Subchapter I General Provisions
Subchapter II Immigration
Subchapter III Nationality and Naturalization
Subchapter IV Refugee Assistance
Subchapter V Alien Terrorist Removal Procedures

Terms Used In U.S. Code > Title 8 > Chapter 12

  • Administration: means the National Credit Union Administration. See 10 USC 2410i
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of the Agency for International Development, unless otherwise specified in this chapter. See 10 USC 2692
  • affiliate: shall include any corporation, business trust, association, or other similar organization--

    (1) Of which a member bank, directly or indirectly, owns or controls either a majority of the voting shares or more than 50 per centum of the number of shares voted for the election of its directors, trustees, or other persons exercising similar functions at the preceding election, or controls in any manner the election of a majority of its directors, trustees, or other persons exercising similar functions. See 12 USC 4582

  • Agreement: means the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade referred to in section 3511(d)(5) of this title. See 19 USC 2571
  • agricultural enterprises: means those small business concerns engaged in the production of food and fiber, ranching, and raising of livestock, aquaculture, and all other farming and agricultural-related industries. See 10 USC 2443
  • agricultural products: means agricultural, horticultural, viticultural, and dairy products, food products of livestock, the products of poultry and bee raising, the edible products of forestry, and any and all products raised or produced on farms and processed or manufactured products thereof, transported or intended to be transported in interstate and/or foreign commerce. See 21 USC 379j-12
  • alternative mortgage transaction: means a loan or credit sale secured by an interest in residential real property, a dwelling, all stock allocated to a dwelling unit in a residential cooperative housing corporation, or a residential manufactured home (as that term is defined in section 5402(6) of title 42), in which the interest rate or finance charge may be adjusted or renegotiated, described and defined by applicable regulation. See 10 USC 2869
  • appropriate committees of Congress: means the congressional defense committees and, with respect to any project to be carried out by, or for the use of, an intelligence component of the Department of Defense, the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate. See 10 USC 2801
  • appropriate Federal depository institutions regulatory agency: means , with respect to any depository institution or depository holding company, the agency referred to in section 3207 of this title in connection with such institution or company. See 10 USC 2482
  • appropriate regulatory agency: means --

    (A) When used with respect to a municipal securities dealer:

    (i) the Comptroller of the Currency, in the case of a national bank, a subsidiary or a department or division of any such bank, a Federal savings association (as defined in section 3(b)(2) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U. See 20 USC 1070d-35

  • audit committee: means --

    (A) a committee (or equivalent body) established by and amongst the board of directors of an issuer for the purpose of overseeing the accounting and financial reporting processes of the issuer and audits of the financial statements of the issuer. See 20 USC 1070d-35

  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Balanced budget: A budget in which receipts equal outlays.
  • bank: means any national banking association or any other financial institution chartered or licensed under Federal law and subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. See 10 USC 2922h
  • bank: means (A) a banking institution organized under the laws of the United States or a Federal savings association, as defined in section 1462(5) 1 of title 12, (B) a member bank of the Federal Reserve System, (C) any other banking institution or savings association, as defined in section 1462(4) 1 of title 12, whether incorporated or not, doing business under the laws of any State or of the United States, a substantial portion of the business of which consists of receiving deposits or exercising fiduciary powers similar to those permitted to national banks under the authority of the Comptroller of the Currency pursuant to section 92a of title 12, and which is supervised and examined by State or Federal authority having supervision over banks or savings associations, and which is not operated for the purpose of evading the provisions of this chapter, and (D) a receiver, conservator, or other liquidating agent of any institution or firm included in clauses (A), (B), or (C) of this paragraph. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • Board: means the Board of Directors of the Office of Compliance. See 10 USC 454
  • Board: means the National Credit Union Administration Board. See 10 USC 2410i
  • Board: means the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • branch: includes any branch credit union, branch office, branch agency, additional office, or any branch place of business located in any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the several territories, including the trust territories, and possessions of the United States, the Panama Canal Zone, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, at which member accounts are established or money lent. See 10 USC 2410i
  • broker: means any person engaged in the business of effecting transactions in securities for the account of others. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • broker or dealer: includes a funding portal and the term "registered broker or dealer" includes a registered funding portal, except to the extent that the Commission, by rule, determines otherwise, provided that a national securities association shall only examine for and enforce against a registered funding portal rules of such national securities association written specifically for registered funding portals. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • Bureau: means the Bureau of the Census. See 10 USC 7252
  • Canadian article: means an article that--

