§ 3731 Appeal by United States
§ 3732 Taking of appeal; notice; time—(Rule)
§ 3733 Assignment of errors—(Rule)
§ 3734 Bill of exceptions abolished—(Rule)
§ 3735 Bail on appeal or certiorari—(Rule)
§ 3736 Certiorari—(Rule)
§ 3737 Record—(Rule)
§ 3738 Docketing appeal and record—(Rule)
§ 3739 Supervision—(Rule)
§ 3740 Argument—(Rule)
§ 3741 Harmless error and plain error—(Rule)
§ 3742 Review of a sentence

Terms Used In U.S. Code > Title 18 > Part II > Chapter 235

  • appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
  • presentence report: A report prepared by a court's probation officer, after a person has been convicted of an offense, summarizing for the court the background information needed to determine the appropriate sentence. Source: U.S. Courts
  • probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • sentencing guidelines: A set of rules and principles established by the United States Sentencing Commission that trial judges use to determine the sentence for a convicted defendant. Source: U.S. Courts
  • trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • United States: as used in this title in a territorial sense, includes all places and waters, continental or insular, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, except the Canal Zone. See 18 USC 5
  • verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.