|Chapter 491||Metropolitan Washington Airports|
Terms Used In U.S. Code > Title 49 > Subtitle VII > Part D
- advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
- amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
- appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
- contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
- jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
- liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
- litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
- personal property: All property that is not real property.
- public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
- real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
- remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
- statute: A law passed by a legislature.
- tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
- venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.