    (A) is an originating good under chapter 4 of the Agreement. See 19 USC 3351

  • Chairman: means the Chairman of the National Credit Union Administration Board. See 10 USC 2410i
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • children: means individuals who have not attained the age of 18. See 20 USC 7972
  • China: means (1) China including Manchuria, Tibet, Mongolia, and any territory leased by China to any foreign government, (2) the Crown Colony of Hong Kong, and (3) the Province of Macao. See 20 USC 6845
  • clearing agency: means any person who acts as an intermediary in making payments or deliveries or both in connection with transactions in securities or who provides facilities for comparison of data respecting the terms of settlement of securities transactions, to reduce the number of settlements of securities transactions, or for the allocation of securities settlement responsibilities. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • Commission: means the Commodity Futures Trading Commission established under section 2(a)(2) of this title. See 10 USC 2502
  • Commission: means the Securities and Exchange Commission established by section 78d of this title. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • common carrier: means any person (other than a local messenger service or the United States Postal Service) that holds itself out to the general public as a provider for hire of the transportation by water, land, or air of merchandise (regardless of whether the person actually operates the vessel, vehicle, or aircraft by which the transportation is provided) between a port or place and a port or place in the United States. See 21 USC 379h
  • Comptroller: means the Comptroller of the Currency. See 12 USC 4563
  • conformity assessment procedure: means any procedure used, directly or indirectly, to determine that relevant requirements in technical regulations or standards are fulfilled. See 19 USC 2571
  • continental United States: means the States of the United States and the District of Columbia. See 12 USC 4581
  • cooperative: means a private sector organization whose members own and control the organization and share in its services and its profits and that provides business services and outreach in cooperative development for its membership. See 10 USC 2692
  • cost: shall be construed to include directly related expenses and appropriate charges for indirect and administrative expenses. See 20 USC 7473
  • Council: means the Financial Institutions Examination Council. See 10 USC 2491b
  • county: means county as defined in section 2 of title 1. See 10 USC 2821
  • credit rating: means an assessment of the creditworthiness of an obligor as an entity or with respect to specific securities or money market instruments. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • credit rating agency: means any person--

    (A) engaged in the business of issuing credit ratings on the Internet or through another readily accessible means, for free or for a reasonable fee, but does not include a commercial credit reporting company. See 20 USC 1070d-35

  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • day: means the time from eight o'clock antemeridian to five o'clock postmeridian. See 19 USC 1401
  • dealer: means any person engaged in the business of buying and selling securities (not including security-based swaps, other than security-based swaps with or for persons that are not eligible contract participants) for such person's own account through a broker or otherwise. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • delivery sale: means any sale of cigarettes or smokeless tobacco to a consumer if--

    (A) the consumer submits the order for the sale by means of a telephone or other method of voice transmission, the mails, or the Internet or other online service, or the seller is otherwise not in the physical presence of the buyer when the request for purchase or order is made. See 21 USC 379h

  • delivery seller: means a person who makes a delivery sale. See 21 USC 379h
  • depository holding company: means a bank holding company as defined in section 1841(a) of this title, a company which would be a bank holding company as defined in section 1841(a) of this title but for the exemption contained in subsection (a)(5)(F) thereof, or a savings and loan holding company as defined in section 1730a(a)(1)(D) 1 of this title. See 10 USC 2482
  • depository institution: means a commercial bank, a savings bank, a trust company, a savings and loan association, a building and loan association, a homestead association, a cooperative bank, an industrial bank, or a credit union. See 10 USC 2482
  • digital literacy skills: means the skills associated with--

    (A) using technology to enable users to find, evaluate, organize, create, and communicate information. See 20 USC 9101

  • director: means any director of a corporation or any person performing similar functions with respect to any organization, whether incorporated or unincorporated. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • Director: means the Director of the Institute appointed under section 9103 of this title. See 20 USC 9101
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • electronic data interchange system: means any established mechanism approved by the Commissioner of U. See 19 USC 1401
  • electronic entry: means the electronic transmission to the Customs Service of--

    (1) entry information required for the entry of merchandise, and

    (2) entry summary information required for the classification and appraisement of the merchandise, the verification of statistical information, and the determination of compliance with applicable law. See 19 USC 1401

