: means a specified numerical harvest objective set at the beginning of the fishing season. See 50 CFR 660.502
  • Inshore exempted species: means the following species:

    Bay scallop--Aequipecten irradians. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • John Dory: means Zenopsis conchifera. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Krill: means all species of euphausiids that occur in the EEZ off the West Coast. See 50 CFR 660.502
  • Land: means to begin offloading fish, to offload fish, or to enter port with fish. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • landing: means to begin transfer of fish from a fishing vessel. See 50 CFR 660.402
  • Landing: means to begin transfer of fish from a fishing vessel. See 50 CFR 660.502
  • LAP: means a limited access permit issued pursuant to §635. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Layover: Informal term for a period of delay required by rule. For example, when a bill or other measure is reported from committee, it may be considered on the floor only after it "lies over" for one legislative day and after the written report has been available for two calendar days. Layover periods may be waived by unanimous consent.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Leiostomus xanthurus:

    Square mesh, with respect to the NE multispecies fishery, means mesh in which the horizontal bars of the mesh run perpendicular to the long axis of the net so when the net is placed under a strain the mesh remains open to a square-like shape. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Limited access herring vessel: means a vessel that has been issued a valid permit for any type of limited access herring vessel permit described in §648. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Limited access scallop vessel: means a vessel that has been issued a limited access full-time, part-time, or occasional scallop permit pursuant to §648. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Limited entry fishery: means the commercial fishery consisting of vessels fishing for CPS in the CPS Management Zone under limited entry permits issued under §660. See 50 CFR 660.502
  • Liner: means a piece of mesh or any other material rigged inside or outside the main or outer net or dredge that restricts the mesh or ring size or otherwise reduces escapement. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Little tunny: means Euthynnus alleteratus. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Live coral: means any precious coral that has live coral polyps or tissue. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • Live rock: means any natural, hard substrate, including dead coral or rock, to which is attached, or which supports, any living marine life form associated with coral reefs. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • Live well: means a shaded container used for holding live lobsters aboard a vessel in which aerated seawater is continuously circulated from the sea. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • lobster: means Homarus americanus. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Long gillnet: means a gillnet that has a float line that is more than 1,000 yd (914 m) in length. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Longfin squid: means Doryteuthis (Amerigo) pealeii (formerly Loligo pealeii). See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Longhorn sculpin: means Myoxocephalus octodecimspinosus. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Longline: means a line that is deployed horizontally to which gangions and hooks are attached. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Longline: means fishing gear that is set horizontally, either anchored, floating, or attached to a vessel, and that consists of a mainline or groundline with three or more leaders (gangions) and hooks, whether retrieved by hand or mechanical means. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Longline gear: means fishing gear that is or is designed to be set horizontally, either anchored, floating, or attached to a vessel, and that consists of a main or ground line with three or more gangions and hooks. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Madison-Swanson closed area: means a rectangular-shaped area in the Gulf of Mexico bounded by straight lines connecting the following coordinates in the order stated: 29°17? N. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Maine bushel: means a standard unit of volumetric measurement equal to 1. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Maine mahogany quahog zone: means the area bounded on the east by the U. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Management unit: means in this part:

    (1) For Atlantic tunas, longbill spearfish, roundscale spearfish, blue marlin, and white marlin, means all fish of these species in the Atlantic Ocean. See 50 CFR 635.2

  • Mariana Archipelago: means Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • MCSP: means a Mobile Communications Service Provider, which is an operator of a mobile communications service used to provide wireless connectivity between mobile platforms and fixed platforms, and enables location transmission and two-way message exchange between the vessel and NMFS, when using a compatible MTU. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Menhaden: means Atlantic menhaden, Brevoortia tyrannus. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Mid-Atlantic: means the Atlantic Ocean off the Atlantic coastal states from the boundary between the New England Fishery Management Council and the MAFMC, as specified in §600. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Mid-Atlantic forage species: means the following species and species groups:

