The Secretary may transfer the responsibility and authority for management of specified housing (as such term is defined in subsection (h)) from a public housing agency to an eligible management entity, in accordance with the requirements of this section, if–
(1) a request for transfer of management of such housing is made and approved in accordance with subsection (b); and
(2) the Secretary or the public housing agency, as appropriate pursuant to subsection (b), determines that–
(A) due to the mismanagement of the agency, such housing has deferred maintenance, physical deterioration, or obsolescence of major systems and other deficiencies in the physical plant of the project;
(B) such housing is located in an area such that the housing is subject to recurrent vandalism and criminal activity (including drug-related criminal activity); and
(C) the residents can demonstrate that the elements of distress for such housing specified in subparagraphs (A) and (B) can be remedied by an entity or entities, identified by the residents, that has or have a demonstrated capacity to manage, with reasonable expenses for modernization.
(b) Request for transfer
Terms Used In 42 USC 1437w
- association: when used in reference to a corporation, shall be deemed to embrace the words "successors and assigns of such company or association" in like manner as if these last-named words, or words of similar import, were expressed. See 1 USC 5
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- families: includes families consisting of a single person in the case of (i) an elderly person, (ii) a disabled person, (iii) a displaced person, (iv) the remaining member of a tenant family, (v) a youth described in section 1437f(x)(2)(B) of this title, and (vi) any other single persons. See 42 USC 1437a
- individual: shall include every infant member of the species homo sapiens who is born alive at any stage of development. See 1 USC 8
- low-income housing: means decent, safe, and sanitary dwellings assisted under this chapter. See 42 USC 1437a
- project: means (A) housing developed, acquired, or assisted by a public housing agency under this chapter, and (B) the improvement of any such housing. See 42 USC 1437a
- public housing: includes dwelling units in a mixed finance project that are assisted by a public housing agency with capital or operating assistance. See 42 USC 1437a
- public housing agency: means any State, county, municipality, or other governmental entity or public body (or agency or instrumentality thereof) which is authorized to engage in or assist in the development or operation of public housing, or a consortium of such entities or bodies as approved by the Secretary. See 42 USC 1437a
- public housing agency plan: means the plan of a public housing agency prepared in accordance with section 1437c-1 of this title. See 42 USC 1437a
- Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
- Secretary: means the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. See 42 USC 1437a
- State: includes the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the territories and possessions of the United States, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. See 42 USC 1437a
The responsibility and authority for managing specified housing may be transferred only pursuant to a request made by a majority vote of the residents for the specified housing that–
(1) in the case of specified housing that is owned by a public housing agency that is designated as a troubled agency under section 1437d(j)(2) of this title–
(A) is made to the public housing agency or the Secretary; and
(B) is approved by the agency or the Secretary; or
(2) in the case of specified housing that is owned by a public housing agency that is not designated as a troubled agency under section 1437d(j)(2) of this title–
(A) is made to and approved by the public housing agency; or
(B) if a request is made to the agency pursuant to subparagraph (A) and is not approved, is subsequently made to and approved by the Secretary.
(c) Capital and operating assistance
Pursuant to a contract under subsection (d), the Secretary shall require the public housing agency for specified housing to provide to the manager for the housing, from any assistance from the Capital and Operating Funds under section 1437g of this title for the agency, fair and reasonable amounts for the housing for eligible capital and operating activities under subsection (d)(1) and (e)(1) of section 1437g of this title. The amount made available under this subsection to a manager shall be determined by the Secretary based on the share for the specified housing of the aggregate amount of assistance from such Funds for the public housing agency transferring the housing, taking into consideration the operating and capital improvement needs of the specified housing, the operating and capital improvement needs of the remaining public housing units managed by the public housing agency, and the public housing agency plan of such agency.
(d) Contract between Secretary and manager
Pursuant to the approval of a request under this section for transfer of the management of specified housing, the Secretary shall enter into a contract with the eligible management entity.
A contract under this subsection shall contain provisions establishing the rights and responsibilities of the manager with respect to the specified housing and the Secretary and shall be consistent with the requirements of this chapter applicable to public housing projects.
(e) Compliance with public housing agency plan
A manager of specified housing under this section shall comply with the approved public housing agency plan applicable to the housing and shall submit such information to the public housing agency from which management was transferred as may be necessary for such agency to prepare and update its public housing agency plan.
(f) Demolition and disposition by manager
A manager under this section may demolish or dispose of specified housing only if, and in the manner, provided for in the public housing agency plan for the agency transferring management of the housing.
(g) Limitation on PHA liability
A public housing agency that is not a manager for specified housing shall not be liable for any act or failure to act by a manager or resident council for the specified housing.
For purposes of this section, the following definitions shall apply:
(1) Eligible management entity
The term “eligible management entity” means, with respect to any public housing project, any of the following entities:
(A) Nonprofit organization
A public or private nonprofit organization, which may–
(i) include a resident management corporation; and
(ii) not include the public housing agency that owns or operates the project.
(B) For-profit entity
A for-profit entity that has demonstrated experience in providing low-income housing.
(C) State or local government
A State or local government, including an agency or instrumentality thereof.
(D) Public housing agency
A public housing agency (other than the public housing agency that owns or operates the project).
The term does not include a resident council.
The term “manager” means any eligible management entity that has entered into a contract under this section with the Secretary for the management of specified housing.
The term “nonprofit” means, with respect to an organization, association, corporation, or other entity, that no part of the net earnings of the entity inures to the benefit of any member, founder, contributor, or individual.
(4) Private nonprofit organization
The term “private nonprofit organization” means any private organization (including a State or locally chartered organization) that–
(A) is incorporated under State or local law;
(B) is nonprofit in character;
(C) complies with standards of financial accountability acceptable to the Secretary; and
(D) has among its purposes significant activities related to the provision of decent housing that is affordable to low-income families.
(5) Public nonprofit organization
The term “public nonprofit organization” means any public entity that is nonprofit in character.
(6) Specified housing
The term “specified housing” means a public housing project or projects, or a portion of a project or projects, for which the transfer of management is requested under this section. The term includes one or more contiguous buildings and an area of contiguous row houses, but in the case of a single building, the building shall be sufficiently separable from the remainder of the project of which it is part to make transfer of the management of the building feasible for purposes of this section.