  • electronic transmission: means the transfer of data or information through an authorized electronic data interchange system consisting of, but not limited to, computer modems and computer networks. See 19 USC 1401
  • emerging growth company: means an issuer that had total annual gross revenues of less than $1,000,000,000 (as such amount is indexed for inflation every 5 years by the Commission to reflect the change in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, setting the threshold to the nearest 1,000,000) during its most recently completed fiscal year. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • employee: includes an applicant for employment and a former employee. See 10 USC 454
  • Equal Credit Opportunity Act: Prohibits creditors from discriminating against credit applicants on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, marital status, age, or because an applicant receives income from a public assistance program. Source: OCC
  • equity security: means any stock or similar security. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • exchange: means any organization, association, or group of persons, whether incorporated or unincorporated, which constitutes, maintains, or provides a market place or facilities for bringing together purchasers and sellers of securities or for otherwise performing with respect to securities the functions commonly performed by a stock exchange as that term is generally understood, and includes the market place and the market facilities maintained by such exchange. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • exclusive processor: means any securities information processor or self-regulatory organization which, directly or indirectly, engages on an exclusive basis on behalf of any national securities exchange or registered securities association, or any national securities exchange or registered securities association which engages on an exclusive basis on its own behalf, in collecting, processing, or preparing for distribution or publication any information with respect to (i) transactions or quotations on or effected or made by means of any facility of such exchange or (ii) quotations distributed or published by means of any electronic system operated or controlled by such association. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • exempted securities: includes --

    (i) government securities, as defined in paragraph (42) of this subsection. See 20 USC 1070d-35

  • Facility: means the National Credit Union Central Liquidity Facility. See 10 USC 2457
  • facility: means a building, structure, or other improvement to real property. See 10 USC 2801
  • facility: when used with respect to an exchange includes its premises, tangible or intangible property whether on the premises or not, any right to the use of such premises or property or any service thereof for the purpose of effecting or reporting a transaction on an exchange (including, among other things, any system of communication to or from the exchange, by ticker or otherwise, maintained by or with the consent of the exchange), and any right of the exchange to the use of any property or service. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • Federal agency: means any of the following within the meaning of chapter 2 of part I of title 5:

    (A) Any executive department. See 19 USC 2571

  • Federal credit union: means a cooperative association organized in accordance with the provisions of this chapter for the purpose of promoting thrift among its members and creating a source of credit for provident or productive purposes. See 10 USC 2410i
  • Federal district court: means any Federal district court, and the United States District Court for the District of Columbia. See 20 USC 6845
  • Federal financial institutions regulatory agencies: means the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Office of Thrift Supervision, and the National Credit Union Administration. See 10 USC 2491b
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • financial institution: means --

    (A) a bank (as defined in paragraph (6) of this subsection). See 20 USC 1070d-35

  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • foreign commerce: means commerce between the United States, its possessions, or any Territory of the United States, and any foreign country. See 10 USC 2557
  • foreign securities authority: means any foreign government, or any governmental body or regulatory organization empowered by a foreign government to administer or enforce its laws as they relate to securities matters. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Fund: means the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund. See 10 USC 2410i
  • General Counsel: means the General Counsel of the Office of Compliance. See 10 USC 454
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • government securities: means --

    (A) securities which are direct obligations of, or obligations guaranteed as to principal or interest by, the United States. See 20 USC 1070d-35

  • government securities broker: means any person regularly engaged in the business of effecting transactions in government securities for the account of others, but does not include--

    (A) any corporation the securities of which are government securities under subparagraph (B) or (C) of paragraph (42) of this subsection. See 20 USC 1070d-35

  • government securities dealer: means any person engaged in the business of buying and selling government securities for his own account, through a broker or otherwise, but does not include--

    (A) any person insofar as he buys or sells such securities for his own account, either individually or in some fiduciary capacity, but not as a part of a regular business. See 20 USC 1070d-35

  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • housing accommodations: means housing designed for occupancy by military personnel and their dependents, assigned to duty at or near the military installation where such housing units are constructed. See 20 USC 9162
  • housing creditor: means --

    (A) a depository institution, as defined in section 501(a)(2) of the Depository Institutions Deregulation and Monetary Control Act of 1980. See 10 USC 2869