    (1) Anchovies (family Engraulidae), including but not limited to the following species:

    (i) Striped anchovy-Anchoa hepsetus. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Midwater trawl gear: means trawl gear that is designed to fish for, is capable of fishing for, or is being used to fish for pelagic species, no portion of which is designed to be or is operated in contact with the bottom at any time. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Mobile gear: means trawls, beam trawls, and dredges that are designed to maneuver with that vessel. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Monkfish gillnets: means gillnet gear with mesh size no smaller than 10-inches (25. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Monkfish Monitoring Committee: means a team of scientific and technical staff appointed by the NEFMC and MAFMC to review, analyze, and recommend adjustments to the management measures. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Monkfish-only DAS: means monkfish DAS allocated to a limited access monkfish Category C, D, F, G, or H permit that are in excess of that permit's initial allocation of Northeast multispecies Category A DAS at the beginning of a fishing year. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • MTU: means a Mobile Transmitting Unit, which is a transceiver or communications device, including antennae, dedicated message terminal and display, and an input device such as a keyboard installed on a fishing vessel participating in the VMS program. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Mullet: means any species in the family Mugilidae. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Multispecies Monitoring Committee: means a team of scientific and technical staff appointed by the NEFMC to review, analyze, and recommend adjustments to the measurement measures. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Mustelis canis:

    Sorting machine, with respect to the Atlantic sea scallop fishery, means any mechanical device that automatically sorts whole scallops by shell height, size, or other physical characteristics. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Myoxocephalus octodecimspinosus:

    Longline gear means fishing gear that is or is designed to be set horizontally, either anchored, floating, or attached to a vessel, and that consists of a main or ground line with three or more gangions and hooks. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Myxine glutinosa:

    Hail Weight means a good-faith estimate in pounds (or count of individual fish, if a party or charter vessel), by species, of all species, or parts of species, such as monkfish livers, landed or discarded for each trip. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • NAFO: means Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • NAFO Convention Area: means the waters of the Northwest Atlantic Ocean north of 35°00? N. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • NAFO Regulatory Area: means the part of the NAFO Convention Area which lies beyond the 200-mile zone of the coastal states. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • NEFSC: means the Northeast Fisheries Science Center, NMFS. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Net check: refers to a visual inspection of a shark gillnet where the vessel operator transits the length of the gear and inspects it either with a spotlight or by pulling up the gear. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Non-exempt gillnet fishery: means a fishery which uses gillnet gear capable of catching multispecies. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Non-exempt species: means species of fish not included under the GOM, GB and SNE Regulated Mesh Area exempted fisheries, as specified in §648. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Northeast Distant gear restricted area: means the Atlantic Ocean area bounded by straight lines connecting the following coordinates in the order stated: 35°00? N. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Northeastern United States Pelagic Longline Monitoring Area: means the area bounded by straight lines connecting the following coordinates in the order stated: 40°00? N lat. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Northern shrimp: means Pandalus borealis. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Not available for immediate use: means that the gear is not being used for fishing and is stowed in conformance with one of the following methods:

