Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 8 > Chapter 19 - Deceptive Trade Practices
Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
ATTORNEY GENERAL: The Attorney General of the State of Alabama or his duly designated representatives. See Alabama Code 8-19-3
Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
consumer: Any natural person who buys goods or services for personal, family or household use. See Alabama Code 8-19-3
Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
Donee: The recipient of a gift.
Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
goods: Includes but is not limited to any property, tangible or intangible, real, personal, or any combination thereof, and any franchise, license, distributorship, or other similar right, privilege, or interest. See Alabama Code 8-19-3
Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
officer: The term includes every person authorized to enforce the game and fish laws of this state, and whenever the possession, use, importation, transportation, storage, sale, offering, or exposing for sale of game birds, animals, or fish is prohibited or restricted, the prohibition or restriction shall extend to and include every part of the game, bird, animal, or fish, and a violation as to each animal, bird, or fish, or part thereof, shall be a separate offense. See Alabama Code 9-11-1
person: Includes but is not limited to natural persons, corporations, trusts, partnerships, incorporated or unincorporated associations and any other legal entity. See Alabama Code 8-19-3
Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
services: Work, labor, and other services, including but not limited to services furnished in connection with the sale or repair of goods. See Alabama Code 8-19-3
Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.