  • index: means an index or group of securities, including any interest therein or based on the value thereof. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • indoor facility: means a building that is enclosed. See 20 USC 7972
  • insured credit union: means any credit union the member accounts of which are insured in accordance with the provisions of subchapter II of this chapter, and the term "noninsured credit union" means any credit union the member accounts of which are not so insured. See 10 USC 2410i
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • interstate commerce: means commerce between a State and any place outside the State, commerce between a State and any Indian country in the State, or commerce between points in the same State but through any place outside the State or through any Indian country. See 21 USC 379h
  • interstate commerce: means --

    (A) commerce between any State, Territory, possession, or the District of Columbia, and any other State, Territory, possession, or the District of Columbia. See 10 USC 2557

  • interstate commerce: means trade, commerce, transportation, or communication among the several States, or between any foreign country and any State, or between any State and any place or ship outside thereof. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • issuer: means any person who issues or proposes to issue any security. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • level of margin: when used with respect to a security futures product, mean the amount of margin required to secure any extension or maintenance of credit, or the amount of margin required as a performance bond related to the purchase, sale, or carrying of a security futures product. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • library: includes --

    (A) a public library. See 20 USC 9122

  • liquidity needs: means the needs of credit unions primarily serving natural persons for--

    (A) short-term adjustment credit available to assist in meeting temporary requirements for funds or to cushion more persistent outflows of funds pending an orderly adjustment of credit union assets and liabilities. See 10 USC 2457

  • major security-based swap participant: means any person--

    (i) who is not a security-based swap dealer. See 20 USC 1070d-35

  • management official: means an employee or officer with management functions, a director (including an advisory or honorary director, except in the case of a depository institution with total assets of less than $100,000,000), a trustee of a business organization under the control of trustees, or any person who has a representative or nominee serving in any such capacity: Provided, That if a corporator, trustee, director, or other officer of a State-chartered savings bank or cooperative bank is specifically authorized under the laws of the State in which said institution is located to serve as a trustee, director, or other officer of a State-chartered trust company which does not make real estate mortgage loans and does not accept savings deposits from natural persons, then, for the purposes of this chapter, such corporator, trustee, director, or other officer shall not be deemed to be a management official of such trust company: And provided further, That if a management official of a State-chartered trust company which does not make real estate mortgage loans and does not accept savings deposits from natural persons is specifically authorized under the laws of the State in which said institution is located to serve as a corporator, trustee, director, or other officer of a State-chartered savings bank or cooperative bank, then, for the purposes of this chapter, such management official shall not be deemed to be a management official of any such savings bank or cooperative bank. See 10 USC 2482
  • margin: when used with respect to a security futures product, means the amount, type, and form of collateral required to secure any extension or maintenance of credit, or the amount, type, and form of collateral required as a performance bond related to the purchase, sale, or carrying of a security futures product. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • market maker: means any specialist permitted to act as a dealer, any dealer acting in the capacity of block positioner, and any dealer who, with respect to a security, holds himself out (by entering quotations in an inter-dealer communications system or otherwise) as being willing to buy and sell such security for his own account on a regular or continuous basis. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • maturity date: means the date on which the mortgage indebtedness would be extinguished if paid in accordance with periodic payments provided for in the mortgage. See 20 USC 7928
  • maturity date: means the date on which the mortgage indebtedness would be extinguished if paid in accordance with periodic payments provided for in the mortgage. See 20 USC 9162
  • member: means a Regular or an Agent member of the Facility. See 10 USC 2457
  • Member: means a WTO member as defined in section 3501(10) of this title. See 19 USC 2571
  • member: when used with respect to a national securities exchange means (i) any natural person permitted to effect transactions on the floor of the exchange without the services of another person acting as broker, (ii) any registered broker or dealer with which such a natural person is associated, (iii) any registered broker or dealer permitted to designate as a representative such a natural person, and (iv) any other registered broker or dealer which agrees to be regulated by such exchange and with respect to which the exchange undertakes to enforce compliance with the provisions of this chapter, the rules and regulations thereunder, and its own rules. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • merchandise: means goods, wares, and chattels of every description, and includes merchandise the importation of which is prohibited, and monetary instruments as defined in section 5312 of title 31. See 19 USC 1401
  • Mexican article: means an article that--