    (1) Nets--(i) Below-deck stowage. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Observer or monitor: means any person certified by NMFS to collect operational fishing data, biological data, or economic data through direct observation and interaction with operators of commercial fishing vessels as part of NMFS' Northeast Fisheries Observer Program. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Ocean quahog: means the species Arctica islandica. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • official sunset: means the time of sunrise or sunset as determined for the date and location in The Nautical Almanac, prepared by the U. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Offload: means to remove MUS or ECS from a vessel. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • offloading: means to begin to remove, to remove, to pass over the rail, or otherwise take away fish from any vessel. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Offset circle hook: means a circle hook originally designed and manufactured so that the barbed end of the hook is displaced relative to the parallel plane of the eyed-end, or shank, of the hook when laid on its side. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • On-deck stowage: (A) The net is fan-folded (flaked) and bound around its circumference. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • On-reel stowage: (A) The net is on the net reel. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • On-reel stowage for vessels transiting the Gulf of Maine Rolling Closure Areas and the Georges Bank Seasonal Closure Area: (A) If a vessel is transiting the Gulf of Maine Rolling Closure Areas and the Georges Bank Seasonal Closure Area, not available for immediate use also means, the net is on the net reel. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Operational discards in the Atlantic herring fishery: means small amounts of fish that cannot be pumped on board and remain in the codend or seine at the end of pumping operations. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Operator: means the master, captain, or other individual on board a fishing vessel, who is in charge of that vessel's operations. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Other methods of stowage: Any other method of stowage authorized in writing by the Regional Administrator and subsequently published in the 50 CFR 648.2
  • Out of the monkfish fishery: means the period of time during which a vessel is not fishing for monkfish under the monkfish DAS program. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Out of the multispecies fishery: means the period of time during which a vessel is not fishing for regulated species under the NE multispecies DAS program. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Pair trawl or pair trawling: means to tow a single net between two vessels. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Pandalus borealis:

    Not available for immediate use means that the gear is not being used for fishing and is stowed in conformance with one of the following methods:

    (1) Nets--(i) Below-deck stowage. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Paralichthys dentatus:

    Summer Flounder Monitoring Committee means a committee made up of staff representatives of the MAFMC, NEFMC, and SAFMC, the NMFS Northeast Regional Office, the NEFSC, the Southeast Science Center, and the Commission. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Paralichthys oblongus:

    Full-processing (fully process or fully processed), with respect to the Atlantic deep-sea red crab fishery, means any activity that removes meat from any part of a red crab. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • party boat: means any vessel that carries passengers for hire to engage in recreational fishing and, with respect to multispecies, that is not fishing under a DAS. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Pectoral fin: means the fin located behind the gill cover on either side of a fish. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Pelagic hook and line gear: means handline or rod and reel gear that is designed to fish for, or that is being used to fish for, pelagic species, no portion of which is designed to be or is operated in contact with the bottom at any time. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Pelagic longline: means a longline that is suspended by floats in the water column and that is not fixed to or in contact with the ocean bottom. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Pelagic longline: means a longline that is suspended by floats in the water column and that is not fixed to or in contact with the ocean bottom. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Pelagic longline gear: means fishing gear that is not fixed, nor designed to be fixed, nor anchored to the bottom and that consists of monofilament main line (as opposed to a cable main line) to which gangions are attached. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Pelagic sargassum: means the species Sargassum natans or S. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Pelagic shark: means one of the species, or a part thereof, listed in heading C, Pelagic Sharks, of Table 1 of appendix A to this part. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Peprilus triacanthus:

    Atlantic Chub Mackerel Management Unit means an area of the Atlantic Ocean in which the United States exercises exclusive jurisdiction over all Atlantic chub mackerel fished for, possessed, caught, or retained in or from that is bounded on the west and north by the coastline of the United States. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Person who receives bluefish for commercial purposes: means any person (excluding representatives of governmental agencies) engaged in the sale, barter, or trade of bluefish received from a fisherman, or one who transports bluefish from a fisherman. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Phocoena phocoena:

