Sections
FUEL DELIVERY TICKETS 325E.01
UTILITIES; MISCELLANEOUS PRACTICES 325E.02 – 325E.026
PROPANE GAS DISCRIMINATION 325E.027
UTILITY PAYMENTS FOR MILITARY 325E.028
METAL BEVERAGE CONTAINERS 325E.03
IMMIGRATION SERVICES 325E.031
SAMPLES; DISTRIBUTION 325E.04 – 325E.041
SALE AND LABELING OF PLASTICS 325E.042 – 325E.046
FARM EQUIPMENT DEALERSHIPS 325E.05 – 325E.067
HEAVY AND UTILITY EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS 325E.068 – 325E.0684
CIGARETTE VENDING MACHINES 325E.07
GASOLINE STATIONS; DISABILITY SERVICE 325E.08 – 325E.085
MOTOR FUEL SALES; COMPUTATION BY SMALL RETAILERS 325E.095
MOTOR VEHICLES; AIR POLLUTION CONTROL SYSTEMS 325E.0951
MANDATORY AIR BAG REPLACEMENT 325E.0952
USED MOTOR OIL 325E.10 – 325E.112
LEAD ACID BATTERIES 325E.115 – 325E.12
BATTERIES AND CORDLESS PRODUCTS 325E.125 – 325E.1251
NOTICE FOR MERCURY FLUORESCENT LAMPS 325E.127
ODOMETERS 325E.13 – 325E.16
TRACTOR CLOCK-HOUR METER TAMPERING 325E.165 – 325E.167
RECORDED MATERIAL 325E.169 – 325E.201
SCRAP METAL; PURCHASE AND SALE 325E.21
OUTDOOR ADVERTISING; DISCRIMINATION 325E.23 – 325E.25
AUTOMATIC DIALING-ANNOUNCING DEVICES 325E.26 – 325E.31
WIRELESS DIRECTORIES 325E.317 – 325E.318
WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICES; RESALES 325E.319
TIRE RECYCLING 325E.32
MISCONDUCT OF ATHLETIC AGENTS 325E.33
DISTRIBUTION OF FREE NEWSPAPERS 325E.34
SELLER-FINANCED AGRICULTURAL INPUT SALES 325E.35 – 325E.36
TERMINATION OF SALES REPRESENTATIVES 325E.37
CFC PRODUCT SALES 325E.38
POLYBROMINATED DIPHENYL ETHER PRODUCTS 325E.385 – 325E.386
DECABROMODIPHENYL ETHER 325E.387 – 325E.388
ITEMS CONTAINING LEAD 325E.389 – 325E.3891
TELEPHONE ADVERTISING SERVICES 325E.39
JUNK FAXES 325E.395
PETROLEUM-BASED SWEEPING COMPOUNDS 325E.40
DECEPTIVE TRADE PRACTICES 325E.41 – 325E.492
ENFORCEMENT OF MUSICAL WORKS COPYRIGHT LICENSES 325E.50 – 325E.57
USE OF SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBERS 325E.59
RESTROOM ACCESS 325E.60
DATA WAREHOUSES; DISCLOSURE OF PERSONAL INFORMATION 325E.61
CREDIT ISSUED TO MINORS 325E.63
ACCESS DEVICES 325E.64
SALE OF AMERICAN FLAGS 325E.65
RESIDENTIAL CONTRACTING INSURANCE CLAIMS 325E.66
ESTATE SALE CONDUCTORS 325E.70

Terms Used In Minnesota Statutes > Chapter 325E - Trade Practices

  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Adult: means an individual 18 years of age or older. See Minnesota Statutes 645.451
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • children: includes children by birth or adoption;

    (9) "day" comprises the time from midnight to the next midnight;

    (10) "fiscal year" means the year by or for which accounts are reckoned;

    (11) "hereafter" means a reference to the time after the time when the law containing such word takes effect;

    (12) "heretofore" means a reference to the time previous to the time when the law containing such word takes effect;

    (13) "judicial sale" means a sale conducted by an officer or person authorized for the purpose by some competent tribunal;

    (14) "minor" means an individual under the age of 18 years;