    (A) is an originating good under chapter 4 of the Agreement. See 19 USC 3351

  • military: includes Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard. See 20 USC 9162
  • military construction: as used in this chapter or any other provision of law includes any construction, development, conversion, or extension of any kind carried out with respect to a military installation, whether to satisfy temporary or permanent requirements, or any acquisition of land or construction of a defense access road (as described in section 210 of title 23). See 10 USC 2801
  • military installation: means a base, camp, post, station, yard, center, or other activity under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department or, in the case of an activity in a foreign country, under the operational control of the Secretary of a military department or the Secretary of Defense, without regard to the duration of operational control. See 10 USC 2801
  • mortgage: means a first mortgage on real estate, in fee simple, or on a leasehold (1) under a lease for not less than ninety-nine years which is renewable. See 20 USC 7928
  • mortgage: means a first mortgage on real estate, in fee simple, or on a leasehold (1) under a lease for not less than ninety-nine years which is renewable. See 20 USC 9162
  • mortgage: means a deed of trust, mortgage, deed to secure debt, security agreement, or any other form of instrument under which any interest in property, real, personal or mixed, or any interest in property including leaseholds, life estates, reversionary interests, and any other estates under applicable State law, is conveyed in trust, mortgaged, encumbered, pledged, or otherwise rendered subject to a lien, for the purpose of securing the payment of money or the performance of an obligation. See 10 USC 2821
  • mortgage agreement: means the note or debt instrument and the mortgage instrument, deed of trust instrument, trust deed, or instrument or instruments creating the mortgage, including any instrument incorporated by reference therein (including any applicable regulatory agreement), and any instrument or agreement amending or modifying any of the foregoing. See 10 USC 2821
  • mortgage related security: means a security that meets standards of credit-worthiness as established by the Commission, and either:

    (A) represents ownership of one or more promissory notes or certificates of interest or participation in such notes (including any rights designed to assure servicing of, or the receipt or timeliness of receipt by the holders of such notes, certificates, or participations of amounts payable under, such notes, certificates, or participations), which notes:

    (i) are directly secured by a first lien on a single parcel of real estate, including stock allocated to a dwelling unit in a residential cooperative housing corporation, upon which is located a dwelling or mixed residential and commercial structure, on a residential manufactured home as defined in section 5402(6) of title 42, whether such manufactured home is considered real or personal property under the laws of the State in which it is to be located, or on one or more parcels of real estate upon which is located one or more commercial structures. See 20 USC 1070d-35

  • mortgagee: includes the original lender under a mortgage, and his successors and assigns approved by the Secretary. See 20 USC 7928
  • mortgagee: includes the original lender under a mortgage, and his successors and assigns approved by the Secretary. See 20 USC 9162
  • mortgagor: includes the original borrower under a mortgage and his successors and assigns. See 20 USC 7928
  • mortgagor: includes the original borrower under a mortgage, his successors and assigns. See 20 USC 9162
  • mortgagor: means the obligor, grantor, or trustor named in the mortgage agreement and, unless the context otherwise indicates, includes the current owner of record of the security property whether or not personally liable on the mortgage debt. See 10 USC 2821
  • municipal securities: means securities which are direct obligations of, or obligations guaranteed as to principal or interest by, a State or any political subdivision thereof, or any agency or instrumentality of a State or any political subdivision thereof, or any municipal corporate instrumentality of one or more States, or any security which is an industrial development bond (as defined in section 103(c)(2) 1 of title 26) the interest on which is excludable from gross income under section 103(a)(1) 1 of title 26 if, by reason of the application of paragraph (4) or (6) of section 103(c) 1 of title 26 (determined as if paragraphs (4)(A), (5), and (7) were not included in such section 103(c)),1 paragraph (1) of such section 103(c) 1 does not apply to such security. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • municipal securities dealer: means any person (including a separately identifiable department or division of a bank) engaged in the business of buying and selling municipal securities for his own account, through a broker or otherwise, but does not include--

    (A) any person insofar as he buys or sells such securities for his own account, either individually or in some fiduciary capacity, but not as a part of a regular business. See 20 USC 1070d-35

  • narrow-based security index: means an index--

    (i) that has 9 or fewer component securities. See 20 USC 1070d-35

  • national banking association: means one or more national banking associations, and the term "State bank" means one or more State banks. See 12 USC 4541
  • National Customs Automation Program: means the program established under section 1411 of this title. See 19 USC 1401
  • nationally recognized statistical rating organization: means a credit rating agency that--

    (A) issues credit ratings certified by qualified institutional buyers, in accordance with section 78o-7(a)(1)(B)(ix) of this title, with respect to--