    Harbor Porpoise Review Team (HPRT) means a team of scientific and technical experts appointed by the NEFMC to review, analyze, and propose harbor porpoise take mitigation alternatives. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Plugs: means artificial fishing lures made of wood or hard plastic with one or more hooks attached. See 50 CFR 660.402
  • Postmark: means independently verifiable evidence of date of mailing, such as U. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Powerhead: means any device with an explosive charge, usually attached to a speargun, spear, pole, or stick, that fires a projectile upon contact. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Processor: means a person who processes fish or fish products, or parts thereof, for commercial use or consumption. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Prohibited harvest species: means all krill species in the EEZ off the West Coast. See 50 CFR 660.502
  • Prohibited shark: means one of the species, or a part thereof, listed in heading D, Prohibited Sharks, of Table 1 of appendix A to this part. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Prohibited Species: means all species of trout and salmon (Salmonidae) and Pacific halibut (Hippoglossus stenolepis). See 50 CFR 660.502
  • Protected species: means an animal protected under the MMPA, as amended, listed under the ESA, as amended, or subject to the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, as amended. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Purchase: means the act or activity of buying, trading, or bartering, or attempting to buy, trade, or barter. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Purse seine gear: means an encircling net with floats on the top edge, weights and a purse line on the bottom edge, and associated gear, or any net designed to be, or capable of being, used in such fashion. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • queen conch: means the species, Strombus gigas, or a part thereof. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Quota: means a specified numerical harvest objective for a single species of CPS, the attainment (or expected attainment) of which causes the complete closure of the fishery for that species. See 50 CFR 660.502
  • Quota-managed species: means any species of finfish managed under this part by an annual or seasonal quota, by annual target or actual TAC, or by DAH limits. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • re-rigged: means physical alteration of the vessel or its gear in order to transform the vessel into one capable of fishing commercially for a species in the applicable fishery. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Receiving vessel: means a vessel that receives fish or fish products from a fishing vessel, and with regard to a vessel holding a permit under §665. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • Recreational fishing: means fishing with recreational fishing gear as defined annually under §660. See 50 CFR 660.402
  • Recreational fishing: means fishing that is not intended to, nor results in the barter, trade, or sale of fish. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Recreational fishing: means fishing conducted for sport or pleasure, including charter fishing. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • Red Crab Management Unit: means an area of the Atlantic Ocean from 35° 15. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Reduction fishery: means fishing for CPS for the purposes of conversion into fish flour, fish meal, fish scrap, fertilizer, fish oil, other fishery products, or byproducts for purposes other than direct human consumption. See 50 CFR 660.502
  • Regional Administrator: means the Director, Northwest Region, NMFS, or a designee. See 50 CFR 660.402
  • Regional Administrator: means the Regional Administrator, West Coast Region, NMFS,501 W. See 50 CFR 660.502
  • Regional Administrator: means the Administrator, Northeast Region, NMFS, or a designee. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Regional Administrator: means Regional Administrator, Pacific Islands Region, NMFS (see Table 1 of §600. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • Regulated fishery: means any fishery of the United States which is regulated under the Magnuson-Stevens Act. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Reporting month: means the period of time beginning at 0001 hours local time on the first day of each calendar month and ending at 2400 hours local time on the last day of each calendar month. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Reporting week: means the period of time beginning at 0001 local time on Sunday and ending at 2400 hours local time the following Saturday. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Reporting week: means the period of time beginning at 12:01 a. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Reporting week: means the period of time beginning at 0001 local time on Sunday and ending at 2400 hours local time the following Saturday. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Research LCS: means one of the species, or part thereof, listed in heading A, Large Coastal Sharks, of Table 1 of appendix A to this part, other than sandbar sharks. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Rigged hooks: means hooks that are baited, or only need to be baited, in order to be fished. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • River herring: means alewife (Alosa pseudoharengus) and blueback herring (Alosa aestivalis). See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Rockhopper and roller gear: means trawl gear configured with disks, rollers, or other similar shaped devices that are attached to the bottom belly of the trawl, contact the sea bottom, and that are designed to raise the bottom panel of the trawl off the ocean bottom so as to enable the gear to be fished on hard bottom. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Rod and reel: means a hand-held (including rod holder) fishing rod with a manually operated reel attached. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Rod and reel: means a rod and reel unit that is not attached to a vessel, or, if attached, is readily removable, from which a line and attached hook(s) are deployed. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Round wire stock: means round metal wire, typically used in the manufacturing of fishing hooks, that has not been forged, or otherwise modified or treated in any way to increase the original factory tensile strength set by the hook manufacturer. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Roundfish gillnets: means gillnets that are constructed with floats on the float line and that have no tie-down twine between the float line and the lead line. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Run-around gillnet: means a gillnet, other than a long gillnet, that, when used, encloses an area of water. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Runaround gillnet or encircling gillnet: means a rectangular net placed upright in the water column in a circular fashion with an opening equal to or less than 50 CFR 648.2
  • Salmo salar:

