Article 1 General Provisions 16-25A-1 – 16-25A-21
Article 2 Public Education Flexible Emplpyees’ Benefits Program 16-25A-40 – 16-25A-47

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 16 > Chapter 25A

  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • board: The Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Board. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • circuit: means judicial circuit. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • class: An employee or retiree shall be included in one of the following classes: (i) active employee single, (ii) active employee family, (iii) non-Medicare retiree single, (iv) non-Medicare retiree family, (v) Medicare retiree single, (vi) Medicare retiree family, (vii) non-Medicare retiree with Medicare eligible dependent(s), or (viii) Medicare retiree with non-Medicare dependent(s). See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • commission: The Alabama First Responder Wireless Commission. See Alabama Code 16-25A-19
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • commissioner: The Alabama Commissioner of Insurance or his or her designee. See Alabama Code 27-12A-1
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • department: The Alabama Department of Insurance. See Alabama Code 27-12A-1
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • employee: Any person covered by the Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Plan pursuant to Section 16-25A-11 or person who is employed full-time in any public institution of education within the State of Alabama which provides instruction at any combination of grades K through 14, exclusively, under the auspices of the State Board of Education or the Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind; provided, any person employed part-time by any public institution of education within the State of Alabama which provides instruction at any combination of grades K through 14, exclusively, under the auspices of the State Board of Education or the Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind, shall be included in the definition of employee if such person shall agree to have deducted from his or her compensation a pro rata portion of the premium cost of a full-time employee, based on the percentage of time such person is employed, in accordance with such rules and regulations as shall be adopted by the board. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • EMPLOYEE CONTRIBUTION: The amount of the total health insurance premium to be paid by the employee or retiree as determined by the board. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • EMPLOYER CONTRIBUTION: The amount of the total health insurance premium to be paid by the employer as determined by the board. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • FEDERAL POVERTY LEVEL: Income level determined in Section 673(2) of the Community Services Block Grant Act 2 (42 U. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • fund: The First Responder Wireless Commission Fund. See Alabama Code 16-25A-19
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • HEALTH INSURANCE PREMIUM: The total health insurance cost under a health insurance plan with respect to each class of employees or retirees. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • insurance: As defined in Section 27-1-2, and specifically including any contract, arrangement, or agreement, in which one undertakes to do any one of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-12A-1

  • insurer: A person entering into agreements, contracts of insurance, arrangements, or reinsurance, or a health benefit plan, or a group health plan as defined in Section 607(1) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, or any entity offering a service benefit plan, and who agrees to perform any of the acts set forth in subdivision (3), including but not limited to, fraternal benefit societies, mutual aid associations, health maintenance organizations, and health care service plans, regardless of whether the person is acting in violation of laws requiring a certificate of authority or regardless of whether the person denies being an insurer. See Alabama Code 27-12A-1
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Joint session: When both chambers of a legislature adopt a concurrent resolution to meet together.
  • juries: include courts or judges in all cases when a jury trial is waived, or when the court or judge is authorized to ascertain and determine the facts as well as the law. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • law enforcement officer: shall mean and include a policeman, policewoman, and other official who has authority to make arrests and who is employed by any municipality in the state as a permanent and regular employee for and subject to law enforcement duties, but it does not include any person elected by popular vote. See Alabama Code 45-37A-56.23
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • naic: The National Association of Insurance Commissioners or its successor in interest. See Alabama Code 27-12A-1
  • nicb: The National Insurance Crime Bureau or its successor in interest. See Alabama Code 27-12A-1
  • OPTIONAL COVERAGE: Health insurance coverage offered to employees and retirees for dental, cancer, indemnity, vision, or such other coverage the Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Board deems appropriate in lieu of coverage under the basic medical plan. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • OTHER EMPLOYER GROUP HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE: Group health insurance coverage available to an employee or retiree through an employer other than the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • peehip: The Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Plan. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • person: An individual, a partnership, a corporation or two or more individuals having a joint or common interest. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • person: An individual, corporation, partnership, association, joint stock company, trust, unincorporated organization, or any similar entity or any combination of the foregoing. See Alabama Code 27-12A-1
  • policy: An individual or group insurance policy, agreement, group certificate, contract, evidence of insurance, or arrangement of insurance affecting the rights of a resident of this state or bearing a reasonable relation to this state, regardless if delivered or issued for delivery in this state. See Alabama Code 27-12A-1
  • practitioner: A person licensed in this state authorized to practice medicine and surgery, psychology, chiropractic, dentistry, optometry, pharmacy, nursing, physical therapy or law, or any other licensee of the state or person required to be licensed in this state. See Alabama Code 27-12A-1
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • reinsurance: A contract, binder of coverage, including placement slip, or arrangement under which an insurer procures insurance for itself in another insurer as to all or part of an insurance risk of the originating insurer. See Alabama Code 27-12A-1
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • RETIRED EMPLOYEE: Any person receiving a monthly benefit from the Teachers' Retirement System who at the time of his or her retirement was employed by a public institution of education within the State of Alabama which provided instruction at any combination of grades K through 14, exclusively, under the auspices of the State Board of Education or pursuant to Section 16-25A-11. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • retiree: Same as "Retired Employee. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • STATE ACTIVE DUTY: Any state funded duty performed for 30 consecutive days or more by an active member of the Alabama National Guard in accordance with this title. See Alabama Code 16-25A-46
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • SUPPLEMENTAL COVERAGE: Coverage offered to employees and retirees by the Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Board in lieu of coverage in the basic medical plan of the Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Plan that supplements an employee's or retiree's other employer group health insurance coverage. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • SUPPLEMENTAL POLICY: Policy offered to employees and retirees by the Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Board in lieu of or in addition to coverage in the basic medical plan of the Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Plan that provides a defined set of benefits. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1
  • system: The statewide wireless communications system established and administered by the Alabama First Responder Wireless Commission. See Alabama Code 16-25A-19
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • unit: The Insurance Fraud Unit of the Alabama Department of Insurance. See Alabama Code 27-12A-1
  • YEARS OF SERVICE: The number of years and months of creditable service by an employee prior to retirement as determined by the Teachers' Retirement System or Employees' Retirement System including any periods of full time permanent employment subsequent to retirement up to a maximum of five years. See Alabama Code 16-25A-1