    (i) financial institutions, brokers, or dealers. See 20 USC 1070d-35

  • nongovernmental organization: means an organization that works at the local level to solve development problems in a foreign country in which the organization is located, except that the term does not include an organization that is primarily an agency or instrumentality of the government of the foreign country. See 10 USC 2692
  • Office: means the Office of Compliance. See 10 USC 454
  • option: means an agreement, contract, or transaction that is of the character of, or is commonly known to the trade as, an "option" "privilege" "indemnity" "bid" "offer" "put" "call" "advance guaranty" or "decline guaranty". See 10 USC 2502
  • paid-in and unimpaired capital and surplus: means the balance of the paid-in share accounts and deposits as of a given date, less any loss that may have been incurred for which there is no reserve or which has not been charged against undivided earnings, plus the credit balance (or less the debit balance) of the undivided earnings account as of a given date, after all losses have been provided for and net earnings or net losses have been added thereto or deducted therefrom. See 10 USC 2457
  • participant: when used with respect to a clearing agency means any person who uses a clearing agency to clear or settle securities transactions or to transfer, pledge, lend, or hypothecate securities. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • penny stock: means any equity security other than a security that is--

    (i) registered or approved for registration and traded on a national securities exchange that meets such criteria as the Commission shall prescribe by rule or regulation for purposes of this paragraph. See 20 USC 1070d-35