    Atlantic sea scallop or scallop means Placopecten magellanicus, throughout its range. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Salmon: means any anadromous species of the family Salmonidae and genus Oncorhynchus, commonly known as Pacific salmon, including, but not limited to:

    Chinook (king) salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha

    Coho (silver) salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch

    Pink (humpback) salmon, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha

    Chum (dog) salmon, Oncorhynchus keta

    Sockeye (red) salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka

    Steelhead (rainbow trout), Oncorhynchus mykiss

    Total length of salmon means the shortest distance between the tip of the snout or jaw (whichever extends furthest while the mouth is closed) and the tip of the longest lobe of the tail, without resort to any force or mutilation of the salmon other than fanning or swinging the tail. See 50 CFR 660.402

  • scallop: means Placopecten magellanicus, throughout its range. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Scallop dredge vessel: means any fishing vessel, other than a combination vessel, that uses or is equipped to use scallop dredge gear. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Scallop dredges: (i) The towing wire is detached from the scallop dredge, the towing wire is completely reeled up onto the winch, the dredge is secured, and the dredge or the winch is covered so that it is rendered unusable for fishing. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • School BFT: means a BFT measuring at least 27 inches (69 cm) and less than 47 inches (119 cm) CFL. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Scup: means Stenotomus chrysops. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Scup Monitoring Committee: means a committee made up of staff representative of the MAFMC, NEFMC, South Atlantic Fishery Management Council, the NMFS Northeast Regional Office, the NEFSC, and the Commission. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Scup pot or trap: means a pot or trap used in catching and retaining scup. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Sea raven: means Hemitripterus americanus. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Searobin: means any species of the family Triglidae. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Selective gear: means any gear used for harvesting coral that can discriminate or differentiate between type, size, quality, or characteristics of living or dead coral. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • sell: means the act or activity of transferring property for money or credit, trading, or bartering, or attempting to so transfer, trade, or barter. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Set-only trip: means a fishing trip on which any federally permitted vessel deploys gear with the intention of retrieving it on a separate trip and does not haul-back or retrieve any gear capable of catching fish on the set-only trip. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Shad: means American shad (Alosa sapidissima) and hickory shad (Alosa mediocris). See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Shark: means one of the oceanic species, or a part thereof, listed in Table 1 of Appendix A to this part. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Shark endorsement: means an authorization added to an HMS Angling, HMS Charter/Headboat, Atlantic Tunas General, or Swordfish General Commercial permit that allows for the retention of authorized Atlantic sharks consistent with all other applicable regulations in this part. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Shark research permit: means a permit issued to catch and land a limited number of sharks to maintain time series for stock assessments and for other scientific research purposes. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Shucking machine: means any mechanical device that automatically removes the meat or the adductor muscle from a scallop, surfclam, or ocean quahog shell. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Sink gillnet: means a gillnet that is designed to be or is fished on or near the ocean bottom in the lower third of the water column by means of a weight line or enough weights and/or anchors that the bottom of the gillnet sinks to, on, or near the ocean bottom. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Sink gillnet gear: All nets are covered with canvas or other similar material and lashed or otherwise securely fastened to the deck or rail, and all buoys larger than 6 inches (15. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Skate: means members of the Family Rajidae, including: Leucoraja ocellata (winter skate). See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Skate Management Unit: means an area of the Atlantic Ocean from 35°15. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Small medium BFT: means a BFT measuring at least 59 inches (150 cm) and less than 73 inches (185 cm) CFL. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Small-mesh multispecies: means the subset of Northeast multispecies that includes silver hake, offshore hake, and red hake. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Smooth dogfish: means Mustelis canis. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • South Atlantic: means the Atlantic Ocean off the Atlantic coastal states from the boundary between the MAFMC and the SAFMC, as specified in §600. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • South Atlantic swordfish or south Atlantic swordfish stock: means those swordfish occurring in the Atlantic Ocean south of 5° N. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Speargun fishing gear: means a muscle-powered speargun equipped with a trigger mechanism, a spear with a tip designed to penetrate and retain fish, and terminal gear. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Special permit: means a permit issued to allow fishing for coral reef ECS in low-use MPAs or with any gear not specifically allowed under §665. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • Spiny dogfish: means Squalus acanthias. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Spiny Dogfish Monitoring Committee: means a committee made up of staff representatives of the MAFMC, NEFMC, the NMFS Northeast Regional Office, the Northeast Fisheries Science Center, and the states, as well as two ex-officio industry members (one from each Council jurisdiction). See 50 CFR 648.2
  • spiny lobster: means the species Panulirus argus, or a part thereof. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Spisula solidissima:

