Article 1 General Provisions 20-2-1 – 20-2-3
Article 2 Standards and Schedules 20-2-20 – 20-2-32
Article 3 Regulation of Manufacture and Distribution 20-2-50 – 20-2-58
Article 3A Assistants to Physcians Authority to Prescribe Controlled Substances 20-2-60 – 20-2-69
Article 4 Offenses and Penalties 20-2-71 – 20-2-78
Article 5 Enforcement 20-2-90 – 20-2-93
Article 6 Therapeutic Research 20-2-110 – 20-2-120
Article 7 Imitation Controlled Substances 20-2-140 – 20-2-144
Article 9 Precursor Chemicals 20-2-180 – 20-2-190.2
Article 10 Controlled Substances Prescription Database 20-2-210 – 20-2-220
Article 11 Prescribing of Certain Schedules of Controlled Substances by Certified Registered Nurse Practitioners and Certified Nurse Midwives 20-2-250 – 20-2-259
Article 12 Limited Purpose Schedule II Permit 20-2-260
Article 13 Opioid Antagonist Administration 20-2-280 – 20-2-284
Article 14 Treatment of Opioid; MAT 20-2-300 – 20-2-302

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 20 > Chapter 2

  • administer: The direct application of a controlled substance, whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion, or any other means, to the body of a patient or research subject by:

    a. See Alabama Code 20-2-2

  • administer: The direct application of a controlled substance, whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion, or any other means, to the body of a patient by any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 20-2-60

  • administer: The direct application of a controlled substance whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion, or any other means, to the body of a patient by any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 20-2-250

  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • agent: An authorized person who acts on behalf of or at the direction of a manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: The products of field, pasture, meadow and garden; fruits, melons, berries, nuts, vegetables, livestock, poultry and poultry products, dairy products, fish, aquatic and seafood products and all other things commonly known as agricultural products. See Alabama Code 2-10-90
  • ALARM MONITORING SERVICE: A service that uses a device located at a residence, place of business, or other fixed premises for both of the following purposes:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20

  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • APPRENTICE ATHLETIC TRAINER: A person who assists in the duties usually performed by an athletic trainer and who works under the direct supervision of a licensed athletic trainer. See Alabama Code 34-40-2
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • ASSISTANT TO PHYSICIAN: Any person who is a graduate of an approved program, is licensed by the board, and is registered by the board to perform medical services under the supervision of a physician approved by the board to supervise an assistant to physician. See Alabama Code 20-2-60
  • athlete: A person who participates in an athletic activity being conducted by an educational institution, professional athletic organization, or a board sanctioned amateur athletic organization. See Alabama Code 34-40-2
  • ATHLETIC INJURY: An injury received by an athlete as a result of the preparation or participation of the athlete in an athletic activity. See Alabama Code 34-40-2
  • ATHLETIC TRAINER: A person licensed by the Alabama Board of Athletic Trainers as an athletic trainer and who practices athletic training on an athlete under the direction or referral, or both, of a licensed physician after meeting the requirements of this chapter and rules and regulations promulgated pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 34-40-2
  • ATHLETIC TRAINING PRACTICE: Practice by an athletic trainer of any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 34-40-2

  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • board: The Alabama Board of Athletic Trainers. See Alabama Code 34-40-2
  • board: The Alabama Board of Licensure for Professional Geologists. See Alabama Code 34-41-3
  • board: The Board of Medical Examiners of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 20-2-60
  • board: The Board of Medical Examiners of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 20-2-250
  • borrower: A county or incorporated municipality, as the case may be, exercising the powers conferred by this article. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • CABLE SERVICE: A service that provides both of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20

  • CABLE SYSTEM: A facility, consisting of a set of closed transmission paths and associated signal generation, reception, and control equipment that is designed to provide cable service which includes video programming and which is provided to multiple subscribers within a community, but the term does not include any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20

  • CERTIFYING BOARDS: The State Board of Medical Examiners, the State Board of Health, the State Board of Pharmacy, the State Board of Dental Examiners, the State Board of Podiatry, and the State Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • COLLABORATING PHYSICIAN: A doctor of medicine or doctor of osteopathy licensed to practice medicine in Alabama who agrees in writing to practice in collaboration with one or more certified registered nurse practitioners or certified nurse midwives in accordance with Title 34, Chapter 21, Article 5, and the rules and regulations adopted by the Board of Medical Examiners and the Board of Nursing. See Alabama Code 20-2-250
  • COMBINED SYSTEM: A consolidated system resulting from the combination of any two or more of the following: a waterworks system, a sanitary system, a gas system and an electric system. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE: A drug, substance, or immediate precursor in Schedules I through V of Article 2 of this chapter. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE: The same as is defined in subdivision (5) of Section 20-2-2, as amended;

