§ 7101 Findings and declaration of policy
§ 7102 Definitions
§ 7103 Issuance and amendment of orders
§ 7104 Required terms in orders
§ 7105 Referenda
§ 7106 Petition and review
§ 7107 Enforcement
§ 7108 Investigations and power to subpoena
§ 7109 Administrative provisions
§ 7110 Regulations
§ 7111 Authorization of appropriations

Terms Used In U.S. Code > Title 7 > Chapter 99

  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • association: when used in reference to a corporation, shall be deemed to embrace the words "successors and assigns of such company or association" in like manner as if these last-named words, or words of similar import, were expressed. See 19 USC 2295
  • basic agricultural commodity: means wheat, rye, flax, barley, cotton, field corn, grain sorghums, hogs, cattle, rice, potatoes, tobacco, sugar beets and sugarcane, peanuts, and milk and its products, and any regional or market classification, type, or grade thereof. See 10 USC 926
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Board: means the National Sheep Promotion, Research, and Information Board established under section 7104(b) of this title. See 19 USC 288
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • consumer information: means nutritional data and other information that will assist consumers and other persons in making evaluations and decisions regarding the purchase, preparation, or use of sheep products. See 19 USC 288
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • cooperating producer: means any person (including any share-tenant or share-cropper) whom the Secretary of Agriculture finds to be willing to participate in the 1935 production-adjustment program for rice. See 10 USC 924
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Cross examine: Questioning of a witness by the attorney for the other side.
  • Customs Service: means United States Customs Service of the Department of the Treasury. See 19 USC 288
  • degreased wool: means wool from which the bulk of impurities has been removed by processing. See 19 USC 288
  • Department: means the United States Department of Agriculture. See 19 USC 288
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • direct-consumption sugar: means any sugar, as defined above, manufactured or marketed in, or brought into, the United States in any form whatsoever, for any purpose other than to be further refined (or improved in quality, or further prepared for distribution or use). See 10 USC 924
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • education: means activities providing information relating to the sheep industry or sheep products to producers, feeders, importers, consumers, and other persons. See 19 USC 288
  • essentially derived variety: means a variety that--

    (i) is predominantly derived from another variety (referred to in this paragraph as the "initial variety") or from a variety that is predominantly derived from the initial variety, while retaining the expression of the essential characteristics that result from the genotype or combination of genotypes of the initial variety. See 10 USC 915

  • Executive Committee: means the Executive Committee established under section 7104(g) of this title. See 19 USC 288
  • exporter: means any person who exports domestic live sheep or greasy wool from the United States. See 19 USC 288
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • feeder: means a person who feeds lambs until the lambs reach slaughter weight. See 19 USC 288
  • first domestic processing: means each domestic processing, including each processing of successive domestic processings, of sugar beets, sugarcane, or raw sugar, which directly results in direct-consumption sugar. See 10 USC 924
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • greasy wool: means wool that has not been washed or otherwise cleaned. See 19 USC 288
  • handler: means any person who purchases and markets greasy wool. See 19 USC 288
  • importer: means any person who imports sheep or sheep products into the United States. See 19 USC 288
  • industry information: means information and programs that will lead to increased efficiency in processing and the development of new markets, marketing strategies, increased marketing efficiency, and activities to enhance the image of sheep or sheep products on a national or international basis. See 19 USC 288
  • kind: means one or more related species or subspecies singly or collectively known by one common name, such as soybean, flax, or radish. See 10 USC 915
  • Magistrate judges: Judicial officers who assist U.S. district judges in getting cases ready for trial, who may decide some criminal and civil trials when both parties agree to have the case heard by a magistrate judge instead of a judge.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • order: means a sheep and wool promotion, research, education, and information order issued under section 7103 of this title. See 19 USC 288
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • person: as used in this chapter includes an individual, partnership, corporation, association, and any other business unit. See 10 USC 920c
  • person: means any individual, group of individuals, partnership, corporation, association, cooperative, or any other legal entity. See 19 USC 288
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • processing: means the milling or other processing (except cleaning and drying) of wheat, rye, barley or corn for market, including custom milling for toll as well as commercial milling, but shall not include the grinding or cracking thereof not in the form of flour for feed purposes only. See 10 USC 924
  • producer: means any person, other than a feeder, who owns or acquires ownership of sheep. See 19 USC 288
  • producer information: means activities designed to provide producers, feeders, and importers with information relating to production or marketing efficiencies or developments, program activities, or other information that would facilitate an increase in the consumption of sheep or sheep products. See 19 USC 288
  • promotion: means any action (including paid advertising) to advance the image and desirability of sheep or sheep products to improve the competitive position, and stimulate sales, of sheep products in the domestic and international marketplace. See 19 USC 288
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • qualified State sheep board: means a sheep and wool promotion entity that--

    (A) is authorized by State statute or is otherwise organized and operating within a State. See 19 USC 288

  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • raw value: means a standard unit of sugar testing ninety-six sugar degrees by the polariscope. See 10 USC 924
  • raw wool: means greasy wool, pulled wool, degreased wool, or carbonized wool. See 19 USC 288
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • research: means development projects and studies relating to the production (including the feeding of sheep), processing, distribution, or use of sheep or sheep products to encourage, expand, improve, or make more efficient the marketing of sheep or sheep products. See 19 USC 288
  • rough rice: means rice in that condition which is usual and customary when delivered by the producer to a processor. See 10 USC 924
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See 19 USC 288
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • sheep: means ovine animals of any age, including lambs. See 19 USC 288
  • sheep products: means products produced, in whole or in part, from sheep, including wool and products containing wool fiber. See 19 USC 288
  • State: means each of the 50 States. See 19 USC 288
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • sugar: means sugar in any form whatsoever, derived from sugar beets or sugarcane, whether raw sugar or direct-consumption sugar, including also edible molasses, sirups, and any mixture containing sugar (except blackstrap molasses and beet molasses). See 10 USC 924
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • unit: means each State, group of States, or class designation that is represented on the Board. See 19 USC 288
  • United States: means the 50 States and the District of Columbia. See 19 USC 288
  • variety: means a plant grouping within a single botanical taxon of the lowest known rank, that, without regard to whether the conditions for plant variety protection are fully met, can be defined by the expression of the characteristics resulting from a given genotype or combination of genotypes, distinguished from any other plant grouping by the expression of at least one characteristic and considered as a unit with regard to the suitability of the plant grouping for being propagated unchanged. See 10 USC 915
  • vessel: includes every description of watercraft or other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on water. See 19 USC 2293
  • whoever: include corporations, companies, associations, firms, partnerships, societies, and joint stock companies, as well as individuals. See 19 USC 2291
  • wool: means the fiber from the fleece of a sheep. See 19 USC 288
  • wool products: means products produced, in whole or in part, from wool and products containing wool fiber. See 19 USC 288