    Sweep, with respect to the NE multispecies limited access fishery, means the part of a bottom trawl that, during normal use, is in contact with the sea floor along the outer edges of the lower webbing of the net. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Spot: means Leiostomus xanthurus. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Spring Gulf of Mexico Pelagic Longline Monitoring Area: means two areas within the Gulf of Mexico described here. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Squalus acanthias:

    Spiny Dogfish Monitoring Committee means a committee made up of staff representatives of the MAFMC, NEFMC, the NMFS Northeast Regional Office, the Northeast Fisheries Science Center, and the states, as well as two ex-officio industry members (one from each Council jurisdiction). See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Squid: means longfin squid (Doryteuthis (Amerigo) pealeii, formerly Loligo pealeii) or Illex illecebrosus. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • SSC: means the Scientific and Statistical Committee of the Western Pacific Fishery Management Council. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • Stab net: means a gillnet, other than a long gillnet, or trammel net whose weight line sinks to the bottom and submerges the float line. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Standard tote: means a box typically constructed of plastic, designed to hold 100 lb (45. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • State-operated permit bank: means a depository established and operated by a state through an agreement between NMFS and a state in which Federal grant funds have been used by the state to obtain Federal fishing vessel permits so that the fishing access privileges associated with those permits may be allocated to qualified persons and that meets the requirement of §648. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Steamboat Lumps closed area: means a rectangular-shaped area in the Gulf of Mexico bounded by straight lines connecting the following coordinates in the order stated: 28°14? N. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Stenotomus chrysops:

    Scup Monitoring Committee means a committee made up of staff representative of the MAFMC, NEFMC, South Atlantic Fishery Management Council, the NMFS Northeast Regional Office, the NEFSC, and the Commission. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Summer flounder: means Paralichthys dentatus. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Summer Flounder Monitoring Committee: means a committee made up of staff representatives of the MAFMC, NEFMC, and SAFMC, the NMFS Northeast Regional Office, the NEFSC, the Southeast Science Center, and the Commission. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Surfclams: means Atlantic surfclams of the species Spisula solidissima. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Swordfish: means Xiphias gladius. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Tail length: means the lengthwise measurement of the entire tail (segmented portion), not including any protruding muscle tissue, of a spiny lobster along the top middorsal line (middle of the back) to the rearmost extremity. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Tautoga onitas:

    Tied up to the dock or tying up at a dock means tied up at a dock, on a mooring, or elsewhere in a harbor. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Tautogolabrus adspersus:

