§ 30-5-1 Short title; construction; purposes
§ 30-5-2 Definitions
§ 30-5-3 Jurisdiction; request for protection order; venue; other actions; residency
§ 30-5-4 Remedies and relief; duty to inform court of pending proceedings, litigation, etc.; previous court orders; issuance of orders
§ 30-5-5 Standing to file sworn petition for protection order; disclosure of information; costs and fees
§ 30-5-6 Hearing on petition; temporary orders
§ 30-5-7 Ex parte orders or modification of protection order
§ 30-5-8 Notice of hearing or other order to be sent to parties; registration of information; automated process; additional fines
§ 30-5-9 Penalties
§ 30-5-10 Rules of Civil Procedure to apply; rights, remedies, etc., of defendant
§ 30-5-11 Construction of chapter

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 30 > Chapter 5

  • accused: A person who has been arrested for committing a criminal offense and who is held for an initial appearance or other proceeding before trial. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • COMMUNITY STATUS: Extension of the limits of the places of confinement of a prisoner through work release, supervised intensive restitution (SIR), and initial consideration of pre-discretionary leave, passes, and furloughs. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • court: All state courts including juvenile courts. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • CRIMINAL OFFENSE: Conduct that gives a law enforcement officer or prosecutor probable cause to believe that a felony involving physical injury, the threat of physical injury, or a sexual offense, or any offense involving spousal abuse or domestic violence has been committed. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • CUSTODIAL AGENCY: A municipal or county jail, the State Department of Corrections, juvenile detention facility, Department of Youth Services, the Board of Pardons and Paroles, or a secure mental health facility having custody of a person who is arrested or is in custody for a criminal offense. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • defendant: A person or entity that is formally charged by complaint, indictment, information, or petition, of committing a criminal offense. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • IMMEDIATE FAMILY: The spouse, parent, child, sibling, or grandparent of the victim, unless that person is in custody for an offense or is the accused. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • POST-ARREST RELEASE: The discharge of the accused from confinement on recognizance, bond, or other condition. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • prisoner: A person who has been convicted or adjudicated of a criminal offense against a victim and who has been sentenced to the custody of the sheriff, the Alabama Department of Corrections, Department of Youth Services, juvenile detention facility, a municipal jail, or a secure mental health facility. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • right: Any right granted to the victim by the laws of this state. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • victim: A person against whom the criminal offense has been committed, or if the person is killed or incapacitated, the spouse, sibling, parent, child, or guardian of the person, except if the person is in custody for an offense or is the accused. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Victim Impact Statement: A written or spoken statement by the victim or his or her representative about the physical, emotional, and financial impact of a crime on the victim. The statement is given to the court before sentencing.
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.