§ 1001 Statements or entries generally
§ 1002 Possession of false papers to defraud United States
§ 1003 Demands against the United States
§ 1004 Certification of checks
§ 1005 Bank entries, reports and transactions
§ 1006 Federal credit institution entries, reports and transactions
§ 1007 Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation transactions
§ 1010 Department of Housing and Urban Development and Federal Housing Administration transactions
§ 1011 Federal land bank mortgage transactions
§ 1012 Department of Housing and Urban Development transactions
§ 1013 Farm loan bonds and credit bank debentures
§ 1014 Loan and credit applications generally; renewals and discounts; crop insurance
§ 1015 Naturalization, citizenship or alien registry
§ 1016 Acknowledgment of appearance or oath
§ 1017 Government seals wrongfully used and instruments wrongfully sealed
§ 1018 Official certificates or writings
§ 1019 Certificates by consular officers
§ 1020 Highway projects
§ 1021 Title records
§ 1022 Delivery of certificate, voucher, receipt for military or naval property
§ 1023 Insufficient delivery of money or property for military or naval service
§ 1024 Purchase or receipt of military, naval, or veteran’s facilities property
§ 1025 False pretenses on high seas and other waters
§ 1026 Compromise, adjustment, or cancellation of farm indebtedness
§ 1027 False statements and concealment of facts in relation to documents required by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974
§ 1028 Fraud and related activity in connection with identification documents, authentication features, and information
§ 1028A Aggravated identity theft
§ 1029 Fraud and related activity in connection with access devices
§ 1030 Fraud and related activity in connection with computers
§ 1031 Major fraud against the United States
§ 1032 Concealment of assets from conservator, receiver, or liquidating agent
§ 1033 Crimes by or affecting persons engaged in the business of insurance whose activities affect interstate commerce
§ 1034 Civil penalties and injunctions for violations of section 1033
§ 1035 False statements relating to health care matters
§ 1036 Entry by false pretenses to any real property, vessel, or aircraft of the United States or secure area of any airport or seaport
§ 1037 Fraud and related activity in connection with electronic mail
§ 1038 False information and hoaxes
§ 1039 Fraud and related activity in connection with obtaining confidential phone records information of a covered entity
§ 1040 Fraud in connection with major disaster or emergency benefits

Terms Used In U.S. Code > Title 18 > Part I > Chapter 47

  • affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • agency: includes any department, independent establishment, commission, administration, authority, board or bureau of the United States or any corporation in which the United States has a proprietary interest, unless the context shows that such term was intended to be used in a more limited sense. See 18 USC 6
  • annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • association: when used in reference to a corporation, shall be deemed to embrace the words "successors and assigns of such company or association" in like manner as if these last-named words, or words of similar import, were expressed. See 1 USC 5
  • beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • department: means one of the executive departments enumerated in section 1 of Title 5, unless the context shows that such term was intended to describe the executive, legislative, or judicial branches of the government. See 18 USC 6
  • deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • fair credit reporting act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • federal deposit insurance corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • federal reserve system: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • financial institution: means --

    (1) an insured depository institution (as defined in section 3(c)(2) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act). See 18 USC 20

  • foreign commerce: as used in this title , includes commerce with a foreign country. See 18 USC 10
  • foreign government: as used in this title except in sections 112, 878, 970, 1116, and 1201, includes any government, faction, or body of insurgents within a country with which the United States is at peace, irrespective of recognition by the United States. See 18 USC 11
  • fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • health care benefit program: means any public or private plan or contract, affecting commerce, under which any medical benefit, item, or service is provided to any individual, and includes any individual or entity who is providing a medical benefit, item, or service for which payment may be made under the plan or contract. See 18 USC 24
  • individual: shall include every infant member of the species homo sapiens who is born alive at any stage of development. See 1 USC 8
  • interstate commerce: as used in this title , includes commerce between one State, Territory, Possession, or the District of Columbia and another State, Territory, Possession, or the District of Columbia. See 18 USC 10
  • jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • national bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • national credit union administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • oath: includes affirmation, and "sworn" includes affirmed. See 1 USC 1
  • obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • officer: includes any person authorized by law to perform the duties of the office. See 1 USC 1
  • organization: means a person other than an individual. See 18 USC 18
  • partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • real estate settlement procedures act: Federal law that, among other things, requires lenders to provide "good faith" estimates of settlement costs and make other disclosures regarding the mortgage loan. RESPA also limits the amount of funds held in escrow for real estate taxes and insurance. Source: OCC
  • real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • seaport: means all piers, wharves, docks, and similar structures, adjacent to any waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, to which a vessel may be secured, including areas of land, water, or land and water under and in immediate proximity to such structures, buildings on or contiguous to such structures, and the equipment and materials on such structures or in such buildings. See 18 USC 26
  • settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States: as used in this title , includes:(1) The high seas, any other waters within the admiralty and maritime jurisdiction of the United States and out of the jurisdiction of any particular State, and any vessel belonging in whole or in part to the United States or any citizen thereof, or to any corporation created by or under the laws of the United States, or of any State, Territory, District, or possession thereof, when such vessel is within the admiralty and maritime jurisdiction of the United States and out of the jurisdiction of any particular State. See 18 USC 7
  • statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • United States: as used in this title in a territorial sense, includes all places and waters, continental or insular, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, except the Canal Zone. See 18 USC 5
  • vessel: includes every description of watercraft or other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on water. See 1 USC 3
  • whoever: include corporations, companies, associations, firms, partnerships, societies, and joint stock companies, as well as individuals. See 1 USC 1
  • writing: includes printing and typewriting and reproductions of visual symbols by photographing, multigraphing, mimeographing, manifolding, or otherwise. See 1 USC 1