    DAS flip, with respect to the NE multispecies fishery, means ending fishing under a Regular B DAS and beginning fishing under a Category A DAS. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tilefish: means golden tilefish and blueline tilefish, collectively, unless otherwise noted. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Tilefish FMP Monitoring Committee: means a committee made up of staff representatives of the MAFMC, the NMFS Greater Atlantic Regional Fisheries Office, the Northeast Fisheries Science Center, up to three state representatives (the New England states having one representative and the Mid-Atlantic states having a maximum of two representatives) and one non-voting industry member. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Tilefish Management Unit: means an area of the Atlantic Ocean from the latitude of the VA and NC border (36°33. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • to shuck: means opening or to open a scallop, surfclam, or ocean quahog and removing the meat or the adductor muscle from the shell. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Totally lost: means that the vessel being replaced no longer exists in specie, or is absolutely and irretrievably sunk or otherwise beyond the possible control of the owner, or the costs of repair (including recovery) would exceed the repaired value of the vessel. See 50 CFR 660.502
  • Tournament: means any fishing competition involving Atlantic HMS in which participants must register or otherwise enter or in which a prize or award is offered for catching or landing such fish. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Tournament operator: means a person or entity responsible for maintaining records of participants and results used for awarding tournament points or prizes, regardless of whether fish are retained. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Trammel net: means two or more panels of netting, suspended vertically in the water by a common float line and a common weight line, with one panel having a larger mesh size than the other(s), to entrap fish in a pocket of netting. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Transfer: means to begin to remove, to remove, to pass over the rail, or to otherwise take away fish from any vessel and move them to another vessel. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Transferee: means a vessel owner who receives permanently transferred NE multispecies DAS and potentially other permits from another vessel through the DAS Transfer Program specified at §648. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Transferor: means a vessel owner who permanently transfers NE multispecies DAS and potentially other permits to another vessel through the DAS Transfer Program specified at §648. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Transiting: means progressing through an area without any fishing activity occurring. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Transship: means to offload or otherwise transfer MUS or ECS or products thereof to a receiving vessel. See 50 CFR 665.12
  • Trawl: means gear consisting of a net that is towed, including but not limited to beam trawls, pair trawls, otter trawls, and Danish and Scottish seine gear. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Trawl sweep: means the total length of the footrope on a trawl net that is directly attached to the webbing of a net. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • trip: means a period of time during which fishing is conducted, beginning when the vessel leaves port and ending when the vessel returns to port. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Trip: means a fishing trip, regardless of number of days duration, that begins with departure from a dock, berth, beach, seawall, or ramp and that terminates with return to a dock, berth, beach, seawall, or ramp. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Trip Identifier: means the complete serial number of the vessel logbook page completed for that trip. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Trip limit: means the total allowable amount of a CPS species by weight or by percentage of weight of fish on board the vessel that may be taken and retained, possessed, or landed from a single fishing trip by a vessel that harvests CPS. See 50 CFR 660.502
  • Trip limit: means the total allowable take from a single trip as defined in §600. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Tuna or tuna-like: means the Scombriformes (with the exception of families Trichiuridae and Gempylidae and the genus Scomber) and such other species of fishes that are regulated by ICCAT in the Atlantic Ocean. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • tying up at a dock: means tied up at a dock, on a mooring, or elsewhere in a harbor. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Under construction: means that the keel had been laid or the vessel was under written agreement for construction or the vessel was under written contract for purchase. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Vessel length: means the length specified on the USCG documentation for a vessel or on the state registration for a vessel not required to be documented under title 46 U. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • VMS unit: means a device installed on board a vessel used for vessel monitoring and transmitting the vessel's position as required by this part. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Wahoo: means the species Acanthocybium solandri, or a part thereof, in the Atlantic. See 50 CFR 622.2
  • Weakfish: means Cynoscion regalis. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Weighout slip: means a document provided to the owner or operator of the vessel by a person who weighs fish or parts thereof that are landed from a fishing vessel. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Whiting: means Merluccius bilinearis. See 50 CFR 648.2
  • Xiphias gladius:

    Target total allowable catch (TAC) means the annual domestic harvest targets for regulated species. See 50 CFR 648.2

  • Young school BFT: means an Atlantic BFT measuring less than 27 inches (69 cm) CFL. See 50 CFR 635.2
  • Zenopsis conchifera:

    JVPt, with respect to the Atlantic herring fishery, means the specification of the total amount of herring available for joint venture processing by foreign vessels in the EEZ and state waters. See 50 CFR 648.2