  • Person: includes partnerships, associations, and corporations, as well as individuals. See 10 USC 2922h
  • person: includes individual, partnership, corporation, and association. See 20 USC 6845
  • person: includes individuals, partnerships, corporations, and associations. See 20 USC 1070g-3
  • person: means any individual, corporation, company, association, firm, partnership, society, joint stock company, any State or local government or any agency thereof, or any other organization, whether commercial or nonprofit, who is performing weather modification activities, except where acting solely as an employee, agent, or independent contractor of the Federal Government. See 20 USC 9151
  • person: means an individual, corporation, company, association, firm, partnership, society, State government, local government, Indian tribal government, governmental organization of such a government, or joint stock company. See 21 USC 379h
  • person: includes a partnership, corporation, company, society, or association. See 10 USC 2557
  • person: includes partnerships, associations, and corporations. See 19 USC 1401
  • person: import s the plural or singular, and includes individuals, associations, partnerships, corporations, and trusts. See 10 USC 2502
  • person: means any State or local subdivision of a State, agency of such State or subdivision, corporation, or partnership that owns or operates or otherwise controls and provides children's services or any individual who owns or operates or otherwise controls and provides such services. See 20 USC 7972
  • person: includes any individual, group of individuals, association, partnership, corporation, or organization. See 10 USC 2821
  • person: means a natural person, company, government, or political subdivision, agency, or instrumentality of a government. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • person: import s the plural or the singular, as the case demands, and includes an individual, a partnership, a corporation, or two or more persons having a joint or common interest. See 10 USC 2876
  • person: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other business entity. See 10 USC 2881a
  • personnel: shall include military and civilian personnel approved by the Secretary of Defense, or his designee, and the dependents of all such personnel. See 20 USC 9162
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Private law: A private bill enacted into law. Private laws have restricted applicability, often addressing immigration and naturalization issues affecting individuals.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • product: means any natural or manufactured item. See 19 USC 2571
  • Receiving association: means the national banking association into which one or more national banking associations or one or more State banks, located within the same State, merge. See 12 USC 4563
  • reconciliation: means an electronic process, initiated at the request of an importer, under which the elements of an entry (other than those elements related to the admissibility of the merchandise) that are undetermined at the time the importer files or transmits the documentation or information required by section 1484(a)(1)(B) of this title, or the import activity summary statement, are provided to the Customs Service at a later time. See 19 USC 1401
  • recorded: include "register" and "registered" in the instance of registered land. See 10 USC 2821
  • records: means accounts, correspondence, memorandums, tapes, discs, papers, books, and other documents or transcribed information of any type, whether expressed in ordinary or machine language. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • registered broker or dealer: means a broker or dealer registered or required to register pursuant to section 78o or 78o-4 of this title, except that in paragraph (3) of this subsection and sections 78f and 78o-3 of this title the term means such a broker or dealer and a government securities broker or government securities dealer registered or required to register pursuant to section 78o-5(a)(1)(A) of this title. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • registrar: means the China Trade Act registrar appointed under section 143 of this title. See 20 USC 6845
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • rules of a clearing agency: means the constitution, articles of incorporation, bylaws, and rules, or instruments corresponding to the foregoing, of an exchange, association of brokers and dealers, or clearing agency, respectively, and such of the stated policies, practices, and interpretations of such exchange, association, or clearing agency as the Commission, by rule, may determine to be necessary or appropriate in the public interest or for the protection of investors to be deemed to be rules of such exchange, association, or clearing agency. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • rules of a self-regulatory organization: means the rules of an exchange which is a national securities exchange, the rules of an association of brokers and dealers which is a registered securities association, the rules of a clearing agency which is a registered clearing agency, or the rules of the Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Commerce. See 20 USC 6845
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Commerce. See 20 USC 9151
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See 20 USC 1070g-3
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Commerce. See 10 USC 7252
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture. See 20 USC 1070c-1
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture, unless otherwise specified in this chapter. See 10 USC 2692
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate. See 19 USC 1401
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Health and Human Services. See 20 USC 7972
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. See 10 USC 2821
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of the Treasury. See 10 USC 2502
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Agriculture of the United States or delegates of the Secretary. See 10 USC 2881a
  • Secretary concerned: includes the Secretary of Defense with respect to matters concerning the Defense Agencies. See 10 USC 2801
  • securities information processor: means any person engaged in the business of (i) collecting, processing, or preparing for distribution or publication, or assisting, participating in, or coordinating the distribution or publication of, information with respect to transactions in or quotations for any security (other than an exempted security) or (ii) distributing or publishing (whether by means of a ticker tape, a communications network, a terminal display device, or otherwise) on a current and continuing basis, information with respect to such transactions or quotations. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • securities laws: means the Securities Act of 1933 (15 U. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • security: means any note, stock, treasury stock, security future, security-based swap, bond, debenture, certificate of interest or participation in any profit-sharing agreement or in any oil, gas, or other mineral royalty or lease, any collateral-trust certificate, preorganization certificate or subscription, transferable share, investment contract, voting-trust certificate, certificate of deposit for a security, any put, call, straddle, option, or privilege on any security, certificate of deposit, or group or index of securities (including any interest therein or based on the value thereof), or any put, call, straddle, option, or privilege entered into on a national securities exchange relating to foreign currency, or in general, any instrument commonly known as a "security". See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • security: means a security as defined in section 2(a)(1) of the Securities Act of 1933 (15 U. See 10 USC 2502
  • security future: means a contract of sale for future delivery of a single security or of a narrow-based security index, including any interest therein or based on the value thereof, except an exempted security under paragraph (12) of this subsection as in effect on January 11, 1983 (other than any municipal security as defined in paragraph (29) of this subsection as in effect on January 11, 1983). See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • security futures product: means a security future or any put, call, straddle, option, or privilege on any security future. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • security property: means the property, real, personal or mixed, or an interest in property, including leaseholds, life estates, reversionary interests, and any other estates under applicable State law, together with fixtures and other interests subject to the lien of the mortgage under applicable State law. See 10 USC 2821
  • security-based swap: includes any agreement, contract, or transaction that is as described in subparagraph (A) and also is based on the value of 1 or more interest or other rates, currencies, commodities, instruments of indebtedness, indices, quantitative measures, other financial or economic interest or property of any kind (other than a single security or a narrow-based security index), or the occurrence, non-occurrence, or the extent of the occurrence of an event or contingency associated with a potential financial, economic, or commercial consequence (other than an event described in subparagraph (A)(ii)(III)). See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • security-based swap agreement: means a swap agreement as defined in section 206A of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (15 U. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • security-based swap data repository: means any person that collects and maintains information or records with respect to transactions or positions in, or the terms and conditions of, security-based swaps entered into by third parties for the purpose of providing a centralized recordkeeping facility for security-based swaps. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • security-based swap dealer: means any person who--

    (i) holds themself out as a dealer in security-based swaps. See 20 USC 1070d-35

  • security-based swap execution facility: means a trading system or platform in which multiple participants have the ability to execute or trade security-based swaps by accepting bids and offers made by multiple participants in the facility or system, through any means of interstate commerce, including any trading facility, that--

    (A) facilitates the execution of security-based swaps between persons. See 20 USC 1070d-35

  • self-regulatory organization: means any national securities exchange, registered securities association, or registered clearing agency, or (solely for purposes of sections 78s(b), 78s(c), and 78w(b) 1 of this title) the Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board established by section 78o-4 of this title. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • small business related security: means a security that meets standards of credit-worthiness as established by the Commission, and either--