    (2) CANNABIS. See Alabama Code 20-2-112

  • CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE: A substance as defined in Section 20-2-2. See Alabama Code 20-2-141
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • COUNTERFEIT SUBSTANCE: Substances which, or the container or labeling of which, without authorization, bears the trademark, trade name, or other identifying mark, imprint, number, or device or any likeness thereof of a manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser other than the person who in fact manufactured, distributed, or dispensed the substance. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • CUSTOMER PREMISES EQUIPMENT: Equipment employed on the premises of a person, other than a telecommunications service provider, to originate, route, or terminate telecommunications. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • department: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • dispense: To deliver a controlled substance to an ultimate user or research subject by or pursuant to the lawful order of a practitioner, including the prescribing, administering, packaging, labeling, or compounding necessary to prepare the substance for that delivery. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • dispenser: A practitioner who dispenses. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • distribute: To deliver other than by administering or dispensing a controlled substance. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • distribute: The actual, constructive, or attempted transfer, delivery, or dispensing to another of an imitation controlled substance. See Alabama Code 20-2-141
  • distributor: A person who distributes. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • DISTRICT ATTORNEY: The district attorney of the judicial circuit in which the county is located. See Alabama Code 11-81-220
  • domestic: When used with reference to a waterworks system, a waterworks system designed to supply or distribute water primarily for human consumption. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • DOMESTIC WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM: A waterworks system designed to distribute water primarily for human consumption. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • ELECTRIC SYSTEM: Facilities for the generation, manufacture and distribution, or any thereof, of electricity, together with all appurtenances to such facilities. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • GAS SYSTEM: Facilities for the manufacture, conditioning, transmission and distribution, or any thereof, of manufactured or natural gas, together with all appurtenances to such facilities. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • geologist: A person who holds a degree in the geological sciences from an accredited college or university. See Alabama Code 34-41-3
  • GEOLOGIST-IN-TRAINING: A person who holds a degree in the geological sciences from an accredited college or university and who has successfully passed the part of the professional examination covering fundamental or academic geological subjects. See Alabama Code 34-41-3
  • geology: The science dealing with the earth and its history; its constituent rocks, minerals, liquids, gases, and other materials of which it is composed, and the study of the processes responsible for the development and change in the component parts of the earth, for the benefit of mankind. See Alabama Code 34-41-3
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOOD MORAL CHARACTER: Character that tends to ensure the faithful discharge of the professional duties of the licensed professional geologist based on truth and adherence to ethical principles. See Alabama Code 34-41-3
  • Goods: means all things that are movable at the time of identification to the lease contract, or are fixtures (Section 7-2A-309), but the term does not include money, documents, instruments, accounts, chattel paper, general intangibles, or minerals or the like, including oil and gas, before extraction. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • GOVERNING BODY: In the case of a county, the county commission exercising the legislative functions of the county and, in the case of a municipality, the board of commissioners, the mayor and council or other similar body exercising the legislative functions of the municipality. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • highway: The entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • IMITATION CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE: A substance, other than a legend controlled drug, that is not a controlled substance, which by dosage unit appearance (including color, size, shape, and markings), and by representations made, would lead a reasonable person to believe that the substance is a controlled substance. See Alabama Code 20-2-141
  • IMMEDIATE PRECURSOR: A substance that the State Board of Pharmacy has found to be and by rule designates as being the principal compound commonly used or produced primarily for use and that is an immediate chemical intermediary used or likely to be used in the manufacture of a controlled substance, the control of which is necessary to prevent, curtail, or limit manufacture. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • industrial: When used with reference to a waterworks system, a waterworks system designed to supply or distribute water primarily for use other than human consumption. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • INTERACTIVE COMPUTER SERVICE: Any information service, system, or access software provider that provides or enables computer access by multiple users to a computer server, including specifically a service or system that provides access to the Internet and the systems operated or services offered by libraries or educational institutions. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • internet: The international computer network of both federal and non-federal interoperable packet switched data networks. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: means a transfer of the right to possession and use of goods for a term in return for consideration, but a sale, including a sale on approval or a sale or return, or retention or creation of a security interest is not a lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lease contract: means the total legal obligation that results from the lease agreement as affected by this article and any other applicable rules of law. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Lessee: means a person who acquires the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Lessor: means a person who transfers the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • license: A certificate issued by the board recognizing the individual named in this certificate as meeting the requirements for licensing under this chapter. See Alabama Code 34-41-3
  • LICENSED PROFESSIONAL GEOLOGIST: A person who holds a license as a professional geologist under this chapter. See Alabama Code 34-41-3
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • LISTED PRECURSOR CHEMICAL: A chemical substance specifically designated as such by the Alabama State Board of Pharmacy, that, in addition to legitimate uses, is used in the unlawful manufacture of a controlled substance or controlled substances. See Alabama Code 20-2-180
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • manufacture: The production, preparation, propagation, compounding, conversion, or processing of a controlled substance, either directly or indirectly, by extraction from substances of natural origin or independently by means of chemical synthesis or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis, and includes any packaging or repackaging of the substance or labeling or relabeling of its container; except, that this term does not include the preparation, compounding, packaging, or labeling of a controlled substance by either of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 20-2-2