    (15) "money" means lawful money of the United States;

    (16) "night time" means the time from sunset to sunrise;

    (17) "non compos mentis" refers to an individual of unsound mind;

    (18) "notary" means a notary public;

    (19) "now" in any provision of a law referring to other laws in force, or to persons in office, or to any facts or circumstances as existing, relates to the laws in force, or to the persons in office, or to the facts or circumstances existing, respectively, on the effective date of such provision;

    (20) "verified" when used in reference to writings, means supported by oath or affirmation. See Minnesota Statutes 645.45

  • Code: means this chapter;

    (4) "Commanding officer" means a commissioned officer who is in command of any unit;

    (5) "Commissioned officer" includes a commissioned warrant officer;

    (6) "Convening authority" includes, in addition to the person who convened the court, a commissioned officer commanding or temporarily commanding, or a successor in command;

    (7) "Enlisted member" means a person in an enlisted grade;

    (8) "Federal active service" has the meaning given in section 190. See Minnesota Statutes 192A.015

  • Commissioned officer: includes a commissioned warrant officer;

    (6) "Convening authority" includes, in addition to the person who convened the court, a commissioned officer commanding or temporarily commanding, or a successor in command;

    (7) "Enlisted member" means a person in an enlisted grade;

    (8) "Federal active service" has the meaning given in section 190. See Minnesota Statutes 192A.015

  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • court administrator: means the court administrator of the court in which the action or proceeding is pending, and "court administrator's office" means that court administrator's office. See Minnesota Statutes 645.44
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal active service: has the meaning given in section 190. See Minnesota Statutes 192A.015
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grade: means a step or degree, in a graduated scale of office or military rank, that is established and designated as a grade by law or rule;

    (10) "In federal service" and "not in federal service" mean the same as those terms are used and construed in federal laws and regulations;

    (11) "May" is used in a permissive sense. See Minnesota Statutes 192A.015

  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Majority: means with respect to an individual the period of time after the individual reaches the age of 18. See Minnesota Statutes 645.451
  • Military: refers to any or all of the armed forces of the United States or any state;

    (13) "Military court" means a court-martial, a court of inquiry;

    (14) "Officer" means commissioned or warrant officer;

    (15) "Rank" means the order of precedence among members of the state military forces;

    (16) "Shall" is used in a mandatory sense;

    (17) "State judge advocate" means the commissioned officer responsible for supervising the administration of the military justice in the state military forces and appointed pursuant to section 192A. See Minnesota Statutes 192A.015

  • Military court: means a court-martial, a court of inquiry;

    (14) "Officer" means commissioned or warrant officer;

    (15) "Rank" means the order of precedence among members of the state military forces;

    (16) "Shall" is used in a mandatory sense;

    (17) "State judge advocate" means the commissioned officer responsible for supervising the administration of the military justice in the state military forces and appointed pursuant to section 192A. See Minnesota Statutes 192A.015

  • Minor: means an individual under the age of 18. See Minnesota Statutes 645.451
  • Minority: means with respect to an individual the period of time during which the individual is a minor. See Minnesota Statutes 645.451
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Month: means a calendar month and "year" means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed; and "year" is equivalent to the expression "year of our Lord. See Minnesota Statutes 645.44
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate, and to partnerships and other unincorporated associations. See Minnesota Statutes 645.44
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Public debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The public debt does not include agency debt (amounts borrowed by other agencies of the Federal Government). The total public debt is subject to a statutory limit.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • state: extends to and includes the District of Columbia and the several territories. See Minnesota Statutes 645.44
  • State military forces: means the National Guard of the state, as defined in United States Code, title 32, section 101(3) and any other military force organized under the laws of the state;

    (19) "Superior commissioned officer" means a commissioned officer superior in rank and command. See Minnesota Statutes 192A.015

  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Tax: means any fee, charge, exaction, or assessment imposed by a governmental entity on an individual, person, entity, transaction, good, service, or other thing. See Minnesota Statutes 645.44
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • verified: when used in reference to writings, means supported by oath or affirmation. See Minnesota Statutes 645.45
  • Violate: includes failure to comply with. See Minnesota Statutes 645.44