    (i) represents an interest in 1 or more promissory notes or leases of personal property evidencing the obligation of a small business concern and originated by an insured depository institution, insured credit union, insurance company, or similar institution which is supervised and examined by a Federal or State authority, or a finance company or leasing company. See 20 USC 1070d-35

  • smokeless tobacco: means any finely cut, ground, powdered, or leaf tobacco, or other product containing tobacco, that is intended to be placed in the oral or nasal cavity or otherwise consumed without being combusted. See 21 USC 379h
  • standard: means a document approved by a recognized body, that provides, for common and repeated use, rules, guidelines, or characteristics for products or related processes and production methods, with which compliance is not mandatory. See 19 USC 2571
  • standards-related activity: means the development, adoption, or application of any standard, technical regulation, or conformity assessment procedure. See 19 USC 2571
  • State: means the several States and Territories, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and the District of Columbia. See 12 USC 4563
  • State: includes the several States, and Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands. See 20 USC 7928
  • State: includes the several States, and Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, Guam, the Virgin Islands, the Canal Zone, and Midway Island. See 20 USC 9162
  • State: means each of the several States of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any territory or possession of the United States. See 21 USC 379h
  • State: when used in this chapter 1 shall include the Virgin Islands and Guam. See 10 USC 2615
  • State: means a State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. See 21 USC 360eee-1
  • State: means the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the territories and possessions of the United States, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and Indian tribes as defined by the Secretary. See 10 USC 2821
  • State: means any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, or any other possession of the United States. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • State: means any of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam and any other Commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States. See 19 USC 2571
  • State: means any one of the States (including Puerto Rico) or territories or possessions of the United States (including the District of Columbia). See 10 USC 2881a
  • State agency: means any department, agency, or other instrumentality of the government of any State or of any political subdivision of any State. See 19 USC 2571
  • State bank: means any bank, banking association, trust company, savings bank (other than a mutual savings bank), or other banking institution which is engaged in the business of receiving deposits and which is incorporated under the laws of any State, any Territory of the United States, Puerto Rico, or the Virgin Islands, or which is operating under the Code of Law for the District of Columbia. See 12 USC 4541
  • State bank: means any bank, banking association, trust company, savings bank (other than a mutual savings bank), or other banking institution which is engaged in the business of receiving deposits and which is incorporated under the laws of any State, or which is operating under the Code of Law for the District of Columbia. See 12 USC 4563
  • technical regulation: means a document which lays down product characteristics or their related processes and production methods, including the applicable administrative provisions, with which compliance is mandatory. See 19 USC 2571
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • tobacco tax administrator: means the State, local, or tribal official duly authorized to collect the tobacco tax or administer the tax law of a State, locality, or tribe, respectively. See 21 USC 379h
  • Trade Representative: means the United States Trade Representative. See 19 USC 2571
  • transfer agent: means any person who engages on behalf of an issuer of securities or on behalf of itself as an issuer of securities in (A) countersigning such securities upon issuance. See 20 USC 1070d-35
  • tribal: refers to an Indian tribe as defined in section 5304(e) of title 25 or as listed pursuant to section 5131 of title 25. See 21 USC 379h
  • Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
  • United States: includes the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and any territory or insular possession of the United States. See 20 USC 9151
  • United States: includes the several States, the Territories and possessions of the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and the District of Columbia. See 10 USC 2410j
  • United States: means the several States, District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. See 10 USC 2557
  • United States: includes all Territories and possessions of the United States except the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Wake Island, Midway Islands, Kingman Reef, Johnston Island, and the island of Guam. See 19 USC 1401
  • United States: when used in a geographical context, means all States. See 19 USC 2571
  • United States: means the States (including Puerto Rico) and the territories and possessions of the United States (including the District of Columbia). See 10 USC 2881a
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • use: includes the consumption, storage, handling, or disposal of cigarettes or smokeless tobacco. See 21 USC 379h
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • voluntary dissolution and liquidation: means a transaction pursuant to section 181 of this title that involves the assumption of the bank's insured deposit liabilities and the sale of the bank, or of control of the bank, as a going concern. See 10 USC 2922h
  • weather modification: means any activity performed with the intention of producing artificial changes in the composition, behavior, or dynamics of the atmosphere. See 20 USC 9151