  • manufacture: The production, preparation, compounding, processing, encapsulating, packaging, or repackaging, labeling, or relabeling of an imitation controlled substance. See Alabama Code 20-2-141
  • marijuana: All parts of the plant Cannabis sativa L. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • month: means a calendar month. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • MOTOR VEHICLE: Every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, except for electric personal assistive mobility devices. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • motorcycle: Every motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • municipality: The incorporated City of Elba. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • NARCOTIC DRUG: Any of the following, whether produced directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable origin or independently by means of chemical synthesis or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis:

    a. See Alabama Code 20-2-2

  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • obligations: Bonds, warrants, certificates of indebtedness and notes of a unit, including bonds, warrants, certificates and notes that are general obligations of the issuing unit and those that are payable solely from a specified source. See Alabama Code 11-81-220
  • opiate: Any substance having an addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability similar to morphine or being capable of conversion into a drug having addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • OPIUM POPPY: The plant of the species Papaver somniferum L. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • ORGANIZING SUBDIVISION: With respect to any unit, each municipality or county which may have granted authorization or made determinations respecting the incorporation of the unit or the governing body of which may have granted such authorization or made such determinations and, in the case of a board of education, the county or city with respect to which such board of education is organized. See Alabama Code 11-81-220
  • owner: A person, other than a lienholder, having the property in or title to a vehicle. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • person: Individual, corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, or association or any other legal entity. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • person: An individual, a partnership, a corporation or two or more individuals having a joint or common interest. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • person: Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • person: Any individual, corporation, partnership, association, or other entity which manufactures, sells, transfers, or possesses a listed precursor chemical. See Alabama Code 20-2-180
  • PHYSICAL THERAPIST: A physical therapist licensed by the Alabama State Board of Physical Therapy. See Alabama Code 34-40-2
  • physician: A physician licensed by the Medical Licensure Commission of Alabama. See Alabama Code 34-40-2
  • PHYSICIAN SUPERVISION: A licensed athletic trainer acting under the supervision of a physician if:

    a. See Alabama Code 34-40-2

  • PHYSICIAN SUPERVISION: A formal relationship between a licensed assistant to physician and a supervising physician under whom the assistant to physician is authorized to practice as evidenced by a written job description approved in accordance with Article 7, Chapter 24, Title 34. See Alabama Code 20-2-60
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • POPPY STRAW: All parts, except the seeds, of the opium poppy, after mowing. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • prescription: Any order for a controlled substance written or signed or transmitted by word of mouth, telephone, telegraph, closed circuit television, or other means of communication by a legally competent supervising physician or assistant to physician authorized by law to prescribe and administer such drug which is intended to be filled, compounded, or dispensed by a pharmacist. See Alabama Code 20-2-60
  • prescription: Any order for a controlled substance written or signed or transmitted by word of mouth, telephone, telegraph, closed circuit television, or other means of communication by a legally competent collaborating physician, certified registered nurse practitioner, or certified nurse midwife authorized by law to prescribe and administer the drug which is intended to be filled, compounded, or dispensed by a pharmacist. See Alabama Code 20-2-250
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • PRODUCERS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: Individual persons, partnerships, associations and corporations who produce such products either directly or as landlords, tenants or sharecroppers. See Alabama Code 2-10-90
  • production: The manufacture, planting, cultivation, growing, or harvesting of a controlled substance. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • PUBLIC HATCHERY: Any establishment that regularly artificially hatches and sells or offers for sale to the public baby chicks or the young of any domestic fowl under six weeks of age or hatching eggs or that does custom hatching. See Alabama Code 2-16-1
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • PUBLIC PRACTICE OF GEOLOGY: The performance of geological service or work, including, but not limited to, consultation, geological investigation, surveys, evaluations, planning, mapping, or review of geological work related to the public practice of geology, or both, in which the performance is related to the public welfare or safeguarding of life, health, property, and the environment except as otherwise specifically provided by this chapter. See Alabama Code 34-41-3
  • pure honey: as used in this article , shall mean the nectar of plants that has been transformed by, and is the natural product of the honeybee, either in the honeycomb or taken from the honeycomb and marketed in a liquid, crystalized or granulated condition. See Alabama Code 2-11-120
  • qacsc: A Qualified Alabama Controlled Substances Registration Certificate. See Alabama Code 20-2-250
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • registration: The registration certificate or certificates and registration plates issued under the laws of this state pertaining to the registration of vehicles. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • RESPONSIBLE CHARGE OF WORK: The independent control and direction by the use of initiative, skill, and independent judgment of geological work or the supervision of such work. See Alabama Code 34-41-3
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • SANITARY SEWER SYSTEM: Facilities for the collection, transmission, treatment and disposal of sewage, together with all appurtenances to any such facilities. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • specialty: A branch of geology which is recognized as a subdiscipline for purposes of certification after registration as a licensed professional geologist. See Alabama Code 34-41-3
  • state: When applied to a part of the United States, the term includes any state, district, commonwealth, territory, insular possession thereof, and any area subject to the legal authority of the United States of America. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • state: A state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a province of Canada. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • street: The entire width between boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • subordinate: A person who assists a licensed professional geologist in the public practice of geology without assuming the responsible charge of work and who is under the direction and supervision of a licensed professional geologist. See Alabama Code 34-41-3
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • SUPERVISING PHYSICIAN: A doctor of medicine or a doctor of osteopathy licensed to practice medicine in Alabama who has been approved by the board to supervise assistants to physicians and who holds a valid, current, and unrestricted Alabama Controlled Substances Registration Certificate. See Alabama Code 20-2-60
  • Supplier: means a person from whom a lessor buys or leases goods to be leased under a finance lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • telecommunications: The transmission, between or among points specified by the user, of information of the user's choosing, without change in the form or content of the information as sent and received. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS CARRIER: Any provider of telecommunications services, except that the term does not include aggregators of telecommunications services as defined in the provisions of 47 U. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT: Equipment, other than customer premises equipment, used by a provider of telecommunications to provide telecommunications services, and includes software integral to the equipment, including upgrades. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE: The offering of telecommunications, including servicing and repairing related equipment, for a fee directly to the public, or to the classes of users as to be effectively available directly to the public regardless of the facilities used, including, but not limited to, voice, data, imaging, and video transmissions and local telephone exchange service. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • TELEPHONE EXCHANGE SERVICE: Either of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20

  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • truck: Every motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of property. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • ULTIMATE USER: A person who lawfully possesses a controlled substance for his or her own use or for the use of a member of his or her household or for administering to an animal owned by him or her or by a member of his or her household. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • unit: Any public corporation organized in this state pursuant to authorization or determination by any municipality or municipalities or county or counties or a municipality and a county or by any combination of municipalities and counties or by the governing body of any one or more thereof and shall include also any county board of education and any city board of education. See Alabama Code 11-81-220
  • UNPROFESSIONAL CONDUCT: The practice of geology by a licensed professional geologist who willfully performs any act, causes omissions, or makes any assertions or representations which are fraudulent, deceitful, or misleading, or which in any manner whatsoever discredits or tends to discredit the profession of geology. See Alabama Code 34-41-3
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • vehicle: Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks or electric personal assistive mobility devices; provided, that for the purposes of this title, a bicycle or a ridden animal shall be deemed a vehicle, except those provisions of this title, which by their very nature can have no application. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • WATERWORKS SYSTEM: Facilities for the gathering, collecting, impounding, treatment, transmission and distribution, or any of them, of water for domestic use or for industrial use or both, together with all appurtenances to any such facilities. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.